Talk:George Bernard Shaw

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Shaw and "the religion of Muhammad" revisited[edit]

Someone has "re-discovered" this - there is no evidence it is any less a forgery than it was in the 1930s when it first surfaced. --Soundofmusicals (talk) 07:57, 7 July 2015 (UTC)

External links modified[edit]

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I don't believe Irish is acceptable for nationality. I recognise Bernard Shaw was born in Ireland. I'm not raising this to deprive Ireland of Bernard Shaw. Here are the reasons I believe Irish is not appropriate:

  • He was born in Ireland, but it was at the time an integral part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
  • Birthplace does not = nationality, anyway. His birthplace is not a relevant part of his notability. He was notable for his work in England
  • WP:OPENPARA states "In most modern-day cases this will mean the country of which the person is a citizen, national or permanent resident, or if notable mainly for past events, the country where the person was a citizen, national or permanent resident when the person became notable...Similarly, previous nationalities or the country of birth should not be mentioned in the opening sentence unless they are relevant to the subject's notability
  • Suggesting birthplace = nationality would mean John McCain was Panamanian, Tony Abbott and Julia Gillard are British, Peter Hain and Richard Dawkins are Kenyan and Andrew Bonar Law was Canadian. Such a concept is racist.
  • The Nobel Prize Committee lists him as British
  • He was most probably a British citizen (almost certainly, since he was apparently offered a knighthood)
  • He was a Councillor in London. He lived most of his life in England.
  • The Encyclopedia of World Biography describes him as British
  • Bernard Shaw was consistently critical of Irish nationality stating "‘There is no Irish race any more than there is an English race" and described the notion of an Irish/English man as "that hollowest of fictions". Further statements he made "Nationalism must now be added to the refuse pile of superstitions. We are now citizens of the world" and "Nationalism stands between Ireland and the light of the world"
  • The British Museum, with which he was involved, describes him as "Britain's great dramatists"
  • The above evidence, particularly his own views, would mean if he was living, describing him as Irish would be a serious BLP violation.

I think we should discuss whether any alternatives would be more suitable. AusLondonder (talk) 00:02, 12 November 2015 (UTC)

