|Native name: সন্দ্বীপ|
Satellite view of Sandwip
|Location||Bay of Bengal|
|Adjacent bodies of water||Bay of Bengal|
|Area||762.42 km2 (294.37 sq mi)|
|Length||50 km (31 mi)|
|Width||5–15 km (3.1–9.3 mi)|
|Pop. density||439 /km2 (1,137 /sq mi)|
Sandwip (Bengali: সন্দ্বীপ) is an island along the south eastern coast of Bangladesh in the Chittagong District. Also spelled Sandvip, the transliteration of the name would in fact be Shondip. It is part of the sub-district of Sandwip Upazila.
It is at the estuary of the Meghna River on the Bay of Bengal and separated from the Chittagong coast by Sandwip Channel. It has a population of nearly 350,000. There are fifteen wards, 62 mahallas and 34 villages on Sandwip Island. The island is 50 kilometers long and 5-15 kilometers wide. It is at the north-east side of the Bay of Bengal, near the main port city of Chittagong. It is bounded by Companiganj on the north, Bay of Bengal on the south, Sitakunda and Mirsharai, and Sandwip Channel on the east, Noakhali Sadar, Hatiya and Meghna estuary on the west.
There are several theories to the origin of the name Sandwip (pronounced Shondip) among the locals. Some say that 12 awlia from Baghdad travelling to Chittagong discovered this island in the middle of the ocean and found no people, so they defined it as "Shunno Dip" and which eventually became "Shondip". And another group argues that "Sandwip" is named after Bakhorganj historian Mr. Beverage’s "Shom Dip". Some scholars have suggested that Portuguese people called it "Sandheep" (Hasan, 1999). Je the Baras marked it as "Sundina" in his map (1550). Candel Broke mentioned it as ‘Sundiva’ in his map (1660). Major Ranel mentioned it as ‘Sundeep’ in his map.
Sandwip Island in Bangladesh has a great historical legacy. The island itself is about 3000 years old and it has been ruled by many different people over the centuries, including Delwar Khan. It was a Portuguese and Arakanese pirate stronghold during the 17th century and even today some of the architecture on the island reflects this part of the island’s history. Arakanese back than used to rule part of Burma (Myanmar), Chittagong including Sandwip. Sultan Delwar Khan was the appointed Sultan in Sandwip by Arakanese leader back then. Sultan Delwar Khan was attached in 17th century by Mughal Emperor Awrangojeb. Sultan Delwar Khan was arrested and was taken to prison in current Dhaka. Sultan Delwar died while in prison. However, the governor of Bengal saw fit to put an end to this in 1665 as part of attempts to restore order there. Under British rule its location proved to be a bit of an administrative problem. Today it is well and truly a part of Bangladesh. It is supposed that Sandwip was connected with Chittagong original land and disconnected by natural disasters.
Tansi reported on Lower Gangas (150) in which he included Sandwip. Sandwip is mentioned at The Baros Map (1560). Cesar Fredarich visited in Sandwip in 1565 and noted it as old island. Parcuch described 300-year-old mosque in this area (1620). Sanchan the Abevel mentioned Sandwip in his drawing map and he also mentioned Vulua, Bengal, Chattagram and Dhaka with it. Sri Rajkumar Chakrabarty mentioned in his History of Sandwip about 400 or 500 years old plants (1923). It is also found in The Anvel Curt’s drawing map (1752).
Agriculture is the main occupation of many people on the island. They cultivate paddy, jute, potato, betel leaf, betel nut, sugarcane, radish, tomato, brinjal, cauliflower, sweet potato, carrot, etc. They cultivate fruit including water melon, mango, jackfruit, banana, papaya, guava, kul, and date.
Sandwip Island has been formed by silt deposits from the estuary of the Meghna river. This makes it an incredibly fertile island – something which the people of the island have been exploiting for years. Large crops of rice, dal, vegetables, coconuts, battle leave and wheat have all been grown on the island at some point in its history. Today the main crops are melons, mangos, pineapples, gaab, jam and coconut.
In the years 1825, 1876, 1985, 1991 Sandwip was affected by devastating cyclones & tornadoes. On 29 April 1991, the most damaging storm affected the island. The death toll was about 40,000, and 80% of the houses in Sandwip were destroyed. The velocity of the cyclone was 225 km/h (140 mph).
Muzaffar Ahmed (politician) - Bengali politician, journalist and communist activist, popularly known as "Kakababu".
Belal Muhammad- One of the founders of the Swadhin Bangla Betar Kendra.
Abdul Hakim (poet)- A poet in medieval Bengal. He wrote several epics verses in Bengali and also translated some from Persian manuscript.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sandwip.|
Dheki (husking pedal) once was very common in houses of Sandwip
- Ramerini, Marco, Portuguese India, The Portuguese in the Bay of Bengal