Steel Ball Run
|Steel Ball Run|
(Sutīru Bōru Ran)
|Written by||Hirohiko Araki|
|Original run||January 19, 2004 – April 19, 2011|
Steel Ball Run (Japanese: スティール・ボール・ラン, Hepburn: Sutīru Bōru Ran) is the seventh story arc of the Japanese manga series JoJo's Bizarre Adventure, written and illustrated by Hirohiko Araki. Set in 1890, it stars Johnny Joestar, a paraplegic former jockey who desires to regain the use of his legs, and Gyro Zeppeli, a disgraced former executioner who seeks to win amnesty for a child on death row. They, along with others, compete in the titular cross-continental race for $50 million, but the race has a hidden agenda behind it.
Originally the first 23 chapters (4 volumes) were serialized in Weekly Shōnen Jump in 2004 simply under the title Steel Ball Run. Although the character's names are obviously related to the series, it was unclear if the story was a part of JoJo's Bizarre Adventure. However, when the series moved to Ultra Jump in 2005, it was officially announced as part 7 of JoJo's Bizarre Adventure, but in an alternate universe, like the following and current arc, JoJolion.
The 95 chapters were combined into 24 tankōbon volumes (volumes 81–104 of the entire series), following the trend set by the previous part, Stone Ocean, of starting over the volume count. A couple of chapters were adapted into a "Vomic" series, which has voice actors act over the manga pages as they are shown on screen.
The series is set in 1890 in an alternate reality from all previous JoJo's Bizarre Adventure parts,[a] where racing jockeys from all over the world flock to the United States to take part in the titular Steel Ball Run- a cross-country horse race from San Diego to New York City with a prize of fifty million dollars. Johnny Joestar (a counterpart to the character Jonathan Joestar, protagonist of Part 1), a former jockey who fell from glory after a shooter paralyzed him from the waist down, enters the race after meeting the mysterious Gyro Zeppeli (a counterpart to the characters of Will Zeppeli and his grandson Caesar, major allies in the first two Parts) to learn the secrets of the man's Spin technique, which temporarily restored Johnny's mobility. While beginning as rivals, Johnny and Gyro become friends as they travel through the wilderness while fending off violent competitors.
As Gyro begins teaching Johnny the secrets of the Spin, his own background is explored through flashbacks. He is a former executioner from Naples who is competing in the Steel Ball Run, not for his own gain but to win the favor of the Neapolitan royalty and thus prevent the unjust execution of a young boy, Marco, who has been falsely accused of treason. The two continue their progression through the race, all the while being attacked by various assassins, terrorists, and outlaws.
Although the Steel Ball Run is organized by the eccentric oil tycoon Stephen Steel, it is revealed that the race is backed by the United States government. Steel is unaware of the actual agenda of the 23rd President of the United States, Funny Valentine: the race is a means for Valentine to collect the scattered pieces of a two-thousand-year-old corpse known as the Saint's Corpse (heavily implied to be the body of Jesus Christ, brought to America by Joseph of Arimathea) so he can use the reassembled body to achieve incredible power. Stephen's wife Lucy discovers this plot and finds out that Valentine already possesses one part of the Corpse, the heart.
After Johnny and Gyro encounter another piece of the Saint's Corpse, it is absorbed into Johnny's body and he develops the evolving Stand Tusk, allowing him to fend off one of Valentine's minions. Later, they meet the mysterious racer Diego Brando (a counterpart to the character Dio Brando, the overarching antagonist of Parts 1-6), who obtains one of two Corpse eyes, while Gyro gains the other.
Lucy intercepts a message to Valentine about the Corpse parts, making her a target for his men. She manages to escape him and finds one of the parts with Johnny and Gyro's help. With the information provided by Lucy, Johnny and Gyro decide to search for the next three Corpse parts while sending Lucy, with the advantage of Gyro's Corpse eye, to take the Heart from Valentine himself.
Meanwhile, Diego makes a deal with Valentine to help him deal with the traitor (who Valentine does not know is Lucy). Partnered with another racer, Diego attacks Johnny and Gyro. Gyro teaches Johnny how to use the Golden Ratio found in nature to amplify the power of the Spin, which evolves his Stand and allows him to defeat the other racer with this technique, but Diego escapes and all but one of the Corpse parts are stolen by another racer, Hot Pants.
