Sidecar (cocktail)

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Sidecar
IBA official cocktail
Sidecar-cocktail.jpg
TypeCocktail
Primary alcohol by volume
ServedStraight up; without ice
Standard drinkware
Cocktail Glass (Martini).svg
Cocktail glass
IBA specified
ingredientsdagger
PreparationPour all ingredients into cocktail shaker filled with ice. Shake well and strain into cocktail glass.
TimingAll Day
dagger Sidecar recipe at International Bartenders Association

The sidecar is a cocktail traditionally made with cognac, orange liqueur (Cointreau, Grand Marnier, Dry Curaçao, or a triple sec), plus lemon juice. In its ingredients, the drink is perhaps most closely related to the older Brandy Crusta, which differs both in presentation and in proportions of its components.

Description[edit]

Like the daiquiri, the sidecar evolved from the original sour formula, but sidecars are often drier than sours, combining liqueurs like Curaçao with citrus. Sidecars are considered more of a challenge for bartenders because the proportion of ingredients is more difficult to balance for liqueurs of variable sweetness.[1]

Origin[edit]

The exact origin of the sidecar is unclear, but it is thought to have been invented around the end of World War I in either London or Paris.[2] The drink was directly named for the motorcycle attachment, which was very commonly used back then.

The Ritz Hotel in Paris claims origin of the drink. The first recipes for the Sidecar appear in 1922, in Harry MacElhone's Harry's ABC of Mixing Cocktails and Robert Vermeire's Cocktails and How to Mix Them. It is one of six basic drinks listed in David A. Embury's The Fine Art of Mixing Drinks (1948).

In early editions of MacElhone's book, he cites the inventor as Pat MacGarry, "the popular bartender at Buck's Club, London", but in later editions he cites himself. Vermiere states that the drink was "very popular in France. It was first introduced in London by MacGarry, the celebrated bartender of Buck's Club." Embury credits the invention of the drink to an American army captain in Paris during World War I and named after the motorcycle sidecar that the captain used.

Journalist O.O. McIntyre reports in his 1937 summary of a visit to New York City that bartenders there attributed the drink to American expatriates Erskine Gywnne and Basil Woon.[3]

Both MacElhone and Vermiere state the recipe as equal parts cognac, Cointreau, and lemon juice, now known as "the French school". Later, an "English school" of sidecars emerged, as found in the Savoy Cocktail Book (1930), which call for two parts cognac and one part each of Cointreau and lemon juice.

According to Embury, the original sidecar had several ingredients, which were "refined away". Embury also states the drink is simply a daiquiri with brandy as its base rather than rum, and with Cointreau as the sweetening agent rather than sugar syrup. He recommends the same proportions (8:2:1) for both, making a much-less-sweet sidecar. However, Simon Difford, in his book Encyclopedia of Cocktails, notes Harry Craddock's ratio of 2:1:1 in The Savoy Cocktail Book, and then suggests a middle ground between Craddock's recipe and the "French School" equal parts recipe of 3:2:2, calling Embury's daiquiri formula "overly dry" for a sidecar.[4]

The earliest mention of sugaring the rim on a sidecar glass is 1934, in three books: Burke's Complete Cocktail & Drinking Recipes, Gordon's Cocktail & Food Recipes, and Drinks As They Are Mixed (a revised reprint of Paul E. Lowe's 1904 book).

In popular culture[edit]

In the Blue Bloods season four episode "Manhattan Queens", Detectives Danny Reagan and Maria Baez trace the movements of a murdered drag queen to a high end social club. They search for video recordings and purchases, and find several transactions on her accounts labeled as "S.C.", which the club manager tells them stands for a Sidecar cocktail. The detectives find this interesting because the Sidecar is considered an old fashioned drink. The purchases under the murdered character's account abruptly cease, but they find records for another club member picking up regular Sidecar purchases after that date, which leads the detectives to a man who had started a relationship with the character and had taken to buying Sidecars for the character when they met together. The episode ends with Danny Reagan in a bar where a drag queen character who advised him earlier in the episode works under a male persona, where he is served and drinks a Sidecar in the murder victim's memory.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fauchald, Nick (2018). Cocktail Codex: Fundamentals, Formulas, Evolutions. Ten Speed Press. p. 152. ISBN 9781607749707.
  2. ^ McCleat, W. T. (2014). Timeless Vintage Drinks & Cocktails: Here's to You!. Bushie. p. 65. ISBN 978-1493589043. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  3. ^ McIntyre, O.O. (1937). "O.O. McIntyre". San Bernardino Sun. 43 (14). p. 24. Retrieved July 28, 2021.CS1 maint: date and year (link)
  4. ^ Difford, Simon. "Sidecar (Difford's Formula)".

External links[edit]