Glad you brought this up here (not before time). Have you read the discussion at the top of the page under "Irish?" - answers to points that came up last time might be helpful. In general, of course he WAS "British" as the term was defined at the time. Under that same definition Tony Abbot and Julia Gillard would also have been classed as British - as would all "native-born" Australians, Canadians and New Zealanders, as well as Scots, Irish and Welsh. Until quite recently "British" was legally "non-mutually exclusive" with many different nationalities. In that sense it was irrelevant where you were born, but a matter of living "under the British flag". Old-fashioned and irrelevant in the case of Abbot and Gillard, perhaps - but then Shaw was born when the British Empire was very real, and "British" did have that connotation. It's just not that simple, really. On the whole I'd like to go with precedent, and keeping things consistent. And above all, sticking with a past consensus - at least until there is a clear new consensus to the contrary. --Soundofmusicals (talk) 01:40, 12 November 2015 (UTC)
That is not really true. George Bernard Shaw was not born in the Empire. Ireland was not part of the Empire. It was an integral part of the United Kingdom. In addition, Abbott and Gillard were born in England and Wales, respectively, not the Empire. Also, you unfortunately have not addressed the above points that I have made. AusLondonder (talk) 02:19, 12 November 2015 (UTC)
If the United kingdom and its "component countries" were not part of the Empire then what the stuff were they? The very core of the Empire by any definition I've ever seen. I am actually trying not to repeat what I and others said in the "Irish" thread until we get a proper debate going- I am waiting for a few other editors to chime in - they will, I suspect, very soon. I may even run a little circular past some folk who might be interested. Consensus, which we need to change the article, cannot be changed by just you and me, for obvious reasons. Add colons to indent your contributions by the way. --Soundofmusicals (talk) 05:39, 12 November 2015 (UTC)
Shaw described himself as Irish. "I am an Irishman and I have not forgotten". (Holroyd, p. 468) and in 1935 he registered as a citizen of the Irish Free State. He must therefore be regarded as Irish. On the other hand he was also a citizen of the United Kingdom of Great and Britain and Ireland, and so can also be described as "British" in terms of citizenship (not technically correct – "UK citizen" would be more accurate, but a bit wordy and "British" is clear enough). I think the agreed earlier version "Irish-British" covered the ground reasonably satisfactorily. But let us not operate in a vacuum. How do other works of reference introduce him?
  • Britannica has him as "George Bernard Shaw (Irish dramatist and critic)";
  • the ODNB as a matter of policy for all its biographees dodges the matter of nationality and just gives place of birth;
  • The Chambers Biographical Dictionary, a much-used standby, has him as "Shaw, George Bernard 1856-1950, Irish dramatist and critic and Nobel Prize winner";
  • of the Oxford Reference Shelf available online those that mention his nationality at all include
    • "Shaw, George Bernard (1856–1950) Irish novelist, playwright, journalist, cultural critic, political theorist, pundit, and public personality" (The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance);
    • "Shaw, George Bernard (1856–1950) Irish dramatist, critic", (Oxford World Encyclopedia);
    • "Shaw, (George) Bernard (b Dublin, 26 July 1856; d Ayot St Lawrence, Herts., 2 Nov. 1950). Irish dramatist and music critic" (Oxford Companion to Music) ; and
    • "Shaw George Bernard ( 1856–1950), Irish playwright and critic" (Oxford Companion to Shakespeare).
Some other Oxford reference books follow the ODNB line and avoid the matter altogether. I can find none that refer to him as British. "Irish" seems to be the preferred description – his own choice and that of those books that choose to mention the matter at all. – Tim riley talk 10:38, 12 November 2015 (UTC)
Shaw considered himself Irish: "Eternal is the fact that the human creature born in Ireland and brought up in its air is Irish. I have lived for twenty years in Ireland and for seventy-two in England; but the twenty came first, and in Britain I am still a foreigner and shall die one." quoted in Ireland in Mind, Alice Leccese Powers, ed. (2000) Hohenloh + 15:12, 12 November 2015 (UTC)
I think it is fair to say he made a number of seemingly contradictory statements about nationality. I would support Irish/British. AusLondonder (talk) 01:14, 13 November 2015 (UTC)
As the article mentions, Shaw only accepted the Nobel prize (he rejected all other honours bar the Oscar) because his wife pointed out it would be honouring Ireland. Straw Cat (talk) 01:54, 13 November 2015 (UTC)

Debate on Bernard Shaw's nationality.[edit]

Was he "Irish" or "British" or do we need to define his nationality in some other way? A debate on the subject, to reconsider a long-standing consensus that he was Irish, has started at talk:George Bernard Shaw. Just in case you're interested. Current comments are at "Nationality", at the foot of the page - although an earlier thread at "Irish"? may also be relevant. --Soundofmusicals (talk) 06:14, 12 November 2015 (UTC)

