It provides a set of symbols to represent the pronunciation of Bengali in Wikipedia articles, and example words that illustrate the sounds that correspond to them. Integrity must be maintained between the key and the transcriptions that link here; do not change any symbol or value without establishing consensus on the talk page first.
^ ab/bʱ/ is phonetically realised either as [bʱ] or /β/ (phonetically [v~β]) depending on the speaker and variety. /β/ can additionally occur as an allophone of /bʱ/ in foreign loan words e.g. ভিসা [βisa] 'visa'.
^ ab⟨জ⟩ and ⟨য⟩ may represent a voiced affricate /dʒ/ in Standard Bengali words of native origin, but they can also represent /z/ in foreign words and names (জাকাত[zakat] 'zakah charity', আজিজ[aziz] 'Aziz'). However, many speakers usually replace /z/ with /dʒ/. Additionally, some words that originally had /z/ are now pronounced with /dʑ/ in Standard Bengali (সবজি [ɕobdʑi] 'vegetable', from Persian sabzi).
^/ɦ/ may be devoiced to [h] in word-initial or final positions, with [ɦ] occurring medially.
^ ab/pʰ/ is phonetically realised either as [pʰ] or /ɸ/ (phonetically [f~ɸ]) depending on the speaker and variety. /ɸ/ can additionally occur as an allophone of /pʰ/ in foreign loan words e.g. ফ্যান[ɸæn] 'fan'.
^/r/ is phonetically an alveolar flap [ɾ], alveolar approximant [ɹ] or alveolar trill [r] depending on the variety and speaker.
^The [j] phoneme occurs in some pronunciations of Bengali vowel clusters, such as নয়ন[nɔjon].
^ abcWhen preceding a vowel in word-initial positions, /w/ may occur as an allophone of /o/ and /u/, especially in loan words e.g. ওয়াদা [wada] 'promise', উইলিয়াম [wiliam] 'William'.
^[ɽʱ] only occurs in the individual pronunciation of the letter ঢ় [ɽʱɔ] and some Sanskrit loanwords but is usually pronounced as [ɽ] in ordinary speech.
^Thompson, Hanne-Ruth (November 25, 2020). Bengali: A Comprehensive Grammar (Routledge Comprehensive Grammars), 1 (1 ed.). Routledge. p. 23. ISBN978-0415411394.
^ abPrimary stress usually occurs in word-initial positions with secondary stress occurring afterwards.