Tønder (German: Tondern, North Frisian: Tuner) is a municipality (Danish, kommune) in Region of Southern Denmark on the Jutland peninsula in south Denmark. The municipality covers an area of 1,278 km2, and has a total population of 37,777 (2018). Its mayor is Laurids Rudebeck, a member of the Venstre (Liberal Party) political party.
The main town and the site of its municipal council is the town of Tønder. It consists of six old municipalities, the former Tønder municipality (1970-2006) with 12,706 inhabitants in January 2000 on 184.59 square kilometers among them.
The municipality was created in 1970 as the result of a kommunalreform ("Municipal Reform") that merged a number of existing parishes:
- Abild Parish
- Hostrup Parish
- Møgeltønder Parish
- Tønder Parish
- Ubjerg Parish
On 1 January 2007, Tønder municipality was enlarged as the result of Kommunalreformen ("The Municipal Reform" of 2007) when the Bredebro, Højer, Løgumkloster, Nørre-Rangstrup (without Bevtoft Parish), and Skærbæk municipalities were merged into the new Tønder municipality.
Tønder's municipal council consists of 31 members, elected every four years. The municipal council has seven political committees. 
Below are the municipal councils elected since the Municipal Reform of 2007.
|2005||9||2||1||1||1||1||16||31||73.0%||Vagn Terkel Pedersen (V)|
|2009||9||2||3||2||2||13||68.1%||Laurids Rudebeck (V)|
|2017||6||1||1||1||1||3||2||15||1||72.0%||Henrik Frandsen (V)|
|Data from Kmdvalg.dk 2005, 2009, 2013 and 2017|
North Schleswig Germans
Tønder Municipality is home to the only officially recognised ethno-linguistic minority of Denmark proper, the North Schleswig Germans. This minority makes up about 6% of the total population of the municipalities of Aabenraa/Apenrade, Haderslev/Hadersleben, Sønderborg/Sonderburg and Tønder/Tondern. In these four municipalities, the German minority enjoys certain linguistic rights in accordance with the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages.
- Municipal statistics: NetBorger Kommunefakta, delivered from KMD aka Kommunedata (Municipal Data)
- Municipal mergers and neighbors: Eniro new municipalities map
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