TOGO

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TOGO
Native name
Toyo Goraku Ki Kabushiki Kaisha
Formerly called
Toyo Gorakuki
Industry Amusement Rides
Founded 1935 (1935)
Founder Teiichi Yamada
Area served
Wordwide (Excluding Western Hemisphere)
Products Roller Coasters
Fujiyama, a TOGO hypercoaster

TOGO (株式会社トーゴ, Kabushiki-gaisha Tōgo) was a Japanese amusement ride company that built roller coasters, giant wheels, carousels, flumes, dark rides, sky cycles and other amusement rides.

History[edit]

In 1935 Mr. Teiichi Yamada founded the Toyo Gorakuki Company and built his first attraction, a five-foot mechanical walking elephant that was a popular attraction at one of Tokyo's neighborhood parks.[1] Yamada reorganized his company in 1949 and changed the name to TOGO. TOGO built its first roller coaster in 1953 at Hanayashiki Park in Tokyo. That coaster is still in operation and is the oldest coaster in Japan.[1]

In 1965 TOGO built Cyclone at Toshimaen Park that at the time was the largest coaster in Asia. The company also began to expand its export business, selling coasters in Russia, Cuba and China.[1] Although the company built a variety of different rides in Japan, its export business was primarily roller coasters. In 1979, TOGO installed standup trains on two of its existing coasters in Japan, Momonga Standing & Loop Coaster, at Yomiuriland and Thrill Valley, creating the world's first Stand-up roller coasters. These two installations captured the attention of Taft/Kings Entertainment company, who then purchased TOGO's Astro-Comet, the world's first coaster designed from the ground up as a stand-up roller coaster, installing at Kings Island as King Cobra.[1]

In 1986 TOGO developed the Ultra Twister Coaster. This unique concept had rails on the side of the vehicle allowing the coaster to perform true heartline rolls as it navigated the course. TOGO also incorporated a vertical lift hill and near-vertical drop into the ride.[2] TOGO built seven of these models, all similar, but not identical to each other. The original versions were not capable of making turns, so all seven operated as shuttles. However, TOGO did display a full-circuit model at the IAAPA trade show in the mid-1990s that was capable of making turns, but the ride was never built.[2] In the fall of 1989, Arrow Dynamics began building a similar concept called the Pipeline, which failed to get past the protoytpe stage. [3]

TOGO went bankrupt in 2001 due to a lawsuit by Knott's Berry Farm for problems with their Windjammer Surf Racers roller coaster. TOGO created several unique coasters, including its combination of a looping sit-down coaster and a hypercoaster with its Manhattan Express coaster in Las Vegas (now known as "The Big Apple Coaster"). The looping wild mouse by TOGO was a style of ride with a drop into a vertical loop, followed by the hairpin turns and drops of a wild mouse coaster. The former Windjammer coaster at Knott's berry Farm was a variation of the looping wild mouse; it didn't feature any hairpin turns.

TOGO is also renowned for inventing the Twist-and-Dive roll, an inversion maneuver that combines elements of a half-heartline roll with a half-loop.[citation needed] A version of this maneuver included a half-oblique loop instead of a half-loop, so riders exited the element at an angle. This was used on the now-defunct Viper at Six Flags Great Adventure.

Notable Rides[edit]

List of roller coasters[edit]

As of 2018, TOGO has built 61 roller coasters around the world.[5]

