Official rendering of Essex Crossing buildings at Essex and Delancey Streets
|Address||Centered around Essex Street and Delancey Street, New York, NY 10002|
|Developer||SHoP Architects; Taconic Partners|
|Owner||Essex Crossing NYC|
|Manager||Essex Crossing NYC|
Essex Crossing is a planned mixed-use development in New York City's Lower East Side, Manhattan neighborhood, part of the existing area known as the Seward Park Urban Renewal Area (SPURA). The development, at the intersection of Delancey Street and Essex Street, will comprise 1.9 million square feet of space, and be started in spring 2015 with a projected partial completion of 2021 and construction scheduled to last until 2024. The development will cost an estimated US$1.1 billion. It will sit on a total of nine city blocks, most of them razed in the 1970s.
The project, originally approved as a component of the Seward Park Urban Renewal Area in October 2012, is expected to create 1,000 housing units, 1,000 permanent jobs, and 5,000 construction jobs. The project, overseen by architect SHoP and developer Taconic Partners, will see built a 60/40 mix of residential and commercial space; created 500 units of permanently affordable housing for low-, moderate-, and middle-income households, and senior housing; and allocated 15,000 square feet of publicly accessible open space.
The idea for the six-acre development was presented to the public in September 2013 by former Mayor Michael Bloomberg, on a site that was occupied by parking lots at the time (the area formerly contained tenements, which were demolished in 1967).
- 1 History
- 2 Description
- 3 Political controversy
- 4 See also
- 5 References
- 6 External links
Seward Park Urban Renewal Area
Historically, the Lower East Side was an immigrant neighborhood, including Germans, Irish, Italians, and Hispanics; Essex Crossing was envisioned during the neighborhood's period of gentrification, but this part of the Lower East Side is an area alternatively known as SPURA, which has been up for development since the mid-1960s. SPURA which covers five vacant plots of land acquired as part of a 1965 urban renewal plan, near Delancey and Grand Streets. These sites were originally part of the broader Seward Park Urban Renewal Area, a federal program designed to tear down several tenements to develop low-income housing, called the Cooperative Village. Some original SPURA land was eventually developed, but five lots remain vacant to this day. As SPURA was the largest tract of undeveloped New York City-owned land in Manhattan south of 96th Street, deciding what the “appropriate redevelopment” of SPURA would be has stalled the process and kept it undeveloped.
In 1967, New York City leveled 20 acres on the southern side of Delancey Street and removed more than 1,800 low-income largely Puerto Rican families, with a promise that they would return to new low-income apartments when they were built. However, political corruption abounded, and the new apartments were never built. The competing forces within the neighborhood had been debating whether the SPURA area should be used to develop affordable housing within Manhattan Community Board 3, whether some mixed use – low and middle income as well as commercial – or all large commercial retail should be created. This debate is often waged in the community halls of local public school auditoriums and other city meeting places, in newspaper columns, at coop board meetings, and at private strategy sessions in individual homes.
In January and February 2011, the local community board took the issue of SPURA's development up and came to a community consensus that the area will be built to accommodate mixed use of low income housing, commercial properties/retail spaces and market value homes. The Board, community and city planners and public officials will finalize the plans for development, which is expected to begin within 2011 and completed in stages over a five-year period.
On October 11, 2012, the New York City Council approved the project, then still referred to as SPURA, in a unanimous vote. On September 18, 2013, former Mayor Michael Bloomberg unveiled a definite plan for the Essex Crossing project.
In June 2014, demolition of structures in the area commenced, to make way for the development.
On August 2, 2014, it was revealed that a municipal parking lot at Broome and Essex Streets would be closed for soil testing and for planning of the future Warhol museum. Groundbreaking for the crossing was said to come as early as spring 2015, though a definite groundbreaking timeline has not been published. On December 31, another parking lot was closed, this time a private one on Suffolk Street.
Final designs for Essex Crossing will be released on January 14, 2015. The Essex Street Market and a firehouse on Broome Street will be demolished by early 2015.
