Swimming at the 1972 Summer Olympics

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Swimming
at the Games of the XX Olympiad
Competitors 532 from 53 nations
1968 1976
Swimming events at the
1972 Summer Olympics
Sample picture of the event (unofficial)
Freestyle
100 m men women
200 m men women
400 m men women
800 m women
1500 m men
Backstroke
100 m men women
200 m men women
Breaststroke
100 m men women
200 m men women
Butterfly
100 m men women
200 m men women
Individual medley
200 m men women
400 m men women
Freestyle relay
4×100 m men women
4×200 m men
Medley relay
4×100 m men women

The 1972 Summer Olympics were held in Munich, West Germany, 29 events in swimming were contested. There was a total of 532 participants from 52 countries competing.

Perhaps the most spectacular athletic events were in swimming. Mark Spitz of the United States had a spectacular run, lining up for seven events, winning seven Olympic titles and setting seven world records. The seven world records in a single Olympic meet was tied by Michael Phelps in 2008. According to the official Olympic website, "He took part in the 4x200 m one hour after his final in the 100 m butterfly. As for the 200 m freestyle gold, it was his third medal in three days" [1].

On the women's side of the competition, Shane Gould of Australia won 5 medals. She won the 200 m and 400 m freestyle as well as the 200 m individual medley, each with a new world record time. In addition, she won the silver and the bronze in the 800 m and 100 m freestyle, respectively.

In terms of records, the Olympic record was broken at least once in all 29 events. In 20 of those events, there was a new world record set.

Medal table[edit]

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  United States (USA) 17 14 12 43
2  Australia (AUS) 6 2 2 10
3  East Germany (GDR) 2 5 2 9
4  Japan (JPN) 2 0 1 3
5  Sweden (SWE) 2 0 0 2
6  Soviet Union (URS) 0 2 3 5
7  Canada (CAN) 0 2 2 4
8  West Germany (FRG) 0 1 3 4
9  Italy (ITA) 0 1 2 3
 Hungary (HUN) 0 1 2 3
11  Great Britain (GBR) 0 1 0 1

Medal summary[edit]

Men's events[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
100 m freestyle
details
 Mark Spitz (USA) 51.22 (WR)  Jerry Heidenreich (USA) 51.65  Vladimir Bure (URS) 51.77
200 m freestyle
details
 Mark Spitz (USA) 1:52.78 (WR)  Steve Genter (USA) 1:53.73  Werner Lampe (FRG) 1:53.99
400 m freestyle
details
 Brad Cooper (AUS) 4:00.27 (OR)  Steve Genter (USA) 4:01.94  Tom McBreen (USA) 4:02.64
1500 m freestyle
details
 Mike Burton (USA) 15:52.58 (WR)  Graham Windeatt (AUS) 15:58.48  Doug Northway (USA) 16:09.25
100 m backstroke
details
 Roland Matthes (GDR) 56.58 (OR)  Mike Stamm (USA) 57.70  John Murphy (USA) 58.35
200 m backstroke
details
 Roland Matthes (GDR) 2:02.82 (WR)  Mike Stamm (USA) 2:04.09  Mitch Ivey (USA) 2:04.33
100 m breaststroke
details
 Nobutaka Taguchi (JPN) 1:04.94 (WR)  Tom Bruce (USA) 1:05.43  John Hencken (USA) 1:05.61
200 m breaststroke
details
 John Hencken (USA) 2:21.55 (WR)  David Wilkie (GBR) 2:23.67  Nobutaka Taguchi (JPN) 2:23.88
100 m butterfly
details
 Mark Spitz (USA) 54.27 (WR)  Bruce Robertson (CAN) 55.56  Jerry Heidenreich (USA) 55.74
200 m butterfly
details
 Mark Spitz (USA) 2:00.70 (WR)  Gary Hall, Sr. (USA) 2:02.86  Robin Backhaus (USA) 2:03.23
200 m individual medley
details
 Gunnar Larsson (SWE) 2:07.17 (WR)  Tim McKee (USA) 2:08.37  Steve Furniss (USA) 2:08.45
400 m individual medley
details
 Gunnar Larsson (SWE) 4:31.98 (OR)  Tim McKee (USA) 4:31.98  András Hargitay (HUN) 4:32.70
4×100 m freestyle relay
details
 United States (USA)
David Edgar
John Murphy
Jerry Heidenreich
Mark Spitz
3:26.42 (WR)  Soviet Union (URS)
Vladimir Bure
Viktor Mazanov
Viktor Aboimov
Igor Grivennikov
3:29.72  East Germany (GDR)
Roland Matthes
Wilfried Hartung
Peter Bruch
Lutz Unger
3:32.42
4×200 m freestyle relay
details
 United States (USA)
John Kinsella
Fred Tyler
Steve Genter
Mark Spitz
7:35.78 (WR)  West Germany (FRG)
Klaus Steinbach
Werner Lampe
Hans Vosseler
Hans Fassnacht
7:41.69  Soviet Union (URS)
Igor Grivennikov
Viktor Mazanov
Georgi Kulikov
Vladimir Bure
7:45.76
4×100 m medley relay
details
 United States (USA)
Mike Stamm
Tom Bruce
Mark Spitz
Jerry Heidenreich
3:48.16 (WR)  East Germany (GDR)
Roland Matthes
Klaus Katzur
Hartmut Flöckner
Lutz Unger
3:52.26  Canada (CAN)
Erik Fish
William Mahony
Bruce Robertson
Robert Kasting
3:53.26

