Stockbridge City Hall
Location in Henry County and the state of Georgia
|Named for||Levi Stockbridge|
|• Total||13.4 sq mi (34.8 km2)|
|• Land||13.3 sq mi (34.5 km2)|
|• Water||0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)|
|Elevation||801 ft (244 m)|
|• Estimate (2016)||28,677|
|• Density||1,926/sq mi (743.7/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0342357|
Stockbridge is part of the Atlanta metropolitan area.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Parks and recreation
- 5 Education
- 6 Infrastructure
- 7 Notable people
- 8 References
- 9 External links
The area was settled in 1829 when Concord Methodist Church was organized near present-day Old Stagecoach Road. It was granted a post office on April 5, 1847, named for a traveling professor, Levi Stockbridge, who passed through the area many times before the post office was built. He was said to be well known and respected in his namesake community. Others contend that the city was named after Thomas Stock, who was State Surveyor and president of the Georgia State Senate in the 1820s.
In 1881, the East Tennessee, Virginia and Georgia Railroad was to pass through Stockbridge between Macon and Atlanta. The settlers who owned the land about Old Stockbridge asked such a high price for their land that two prominent Atlanta citizens, John W. Grant and George W. Adair, bought a tract about a mile south of Old Stockbridge and offered lots at a reasonable price. Here the railroad built their depot and many lots were sold. The depot was located about 600 feet (180 m) north of what is now North Henry Blvd but was destroyed by the Southern Railway in the early 1980s.
Stockbridge was incorporated as a town in 1895 and as a city on August 6, 1920.
On May 6, 1992, Mayor Rudy Kelley received a letter from John Stockbridge of South Carolina requesting a letter of "Greeting" from the City of Stockbridge to the attendees of the first reunion of the Stockbridge family. In his letter, he mentioned that he grew up in Georgia and had been told as a child that the city of Stockbridge was named after his great-great-grandfather Levi Stockbridge, who had traveled back and forth from the North to his property in Florida and stopped here on his journey.
Levi Stockbridge was born on March 13, 1820, and fits the time frame just prior to the Civil War. Levi would have been 27 years of age when Stockbridge was assigned a post office in 1847.
Until May 6, 1992, there had never been a name other than Professor Stockbridge. At that time, Levi Stockbridge was mentioned as the person for whom the city may have been named.
It is not certain that Levi Stockbridge was the individual for whom the citizens of the community named their post office and village. However, through John Stockbridge's letters and many conversations with him, it is believed that this is the rightful Professor Stockbridge who had been unknown for 146 years.
Eminent domain controversy
In late 2005 the City of Stockbridge engaged in a controversial preemptive use of eminent domain to buy over 16 acres (65,000 m2) of land near the current city hall running along East Atlanta Road. The city reportedly wanted to build a new city hall, park/square, and a small tract of land for new and more desirable business to incorporate a new image for the city. Stockbridge became the focus of national news and was also one of the largest issues in the 2006 Georgia General Assembly and their efforts to prevent abuse of eminent domain.
Many of the citizens of Stockbridge and Henry County were surprised by the apparent abuse of eminent domain by the city. Early in 2006, a protest was organized by the NAACP and supported by the Republican and Libertarian parties from the county. Syndicated Atlanta talk show host Neal Boortz said during his show, "Private property rights are dead in Stockbridge, Georgia," and called members of the Stockbridge City Council "sorry bastards".
The Henry County Board of Commissioners took a stance on the issue by unanimously approving a non-binding resolution that the county would not take land for economic development purposes. However, the county legally has no say in what the City of Stockbridge can do with its land and its use of eminent domain. Many have said this was just a political strategy, as Henry County has been shown in recent voting history to be one of the most conservative counties in the Atlanta metro area.
The conflict between the city and the property owners came to an end on February 2, 2007, as the Georgia Court of Appeals threw out the condemnation. Only one store, a local florist, beat the eminent domain and was allowed to keep its store and property. A brick fence was erected around the florist shop to separate it from the new City Hall.
New city hall
After February 2007, the city had plans drawn up to build the new city hall. The plans called for the new city hall, park, and green space to be built around the florist's shop that started the now famous eminent domain lawsuit.