Upon its completion, it will comprise the Essex Street Market, restaurants, office space, a movie theater, a park, and a museum dedicated to artist Andy Warhol—an annex of a similar museum in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Ultimately, Essex Crossing, split among ten sequentially numbered lots, will be built on the east side of Essex Street between Stanton and Delancey Streets (lots 8, 9, and 10); the municipal parking lot at Broome and Essex Streets (lot 7); an area bounded by Attorney, Broome, Essex, and Delancey Streets (lots 1, 2, 3, 4, and 6); and a block bounded by Grand, Clinton, Broome, and Suffolk Streets (lot 5).
There are both public housing and condominiums in the area:
- Public housing: In the SPURA area, the Seward Park Housing Corporation, part of the Cooperative Village, is located in the triangle between Grand Street and East Broadway, and abuts Seward Park. The buildings, designed by Herman Jessor, were finished in 1959.
- Condominiums: The Blue Tower at 105 Norfolk Street in the SPURA area, designed by Bernard Tschumi, opened in 2007 with 32 condominium apartments over 16 stories, a ground floor commercial space occupied by the Thierry Goldberg Gallery, and a roof terrace for residents on the third floor, using a common setup with commercial space at the ground floor with residential space above. The Blue Tower is not LEED certified. The tower had a characteristic slant that sets it apart from other buildings in the vicinity.
Essex Street Market
The Essex Street Market is an indoor retail market that was one of a number of such facilities built in the 1930s under the administration of Mayor Fiorello La Guardia at 120 Essex Street, at Delancey Street. The Essex Street Market, which was a group of markets constructed in the 1940s to reduce pushcart congestion on the narrow streets of the Lower East Side, is operated and managed by the New York City Economic Development Corporation (NYCEDC). The 15,000-square-foot (1,400 m2) market is made up of approximately 35 individual stalls that range in size from 90 to 600 square feet (8 to 60 m2).
Essex Street municipal parking lot
An existing parking garage at 107 Essex Street, north of Delancey Street, is also being renovated as part of the redevelopment plan. Originally slated to be converted into housing under an idea by Councilwoman Margaret Chin, it was dropped from the project and later put back on.
Broome Street park
Part of the development includes a new public park on Broome Street between Suffolk and Clinton Streets, spanning 16,000 square feet (1,500 m2). The park, which is part of the Seward Park Urban Renewal Area, will start construction in early 2015 with an estimated completion of 2017. The park, contrary to other city parks, will only be 35% planted, with open spaces, signage, bike racks, and skateboard-proof park benches. It will also include a playground for toddlers, in anticipation for a new primary school nearby.
The large trolley terminal under Delancey and Essex Streets has sat unused for 60 years, and a new park is being proposed there. The project was first proposed in 2011 and has quickly generated widespread media attention. In 2012, the project successfully raised over $150,000 from 3,300 backers on Kickstarter to create a full-scale exhibition of the solar lighting technology. The project was named by Mashable as one of the top Kickstarter projects of that year. If completed, it would be within the Essex Crossing development
Half of the 1,000 units to be constructed at the crossing will be affordable housing. While five buildings will be completed as early as 2018, the entire housing complex will not be completed until 2021.
Housing on lots 1, 2, 5, and 6 will be completed first, in fall 2015, followed by Lot 8 in fall 2016 and lots 3 and 4 in spring 2017; lots 9 and 10 will be finished last, between 2019 and 2022. Most of the housing will be on lots 1, 2, 5, and 6, which will start construction in early 2015. They will have a combined 556 units, including 311 affordable units and 100 for senior residents. There will also be 155 condominiums, with 37 or 38 of them affordable.
An annex to the main Pittsburgh museum, the Warhol building, which will be 10,000 square feet (930 m2), is scheduled to open by 2017. Delancey Street Associates will pay for the museum's construction, while for the first five years, Essex Crossing's developers, Taconic Partners, will pay the museum's bills.
The new museum will take up an existing parking lot, and will potentially take up the 75 Essex Street building, a building at the corner of Broome and Essex Streets that some locals are fighting to have landmarked. It was reported that Taconic offered 75 Essex Street's owners a huge sum to redelvelop the building as part of the museum.
