Sarpy County, Nebraska

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Sarpy County
Sarpy County Courthouse in Papillion
Sarpy County Courthouse in Papillion
Map of Nebraska highlighting Sarpy County
Location within the U.S. state of Nebraska
Map of the United States highlighting Nebraska
Nebraska's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 41°07′N 96°07′W / 41.11°N 96.11°W / 41.11; -96.11
Country United States
State Nebraska
Founded1 February 1857
Named forPeter A. Sarpy
SeatPapillion
Largest cityBellevue
Area
 • Total248 sq mi (640 km2)
 • Land239 sq mi (620 km2)
 • Water8.5 sq mi (22 km2)  3.4%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2019)
187,196
 • Density772/sq mi (298/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional districts1st, 2nd
Websitewww.sarpy.gov

Sarpy County is a county located in the U.S. state of Nebraska. As of the 2020 United States Census, the population was 190,604,[1] making it the third-most populous county in Nebraska.[2] Its county seat is Papillion.[3]

Sarpy County is part of the Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA Metropolitan Statistical Area.[4]

History[edit]

This was part of the territory of the Omaha people. Explored in 1805 by the Lewis and Clark expedition following the Louisiana Purchase of 1803 by the United States, this area was settled by European-American fur traders, adventurers, farmers, and finally entrepreneurs. All initially depended on the Missouri River as a main transportation corridor and source of water. Sarpy County has served as the springboard for Nebraska's settlement and expansion. The county is named for Colonel Peter Sarpy,[5] an early fur trader at Fontenelle's Post in the Bellevue area in the 1840s. He also had Sarpy's post in what became Decatur; Sarpy died in Plattsmouth in 1865.

The area of present Sarpy County was a part of Douglas County until 1 February 1857, when the Territorial Legislature partitioned off that county's southern half and proclaimed it a separate organization.[6]

The Omaha people were forced onto a reservation in the 19th century, losing most of their land to the United States who then opened it for settlement by non-Native Americans who were U.S. citizens or immigrants from certain (mostly European) countries.

Fort Crook, the U.S. Army post south of Bellevue, was established in the 1890s and added Offutt Field in the 1920s. Its Glenn L. Martin Bomber Plant produced over two thousand aircraft during World War II, including the notable B-29's Enola Gay and Bockscar. Offutt Air Force Base was the headquarters of the Strategic Air Command (SAC) during the Cold War and continues as the home of U.S. Strategic Command.

In the Nebraska license plate system, Sarpy County was represented by the prefix "59" (it had the 59th largest number of vehicles registered in the county when the license plate system was established in 1922). Many license plates issued in Sarpy County featured the stacked format of the 59 code. The county, just south of Omaha, had grown significantly in population in the decades following 1922 and therefore required five characters rather than the four allowed by a standard double-digit county code. In 2002, the state discontinued the 1922 system in Sarpy as well as Douglas and Lancaster counties.

Geography[edit]

Sarpy County is bounded on the east by the Missouri River; on the south and west by the Platte River. The county's terrain consists of low rolling hills, cut by several small gullies and drainages that move groundwater to one of these rivers.[7] The county has a total area of 248 square miles (640 km2), of which 239 square miles (620 km2) is land and 8.5 square miles (22 km2) (3.4%) is water.[8] Sarpy is the smallest of Nebraska's 93 counties.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Protected areas[edit]

  • Chalco Hills Recreation Area[9]
  • Fontenelle Forest Nature Center[10]
  • Gifford Point Wildlife Management Area[11]
  • Walnut Creek Lake & Recreation[12]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18601,201
18702,913142.5%
18804,48153.8%
18906,87553.4%
19009,08032.1%
19109,2742.1%
19209,3701.0%
193010,40211.0%
194010,8354.2%
195015,69344.8%
196031,28199.3%
197063,696103.6%
198086,01535.0%
1990102,58319.3%
2000122,59519.5%
2010158,84029.6%
2020190,60420.0%
US Decennial Census[13]
1790-1960[14] 1900-1990[15]
1990-2000[16] 2010-2019[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 158,835 people and 69,851 households. The population density was 664 people per square mile (197/km2). There were 69,023 housing units at an average density of 289 per square mile (111/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 89.0% White, 4.4% Black or Black or African American, 0.7% Native American, 2.60% Asian, 0.1% Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander, and 3.20% from two or more races . 9.4% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 122,595 people, 43,426 households, and 33,220 families in the county. The population density was 510 people per square mile (197/km2). There were 44,981 housing units at an average density of 187 per square mile (72/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 89.18% White, 4.36% Black or African American, 0.42% Native American, 1.90% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 1.86% from other races, and 2.20% from two or more races. 4.37% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 43,426 households, out of which 43.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.80% were married couples living together, 9.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.50% were non-families. 18.40% of all households were made up of individuals, and 4.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.21.

