Suzuki Cultus Crescent
|Suzuki Cultus Crescent (SY)|
|Body and chassis|
|Layout||Front engine, front-wheel drive / four-wheel drive|
The Suzuki Cultus Crescent (Japanese: スズキ カルタス クレセント, Suzuki Karutasu Kuresento) is a compact car that was produced by Suzuki in Japan between 1995 and 2002, with South Asian production continuing until 2007. The Cultus Crescent was sold as such in Japan until May 1998, when it was renamed Suzuki Cultus due to the sales discontinuation of the previous Cultus in the Japanese market. The Cultus Crescent was also marketed as the Suzuki Esteem in North America, Philippines and Thailand, and as the Suzuki Baleno throughout Asia, Australasia, Europe, South America, and Puerto Rico. In India where it was manufactured by Maruti Suzuki, the Cultus Crescent was sold as the Maruti Suzuki Baleno. In the Philippines, the facelift model was marketed as the Chevrolet Cassia.
The Cultus Crescent was introduced in Japan in January 1995 and then to the global market in the first half of 1995. It was Suzuki's first attempt in the competitive compact segment. As a North American replacement for the Suzuki Cultus (Swift) sedan (the three-door hatchback remained after it was redesigned in 1995), it was built on a slightly stretched Cultus platform for improved cabin room, but otherwise sharing most of internal components with the smaller model—and marketed as a distinct model.
The Cultus Crescent was initially available as a three-door hatchback and four-door sedan, with the SOHC belt driven 16-valve G-family engines, in 1.3- and 1.5-liter form, with power ranging from 85 to 97 PS (84 to 96 hp; 63 to 71 kW). The 1.3-liter was only offered in the hatch while a 1.5-liter was only fitted to the sedan. Eventually, four-wheel drive was offered with the 1.6-liter variant in February 1996, basically the same engine as found in the Suzuki Escudo, with power raised to 115 PS (113 hp; 85 kW). At the same time, 1.8-liter DOHC chain driven 16-valve J18A engine with 135 PS (133 hp; 99 kW) appeared, the lineup was also extended with the wagon body style, called Cultus Crescent Wagon GT. This was Suzuki's first station wagon (excluding kei cars), also with the same 1.6-liter, which also received the optional four-wheel drive in the wagon. In Europe, the 1.5-liter engine was not available for sale. The 1.8-liter engines was exclusively fitted to GTX sport model and was rated at 121 PS (119 hp; 89 kW) (EEC). A commercial van with higher roof was also available in several European countries. Cultus Crescent also assembled in Colombia at GM Colmotores in 1995, marketed as Chevrolet Esteem and only available as sedan with 1.3-and 1.6-liter engines. Suzuki also produced this car locally in Indonesia in 1996 as replacement of previous Cultus sedan (marketed as Esteem there) and sold as Suzuki Baleno and only available as sedan with 118 PS (116 hp; 87 kW) 1.6-liter engine and 5-speed manual transmission. The Suzuki Esteem was introduced in the Philippines in 1996 and sold until 2000, and was only available as a wagon. Suzuki then dropped the "Esteem" name in favour of Chevrolet, who had just been returning in the Philippine-market to have at least one sedan model to compete with other popular Japanese-made sedans.
Suzuki restyled the Cultus Crescent and renamed it Cultus (for the Japanese market only) in mid-1998. In this year, both India and Pakistan started producing Baleno in their countries. Unique for Pakistan, Baleno was produced with pre-facelift front end (but facelifted in 2002), only available as a sedan and powered with 1.3- and 1.6-liter petrol engines. While in India, the wagon body style also produced there and marketed as Baleno Altura and also the only country that produced Cultus wagon outside Japan. In North America, the changeover took place with the 1999 model year. The engine lineup was expanded to include Suzuki's J18A chain-driven DOHC engine that was fitted to the sedan and wagon. The Esteem 1.8-liter wagon completely replaced the Esteem 1.6, but in most markets the 1.8 sedan became the sports model. In some European markets, the 1.8-liter was installed in the hatchback and sold as the limited edition Baleno GSR. Europe also gained a turbodiesel version, with a SOHC belt driven 8-valve 75 PS (55 kW; 74 hp) XUD9 engine supplied by Peugeot. In 1999, Indonesian market Baleno received new 1.5-liter petrol engine, replacing the old 1.6-liter engine, as the country imposed higher tax for cars with engine above 1.5-liter starting in late 1990s. 4-speed automatic transmission was later added in 2000. In the Philippines, the facelift model was introduced in 2000 as the Chevrolet Cassia. Suzuki chose to drop the Esteem in the market in favor of Chevrolet Philippines, who have been re-introduced at that time to have an entry-level sedan competing against other Japanese-made sedans. Chevrolet's first sedan to be offered in the country for a new decade was not a market success. The 1.6-liter SOHC 16-valve 4-cylinder which made 97 PS (96 hp; 71 kW) was the only engine choice offered and had fewer features than the rest of its rivals. Its main competitors were the Ford Lynx, Toyota Corolla, Honda Civic, Nissan Sentra, and the Mitsubishi Lancer. Due to poor sales, production ended in 2002, just 2 years after it was introduced. After it's discontinuation, the car was replaced by the Chevrolet Optra.
A minor facelift appeared in 2001, with only changes on the front grille. Another minor facelift appeared in 2002 for Indonesian market with the new white coloured rear blinkers and later arrived in India around 2006.
The Cultus was replaced in most markets by the new Aerio/Liana, which was launched in 2001. In Japan, the sedan was discontinued in November 2001, although the wagon remained until August 2002. The entire range was pulled from the market in Europe and North America in 2002, after one year of overlapping with the Aerio/Liana. The car remained available in many developing countries, including India and Southeast Asia, where it was sold until 2007, when production stopped at the Maruti factory, with the assembly line giving way to the SX4 sedan.
In popular culture
In 2000, Suzuki entered a heavy modified Suzuki Cultus sedan for competing in Pikes Peak International Hill Climb. It featured two turbocharged J20A inline-four engines, with a combined power output of 800 PS (588 kW; 789 hp) with 90 kg⋅m (883 N⋅m; 651 lb⋅ft) of torque. Driven by the last year's runner up, Nobuhiro "Monster" Tajima, it failed to finish the race due an accident that wrecked the car.
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- Media related to Suzuki Baleno at Wikimedia Commons
- Suzuki Baleno XG, XT and Swift, All About Cars, 2016
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|Notes||Suzuki ceased selling automobiles in the United States and Canada between 2012 and 2013. Vehicles for the North American market from 2014 onwards are sold exclusively in Mexico. |
Vehicles exclusive to Mexico Vehicles exclusive to Canada