Table of prophets of Abrahamic religions

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

This is a table containing prophets of the modern Abrahamic religions.[1][2]

Table of prophets in Abrahamic religions[edit]

Judaism Christianity Islam Bahá'í Faith Ahmadiyya
Adam Adam[3][4] Adam[5] Adam[6]
Abel Hābīl (Abel)[7] Hābīl (Abel)[8]
Enoch[9] Enoch (Idris)[10][11] Edrís (Enoch/Hermes Trismegistus)[12] Idris (Enoch)[10][13]
Kríshná (Krishna)[14][15] Krishna[16]
Noah[17] Noah[17] Noah (Nuh)[10][18] Noah[5] Nuh (Noah)[10][18]
Eber[19] Hud [10][20] Húd[5] Hud [10][20]
Saleh[10][21] Sálih[5] Saleh[10][21]
Zartosht (Zoroaster)[22] Zoroaster[23]
Abraham[24][25] Abraham[25] Abraham (ʾIbrāhīm)[10][26] Ibráhím (Abraham)[22] ʾIbrāhīm (Abraham)[10][27]
Sarah[24]
Ishmael (Ismā'īl)[10][28] Ismá‘íl[5] Ismā'īl[10][28]
Isaac[29] Isaac[29] Isaac (ʾIsḥāq)[10][30] Isaac[5] ʾIsḥāq (Isaac)[10][30]
Jacob[24][31] Jacob[31] Jacob (Yaqub)[10][30] Yaqúb[5] Yaqub (Jacob)[10][30]
Joseph[24][32] Joseph[32] Joseph (Yusuf)[10][33] Yusúf[5] Yusuf (Joseph)[10][33]
Lot Lot (Lut)[10][34] Lút Lot (Lut)[10][34]
Job[24] Job Job (Ayub)[10][33] Ayyúb[5] Ayub (Job)[10][33]
Jeduthun[24]
Asaph/Asoph
Ruth Ruth
Jethro (Shoaib)[10][35] Shu'ayb[5] Shoaib (Jethro)[10][35]
Bithiah[36]
Aaron[24][37] Aaron[37] Aaron (Harun)[10][38] Harún [39] Harun (Aaron)[10][40]
Miriam[24][41] Miriam[41]
Moses[24][42] Moses[42] Moses (Musa)[10][43] Musá[22] Musa (Moses)[10][43]
Joshua[24][44] Joshua/Josue[44] Joshua (Yusha Bin Nun)[10][45] Yusha Bin Nun (Joshua)[10][46]
Khidr Khidr
Phinehas Phinehas
Deborah[24][47] Deborah[47]
Gideon Gideon (Eastern Orthodox, Armenian Apostolic)
Eli[48]
Elkanah[49]
Hannah[24]
Samuel[24][50] Samuel[50] Syamuil (Samuel)[51][10] Syamuil (Samuel)[52][10]
"Prophet of the Sabaeans"[53]
King David[24] David[54] Daud (David)[10][18] "David"[5][n 1] David (Daud)[10][18]
Abigail[24]
King Solomon[55] Solomon[55] Sulayman (Solomon)[10][18] Solémán[5] Sulayman (Solomon)[10][18]
Ahijah HaShiloni[56] Ahijah HaShiloni[56]
Hezekiah
Mordecai[57]
Eliphaz (the Temanite)[58]
Bildad (the Shuhite)[58]
Zophar (the Naamathite)[58]
Elihu (the Buzite)[58]
Beor[58]
Balaam[24]
Gad[24][59] Gad[59]
Nathan[24][60] Nathan[60]
Shemaiah[24][61] Shemaiah[61]
Hanani[24][62] Hanani[62]
Jehu[24][63] Jehu[63]
Jahaziel[64] Jahaziel/Chaziel[64]
Eliezer[65] Eliezer[65]
Ahiyah[66] Ahiyah[66]
Iddo[24][67] Iddo[67]
Micaiah[24][68] Micaiah[68]
Obadiah[24][69] Obadiah/Abdias[69]
Oded[24][70] Oded[70]
Azariah[71] Azariah[71]