Johnny and Gyro are next forced to deal with a Stand based on the fable of The Honest Woodman by Aesop, which grants them a considerable fortune alongside another Corpse part but forces them to get rid of both before sunrise or else they will be trapped within an ancient tree forever and become the new users of the Stand, making the same deal with passersby. The duo spends the money hiring a mercenary force to fend off Valentine's henchmen, but Gyro is nearly lost forever until Johnny trades away the Corpse parts to the last survivor of Valentine's forces, saving Gyro's life but leaving them with nothing.
Lucy uses Hot Pants' Stand to disguise herself as Valentine's wife Scarlet, while Hot Pants steals several Corpse parts from Valentine, including the Heart.
Johnny and Gyro are led to a garbage dump by Hot Pants, only for all three to be nearly defeated by one of Valentine's men, who takes all of the parts they have collected. With the help of a vision of the Saint, Johnny's Stand develops new powers in combination with the Spin. Before he can win the battle, however, Valentine arrives and kills his own minion, then leaves along with all the Corpse parts except for the undiscovered head and the eyes possessed by Diego and Lucy. Upon returning to the Independence Hall in Philadelphia, Valentine uncovers Lucy's disguise and takes her captive after she fuses with the Corpse and seemingly becomes pregnant with the Corpse's head.
Lucy escapes from captivity, only to be lured into Valentine's clutches once again. Diego and Hot Pants ally against Valentine, chasing him and Lucy to a trainyard while being followed themselves by Johnny and Gyro. Diego and Hot Pants fight Valentine on the moving train but his Stand “D4C” (Dirty Deeds Done Dirt Cheap) allows for multiple universes to exist simultaneously. Valentine's Stand proves to be far too dangerous as Diego is lured to his death after Valentine pulls him under the moving train, bisecting him. However, Valentine is forced to transfer his soul into an alternate universe's Valentine to survive the fight (as Diego does not see the results of the transfer, he dies with the false belief that he has killed Valentine). Hot Pants is killed when space-time distortions cause multiple solid objects to converge with her heart, instantly killing her. Lucy begins to metamorphose into a being resembling the Saint's Corpse. This grants Valentine even further powers in the form of an ability for D4C called Love Train, a dimensional wall of light that redirects all harm away from Valentine and randomly redistributes it as misfortune across the world.
Johnny and Gyro arrive and attempt to battle the seemingly invulnerable Valentine. Johnny is momentarily incapacitated as Gyro and Valentine take their fight towards the Atlantic Ocean, with Gyro unlocking his stand “Ball Breaker” utilizing the Golden Spin and the Steel Balls. Gyro passes Johnny a cryptic hint regarding The Golden Spin, a form of spin utilizing gravity. Although Ball Breaker can pass through Love Train and greatly damage Valentine, the President survives Ball Breaker’s second attack through sheer luck- the Steel Ball thrown at him lost a fraction of its mass when passing through Love Train, making the Steel Ball an ellipse and ruining the Golden Ratio Gyro needed to throw the Ball in to instantly kill Valentine. His last attack a failure, Gyro falls from his horse and dies after multiple wounds travel towards his heart. Mourning his mentor and friend, Johnny understands Gyro’s hint and achieves the Golden Spin, unlocking Tusk ACT 4, which allows Johnny to mark objects or beings with infinite rotation. Valentine is horrified as Tusk ACT 4's attack can breach his dimensional wall and mark D4C with infinite rotation. Pursued by infinite rotation regardless of which dimension he travels to, Valentine is forced to surrender and attempts to make a deal with Johnny, offering to resurrect Gyro by finding a version of him in another universe in exchange for the Corpse. Johnny nearly agrees but realizes that this is a trick after he notices Valentine holding a gun taken from another universe, which he intended to kill Johnny with if he let his guard down. Johnny finally kills Valentine in a fierce standoff, and sees Gyro's spirit one last time.