This is an interesting question. The earlier thread is most certainly relevant. The current page says "Irish / British" under nationality in the infobox. Need it be restricted to one? - Paul2520 (talk) 06:58, 12 November 2015 (UTC)
Added as British, this claim he was not an Irish national, as accurate as any POV. In the days of Shaw being Irish and British were not mutually exclusive. There is an essay on UK nationalities, but it is a mere essay. The stem is modern usage of nationality and citizenship do not translate well from history. While we can discuss the ins-and-outs, it is sourced in the lede as Irish. Murry1975 (talk) 15:31, 12 November 2015 (UTC)
Update!!! The source doesnt lead to a cite supporting the claim. Murry1975 (talk) 15:35, 12 November 2015 (UTC)
Yeah that source was for British, but someone changed to Irish and didn't remove the British source. AusLondonder (talk) 01:15, 13 November 2015 (UTC)
That's a shrewd point about applying modern labels to historical figures. In terms of citizenship Beethoven was not German nor Michelangelo Italian,there being no nation-states of Germany or Italy in their lifetimes, but they are always, rightly, labelled German and Italian respectively. The case of Shaw is complicated by 20th-century developments: a UK citizen all his life, an Irish citizen from 1935 until his death, and a self-proclaimed Irishman all his life. On balance I think it would be best to describe him in the lead and the info-box as Irish tout court. Further research into how other works of reference label him produces the following:
  • Shaw, George Bernard, 1856–1950, Irish playwright and critic (The Hutchinson Encyclopedia)
  • Shaw, George Bernard (1856–1950), Irish-born playwright, critic and polemicist (Cambridge Guide to Theatre)
  • Shaw, George Bernard (1856–1950), Irish dramatist, critic, and man of letters, born in Dublin (The Macmillan Encyclopedia)
  • Shaw, George Bernard (1856–1950), Irish dramatist and critic (Bloomsbury Biographical Dictionary of Quotations)
  • Shaw, George Bernard (1856–1950), Irish dramatist, critic, and member of the Fabian Society (Philip's Encyclopedia)
  • Shaw, George Bernard (1856–1950), Irish dramatist, critic and social reformer (Palgrave Macmillan Dictionary of Political Thought)
  • Shaw, George Bernard (1856–1950), Irish dramatist and critic (Concise Oxford Companion to the English Language)
  • Shaw, George Bernard (1856–1950), Irish dramatist (Oxford Dictionary of Quotations)
About the same number of reference works do not introduce him by nationality; none that I can find introduce him as "British". I think we should follow the lead of all these reference books, and those listed in the previous section, above, and mention Shaw as Irish in the lead and the I-B. – Tim riley talk 12:03, 13 November 2015 (UTC)
I think Tim's well worded judgement here should form the basis for our consensus. The clincher is really is that list of "other reference works". Wikipedia is not in the business of being "odd man out" (limiting although that sometimes may be). --Soundofmusicals (talk) 00:20, 14 November 2015 (UTC)

GA Reassessment[edit]

This discussion is transcluded from Talk:George Bernard Shaw/GA1. The edit link for this section can be used to add comments to the reassessment.

Clearly fails GA immediate failure criterion 3: paragraph after paragraph without citations. Some now tagged. More need tagging. Tim riley talk 15:51, 13 November 2015 (UTC)

Very probably IS "under referenced" for GA - but tags will not necessarily of themselves solve the problem and should (here as everywhere) be used with discretion (please!) Tags asking for references on plotline "facts" for instance are pernicious: surely that something "happens" in a play or novel might be assumed to be verifiable from the text of the play (novel, whatever) itself? A plethora of "Grass is green" (or "Paris is the capital of France") references do not necessarily a good article make either - nor is asking for them frightfully constructive: don't ask people to supply references for common sense or patently easily verifiable matter. With those reservations agree with Tim - certainly not saying every citation tag in this article needs deleting (although some do) or that there is necessarily no need for any new ones (strongly suspect there is, although, as always, the better course is to hop in and hunt one up one's self).
But what I am even more concerned about are phrases (sentences, even whole paragraphs) that reek of being lifted straight from (possibly perfectly reliable) sources without acknowledgement. Nothing wrong with reporting others' opinions, but we must in this case name the source and if convenient quote their exact words. Before being considered a GA the article needs someone with the time and resources to do some detective work on this aspect. --Soundofmusicals (talk) 23:56, 13 November 2015 (UTC)
Shaw deserves better than a GA, and there are plans afoot to overhaul the article to FAC standards. What with other continuing projects and the prodigious reading required for GBS, this will probably be in the New Year (unless another editor pre-empts the proposal, naturally). Until then if anyone has the time to do a temporary patch-up, fine. If there is a WP ruling that I have missed to the effect that descriptions of plots are exempt from the requirement for verifiability then by all means delete those tags; as a beginner in WP I was quite lax in this regard, but in recent years I have tried to respect WP:V for plots of plays and operas: citing the page range of a published text or a critic's description is easy enough. Tim riley talk 08:30, 14 November 2015 (UTC)

New section on GBS and the Irish Literary Revival[edit]

Besides informing the ongoing debate about Shaw being Irish or British, readers might well need to know what was the relationship between Shaw and this very notable and influential movement in Irish letters. It illustrates that he was part of an, but not the, Irish literary and dramatic revival.Straw Cat (talk) 15:38, 15 November 2015 (UTC)