Ezra (Arabian Peninsula only, formerly) Ezra/Esdras[72] Uzair (Ezra)[10][73]
Nehemiah/Nechemia
Hosea[24][74] Hosea/Osee[74]
Huldah[24][75] Huldah[75]
Amos[24][76] Amos[76]
Micah[24][77] Micah/Micheas[77]
Amoz
Elijah[24][78] Elijah[78] Ilyas (Elijah)[10] Élyás[5] Ilyas (Elijah)[10]
Elisha[24][79] Elisha[79] Al-Yasa (Elisha)[10][18] Al-Yasa (Elisha)[10][18]
Jonah[24][80] Jonah/Jonas[80] Yunus (Jonah)[10][18] Yúnus (Jonas) Yunus (Jonah)[10][18]
Búdá (Buddha)[81] Dhul-Kifl (Buddha)[82]
Isaiah[24][83] Isaiah/Isaias [83] Isaiah[10] Íshiya[5] Isaiah[10]
Jeremiah[24][84] Jeremiah/Jeremias [84] Jeremiah[10] Ermíya[5] Jeremiah[10]
Zephaniah[24][85] Zephaniah/Sophonias[85]
Nahum[86] Nahum[86]
Habakkuk[24][87] Habakkuk/Habacuc[87]
Ezekiel[24][88] Ezekiel/Ezechiel [88] Dhul-Kifl (Ezekiel)[10][89] Za'l Kifl[5]
Uriah[24][90] Uriah[90]
Baruch ben Neriah[91] Baruch ben Neriah[91]
Neriah Neriah
Seraiah[92] Seraiah[92]
Haggai[24][93] Haggai/Aggeus[93]
Zechariah[24][94] Zechariah/Zacharias [94]
Malachi[24][95] Malachi/Malachias[95]
Esther[24] Esther
Joel[24][96] Joel[96][97] Joel[5]
Daniel[98] Daniyal (Daniel)[10][99] Daniel[5] Daniyal (Daniel)[10][100]
Zechariah (the Priest)[101] Zechariah (Zakariya)[10][18] Zechariah[5] Zakariya (Zechariah)[10][18]
John (the Baptist)[102] Yahya ibn Zakariyya (John the Baptist)[10][103] John (the Baptist)[5] Yahya ibn Zakariyya (John the Baptist)[10][104]
Jesus of Nazareth[105] Isa (Jesus of Nazareth)[10][106] Christ[22] Isa (Jesus of Nazareth)[107][108]
John of Patmos (except Syriac Orthodox Church)
Muhammad[10][109] Muhammad[22] Muhammad[10][110]
Joseph Smith (Mormonism)
Great Peacemaker[111] (Native American Bahá'í's)
Báb[53]
Bahá'u'lláh[53]
Ellen G. White (Seventh-day Adventistism)
Hunabkú (Mexican Bahá'í's)
Wiracocha (Peruvian Bahá'í's)
Mirza Ghulam Ahmad[112]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "ENOCH - JewishEncyclopedia.com". www.jewishencyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2015-09-29. 
  2. ^ In Judaism and Islam the classification of some people as prophets includes those who are not explicitly called so in the Hebrew Bible or Quran. Judaism also uses religious texts other than the Hebrew Bible to define prophets. Moreover, Orthodox rabbis use different criteria for classifying someone as a prophet, e.g. Enoch is not considered a prophet in Judaism. The New Testament may call someone a prophet even though they are not so classified in the Hebrew Bible; for example, Abel, Daniel, and Enoch are described in the New Testament as prophets.
