St. Peter's Bridge
St. Peter's Bridge (Slovene: Šempetrski most or Šentpetrski most, in older sources also Šent Peterski most or Šentpeterski most), also Ambrož Bridge (Ambrožev most), is a bridge in Ljubljana, the capital of Slovenia, that crosses the Ljubljanica River at the northeastern end of the old town. It is a continuation of Rozman Street (Rozmanova ulica). Vraz Square (Vrazov trg) and Ambrož Square (Ambrožev trg) are located to the west of it. The Petkovšek Embankment (Petkovškovo nabrežje) is located on the eastern side along the northern (left) bank of the river and the Poljane Embankment (Poljansko nabrežje) is located on the eastern side along its southern (right) bank. The bridge is named after the nearby St. Peter's Church. It is intended primarily for motorised traffic, but is also used by pedestrians.
Originally, a wooden footbridge held over the Ljubljanica at the site. It was the property of Ljubljana bishops, who used it to access their land on the other bank. According to a legend, unconfirmed by historical sources, the Ljubljana Bishop Tomaž Hren (1560–1630) led a procession of the Blessed Sacrament across the footbridge, guarded from Lutherans by blacksmiths of Ljubljana. The story tells that the Hren Cross at nearby Grain Square (Žitni trg), now Ambrož Square, was erected in remembrance of their victory.
In 1776, the wooden Bridge Behind the Barracks (Zakasarniški most) replaced the footbridge. It was built in order to link St. Peter's Barracks at the northern site of the river and the Poljane residential district at its southern site. In 1835, it was replaced by a new one. There were actually two bridges, the wider one used by draft animals and the narrower one by pedestrians, and from the beginning of the 20th century, by the Ljubljana tram.
The construction of the present iron and concrete bridge started at the beginning of the 20th century. Due to World War I, it was only completed in 1918. The wooden bridge was transferred to the Prule neighbourhood, where it then served as the Prule Bridge.
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