In view of the progress with getting the page to FA standard, this GA review is overtaken by events, and it does not seem worth delisting it as GA. Tim riley talk 16:02, 3 February 2016 (UTC)

"Nobel Prize and Oscar-winning"[edit]

The lead begins with "George Bernard Shaw (26 July 1856 – 2 November 1950) was a Nobel Prize and Oscar-winning Irish playwright, critic and socialist whose influence on Western theatre, culture and politics stretched from the 1880s to his death in 1950." I had previously removed "Nobel Prize and Oscar-winning" but it was re-inserted. I'd seriously remove any kind of "...-winning" description because it clutters the opening sentence with unnecessary information that is mentioned later in the lead and in this case, prioritizes something that is not of major importance to the person in question (especially considering Shaw himself mostly disapproved of accolades). @Straw Cat: and other editors, any thoughts on this? κατάσταση 17:45, 28 December 2015 (UTC)

A few. Normally I dislike articles strewn with “award-winning”s (sometimes, I suspect, put there by the subject's PRs). But I would make an exception for Nobels – after all, not an awful lot of people in the world get one of those. Nor Oscars. And after a quick random look at articles on Nobel laureates, I notice that in those of Einstein, Yeats, O’Neill, and Faulkner the Nobel is mentioned in the first para of the lead. So there it should stay. The other mention in the lead is not repetitious, because it rightly draws attention to Shaw’s uniqueness in bagging both Nobel and Oscar. Also, we do not allow a subject’s opinions to dictate the article – otherwise we really should rewrite this whole article using Shaw’s peculiar spelling system! Straw Cat (talk) 06:31, 29 December 2015 (UTC)
Fair enough. The Nobel is okay. But not the Oscar. Articles about Oscar winners mostly don't reference the Oscar in the lead paragraph, usually because their career is broader than an Oscar. The fact that Shaw won both awards is, to me, sort of a trivia. Why is that important in his career as a writer? I believe the lead should describe his career and legacy, and awards should stay only the last paragraph of the lead. I just find that the lead sentence does not have to begin with that. Cheers, κατάσταση 14:26, 29 December 2015 (UTC)
Your opinion that awards should be confined to the lead last para is not, as I've shown, that of editors of other articles on Nobel laureates. And as for the additional two words and a hyphen about the Oscar, it is notable and significant because it illustrates Shaw's peculiar position and success (often forgotten today) as both a radical intellectual and a popular writer - a common thing in France with people like Sartre but not so common in Anglophone cultures. But as you have said, we should hear from other editors. Straw Cat (talk) 14:50, 29 December 2015 (UTC)
In the Albert Einstein article, true, awards are mentioned in the first paragraph, but the lead sentence does not go like "a Nobel Prize-winning theoretical physicist". But yes, I would appreciate if other editors would weigh in as well. Thank you for the comments. Cheers, κατάσταση 15:15, 29 December 2015 (UTC)

External links modified[edit]

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Article reconstruction[edit]

Tim riley and I have begun an exercise designed to bring this article up to the highest WP standard. Its ancient classification as a "Good Article" is pretty meaningless; it is currently in a rather poor state, seriously under-referenced and its structure looks haphazard. Any editor who feels able to contribute to this project is invited to join in – suggestions will be welcome.

We envisage a broad structure that has worked well in other biographies, thus: Life; Works and; Appraisal/legacy. This will involve expansion, rewriting and reorganisation of material, a process that will extend over several weeks. During that period the article may look a little odd at times, but readers will be alerted by the underconstruction banner and we'll obviously try to minimise the disruption. Brianboulton (talk) 21:30, 29 January 2016 (UTC)