The Holy Corpse separates from Lucy, only to be stolen by an unknown antagonist. Pursuing the thief into the final stage of the Steel Ball Run, Johnny is shocked to find that it is an alternate version of Diego Brando, taken from a different universe by Valentine and entrusted with the Corpse. Unlike the previous Diego, this one is more megalomaniacal, and possesses the time-stopping Stand of Dio Brando, THE WORLD. A flashback reveals that Valentine has educated Alternate Diego on the dangers of Tusk ACT 4 and a battle on the streets of New York begins. Alternate Diego can stop time for Johnny utilizing THE WORLD, however, Tusk ACT 4 is shown to be able to slightly mitigate the time stop by the use of gravity. Alternate Diego eventually outsmarts Johnny by weaponizing Tusk ACT 4's own Golden Spin against it. THE WORLD is attacked by ACT 4, but Diego uses his stand to sever his leg which was attacked by the infinite rotation, and redirects it at Johnny. Overwhelmed by his own Stand's infininte rotatio, Johnny begins to die, and Alternate Diego then goes on to win the race in first place. He brings the Corpse to Trinity Church, where Valentine intended to lock it in a vault so that its powers would protect America forever. At the last moment, Lucy arrives with the severed head of the root world's Diego. Terrified, Alternate Diego stops time with THE WORLD but is unable to crawl up the stairs with his missing leg and accidentally comes into contact with the root world Diego's head. Since parallel instances of the same person cannot come into contact without destroying each other, Alternate Diego fuses with the original Diego's head, instantly killing him and his Stand.
With both Diegos dead and thus unable to claim the prize, first place is awarded to the carefree Pocoloco, who had slept through the start of the race and only caught up by sheer luck. Stephen Steel arrives to save Johnny, who can reverse the infinite rotation with his Stand after being assisted onto a horse. Valentine's death is covered up as retirement from public life, with concerns over the race placated by the donation of the prize money to charitable causes. Johnny, having regained his ability to walk through the power of his Stand and the Spin, leaves America to return Gyro's body to his family. On the boat, he meets the runner-up in the Steel Ball Run, Japanese racer Norisuke Higashikata. Johnny later marries Norisuke's daughter Rina, leading to the events of Part 8, JoJolion.
- Johnny Joestar[b], born Jonathan Joestar, is a former horse racer from Kentucky, who is paralyzed from the waist down. He participates in the Steel Ball Run to follow Gyro Zeppeli and learn how to use his Spin technique, to be able to stand again, but for the most part, uses his horse Slow Dancer in lieu of his legs. He uses the Stand Tusk,[c] which allows him to shoot his finger nails as bullets. Tusk later evolves into different ACTs with differing capabilities, similar to Koichi Hirose's Stand Echoes. The final ACT, Tusk ACT 4, allows Johnny to imbue objects and living things with infinite rotation, as well as bypass the dimensional barrier of D4C's Love Train.
- Gyro Zeppeli[d], born Julius Caesar Zeppeli, is a disgraced magistrate and executioner from the Kingdom of Naples, who participates in the Steel Ball Run to free a boy who he believes has been wrongly imprisoned. He is a master of a mystical art called the Spin, which is channeled through the steel balls he throws, with both combative and medical effects. Gyro has an acute knowledge of the human body, which he demonstrates during certain encounters and is well versed in surgical skills. Gyro eventually unlocks his stand Ball Breaker[e] during the final battle. Ball Breaker allows Gyro to induce senescence in whatever a Steel Ball hits.
- Lucy Steel[f] is a fourteen-year-old girl who tries to help Johnny and Gyro, and is the wife of the Steel Ball Run promoter Stephen Steel. She uses the Stand Ticket to Ride, [g] which allows her to redirect misfortune every time her tears cuts on someone, which eventually paved the way for D4C's ultimate ability, Love Train.
- Funny Valentine[h] is the 23rd President of the United States, and a former soldier. He uses the Stand Dirty Deeds Done Dirt Cheap,[i] which allows him to travel between alternate dimensions when he is pressed between two objects. D4C can also cause space time distortions, although this ability seems to be a byproduct of D4C's dimensional abilities. Valentine later acquires an extra ability for D4C known as Love Train, which gives Valentine a dimensional shield that redirects any attacks targeting him as random misfortune across the world.
- Hot Pants[j] is a Steel Ball Run participant from the United States, and a former nun. She uses the Stand Cream Starter,[k] which takes the form of a spray bottle that can turn flesh into a foam-like substance and spray it to fuse the flesh with people's bodies.
