Help:IPA/Bengali

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Charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Bengali pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see {{IPA-bn}} and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

See Bengali phonology and Bengali alphabet for a more thorough look at the sounds of Bengali.

Consonants
IPA Bengali Examples ISO 15919 English Approximation
b বালি b abash
bʱ ভীরু bh abhor
d দা d the
dʱ ধারা dh without
ɖ ডুমুর guard
ɖʱ ঢো ḍh guardhouse
জ, য[1] বন j hedge
ʱ ঝা jh hedgehog
ɡ g agate
ɡʱ বাঘা gh pigheaded
ɦ হ, ঃ হা h head
k লম k scan
kʰ শাখা kh can
l মালিনী l leaf
m মানুষ m much
n ন, ণ, ঞ নীলা বা n not
ŋ ঙ, ং বাঙালি bank
p পাকা p span
pʰ[2] ph naphtha
r[3] র,‍‍ র্ক, ‍‍্র বিরা r ring
ɽ ড়, ঢ় ড়ো দৃঢ় US: larder
s সেলাম s sue
ʃ শ, ষ, স শা ষাময় ś shoe
t ত, ৎ মাল উ t think
tʰ থাবা th thought
ʈ art
ʈʰ কাঠুরে ṭh artist
মুচি c catch
ʰ ছাগল ch choose
Marginal consonants
z জ, য[1] জাকাত z zip
Vowels
IPA Bengali Examples ISO 15919 English Approximation
a আ, পা ঙিনা ā Australian father or RP cut
ɛ অ্যা, প্যা, এ, পে ত্যাখেলা ai dress
e এ, পে মেদিনী ē may
i ই, পি, ঈ, পী দিদী i very
o ও, পো, অ, প জন ঙ্কুর ō sole
ɔ অ, প মর a off
u উ, পু, ঊ, পূ কুকূ u boot
 ̃ ইঁদুর nasal vowel
([ã], [õ], etc.)
Semivowels
য় খায় Similar to face
ভা i Similar to happy
যা হায়া ō Similar to look
ঝা u Similar to goose
Suprasegmentals
IPA
ˈ primary stress
(placed before stressed syllable)[4]
ˌ secondary stress
(placed before stressed syllable)[4]
ː doubled consonant

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b ⟩ and ⟨⟩ may represent a voiced affricate // in Standard Bengali words of native origin, but they can also represent /z/ in foreign words and names (জাকাত [zakat] 'zakah charity', আজিজ [aziz] 'Aziz'). However, many speakers usually replace /z/ with /dʒ/. Additionally, some words that originally had /z/ are now pronounced with // in Standard Bengali (সবজি [ɕobdʑi] 'vegetable', from Persian sabzi).
  2. ^ /pʰ/ is phonetically realised either as [] or [f] depending on the speaker and variety.
  3. ^ /r/ is phonetically an alveolar trill [r], alveolar tap [ɾ] or alveolar approximant [ɹ] depending on the variety and speaker.
  4. ^ a b Primary stress occurs in word-initial positions with secondary stress occurring afterwards.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Khan, Sameer ud Dowla (2010), "Bengali (Bangladeshi Standard)" (PDF), Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 40 (2): 221–225, doi:10.1017/S0025100310000071