Obviously, improvements by any editor are to be welcomed, but just now there appears to be a large amount of editing and deleting of the article without explanation or rationale. I hope that any proposed changes will be discussed and consensus reached, as normal. Straw Cat (talk) 14:20, 30 January 2016 (UTC)
In preparing the current text so far we have, as usual in pre-FAC overhauls, listed all the cited statements that are in the existing article, and take care that they are addressed. We envisage a Life and Works structure, with the literary side of things addressed in the latter, but we have yet to start on that. The present drive is to get the Life section complete. I don't think we've missed out any cited biographical info from the existing article so far, but we'll review towards the end of the overhaul. Some literary references will find their way into the Works section. Tim riley talk 15:12, 30 January 2016 (UTC)
During the article's major revamp, there is bound to be some moving around and reorganisation of material, wnich may mean the temporary disappearance of text that will be restored in context later. I have also removed a certain amount of the uncited material, which is unlikely to be restored. As to the Irish Revival material reinstated by Straw Cat, I don't think Shaw's involvement with the Irish Literary Revival movement warrants a section to itself. The section is in two parts, the first of which (down to citation 110) could properly be incorporated into the Works commentary section which as Tim points out, hasn't been started yet. The second part of the section, after the citation, has already been moved, in slightly abridged form, to the "World War; Ireland" section later in the article, so currently those details are in twice. I'm happy to leave the first part where it is, for further discussion as to its best location, but the second part should be re-deleted, as it is obviously wrong to include the same material twice. Brianboulton (talk) 16:41, 30 January 2016 (UTC)
Thanks for that, and I don't wish to be rude, but when I see a sentence starting, essentially "X and I have decided that this article's Good Article designation is a pile of **** and we are going to throw out lots of previous work. Other editors' applications to apply to join this exclusive club will be duly considered" I Immediately wonder if, however eminent, those editors ought, when they have a few spare minutes, to re-acquaint themselves with WP:OWNERSHIP. Just sayin', like ... Straw Cat (talk) 08:25, 31 January 2016 (UTC)
The article has been nominated since the latter part of last year for the removal of its GA status, but by all means weigh in at the discussion if you think it meets the GA criteria. As you see, above, we have asked everyone to join us in our endeavours to improve the article. As we have explained, we have not sought to remove cited material. Tim riley talk 08:41, 31 January 2016 (UTC)
I would add that there is often tension between WP:OWNERSHIP and WP:BOLD, but it is better to assume good faith rather than to complain about exclusive clubs etc. Brianboulton (talk) 09:34, 31 January 2016 (UTC)
Well, in the spirit of WP:BOLD I will revert any of your deletions that you fail to explain and justify. Obviously, uncited material needs attention. I do assume good faith and hope you do too; if you wish to be helpful, why not set out your proposed changes beforehand here, and how they are more conducive to GA status. By the way I have a degree in English and Irish Literature; perhaps you can let us know your academic or other qualifications re this article. Straw Cat (talk) 15:03, 31 January 2016 (UTC)
Of course we both AGF, and I can assure you, apropos your comment above, that nobody is accusing you of WP:OWN when you come to the defence of your contribution, which is admirably cited. It is the acres of uncited stuff that are the first problem: it has no place in any WP article, let alone a GA (which is principally why the article is up for demotion) and still less a potential FA. The "citation needed" tags have been in place for many weeks now and nobody has felt moved to add citations for any of them. I hope very much that you will approve of our efforts as the overhaul continues, but that will be for you to say, naturally. Meanwhile, as we have repeatedly said, all assistance in upgrading the text will be very welcome. Tim riley talk 15:51, 31 January 2016 (UTC)
  • Straw Cat: In case you've forgotten, this is how the article looked before the recent work began. Specific problems in that version included:
  • Lack of a discernible logical structure: sections seem to have been added and placed in any old order. There are two sections headed "Photography". Biographical information is scattered all over the place, without any clear or continuous chronology.
  • Large tracts uncited, including whole sections.
  • Undue detail/attention in some areas. The "Novels" section, almost entirely uncited, is about 750 words long, around 10 percent of the entire wordcount! Novels were an early, and relatively minor element of Shaw's output, and should have proportionate attention in the article.
  • "Short stories" section: A medley of information, largely uncited, only a fraction of which has any relevance to Shaw's short stories
  • List of works: Not inappropriate within this article, as there is an existing subarticle List of works by George Bernard Shaw.