  3. ^ Quran 2:31
  4. ^ Noegel & Wheeler 2010, p. 15.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t May, Dann J (December 1993). "The Bahá'í Principle of Religious Unity and the Challenge of Radical Pluralism". University of North Texas, Denton, Texas: 102. Retrieved 2010-01-02.  |contribution= ignored (help)
  6. ^ "Quran, Adam and Original Sin". Ahmadiyya Muslim Community.  Text "https://www.alislam.org/library/articles/quran-adam-and-original-sin/ " ignored (help);
  7. ^ Holy Qur'an: Text, Translation, Commentary, Yusuf Ali, note. 57: "The slaying of the prophets begins with the murder of Abel, who was in the ancestry of Israel."
  8. ^ Holy Qur'an: Text, Translation, Commentary, Yusuf Ali, note. 57: "The slaying of the prophets begins with the murder of Abel, who was in the ancestry of Israel."
  9. ^ Jude 1:14
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be Noegel & Wheeler 2010, pp. 365–6.
  11. ^ Quran 19:56
  12. ^ Hermes Trismegistus and Apollonius of Tyana in the Writings of Bahá'u'lláh by Keven Brown, Published in Revisioning the Sacred: New Perspectives on a Bahá'í Theology, Studies in the Babi and Baha'i Religions vol. 8, pages 153-187, Kalimat Press, 1997, ISBN 0-933770-96-0
  13. ^ Quran 19:56
  14. ^ Smith, Peter (2000). "Manifestations of God". A Concise Encyclopedia of the Bahá'í Faith. Oxford: Oneworld Publications. p. 231. ISBN 1-85168-184-1. 
  15. ^ Esslemont, J. E. (1980). Bahá'u'lláh and the New Era (5th ed.). Wilmette, Illinois, USA: Bahá'í Publishing Trust. p. 2. ISBN 0-87743-160-4. 
  16. ^ "Lord Krishna and Jesus Christ". Ahmadiyya Muslim Community. Retrieved 20 June 2018. 
  17. ^ a b Genesis 7:1
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Quran 6:89
  19. ^ Bereishit - Chapter 10 - Genesis
  20. ^ a b Quran 26:125
  21. ^ a b Quran 26:143
  22. ^ a b c d e Historical Context of the Bábi and Bahá'í Faiths
  23. ^ "Zoroastrianism". Ahmadiyya Muslim Community. Retrieved 20 June 2018. 
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq Noegel & Wheeler 2010, p. 366.
  25. ^ a b Genesis 20:7
  26. ^ Quran 19:41
  27. ^ Quran 19:41
  28. ^ a b Quran 19:54
  29. ^ a b Genesis 21:1–35:29
  30. ^ a b c d Quran 19:49
  31. ^ a b Genesis 28:11-16
  32. ^ a b Genesis 37:5–11
  33. ^ a b c d Quran 4:89
  34. ^ a b Quran 6:86
  35. ^ a b Quran 26:178
  36. ^ Babylonian Talmud, Sotah 12
  37. ^ a b Exodus 7:2
  38. ^ Quran 19:53
  39. ^ Bahá'í World Faith—Selected Writings of Bahá'u'lláh and 'Abdu'l-Bahá ('Abdu'l-Bahá's Section Only), Author: 'Abdu'l-Bahá, US Bahá'í Publishing Trust, 1976 edition, p. 270
  40. ^ Quran 19:53
  41. ^ a b Exodus 15:20
  42. ^ a b Deuteronomy 34:10
  43. ^ a b Quran 19:51
  44. ^ a b Joshua 1:1
  45. ^ Noegel & Wheeler 2010, p. 178. "Joshua i not mentioned by name in the Quaran, but the exegetes ... see him as the prophetic successor to Moses."
  46. ^ Noegel & Wheeler 2010, p. 178. "Joshua i not mentioned by name in the Quaran, but the exegetes ... see him as the prophetic successor to Moses."