Women's events[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
100 m freestyle
details
 Sandy Neilson (USA) 58.59 (OR)  Shirley Babashoff (USA) 59.02  Shane Gould (AUS) 59.06
200 m freestyle
details
 Shane Gould (AUS) 2:03.56 (WR)  Shirley Babashoff (USA) 2:04.33  Keena Rothhammer (USA) 2:04.92
400 m freestyle
details
 Shane Gould (AUS) 4:19.04 (WR)  Novella Calligaris (ITA) 4:22.44  Gudrun Wegner (GDR) 4:23.11
800 m freestyle
details
 Keena Rothhammer (USA) 8:53.68 (WR)  Shane Gould (AUS) 8:56.39  Novella Calligaris (ITA) 8:57.46
100 m backstroke
details
 Melissa Belote (USA) 1:05.78 (OR)  Andrea Gyarmati (HUN) 1:06.26  Susie Atwood (USA) 1:06.34
200 m backstroke
details
 Melissa Belote (USA) 2:19.19 (WR)  Susie Atwood (USA) 2:20.38  Donna Gurr (CAN) 2:23.22
100 m breaststroke
details
 Cathy Carr (USA) 1:13.58 (WR)  Galina Prozumenshchikova (URS) 1:14.99  Beverley Whitfield (AUS) 1:15.73
200 m breaststroke
details
 Beverley Whitfield (AUS) 2:41.05 (OR)  Dana Schoenfield (USA) 2:42.05  Galina Prozumenshchikova (URS) 2:42.36
100 m butterfly
details
 Mayumi Aoki (JPN) 1:03.34 (OR)  Roswitha Beier (GDR) 1:03.61  Andrea Gyarmati (HUN) 1:03.73
200 m butterfly
details
 Karen Moe (USA) 2:15.57 (WR)  Lynn Colella (USA) 2:16.34  Ellie Daniel (USA) 2:16.74
200 m individual medley
details
 Shane Gould (AUS) 2:23.07 (WR)  Kornelia Ender (GDR) 2:23.59  Lynn Vidali (USA) 2:24.06
400 m individual medley
details
 Gail Neall (AUS) 5:02.97 (WR)  Leslie Cliff (CAN) 5:03.57  Novella Calligaris (ITA) 5:03.99
4×100 m freestyle relay
details
 United States (USA)
Shirley Babashoff
Jane Barkman
Jenny Kemp
Sandy Neilson
3:55.19 (WR)  East Germany (GDR)
Andrea Eife
Kornelia Ender
Elke Sehmisch
Gabriele Wetzko
3:55.55  West Germany (FRG)
Gudrun Beckmann
Heidemarie Reineck
Angela Steinbach
Jutta Weber
3:57.93
4×100 m medley relay
details
 United States (USA)
Melissa Belote
Cathy Carr
Deena Deardurff
Sandy Neilson
4:20.75 (WR)  East Germany (GDR)
Christine Herbst
Renate Vogel
Roswitha Beier
Kornelia Ender
4:24.91  West Germany (FRG)
Gudrun Beckmann
Vreni Eberle
Silke Pielen
Heidemarie Reineck
4:26.46

References[edit]