These are a few examples. The article was in this sort of state for years, not for lack of edit activity – averaging around 50 a month, involving numerous editors. But there was no plan, no coordination of effort, no attempt at cohesion. That's what is beginning now – someone had to start it, or we'd be faffing around for more months to come. Let's see how things develop over the next few weeks; only you can decide whether, and how, you want to help this process. Brianboulton (talk) 10:09, 1 February 2016 (UTC)

Article structure: some thoughts and ideas[edit]

The tentative structure being utilised during the revamp is that common to many WP biographies of literary or musical subjects: a chronological "Life" section, a "Works" section, an "Appraisal/Legacy" section, and possibly additional minor sections particular to the subject. To date the "Life" section is well under way, though it will no doubt need much further amendment and pruning. Here are a few ideas as to the possible nature of the "Works" section:

  • Subdivisions into genres, possibly "Plays; "Polemics (including political writings)"; "Criticism", "Fiction"; and "Other writing". There is perhaps a case for including fiction with "Other writings", although opinions may differ on that.
  • Each subdivision should be in summary form, rather than a work-by-work analysis that would stretch the article to impossible lengths. There are, after all, individual WP articles for all the main works. Some of the major works can be used illustratively, but not exhaustively, to show what Shaw was attempting to achieve within that genre. I realise that these suggested genre headings are not mutually exclusive and sometimes merge, e.g. plays and polemics. Suggestions for alternative ideas would be welcome.
  • An essential adjunct to the revised "Works" section will be a complete list of works within the linked subarticle. I am working separately on this.

It would be good to have editors' views. I have not given much thought to the character of the Appraisal or Legacy section, beyond that it ought to give a clear idea of what is meant by "Shavianism", possibly Shaw's most enduring cultural legacy. Another topic for discussion in due course.

Brianboulton (talk) 16:59, 3 February 2016 (UTC)

That all seems on the right lines to me. The Plays sub-section needs its own internal structure, I think, if it is not to be unwieldy. I am rather drawn towards grouping the plays by decade, if only because grouping them by genre invites the question of what genre any Shaw play is in.
While I have been going through the Life section I have been struck by the number of odds and ends that don't obviously fit in anywhere but could do with a mention, and Polemics isn't the obvious place for some of them. The list includes
  • Hatred of italics and insistence on emphasising words by s p a c I n g the letters.
  • Allergy to apostrophes in contractions
  • American spelling
  • Other odd spellings (e.g. Shakespear)
  • Membership of the British Interplanetary Society
  • Amateur photographer
  • Jaeger woollen obsession
More suited to a Polemics section:
  • Opposition to immunisation
  • Views on anti-Semitism
  • Views on eugenics
  • Phonetic spelling faddist (though this could go under Legacy)
Some of these are already, some at great length, in the miscellaneous sections of the present article.

Them's my thoughts at present. Tim riley talk 20:42, 3 February 2016 (UTC)

  • More thought needed on some of these. Maybe in Appraisal we need a "Personal idiosyncracies" subsection? I don't think we need the length with which some of them are presently treated. Brianboulton (talk) 00:26, 4 February 2016 (UTC)
    How about just a paragraph on "stylistic idiosyncracies" somewhere in the "Works" part of the article. -- Ssilvers (talk) 20:17, 24 February 2016 (UTC)


I'm impressed by the recent improvements to this article. The Ucucha/HarvErrors script reveals the following:

  • There are a number of citations to "Holroyd 1989" but there is no such publication listed.
  • The "Sources" sections includes publications that are not cited. Ideally these should either be moved to a "Further reading" section or deleted.

Aa77zz (talk) 18:20, 21 February 2016 (UTC)

Thank you very much for your kind comment, and for these two points on the references. I'm woefully short of techie skills and don't know how to work the errors script you mention. Can it identify the individual "sources" that we haven't actually used as sources? That would be a huge help if possible. Tim riley talk 21:13, 21 February 2016 (UTC)

The following sources are listed but appear to be unused:

  • Books
    • Baker, Stuart Eddy (2002).
    • Clare, David (2016).
    • Hargreaves, A. S (2015).
    • Holroyd, Michael (1992).
  • Shaw's writings
    • Shaw, Bernard (1899).
  • Journals and newspapers
    • Berst, Charles (1999).

Other comments:

  • Why are the full reference for a cite to a newspaper sometimes given in the "References" section and sometimes in the "Journals and newspapers" section?
  • Ref 112 gives the year as 2014 instead of 1914.