The county population contained 30.50% under the age of 18, 9.40% from 18 to 24, 33.80% from 25 to 44, 19.70% from 45 to 64, and 6.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 98.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $53,804, and the median income for a family was $59,723. Males had a median income of $37,230 versus $26,816 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,985. About 3.10% of families and 4.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.30% of those under age 18 and 3.30% of those age 65 or over.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The Sarpy County Sheriff's Department is responsible for enforcing the law within the unincorporated areas of the county. By contract, the department is also responsible for enforcing the law within the city limits of Gretna and Springfield. The cities of Bellevue, La Vista, and Papillion have their own City Police Departments which are primarily responsible for law enforcement within their respective city limits. The Sheriff's Department has secondary responsibility for law enforcement within these three cities, providing essentials such as backup support.

The Sarpy County Law Enforcement Center, built in 1989, is located within the campus of the Sarpy County Courthouse in Papillion. It houses the county's jail facility and the Sarpy County Public Defender's Office. The Bellevue and LaVista City Police Departments also have their own holding cells. The county jail was designed to hold 148 people, but the facility frequently holds more than that number.[17] Fire protection and emergency medical services are provided by a mix of seven full-career, part-time paid, military, and all-volunteer fire departments, representing various municipalities within the county, plus Offutt Air Force Base.

Politics[edit]

Sarpy County voters have generally voted Republican in national politics. In only one national election since 1948 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate (as of 2020). Since 1964, only two Democrats - Barack Obama in 2008 and Joe Biden in 2020 have received at least 40 percent of the county's vote. From 1968 to 2016, Republicans always carried Sarpy County by at least 21 points with the exception of a slight drop to 16 points in 2008. However, in 2020, Republican candidate Donald Trump beat Biden only by 11 points, a 92-year low for a winning Republican candidate.

As of December 2020, Republicans hold a plurality in the county voter registration.[18]

Registered voters by party in Sarpy County on December 1, 2020
Democratic Republican Libertarian Non-Partisan Total
33,172 (27.14%) 54,133 (44.3%) 2,217 (1.81%) 32,687 (26.75%) 122,209 (100%)
United States presidential election results for Sarpy County, Nebraska[19]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 51,979 54.04% 41,206 42.84% 3,008 3.13%
2016 45,143 56.02% 28,033 34.79% 7,404 9.19%
2012 43,213 60.45% 26,671 37.31% 1,606 2.25%
2008 38,816 57.06% 28,010 41.18% 1,196 1.76%
2004 40,163 68.85% 17,455 29.92% 716 1.23%
2000 28,979 64.00% 14,637 32.33% 1,662 3.67%
1996 23,023 57.74% 12,806 32.11% 4,048 10.15%
1992 20,516 50.44% 10,741 26.41% 9,416 23.15%
1988 20,192 64.54% 10,947 34.99% 146 0.47%
1984 20,192 74.34% 6,838 25.18% 130 0.48%
1980 15,552 67.03% 5,689 24.52% 1,961 8.45%
1976 11,917 60.44% 7,385 37.46% 414 2.10%
1972 11,514 74.68% 3,904 25.32% 0 0.00%
1968 6,019 52.48% 3,506 30.57% 1,945 16.96%
1964 4,418 44.18% 5,581 55.82% 0 0.00%
1960 4,672 55.30% 3,777 44.70% 0 0.00%
1956 3,826 60.47% 2,501 39.53% 0 0.00%
1952 3,649 59.06% 2,529 40.94% 0 0.00%
1948 2,367 47.32% 2,635 52.68% 0 0.00%
1944 2,641 49.88% 2,654 50.12% 0 0.00%
1940 2,165 46.04% 2,537 53.96% 0 0.00%
1936 1,569 33.75% 3,030 65.18% 50 1.08%
1932 1,148 26.52% 3,112 71.89% 69 1.59%
1928 2,011 51.04% 1,900 48.22% 29 0.74%
1924 1,411 38.86% 1,247 34.34% 973 26.80%
1920 1,662 59.78% 1,027 36.94% 91 3.27%
1916 885 39.19% 1,320 58.46% 53 2.35%
1912 404 22.53% 857 47.80% 532 29.67%
1908 912 44.08% 1,090 52.68% 67 3.24%
1904 998 53.68% 675 36.31% 186 10.01%
1900 792 41.08% 1,090 56.54% 46 2.39%
1896 674 35.18% 1,183 61.74% 59 3.08%
1892 582 39.17% 351 23.62% 553 37.21%
1888 658 41.00% 875 54.52% 72 4.49%
1884 616 49.32% 610 48.84% 23 1.84%
1880 491 47.86% 516 50.29% 19 1.85%