- Wekapipo[l] is a former Neapolitan royal guard who is hired and partnered with the Stand user Magent Magent to protect Valentine. He uses the Spin, wielding a steel ball called Wrecking Ball, which can release smaller, blinding balls if the main ball is blocked or misses.
- Steven Steel[m] is the promoter of the Steel Ball Run and is the middle-aged husband of Lucy Steel.
- Mountain Tim[n] is working as cowboy and bounty hunter, and announced as leading competitor in the Steel Ball Run. During the first stages of the race, Tim becomes one of Johnny and Gyro's allies. He is also a Stand User and is able to shift through his lasso with his Stand, Oh! Lonesome Me [o]
- Pocoloco[p] he joins the race after inspired by the news given him by a fortune-teller of his peaking luck. Through sheer luck, he becomes one of the fiercest competitors of the race. Pocoloco happens to be a Stand User, whose Hey Ya! [q] exists to cheer him up, taking full advantage of its user's absurd amount of luck.
- Valentine's Subordinate[r] mainly consist of Stand Users following the orders of President Funny Valentine to confront Johnny Joestar and Gyro Zeppeli
- Diego Brando,[s] nicknamed "Dio", is a Steel Ball Run participant from the United Kingdom, and a rival to Gyro and Johnny. Originally helping Valentine find the Corpse parts, he later turns on the President and attempts to kill him. He uses the Stand Scary Monsters, [t] which allows him to transform into a Utahraptor. After Diego's death, an alternate version of Diego is summoned by Valentine. This Diego is far more similar to the original Dio, and even uses The World[u] as his Stand. Both versions of Diego retain an identical appearance.
- Oyecomova[v] is a terrorist from the Kingdom of Naples who participates in the Steel Ball Run. Having heard of Gyro Zeppeli's participation, he seeks revenge on him and attacks Gyro alongside Mountain Tim and Johnny Joestar in the Rocky Mountains. He uses the stand Listen to My Rhythm, [w] which allows him to create and attach special time bombs to anything he touches, be it solid objects or even water and smoke.
- Sandman[x] is a racer in Steel Ball Run race, Sandman comes from a Native American tribe in the Arizona desert. Despite being ostracized, he hopes that winning the Steel Ball Run race will earn him the money to buy back his ancestor's land and becomes one of the fiercest competitors in the race thanks to his running technique. Sandman is a Stand User who wields In a Silent Way [y] in battle.allows him to create three-dimensional constructs out of sounds.
- Blackmore[z] is one of Funny Valentine's henchmen. When Lucy Steel's intrusion is discovered while she investigates Valentine's schemes, Blackmore is tasked with tracking and eliminating whoever tried to spy on the President. Blackmore is a Stand User, wearing his mask-Stand Catch the Rainbow [aa]to literally walk on falling raindrops.
- Mike.O[ab] is President Funny Valentine's personal bodyguard. When Lucy Steel and Hot Pants infiltrate the President's residence in Chicago, he battles Hot Pants in order to protect Valentine. Mike O. is a Stand User and creates deadly metal balloons through his Tubular Bells [ac].
- Ringo Roadagain[ad] is a gunslinger at the service of Funny Valentine who traps Gyro, Johnny and Hot Pants at the beginning of the 4th Stage, near Kansas City, to seize the Saint's Corpse's parts. He is a Stand User and uses his time-rewinding Mandom [ae] during gunfights to get the upper hand.
- Axl RO[af] is an agent to President Valentine, Axl RO attacks Hot Pants, Gyro, and Johnny with his Stand in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, summoning corporeal representations of figures from their pasts in order to steal the Saint's Corpse parts. He is a Stand User, powering his Civil War [ag]}} with guilt
Steel Ball Run was written and illustrated by Hirohiko Araki, and was originally serialized in Shueisha's Weekly Shōnen Jump magazine from January 19 to October 16, 2004. It was later moved to Shueisha's monthly seinen magazine Ultra Jump on March 19, 2005, and ran until April 19, 2011. Araki found that the new, monthly schedule with longer chapters suited him better, as he was not as restricted in what he could draw and no longer had to write stories with momentum building up excitement for the next week's chapter, and had more flexibility to draw at his own pace. Araki described the manga's theme as "seeking for satisfaction". Like with other parts of JoJo's Bizarre Adventure, Araki also used "an affirmation that humanity is wonderful" as a theme, which he explained as a description for humanity's ability to grow and overcome hardships through one's strength and spirit, portrayed through people succeeding in fights through their own actions, without relying on machines or gods.
