Sarpy County, Nebraska

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Sarpy County, Nebraska
Sarpy County courthouse and jail 2.JPG
Sarpy County Courthouse in Papillion
Map of Nebraska highlighting Sarpy County
Location within the U.S. state of Nebraska
Map of the United States highlighting Nebraska
Nebraska's location within the U.S.
Founded1 February 1857
Named forPeter A. Sarpy
SeatPapillion
Largest cityBellevue
Area
 • Total248 sq mi (642 km2)
 • Land239 sq mi (619 km2)
 • Water8.5 sq mi (22 km2), 3.4%
Population (est.)
 • (2018)184,459
 • Density772/sq mi (298/km2)
Congressional districts1st, 2nd
Time zoneCentral: UTC−6/−5
Websitewww.sarpy.com

Sarpy County is a county in the U.S. state of Nebraska. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 158,840,[1] making it the third most populous county[2] in Nebraska. Its county seat is Papillion.[3]

Sarpy County is part of the Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA Metropolitan Statistical Area.[4]

In the Nebraska license plate system, Sarpy County was represented by the prefix "59" (it had the fifty-ninth largest number of vehicles registered in the county when the license plate system was established in 1922). Many license plates issued in Sarpy County featured the stacked format of the 59 code. The county, just south of Omaha, had grown significantly in population in the decades following 1922 and therefore required five characters rather than the four allowed by a standard double-digit county code. In 2002, the state discontinued the 1922 system in Sarpy as well as Douglas and Lancaster counties.

History[edit]

Explored in 1805 by Lewis and Clark and settled by fur traders, adventurers, farmers, and finally entrepreneurs, Sarpy County has served as the springboard for Nebraska's settlement and expansion. The county is named for Colonel Peter Sarpy,[5] an early fur trader at Fontenelle's Post in the Bellevue area in the 1840s. Sarpy died in Plattsmouth, Nebraska Territory in 1865.

The area of present Sarpy County was a part of Douglas County until 1 February 1857, when the Territorial Legislature partitioned off that county's southern half and proclaimed it a separate organization.[6]

Geography[edit]

Sarpy County is bounded on the east by the Missouri River; on the south and west by the Platte River. The county's terrain consists of low rolling hills, cut by several small gullies and drainages that move groundwater to one of these rivers.[7] The county has a total area of 248 square miles (640 km2), of which 239 square miles (620 km2) is land and 8.5 square miles (22 km2) (3.4%) is water.[8] Sarpy is the smallest of Nebraska's 93 counties.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Protected areas[edit]

  • Chalco Hills Recreation Area[9]
  • Fontenelle Forest Nature Center[10]
  • Gifford Point Wildlife Management Area[11]
  • Walnut Creek Lake & Recreation[12]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18601,201
18702,913142.5%
18804,48153.8%
18906,87553.4%
19009,08032.1%
19109,2742.1%
19209,3701.0%
193010,40211.0%
194010,8354.2%
195015,69344.8%
196031,28199.3%
197063,696103.6%
198086,01535.0%
1990102,58319.3%
2000122,59519.5%
2010158,84029.6%
Est. 2018184,459[13]16.1%
US Decennial Census[14]
1790-1960[15] 1900-1990[16]
1990-2000[17] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 158,835 people and 69,851 households. The population density was 664 people per square mile (197/km²). There were 69,023 housing units at an average density of 289 per square mile (111/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 89.0% White, 4.4% Black or Black or African American, 0.7% Native American, 2.60% Asian, 0.1% Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander, and 3.20% from two or more races . 9.4% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 122,595 people, 43,426 households, and 33,220 families in the county. The population density was 510 people per square mile (197/km²). There were 44,981 housing units at an average density of 187 per square mile (72/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 89.18% White, 4.36% Black or African American, 0.42% Native American, 1.90% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 1.86% from other races, and 2.20% from two or more races. 4.37% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 43,426 households out of which 43.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.80% were married couples living together, 9.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.50% were non-families. 18.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.21.

The county population contained 30.50% under the age of 18, 9.40% from 18 to 24, 33.80% from 25 to 44, 19.70% from 45 to 64, and 6.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 98.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $53,804, and the median income for a family was $59,723. Males had a median income of $37,230 versus $26,816 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,985. About 3.10% of families and 4.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.30% of those under age 18 and 3.30% of those age 65 or over.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The Sarpy County Sheriff's Department is responsible for enforcing the law within the unincorporated areas of the county. By contract, the department is also responsible for enforcing the law within the city limits of Gretna and Springfield. The cities of Bellevue, La Vista, and Papillion have their own City Police Departments which are primarily responsible for law enforcement within their respective city limits. The Sheriff's Department has secondary responsibility for law enforcement within these three cities, providing essentials such as backup support.