Name Model Park Country Opened Status Ref
Jet Coaster Sitdown Coaster Nagashima Spa Land Japan Japan Unknown Operating [6]
SL Coaster Sitdown Coaster Yomiuriland Japan Japan Unknown Removed [7]
Roller Coaster Sitdown Coaster Beijing Amusement Park China China Unknown Removed [8]
Zola 7 Sitdown Coaster Fuji-Q Highland Japan Japan Unkown Removed [9]
Diving Shooter Sitdown Coaster Itozu No Mori Park Japan Japan Unknown Removed [10]
Cycle Coaster Cycle Coaster Enakyo Wonderland Japan Japan Unknown Operating [11]
Jet Coaster Sitdown Coaster Kagoshima Jungle Land Japan Japan Unknown Removed [12]
Crazy Mouse Looping Mouse Kagoshima Jungle Land Japan Japan Unknown Removed [13]
Jungle Mouse Wild Mouse Coaster Yoshinogawa Yuenchi Japan Japan Unknown Removed [14]
Unknown
Formerly Ultra Twister
Ultra Twister Six Flags America
Six Flags AstroWorld
Six Flags Great Adventure
United States United States Unknown
1990 to 2005
1986 to 1988
Removed [15]
[16]
[17]
Roller Coaster Sitdown Coaster Hanayashiki Japan Japan 1953 Operating [18]
Jet Coaster Sitdown Coaster Tokyo Dome City Japan Japan 1955 Removed [19]
Cyclone Sitdown Coaster Toshimaen Japan Japan 1965 Operating [20]
Diving Coaster Sitdown Coaster GrinPa Japan Japan 1973 Removed [21]
Bobster Bobster Takakonuma Greenland Japan Japan 1973 Removed [22]
Jet Coaster Sitdown Coaster Yatsu Yuenchi Japan Japan 1976 Removed [23]
Momonga Standing and Loop Coaster
Formerly Standing and Loop Coaster
Stand-Up Coaster & Sitdown Coaster Yomiuriland Japan Japan 1979 Operating [24]
Crazy Mouse Looping Mouse Tobu Zoo Park Japan Japan 1981 Removed [25]
Bobster Bobster Shirakaba Resort Family Land Japan Japan 1982 Operating [26]
Dangai Stand-Up Coaster Thrill Valley Japan Japan 1982 Removed [27]
Ultra Twister Ultra Twister Nagashima Spa Land Japan Japan 1984 Operating [28]
King Cobra Stand-Up Coaster Kings Island United States United States 1984 Removed [29]
Standing Coaster Stand-Up Coaster Rusutsu Resort
Otaru Expo
Japan Japan 1985
1984
Operating [30]
[31]
Ultra Twister Ultra Twister Tokyo Dome City Japan Japan 1985 Removed [32]
Montaña Rusa Bobster Parque Lenin Cuba Cuba 1985 Removed [33]
Shockwave Stand-Up Coaster Kings Dominion United States United States 1986 Removed [34]
Star Jet Stand-Up Coaster Brazilian Park Washuzan Highland
Tsukuba Expo
Japan Japan 1986
1985
Operating [35]
[36]
Bandit Sitdown Coaster Yomiuriland Japan Japan 1988 Operating [37]
SL Coaster Sitdown Coaster Minamichita Beach Land & Minamichita Toy Kingdom Japan Japan 1989 Removed [38]
Unknown Sitdown Coaster Fantasy Dome Tomakomai Japan Japan 1990 Removed [39]
Milky Way
Formerly Fujin-Raijin
Formerly Ultra Twin
Stand-Up Coaster & Sitdown Coaster Greenland Japan Japan 1991 Operating [40]
Ultra Twister Ultra Twister Brazilian Park Washuzan Highland Japan Japan 1991 Operating [41]
Fujin Raijin II Stand-Up Coaster Expoland Japan Japan 1992 Removed [42]
Geopanic Sitdown Coaster Tokyo Dome City Japan Japan 1992 Removed [43]
Super Roller Coaster DIOS Sitdown Coaster Odakyu Mukogaoka Yuen Japan Japan 1992 Removed [44]
Aladdin Coaster Sitdown Coaster Aliba City Japan Japan 1992 Removed [45]
Surf Coaster Leviathan
Formerly Surf Coaster
Sitdown Coaster Sea Paradise Japan Japan 1993 Operating [46]
Ultra Twister Ultra Twister Rusutsu Resort Japan Japan 1994 Operating [47]
Unknown Sitdown Coaster Fantasy Dome Seiro Japan Japan 1994 Removed [48]
Unknown Sitdown Coaster Fantasy Dome Kishiwada Japan Japan 1994 Removed [49]
Ultra Twister Megaton Ultra Twister Greenland Japan Japan 1994 Operating [50]
White Canyon Wooden Coaster Yomiuriland Japan Japan 1994 Removed [51]
Clipper Sitdown Coaster Space World Japan Japan 1995 Operating [52]
Viper Sitdown Coaster Six Flags Great Adventure United States United States 1995 Removed [53]
Fujiyama Sitdown Coaster Fuji-Q Highland Japan Japan 1996 Operating [54]
Mega Coaster Sitdown Coaster Hamanako Pal Pal Japan Japan 1997 Operating [55]
Big Apple Coaster
Formerly Roller Coaster
Formerly Manhattan Express
Sitdown Coaster New York, New York Hotel & Casino United States United States 1997 Operating [56]
Windjammer Surf Racers
Formerly Jammer
Looping Mouse Knott's Berry Farm United States United States 1997 Removed [57]
Kiddy Shuttle Kiddy Shuttle Thrill Valley Japan Japan 1998 Removed [58]
Crazy Mouse Looping Mouse Kitami Family Land
Nakajima Park
Japan Japan 2000
Unknown
Operating [59]
[60]
Hyper Kid Coaster Sitdown Coaster Fantasy Dome Japan Japan 2000 Closed [61]
Flounder's Flying Fish Coaster Sitdown Coaster DisneySea Tokyo Japan Japan 2001 Operating [62]
Rushing Car Wild Mouse Coaster Kashiikaen Yuenchi Japan Japan 2002 Removed [63]
Actpo Kometa Sitdown Coaster Maviland
Metalworkers' Palace
Russia Russia 2002
1992 to 2000
Operating [64]
[65]
Loop Screw Sitdown Coaster Seibuen Yuenchi Japan Japan 2004 Removed [66]
Go Go Sneaker Sitdown Coaster Rusutsu Resort