Because the series follows a race across America, Araki had to split his research into three trips: one from the West Coast to the deserts, one from the Great Plains to the Mississippi River and Chicago, and one to New York. He said that it would have been impossible to get an understanding for the vast scale without having gone there personally, describing the scenery of the midwest as endless and unchanging. The feeling of distance made him think that if an enemy had approached, the open landscape would have meant that he could not have escaped due to a lack of places to hide, an experience he found useful when drawing the manga.
Like other protagonists in the series, Johnny was designed to symbolize the part's story and setting, and to stand out among the previous protagonists in terms of appearance, clothing, and silhouette. He was not specifically planned to have a disability at the start of the production; rather, his disability was the result of the series' focus on protagonists growing through overcoming hardships, and Araki wanting to create a character who was forced to rely on people and horses during the race and had room to grow both mentally and physically. Valentine was created as part of Araki noticing more and more that good and evil is not always easily distinguishable and taking a greater interest in the motivations for people who do bad things. He noted that Valentine's patriotism and goals seemed just and might line up with leaders in the real world, and that it is his sacrifice of powerless people to reach his goals that make him evil and completely unsuitable as a protagonist. The concept of having the United States president fighting the main characters came from when Araki saw the film Independence Day, and liked the idea of a president who fights.
|No.||Title||Japanese release date||Japanese ISBN|
|1 (81)||September 25, 1890: San Diego Beach|
Issen Happyaku Kyūjū Nen Kugatsu Nijūgonichi San Diego Bīchi (1890年9月25日 サンディエゴビーチ)
|May 20, 2004||4-08-873601-X|
|2 (82)||1st Stage: 15,000 Meters|
Fāsuto Sutēji 15,000 Mētoru (1st. STAGE 15,000メートル)
|May 20, 2004||4-08-873613-3|
|3 (83)||2nd Stage: Arizona Desert Crossing|
Sekondo Sutēji Arizona Sabaku Goe (2nd. STAGE アリゾナ砂漠越え)
|November 4, 2004||4-08-873673-7|
|4 (84)||Gyro Zeppeli's Mission|
Jairo Tseperi no Shukumei (ジャイロ・ツェペリの宿命)
|November 4, 2004||4-08-873689-3|
|5 (85)||The President's Conspiracy|
Daitōryō no Inbō (大統領の陰謀)
|August 4, 2005||4-08-873845-4|
|6 (86)||Scary Monsters|
Sukearī Monsutāzu (スケアリー モンスターズ)
|November 4, 2005||4-08-873890-X|
|7 (87)||A Little Grave on the Wide, Wide Prairie|
Hiroi Hiroi Daisōgen no Chiisana Bohyō (広い広い大草原の小さな墓標)
|March 3, 2006||4-08-874117-X|
|8 (88)||To a Man's World|
Otoko no Sekai e (男の世界へ)
|May 2, 2006||4-08-874119-6|
|9 (89)||A Stormy Night Is Coming|
Arashi no Yoru ga Yatte Kuru (嵐の夜がやってくる)
|September 4, 2006||4-08-874147-1|
|10 (90)||Illinois Skyline, Michigan Lakeline|
Irinoi Sukairain Mishigan Reikurain (イリノイ・スカイライン ミシガン・レイクライン)
|November 2, 2006||4-08-874285-0|
|11 (91)||Make the Golden Rectangle!|
Ōgon Chōhōkei o Tsukure! (黄金長方形をつくれ!)