The Sarpy County Law Enforcement Center, built in 1989, is located within the campus of the Sarpy County Courthouse in Papillion. It houses the county's jail facility and the Sarpy County Public Defender's Office. The Bellevue and LaVista City Police Departments also have their own holding cells. The county jail was designed to hold 148 people, but the facility frequently holds more than that number.[18] Fire protection and emergency medical services are provided by a mix of seven full-career, part-time paid, military, and all-volunteer fire departments, representing various municipalities within the county, plus Offut Air Force Base.

Politics[edit]

Sarpy County voters have generally voted Republican in national politics. In only one national election since 1948 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate (as of 2016).

Presidential election results
Presidential election results[19]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 56.0% 45,143 34.8% 28,033 9.2% 7,404
2012 60.5% 43,213 37.3% 26,671 2.3% 1,606
2008 57.1% 38,816 41.2% 28,010 1.8% 1,196
2004 68.9% 40,163 29.9% 17,455 1.2% 716
2000 64.0% 28,979 32.3% 14,637 3.7% 1,662
1996 57.7% 23,023 32.1% 12,806 10.2% 4,048
1992 50.4% 20,516 26.4% 10,741 23.2% 9,416
1988 64.5% 20,192 35.0% 10,947 0.5% 146
1984 74.3% 20,192 25.2% 6,838 0.5% 130
1980 67.0% 15,552 24.5% 5,689 8.5% 1,961
1976 60.4% 11,917 37.5% 7,385 2.1% 414
1972 74.7% 11,514 25.3% 3,904
1968 52.5% 6,019 30.6% 3,506 17.0% 1,945
1964 44.2% 4,418 55.8% 5,581
1960 55.3% 4,672 44.7% 3,777
1956 60.5% 3,826 39.5% 2,501
1952 59.1% 3,649 40.9% 2,529
1948 47.3% 2,367 52.7% 2,635
1944 49.9% 2,641 50.1% 2,654
1940 46.0% 2,165 54.0% 2,537
1936 33.8% 1,569 65.2% 3,030 1.1% 50
1932 26.5% 1,148 71.9% 3,112 1.6% 69
1928 51.0% 2,011 48.2% 1,900 0.7% 29
1924 38.9% 1,411 34.3% 1,247 26.8% 973
1920 59.8% 1,662 36.9% 1,027 3.3% 91
1916 39.2% 885 58.5% 1,320 2.4% 53
1912 22.5% 404 47.8% 857 29.7% 532
1908 44.1% 912 52.7% 1,090 3.2% 67
1904 53.7% 998 36.3% 675 10.0% 186
1900 41.1% 792 56.5% 1,090 2.4% 46

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Census divisions[edit]

Sarpy County is divided into the following divisions, called precincts, except for the City of Bellevue.

  • City of Bellevue
  • Bellevue Second I
  • Bellevue Second II
  • Bellevue Second III
  • Bellevue Second IV
  • Fairview
  • Forest City No. 1
  • Forest City No. 2
  • Gilmore I
  • Gilmore II
  • Highland I
  • Highland II
  • LaPlatte I
  • LaPlatte II
  • La Vista
  • Melia-Forest City
  • Papillion
  • Papillion Second I
  • Papillion Second II
  • Platford-Springfield I
  • Platford-Springfield II
  • Richland I
  • Richland II
  • Richland III
  • Richland IV
  • Richland V
  • Richland VI
  • Richland VII
  • Richland VIII
  • Springfield

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 28, 2014.
  2. ^ According to 2017 estimates issued by US Census Bureau [1] Sarpy County remains in third place. Douglas, Lancaster, and Sarpy are the only Nebraska counties in that estimate whose population exceeds 100,000 persons.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
  4. ^ United States Office of Management and Budget. "Update of Statistical Area Definitions and Guidance on Their Uses" (PDF). pp. 5, 36. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 14, 2006. Retrieved 21 July 2006.
  5. ^ Burr, George L. (1921). History of Hamilton and Clay Counties, Nebraska, Vol. 1. S.J. Clarke Pub. Co. p. 136.
  6. ^ Sarpy County - Part I (accessed 27 January 2019)
  7. ^ Sarpy County NE Google Maps (accessed 27 January 2019)
  8. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on November 13, 2013. Retrieved December 11, 2014.
  9. ^ Chalco Hills Recreation Area Google Maps (accessed 27 January 2019)
  10. ^ Fontenelle Forest Nature Center Google Maps (accessed 27 January 2019)
  11. ^ Gifford Point WMA Google Maps (accessed 27 January 2019)
  12. ^ Walnut Creek NE Google Maps (accessed 27 January 2019
  13. ^ "Population Estimates from US Census". Retrieved May 28, 2018.
  14. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved December 11, 2014.
  15. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved December 11, 2014.
  16. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved December 11, 2014.
  17. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved December 11, 2014.
  18. ^ County Jail is short on space
  19. ^ Election Results

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°07′N 96°07′W / 41.11°N 96.11°W / 41.11; -96.11