Hall County, Georgia
Hall County courthouse in Gainesville
Location within the U.S. state of Georgia
Georgia's location within the U.S.
|Founded||December 15, 1818|
|Named for||Lyman Hall|
|• Total||429 sq mi (1,110 km2)|
|• Land||393 sq mi (1,020 km2)|
|• Water||37 sq mi (100 km2) 8.5%|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||457/sq mi (176/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
Hall County is a county located in the north central portion of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 179,684. The county seat is Gainesville. Hall County comprises the Gainesville, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also part of the Atlanta-Athens-Clarke County-Sandy Springs, GA Combined Statistical Area.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 429 square miles (1,110 km2), of which 393 square miles (1,020 km2) is land and 37 square miles (96 km2) (8.5%) is water. The county is located in the upper Piedmont region of the state in the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains to the north.
Slightly more than half of Hall County, the eastern portion of the county, is located in the Upper Oconee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin, while the western half of the county is located in the Upper Chattahoochee River sub-basin of the ACF River Basin (Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River Basin).
- OUT of the hills of Habersham,
- Down the valleys of Hall,
- I hurry amain to reach the plain,
- Run the rapid and leap the fall,
- Split at the rock and together again,
- Lake Sidney Lanier
- Lake Lanier Islands (Buford)
- Road Atlanta (Braselton)
- Falcons Complex (Flowery Branch)
- Brenau Downtown Center (Gainesville)
- Atlanta Botanical Gardens (Gainesville)
- Gainesville Theatre Alliance (Gainesville)
- Interactive Neighborhood for Kids (Gainesville)
- Elachee Nature Science Center (Gainesville)
- Quinlan Visual Arts Center
- Hall County Fire Services
- Gainesville Fire Department
- Gainesville Police Department
- Hall County Sheriff’s Office
- Chicken Capital of the World
- Clermont and Murrayville Cities
- Interstate 985
- U.S. Route 23
- U.S. Route 129
- State Route 11
- State Route 11 Business
- State Route 13
- State Route 51
- State Route 52
- State Route 53
- State Route 53 Connector
- State Route 60
- State Route 82
- State Route 115
- State Route 136
- State Route 211
- State Route 254
- State Route 283
- State Route 284
- State Route 323
- State Route 332
- State Route 347
- State Route 365
- State Route 369
- State Route 419 (unsigned designation for I-985)
- The Gainesville AMTRAK station is situated at 116 Industrial Boulevard. Amtrak's Crescent train connects Gainesville with the cities of New York City, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington, Greensboro, Charlotte, Atlanta, Birmingham and New Orleans.
- Gainesville has a bus transit system, the Gainesville Connection, with 130 stops along three routes through Gainesville. The Hall Area Transit Transportation System began operations in January 2001 with three buses and four mini-buses.
Pedestrians and cycling
- Chicopee Woods Bike Trail
- Wilshire Trail
|U.S. Decennial Census|
Hall County remains extremely rural and many of its residents reside in unincorporated areas, accounting for more than half of the county's population.
At the 2000 census, 139,277 people, 80,381 households and 80,009 families resided in the county. The population density was 354 per square mile (137/km2). There were 51,046 housing units at an average density of 130 per square mile (50/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 80.75% White, 7.27% Black or African American, 0.34% Native American, 1.35% Asian, 0.17% Pacific Islander, 8.75% from other races, and 1.36% from two or more races. About 19.56% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
Of the 80,381 households, 37.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.20% were married couples living together, 10.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.00% were not families. About 19.20% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.26.
Age distribution was 26.90% under the age of 18, 10.80% from 18 to 24, 32.30% from 25 to 44, 20.60% from 45 to 64, and 9.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.90 males.
The median household income was $44,908, and the median family income was $50,100. Males had a median income of $31,769 versus $24,550 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,690. About 8.50% of families and 12.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.20% of those under age 18 and 14.70% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 179,684 people, 60,691 households, and 45,275 families residing in the county. The population density was 457.5 inhabitants per square mile (176.6/km2). There were 68,825 housing units at an average density of 175.2 per square mile (67.6/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 74.1% white, 7.4% black or African American, 1.8% Asian, 0.5% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 13.9% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 26.1% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 16.8% were American, 10.6% were Irish, 9.3% were English, and 8.9% were German.
Of the 60,691 households, 40.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.6% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.4% were non-families, and 20.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.91 and the average family size was 3.35. The median age was 34.5 years.
The median income for a household in the county was $50,876 and the median income for a family was $57,774. Males had a median income of $38,671 versus $31,378 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,675. About 11.3% of families and 14.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.3% of those under age 18 and 11.6% of those age 65 or over.
Colleges and universities
- Brenau University
- Lanier Technical College
- University of North Georgia, Gainesville Campus (formerly Gainesville State College)
- Cherokee Bluff High School
- Chestatee High School
- East Hall High School
- Flowery Branch High School
- Gainesville High School
- Johnson High School
- North Georgia Christian School
- North Hall High School
- Riverside Military Academy
- West Hall High School
- Lakeview Academy
- Academies of Discovery at South Hall
- Alternative Learning Center/International Center
- C. W. Davis Middle School
- Cherokee Bluff Middle School
- Chestatee Middle School
- East Hall Middle School
- Gainesville Middle School
- Lanier Career Academy
- North Georgia Christian School
- North Hall Middle School
- West Hall Middle School
Hall County had voting patterns similar to the Solid South, with the exception of narrowly supporting Herbert Hoover against Catholic Democrat Al Smith in 1928. Since then, it has been won by the GOP by landslide margins, in stark contrast to nearby inner suburban counties of Atlanta, with the exception of segregationist George Wallace in 1968 and favorite son Jimmy Carter in both of his campaigns.
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- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins (PDF). Macon, GA: Winship Press. p. 101. ISBN 0-915430-00-2.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 147.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
- "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
- "Hall Area Transit Bus Services | City of Gainesville, Georgia". www.gainesville.org. Retrieved August 7, 2018.
- "History | City of Gainesville, Georgia". www.gainesville.org. Retrieved August 7, 2018.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 21, 2020.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 23, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 23, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 23, 2014.
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- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
- "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 29, 2015.
- "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 – County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 29, 2015.
- "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 29, 2015.
- "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 29, 2015.
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 20, 2018.
- http://geoelections.free.fr/. Retrieved January 13, 2021. Missing or empty
- Lake Lanier Convention & Visitors Bureau
- Hall County web site from Roadside Georgia
- Hall County Government official site
- GaGEN Web Hall County section
- This Day in Georgia History: December 15, Ed Jackson and Charly Pou, Carl Vinson Institute of Government, The University of Georgia
- Documents from Hall County at the Digital Library of Georgia
- Hall County Sesquicentennial historical marker
- Historic Redwine historical marker