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Other unincorporated communities[edit]

Census divisions[edit]

Sarpy County is divided into the following divisions, called precincts, except for the City of Bellevue.

  • City of Bellevue
  • Bellevue Second I
  • Bellevue Second II
  • Bellevue Second III
  • Bellevue Second IV
  • Fairview
  • Forest City No. 1
  • Forest City No. 2
  • Gilmore I
  • Gilmore II
  • Highland I
  • Highland II
  • LaPlatte I
  • LaPlatte II
  • La Vista
  • Melia-Forest City
  • Papillion
  • Papillion Second I
  • Papillion Second II
  • Platford-Springfield I
  • Platford-Springfield II
  • Richland I
  • Richland II
  • Richland III
  • Richland IV
  • Richland V
  • Richland VI
  • Richland VII
  • Richland VIII
  • Springfield

Population ranking[edit]

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2020 census of Sarpy County.

county seat

Rank Municipality Municipal type Population (2020 Census)
1 Bellevue City 64,176
2 Papillion City 24,159
3 La Vista City 16,746
4 Chalco CDP 11,064
5 Offutt AFB CDP 5,363
6 Gretna City 5,083
7 Springfield City 1,501
8 Melia CDP 98
9 Beacon View CDP 55
10 La Platte CDP 50
11 Linoma Beach CDP 43
12 Richfield CDP 42

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 28, 2014.
  2. ^ According to 2019 estimates issued by US Census Bureau [1] Sarpy County remains in third place. Douglas, Lancaster, and Sarpy are the only Nebraska counties in that estimate to have populations that exceed 100,000 persons.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ United States Office of Management and Budget. "Update of Statistical Area Definitions and Guidance on Their Uses" (PDF). pp. 5, 36. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 14, 2006. Retrieved July 21, 2006.
  5. ^ Burr, George L. (1921). History of Hamilton and Clay Counties, Nebraska, Vol. 1. S.J. Clarke Pub. Co. p. 136.
  6. ^ Sarpy County - Part I (accessed 27 January 2019)
  7. ^ Sarpy County NE Google Maps (accessed 27 January 2019)
  8. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on November 13, 2013. Retrieved December 11, 2014.
  9. ^ Chalco Hills Recreation Area Google Maps (accessed 27 January 2019)
  10. ^ Fontenelle Forest Nature Center Google Maps (accessed 27 January 2019)
  11. ^ Gifford Point WMA Google Maps (accessed 27 January 2019)
  12. ^ Walnut Creek NE Google Maps (accessed 27 January 2019
  13. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved December 11, 2014.
  14. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved December 11, 2014.
  15. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved December 11, 2014.
  16. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 27, 2010. Retrieved December 11, 2014.
  17. ^ County Jail is short on space
  18. ^ "2020 Eligible Voter Statistics" (PDF). Nebraska Secretary of State. December 1, 2020. Archived (PDF) from the original on January 9, 2021.
  19. ^ Election Results

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°07′N 96°07′W / 41.11°N 96.11°W / 41.11; -96.11