Kintetsu Ayameike
Japan Japan 2005
Unknown
Operating [67]
[68]
Hurricane - Screw & Loop Coaster
Formerly Tornado
Sitdown Coaster Himeji Central Park
Kintetsu Ayameike
Japan Japan 2007
1981 to 2004
Operating [69]
[70]
Ultra Coaster
Formerly Ultra Twister
Ultra Twister Marah Land Sabahiya
Ikoma Skyland
Kuwait Kuwait 2008
2004 to 2006
Closed [71]
[72]
Bledek Coaster
Formerly Loop & Cork
Looping Mouse Suroboyo Carnival Night Market
Jawa Timur Park 2
Maruyama KidLand
Indonesia Indonesia 2014
Unknown
Unknown
Operating [73]
[74]
[75]
Grand Canyon
Formerly Cobra
Formerly Kiddy Shuttle
Kiddy Shuttle Parc de la Vallée
Lunapark Fréjus
Odakyu Mukogaoka Yuen
France France 2014
2004 to 2011
1998 to 2002
Operating [76]
[77]
[78]
Freestyle
Formerly SkyRider
Stand-Up Coaster Cavallino Matto
Canada's Wonderland
Italy Italy 2015
1985 to 2014
Operating [79]
[80]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Ruben, Paul (1988). "Innovative thrills from TOGO". RollerCoaster! Magazine. Vol. 9 no. 3. Chicago, Illinois: American Coaster Enthusiasts. pp. 50–53. ISSN 0896-7261. 
  2. ^ a b Seifert, Jeffrey (2007). "The first pipeline coaster — Ultra Twister". RollerCoaster! Magazine. Vol. 28 no. 2. Zanesville, Ohio: American Coaster Enthusiasts. pp. 50–53. ISSN 0896-7261. 
  3. ^ http://www.themeparkreview.com/forum/viewtopic.php?t=40141
  4. ^ Holmes, Scott; Holmes, Carol (2009). "20 years of Magnum". RollerCoaster! Magazine. Vol. 30 no. 4. Zanesville, Ohio: American Coaster Enthusiasts. pp. 4–11. ISSN 0896-7261. 
  5. ^ TOGO - rcdb.com
  6. ^ Marden, Duane. "Jet Coaster  (Nagashima Spa Land)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  7. ^ Marden, Duane. "SL Coaster  (Yomiuriland)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  8. ^ Marden, Duane. "Roller Coaster  (Beijing Amusement Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  9. ^ Marden, Duane. "Zola 7  (Fuji-Q Highland)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  10. ^ Marden, Duane. "Diving Shooter  (Itozu No Mori Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  11. ^ Marden, Duane. "Cycle Coaster  (Enakyo Wonderland)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  12. ^ Marden, Duane. "Jet Coaster  (Kagoshima Jungle Land)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  13. ^ Marden, Duane. "Crazy Mouse  (Kagoshima Jungle Land)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  14. ^ Marden, Duane. "Jungle Mouse  (Yoshinogawa Yuenchi)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  15. ^ Marden, Duane. "Unknown  (Six Flags America)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  16. ^ Marden, Duane. "Ultra Twister  (Six Flags AstroWorld)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  17. ^ Marden, Duane. "Ultra Twister  (Six Flags Great Adventure)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  18. ^ Marden, Duane. "Roller Coaster  (Hanayashiki)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  19. ^ Marden, Duane. "Jet Coaster  (Tokyo Dome City)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  20. ^ Marden, Duane. "Cyclone  (Toshimaen)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  21. ^ Marden, Duane. "Diving Coaster  (GrinPa)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  22. ^ Marden, Duane. "Bobster  (Takakonuma Greenland)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  23. ^ Marden, Duane. "Jet Coaster  (Yatsu Yuenchi)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  24. ^ Marden, Duane. "Momonga Standing and Loop Coaster  (Yomiuriland)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  25. ^ Marden, Duane. "Crazy Mouse  (Tobu Zoo Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  26. ^ Marden, Duane. "Bobster  (Shirakaba Resort Family Land)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  27. ^ Marden, Duane. "Dangai  (Thrill Valley)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  28. ^ Marden, Duane. "Ultra Twister  (Nagashima Spa Land)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  29. ^ Marden, Duane. "King Cobra  (Kings Island)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  30. ^ Marden, Duane. "Standing Coaster  (Rusutsu Resort)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  31. ^ Marden, Duane. "Unknown  (Otaru Expo)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  32. ^ Marden, Duane. "Ultra Twister  (Tokyo Dome City)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  33. ^ Marden, Duane. "Montaña Rusa  (Parque Lenin)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  34. ^ Marden, Duane. "Shockwave  (Kings Dominion)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  35. ^ Marden, Duane. "Star Jet  (Brazilian Park Washuzan Highland)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  36. ^ Marden, Duane. "Star Jet  (Tsukuba Expo)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  