In October 2014, a 65,000 square feet (6,000 m2) movie theater, with 14 screens, was announced. It will be operated by Regal Cinemas. It will be the first such establishment in Manhattan since 2001, and will be at Delancey and Essex Streets. There will be digital cinema projectors and recliners with padded footrests, among other amenities. It will begin construction in spring 2015 and be completed by 2017 or 2018.
The SPURA area, now the Essex Crossing's site, was kept empty, except for parking lots, since 1967 due to suspected political alliances. In 1977, then-to-be-Assembly Speaker Sheldon Silver and Metropolitan Council on Jewish Poverty (Met Council) head William Rapfogel accompanied then-mayor Edward Koch through the area, promising to turn some 20 acres (8.1 ha) of barren land on Delancey Street's south side into a never-delivered development that had displaced more than 1,800 residents a decade before.
Rapfogel and Silver were accused of promoting specific plans for favored developers, which would maintain the area's Jewish identity, at the expense of other communities. They opposed a 1970s plan for affordable housing, which would have changed the demographics of the neighborhood and brought in more Chinese and Hispanic residents. Silver instead proposed a shopping center with no housing for the site in the 1980s. In the 1990s, they proposed a “big box” store, like Costco, to be built by Bruce Ratner, a developer. Ratner hired Rapfogel's eldest son, Michael, in 2007. Ratner also helped raise $1 million for the Met Council.
- Cooperative Village, an existing housing development just south of Essex Crossing
- Delancey Street – Essex Street, a nearby subway station served by the F J M Z trains
- LowLine, a planned park in the above subway station
- Seward Park, an existing park just south of the Essex Crossing and Cooperative Village
- Essex Street Market (ko.Wikipedia)
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- Sussman, Lesley (March 9–15, 2011). "SPURA design will try to ‘maximize light and air’". The Downtown Express. Retrieved 2010-07-19.
- "Seward Park". New York City Economic Development Corporation.
- "Tenants prepare to clear out for Essex Crossing demolition". The Real Deal. 26 June 2014. Retrieved 20 July 2014.
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- Bagli, Charles V. "Spotlight on Architect's Work In Wake of a Garage Collapse" New York Times (January 19, 1999)
- [dead link]
- "BLUE by Bernard Tschumi opens on Manhattan's Lower East Side". Archinnovations.com. 2008-01-27. Retrieved 2013-10-17.
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- Tuesday, July 8, 2014, by Jeremiah Budin (2014-07-08). "Margaret Chin Stirs Up Trouble with Garage Conversion Idea - No Parking - Curbed NY". Ny.curbed.com. Retrieved 2014-08-27.
- "Essex Crossing Park to Have Play Area, Native Plantings, Abundant Seating". The Lodown NY. 2014-07-11. Retrieved 2014-07-23.
- "Essex Crossing Park to Feature Toddler Playground and Native Plants". DNA Info. 11 July 2014. Retrieved 29 July 2014.
- "The Low Line". New York magazine. Sep 26, 2011.
- Foderaro, Lisa W. "Inspired by High Line, Park Is Envisioned With Sights Set Low", The New York Times, November 21, 2011. Accessed November 21, 2011.
- "Plans for Delancey Underground "Low Line" Presented to CB3 - Bowery Boogie". Bowery Boogie. Retrieved 4 January 2015.
- [dead link]
- "LowLine Creators Reach Initial Fundraising Goal On Kickstarter". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 4 January 2015.
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- Cheng, Susan (19 May 2014). "A Branch of the Andy Warhol Museum Will Open in New York's Lower East Side in 2017". Complex. Retrieved 30 July 2014.
- Cascone, Sarah (19 May 2014). "Pittsburgh’s Andy Warhol Museum Is Expanding to New York". Artnet. Retrieved 30 July 2014.
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- "Andy Warhol Annex at Essex Crossing: Developers Picking Up the Bill". The Lodown NY. 2014-05-19. Retrieved 2014-07-23.
- "Plans Filed For 24-Story Essex Crossing Tower; 14 Screen Theater Planned (Updated)". Thelodownny.com. Retrieved 1 January 2015.
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- SPURA facts
- Curbed.com on SPURA
- Downtown Express - Seward Park Housing
- Downtown Express - Crowd of Hundreds