|March 2, 2007||978-4-08-874336-3|
|12 (92)||Conditions for the Corpse, Conditions for Friendship|
Itai e no Jōken Yūjō e no Jōken (遺体への条件 友情への条件)
|May 2, 2007||978-4-08-874362-2|
|13 (93)||Wrecking Ball|
Kowareyuku Tekkyū (壊れゆく鉄球)
|September 4, 2007||978-4-08-874420-9|
|14 (94)||The Victor's Rights|
Shōrisha e no Shikaku (勝利者への資格)
|December 4, 2007||978-4-08-874438-4|
|15 (95)||A Dream of Gettysburg|
Getisubāgu no Yume (ゲティスバーグの夢)
|May 2, 2008||978-4-08-874518-3|
|16 (96)||Dirty Deeds Done Dirt Cheap|
Itomo Tayasuku Okonawareru Egutsunai Kōi (いともたやすく行われる えげつない行為)
|September 4, 2008||978-4-08-874574-9|
Dī Fō Shī (D4C)
|March 4, 2009||978-4-08-874648-7|
|18 (98)||Ticket to Ride|
Chiketto Tu Raido (涙の乗車券)
|July 3, 2009||978-4-08-874725-5|
|19 (99)||Don't Get Used to Having Money|
Okane Mochi ni wa Narenai (お金持ちにはなれない)
|November 4, 2009||978-4-08-874769-9|
|20 (100)||Love Train – The World Is One|
Rabu Torein – Sekai wa Hitotsu (ラブトレイン-世界はひとつ)
|March 9, 2010||978-4-08-870060-1|
|21 (101)||Ball Breaker|
Bōru Bureikā (ボール・ブレイカー)
|July 2, 2010||978-4-08-870099-1|
|22 (102)||Break My Heart, Break Your Heart|
Bureiku Mai Hāto Bureiku Yua Hāto (ブレイク・マイ・ハート ブレイク・ユア・ハート)
|November 4, 2010||978-4-08-870160-8|
|23 (103)||High Voltage|
Hai Vorutēji (ハイ・ヴォルテージ)
|May 19, 2011||978-4-08-870206-3|
|24 (104)||The Stars and Stripes Forever|
Seijōki yo Eien Nare (星条旗よ 永遠なれ)
|June 3, 2011||978-4-08-870253-7|
|No.||Japanese release date||Japanese ISBN|
|1||February 17, 2017||978-4-08-619657-4|
|2||February 17, 2017||978-4-08-619658-1|
|3||March 17, 2017||978-4-08-619659-8|
|4||March 17, 2017||978-4-08-619660-4|
|5||April 18, 2017||978-4-08-619661-1|
|6||April 18, 2017||978-4-08-619662-8|
|7||May 18, 2017||978-4-08-619663-5|
|8||June 16, 2017||978-4-08-619664-2|
|9||July 18, 2017||978-4-08-619665-9|
|10||August 18, 2017||978-4-08-619666-6|
|11||September 15, 2017||978-4-08-619667-3|
|12||October 18, 2017||978-4-08-619668-0|
|13||November 17, 2017||978-4-08-619669-7|
|14||December 15, 2017||978-4-08-619670-3|
|15||January 18, 2018||978-4-08-619671-0|
|16||January 18, 2018||978-4-08-619672-7|
Kono Manga ga Sugoi! recommended Steel Ball Run as a good place to start for people who have not read previous parts, due to how it serves as a reboot of the JoJo's Bizarre Adventure series, and appreciated how its move to the monthly seinen magazine Ultra Jump enabled Araki to write longer stories and depict things that would have been difficult to do in a shōnen magazine. Erkael of Manga-News called the manga one of the best in the series, and said that it does not disappoint the reader at any point. Anime News Network called Steel Ball Run an interesting take on the battle manga genre due to its positive portrayal of a hero with a disability, and found it, along with JoJolion, to represent a big shift in the evolution of Araki's art, following his earlier shift from muscle men to thinner characters and fashion.
K. Thor Jensen of Geek.com called the portrayal of Johnny and Gyro's relationship one of the best platonic friendships in comics, citing their transition from rivals to close allies who make sacrifices for one another and help each other with their respective abilities. Erkael liked the high speed and intensity of the story, saying that it was as if Araki wanted the reader to feel like they were part of the race themselves, and how the story eventually opens up to follow several different characters whose paths at times intersect, leading to a world that feels "rich and dense". They wrote that the lack of Stands early in the story, with Gyro instead using steel balls, was surprising but refreshing, and reminiscent of the hamon abilities featured in the first part in the JoJo's Bizarre Adventure series, Phantom Blood; they still enjoyed the shift in focus to Stand abilities later in the story, calling them "original and surprising". Kono Manga ga Sugoi! liked the depiction of the landscapes Johnny and Gyro travel through, calling them "beautiful".