37. ^ Marden, Duane. "Bandit  (Yomiuriland)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  38. ^ Marden, Duane. "SL Coaster  (Minamichita Beach Land & Minamichita Toy Kingdom)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  39. ^ Marden, Duane. "Unknown  (Fnatasy Dome Tomakomai)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  40. ^ Marden, Duane. "Milky Way  (Greenland)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  41. ^ Marden, Duane. "Ultra Twister  (Brazilian Park Washuzan Highland)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  42. ^ Marden, Duane. "Fujin Raijin II  (Expoland)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  43. ^ Marden, Duane. "Geopanic  (Tokyo Dome City)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  44. ^ Marden, Duane. "Super Roller Coaster DIOS  (Odakyu Mukogaoka Yuen)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  45. ^ Marden, Duane. "Aladdin Coaster  (Aliba City)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  46. ^ Marden, Duane. "Surf Coaster Leviathan  (Sea Paradise)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  47. ^ Marden, Duane. "Ultra Twister  (Rusutsu Resort)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  48. ^ Marden, Duane. "Unknown  (Fantasy Dome Seiro)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  49. ^ Marden, Duane. "Unknown  (Fantasy Dome Kishiwada)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  50. ^ Marden, Duane. "Ultra Twister Megaton  (Greenland)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  51. ^ Marden, Duane. "White Canyon  (Yomiuriland)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  52. ^ Marden, Duane. "Clipper  (Space World)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  53. ^ Marden, Duane. "Viper  (Six Flags Great Adventure)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  54. ^ Marden, Duane. "Fujiyama  (Fuji-Q Highland)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  55. ^ Marden, Duane. "Mega Coaster  (Hamanako Pal Pal)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  56. ^ Marden, Duane. "Big Apple Coaster  (Toshimaen)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  57. ^ Marden, Duane. "Windjammer SurF Racers  (Knott's Berry Farm)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  58. ^ Marden, Duane. "Kiddy Shuttle  (Thrill Valley)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  59. ^ Marden, Duane. "Crazy Mouse  (Kitami Family Land)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  60. ^ Marden, Duane. "Crazy Mouse  (Nakajima Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  61. ^ Marden, Duane. "Hyper Kid Coaster  (Fantasy Dome)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  62. ^ Marden, Duane. "Flounder's Flying Fish Coaster  (DisneySea Tokyo)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  63. ^ Marden, Duane. "Rushing Car  (Kashiikaen Yuenchi)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  64. ^ Marden, Duane. "Actpo Kometa  (Maviland)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  65. ^ Marden, Duane. "Unknown  (Metalworkers' Palace)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  66. ^ Marden, Duane. "Loop Screw  (Seibuen Yuenchi)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  67. ^ Marden, Duane. "Go Go Sneaker  (Rusutsu Resort)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  68. ^ Marden, Duane. "Go Go Sneaker  (Kinetetsu Ayameike)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  69. ^ Marden, Duane. "Hurricane Screw & Loop Coaster  (Himeji Central Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  70. ^ Marden, Duane. "Tornado  (Kintetsu Ayameike)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  71. ^ Marden, Duane. "Ultra Coaster  (Marah Land Sabahiya)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  72. ^ Marden, Duane. "Ultra Twister  (Ikoma Skyland)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  73. ^ Marden, Duane. "Bledek Coaster  (Suroboyo Carnival Night Market)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  74. ^ Marden, Duane. "Unknown  (Jawa Timur Park 2)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  75. ^ Marden, Duane. "Loop & Cork  (Maruyama KidLand)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  76. ^ Marden, Duane. "Grand Canyon  (Parc de la Vallée)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  77. ^ Marden, Duane. "Cobra  (Lunapark Fréjus)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  78. ^ Marden, Duane. "Kddy Shuttle  (Odakyu Mukogaoka Yuen)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  79. ^ Marden, Duane. "Freestyle  (Cavallino Matto)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  80. ^ Marden, Duane. "SkyRider  (Canada's Wonderland)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011.