  47. ^ a b Judges 4:4
  48. ^ 1 Samuel 1:9–4:18
  49. ^ 1 Samuel 1:1–2:20
  50. ^ a b 1 Samuel 3:20
  51. ^ Quran 2:246–2526:89
  52. ^ Quran 2:246–2526:89
  53. ^ a b c The Báb, Forerunner of Bahá'u'lláh statement of Bahá'í International Community
  54. ^ Hebrews 11:32
  55. ^ a b 1Kings 3:5
  56. ^ a b 1 Kings 11:29
  57. ^ Book of Esther
  58. ^ a b c d e Babylonian Talmud, Baba Bathra 15
  59. ^ a b 1 Samuel 22:5
  60. ^ a b 2 Samuel 7:2
  61. ^ a b 1 Kings 12:22
  62. ^ a b 2 Chronicles 16:7
  63. ^ a b 1 Kings 16:7
  64. ^ a b 2 Chronicles 20:14
  65. ^ a b 2 Chronicles 20:37
  66. ^ a b 1 Kings 11:29–30; 12:15; 14:2–18; 15:29
  67. ^ a b 2 Chronicles 13:22
  68. ^ a b 1 Kings 22:9
  69. ^ a b Obadiah 1:1
  70. ^ a b 2 Chronicles 28:9
  71. ^ a b 2 Chronicles 15:8
  72. ^ Book of Ezra
  73. ^ Noegel & Wheeler 2010, p. 116. "Muslim exegesis on Q 9:30 explains that Ezra was one of the Israelite prophets coming between Solomon and John the Baptist."
  74. ^ a b Book of Hosea 1:1
  75. ^ a b 2 Kings 22:14
  76. ^ a b Amos 7:14-15
  77. ^ a b Micah 1:1
  78. ^ a b 1 Kings 18:36
  79. ^ a b 2 Kings 9:1
  80. ^ a b 2 Kings 14:25
  81. ^ Buddhism and the Baha’i Faith
  82. ^ "Buddha and Jesus". Ahmadiyya Muslim Community. Retrieved 20 June 2018. 
  83. ^ a b 2 Kings 19:2
  84. ^ a b Jeremiah 20:2
  85. ^ a b Zephaniah 1:1
  86. ^ a b Nahum 1:1
  87. ^ a b Habakkuk 1:1
  88. ^ a b Ezekiel 1:3
  89. ^ Quran 21:85–86
  90. ^ a b Jeremiah 26:20
  91. ^ a b Jeremiah 32, 36, 43, 45
  92. ^ a b Jeremiah 51:61-64
  93. ^ a b Haggai 1:1
  94. ^ a b Zechariah 1:1
  95. ^ a b Malachi 1:1
  96. ^ a b Book of Joel
  97. ^ Acts 2:16
  98. ^ Matthew 24:15
  99. ^ Noegel & Wheeler 2010, p. 75. "Daniel is not mentioned by name in the Quran, nor are any passages identified by Muslim exegetes as relating to him, but there are accounts of his prophethood in later Muslim literature."
  100. ^ Noegel & Wheeler 2010, p. 75. "Daniel is not mentioned by name in the Quran, nor are any passages identified by Muslim exegetes as relating to him, but there are accounts of his prophethood in later Muslim literature."
  101. ^ Православный церковный календарь. Имена святых, упоминаемые в месяцеслове. Имена мужские. З — Захария (Праведный) (in Russian)
  102. ^ Православный церковный календарь. Имена святых, упоминаемые в месяцеслове. Имена мужские. И — Иоанн (Пророк, Предтеча и Креститель Господень) (in Russian)
  103. ^ Quran 3:39
  104. ^ Quran 3:39
  105. ^ John 6
  106. ^ Quran 19:30
  107. ^ "Jesus". Ahmadiyya Muslim Community. Retrieved 20 June 2018. 
  108. ^ Quran 19:30
  109. ^ Quran 33:40
  110. ^ Quran 33:40
  111. ^ "Two Peacemakers: Bahá'u'lláh and Deganawidah". Willmette Institute. May 15, 2015. Archived from the original on May 15, 2015. 
  112. ^ "The Promised Messiah". Ahmadiyya Muslim Community. Retrieved 20 June 2018. 

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Bahá'í Manifestation of God known as 'David' is not the same individual as King David - as is the case with the other religions listed here. This David, according to Báb, lived before Moses.

Bibliography[edit]