- This alternate reality is not related to ending of the previous Part, where the cycle of time was accelerated to the point of creating a parallel universe.
- Johnny Joestar (ジョニィ・ジョースター, Jonī Jōsutā)
- Tusk (牙, Tasuku)
- Gyro Zeppeli (ジャイロ・ツェペリ, Jairo Tseperi)
- Ball Breaker (ボール・ブレイカー, Bōru Bureikā)
- Lucy Steel (ルーシー・スティール, Rūshī Sutīru)
- Ticket to Ride (涙の乗車券チケット・ゥ・ライド, Chiketto u Raido)
- Funny Valentine (ファニー・ヴァレンタイン, Fanī Varentain)
- Dirty Deeds Done Dirt Cheap (Dirty deeds done dirt cheap（いともたやすく行われるえげつない行為）, Dātī Dīzu Dan Dāto Chīpu (Itomo Tayasuku Okonawareru Egetsunai Kōi))
- Hot Pants (ホット・パンツ, Hotto Pantsu)
- Cream Starter (クリーム・スターター, Kurīmu Sutātā)
- Wekapipo (ウェカピポ, Wekapipo)
- Steven Steel (スティーブン・スティール, Sutībun Sutīru)
- Mountain Tim (マウンテン・ティム, Maunten Timu)
- Oh!Lonesome Me (オー！ロンサム・ミー, Ō! Ronsamu Mī)
- Pocoloco (ポコロコ, Pokoroko)
- Hey Ya! (ヘイ・ヤー, Hei Yā)
- Valentine's Subordinate (ヴァレンタイン の 部下, Varentain no Buka)
- Diego Brando (ディエゴ・ブランドー, Diego Burandō)
- Scary Monsters (スケアリー・モンスターズ, Sukearī Monsutāzu)
- THE WORLD (Za Wārudo)
- Oyecomova (オエコモバ, Oekomoba)
- Listen to My Rhythm (ボクのリズムを聴いてくれ, Boku no Rhythm wo Kiitekure)
- Sandman (サンドマン, Sandoman)
- In a Silent Way (イン・ア・サイレント・ウェイ, In A Sairento Wei)
- Blackmore (ブラックモア, Burakkomoa)
- Catch the Rainbow (キャッチ・ザ・レインボー, Kyatchi Za Reinbō)
- Mike.O (マイク・オー, Maiku Ō)
- チューブラー・ベルズ (Chūburā Beruzu)
- Ringo Roadagain (リンゴォ・ロードアゲイン, Ringō Rōdoagein)
- マンダム (Mandamu)
- Axl RO (アクセル・RO, Akuseru Rō)
- Steel Ball Run: How the Race Got Started and chapter 63 were only released in the volumization of Steel Ball Run.
- "Steel Ball Run Volume 01". Shueisha. Archived from the original on September 9, 2012. Retrieved June 7, 2009.
- "2004年Vol.08" (in Japanese). Shueisha. Archived from the original on February 2, 2004. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
- "2004年Vol.47" (in Japanese). Shueisha. Archived from the original on October 22, 2004. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
- "『STEEL BALL RUN』 第1巻 荒木飛呂彦 【日刊マンガガイド】". Kono Manga ga Sugoi! (in Japanese). Takarajimasha. March 18, 2017. Archived from the original on August 19, 2017. Retrieved August 19, 2017.
- Mitchem, Casey Lee; Silverman, Rebecca (2017-06-29). "Interview: Jojo's Bizarre Adventure Creator Hirohiko Araki". Anime News Network. Archived from the original on 2017-07-08. Retrieved 2017-09-30.
- ウルトラジャンプ4月号（100号）・ホ－ムページ. ultra.shueisha.co.jp/ (in Japanese). Ultra Jump. Archived from the original on November 4, 2005. Retrieved October 16, 2019.
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- Araki, Hirohiko (2006). Steel Ball Run Vol. 7: Hiroi Hiroi Daisōgen no Chiisana Bohyō (in Japanese). Shueisha. Dust jacket. ISBN 978-4-08-874117-8.
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