The city said that the new development would strengthen the old and worn-down downtown business district. Stockbridge City Manager Ted Strickland said that the new city hall was absolutely necessary, because some current city employees were working out of closets and supply rooms.
U.S. Route 23 is the main road through the center of the city, leading northwest 20 miles (32 km) to downtown Atlanta and southeast 9 miles (14 km) to McDonough, the Henry County seat. Interstate 75 passes through the southwest side of the city, with access from Exits 222, 224, and 228. I-75 leads northwest to Atlanta and southeast 64 miles (103 km) to Macon. Interstate 675 splits from I-75 in northwestern Stockbridge and provides access to the city from its Exit 1.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Stockbridge has a total area of 13.4 square miles (34.8 km2), of which 13.3 square miles (34.5 km2) are land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km2), or 0.97%, are water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 9,853 people, 3,749 households, and 2,654 families residing in the city. The population density was 900.0 people per square mile (347.4/km²). There were 3,991 housing units at an average density of 364.6 per square mile (140.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 71.63% White, 20.51% African American, 0.27% Native American, 4.55% Asian, 0.13% Pacific Islander, 1.44% from other races, and 1.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 4.21% of the population.
There were 3,749 households out of which 39.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.7% were married couples living together, 14.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.2% were non-families. 22.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.06.
In the city, the population was spread out with 28.3% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 38.1% from 25 to 44, 18.1% from 45 to 64, and 6.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 91.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $48,296, and the median income for a family was $51,341. Males had a median income of $38,457 versus $28,938 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,380. 6.8% of the population and 6.0% of families were below the poverty line. 5.9% of those under the age of 18 and 17.1% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 25,636 people, 9,499 households, and 6,536 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,927.5 inhabitants per square mile (744.2/km2). There were 10,312 housing units at an average density of 775.4 per square mile (299.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 28.8% white, 55.7% black or African American, 7.6% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 3.8% from other races, and 3.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 9.5% of the population.
Of the 9,499 households, 41.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.6% were married couples living together, 22.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.2% were non-families, and 26.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.29. The median age was 33.8 years.
Parks and recreation
- Clark Community Park
- Gardner Park
- Memorial Park
- Monument Park at Eagle's Landing
- Reeves Creek Trail
- Eagles Landing Country Club
- Bridgefest - held annually on the last weekend in September
- Holiday Gala - held annually
- Sounds of Summer concert series - held annually on City Hall lawn
- Screen on the Green held annually - hosted by Stockbridge Main Street
Stockbridge is served by the Henry County School District. Schools include:
- Cotton Indian Elementary School
- Dutchtown Middle and Elementary
- Eagles Landing Middle & High
- Flippen Elementary
- Henry County High School
- Luella Middle and High School
- Ola Middle and High School
- Pate's Creek Elementary School
- Pleasant Grove Elementary School
- Red Oak Elementary School
- Smith Barnes Elementary School
- Stockbridge Elementary School
- Stockbridge High School
- Stockbridge Middle School
- Union Grove Middle and High School
- Woodland High School
- Woodland Middle School
- Xpress GA provides local bus service.
- The Berry Hill Airport is located nearby and provides regional air service.
Stockbridge is served by the following highways:
- Interstate 75
- Interstate 675
- U.S. Highway 23
- Georgia State Route 42
- Georgia State Route 138
- Georgia State Route 401
- Georgia State Route 413
- Mark O. Barton, spree killer
- Joey Clanton, race car driver
- Kyle Davies, professional baseball player
- Max Gresham, stock car racing driver
- Mark Hall, lead singer of contemporary Christian band Casting Crowns
- Bruce Irvin, NFL player, Seattle Seahawks
- Martin Luther King, Sr., Baptist pastor, missionary, and early leader in the American Civil Rights Movement; father of Martin Luther King, Jr.
- Phil McCullough, professional baseball player
- Lee H. Phillips, awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions during the Korean War
- Dean Roland, Ed Roland, and Will Turpin of the alternative rock band Collective Soul
- Ricky Sanders, race car driver
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Stockbridge city, Georgia". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved May 18, 2017.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-11-28.
- "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-11-28.
- Sunbrook Academy at Stockbridge