It is late here now - I'll look again tomorrow. Aa77zz (talk) 23:54, 21 February 2016 (UTC)

I am to blame for most of the above errors and omissions, because I got distracted from my pre-PR housekeeping duties yesterday, and left them incomplete. I'll deal with most of the above now, but the newspaper cites in the ref section will have to wait until etomorrow. Brianboulton (talk) 23:06, 22 February 2016 (UTC)
All citation work now completed. If there are any clerical or typo errors remaining, they should be picked up at peer review. Thanks, Aa77zz, for your help. Brianboulton (talk) 14:56, 24 February 2016 (UTC)
Regarding the 300+ inline citations you can reduce the entries significantly by not using a unique citation for each different page of the same reference but break out the page number with the {{rp|page number here}} template giving this page number result :183 immediately after the inline citation entry but at each instance thereby grouping all references to the same source together in the reflist section but not by individual pages. If you are not familiar with it, read the template details or have a look at Postmaster General for Scotland where reference 2 and 3 are used in essentially this manner. While it is not used that often, I like it, and it is specifically mentioned for use where many inline citations are used many times. BTW, nice job the the revisions. ww2censor (talk) 00:22, 22 February 2016 (UTC)
That's most interesting. I have seen that formatting on a page and wondered what it was about, and now I know. Definitely worth bearing in mind for a future mammoth overhaul – thank you. And thanks, too, for your kind comment. Tim riley talk 09:47, 22 February 2016 (UTC)
If you like I'll do it for you. ww2censor (talk) 11:15, 22 February 2016 (UTC)
That's an extraordinarily kind offer, and I am most grateful, but I'm also a bit hesitant about going for a style that is so seldom seen in WP pages. I really don't know how readers would react, and first I'd like to see what other editors, including my fellow toiler in the vineyard Brianboulton, think. Tim riley talk 13:20, 22 February 2016 (UTC)
Thank you for the offer, but please don't change anything for the moment. In all honesty I couldn't understand what you meant in the above description, and refs 2 and 3 in the PMG for Scotland article didn't enlighten me, I'm afraid. In general, bearing in mind that citations are for the benefit of the reader, I tend to favour short specific page ranges that pinpoint the source, rather than wider ranges that leave the reader hunting; I've had enough experience of that with poorly indexed books. I appreciate that 300+ citations is a lot, and I'll go through and see whether this number can be reduced by combining adjacent/overlapping ranges into a single citation. Brianboulton (talk) 23:28, 22 February 2016 (UTC)
@Brianboulton While the template {{Rp}} does show you how it works, the practical difference is that the page number only is now inline immediately after the reference link in the prose and not in the reflist thereby reducing the number of entries for that specific source. The page number no longer appear as a separate entry in the reflist because each source now has just one entry but several uses thereby reducing the number of citations in the reflist. Let me know if you need me to assist if you decide to go in that direction which I think would be good as a FA with so many citations. ww2censor (talk) 11:37, 23 February 2016 (UTC)
It is unlikely that we will go in this direction, but can you point me to a substantial article where this method has been adopted in full? Brianboulton (talk) 14:56, 24 February 2016 (UTC)
Here are some example uses: TWA Flight 800, American Sign Language (a GA), Battle of Stalingrad, Kurt Cobain, Meat, Orson Welles, or even Condom (also a GA). ww2censor (talk) 15:37, 24 February 2016 (UTC)

Peer review[edit]

All contributors to the article (and of course anyone else) will be most welcome at the peer review, where views on the present text and how we can further improve it will be gratefully received. It would be good to get GBS up to Featured Article status, and the peer review is an important preliminary. Tim riley talk 17:09, 24 February 2016 (UTC)

Content comment[edit]

On George Bernard Shaw page there is a shocking misinformation that must be deleted: The sentence that Shaw supported dictatorship and Hitler! In fact it is quite opposite: According to Augustine Hamon in his book: The twentieth century Moliere, to protect the weak and to defend them against the strong was a passion for Bernard Shaw. Shaw was against all forms of violence and he was exceptionally good natured and loved humanity. Shaw detested lies and was able to detect a lie very easily. Having detected it, he laid it bare, to the great discomfort of the liar. WriterMB (talk) 23:25, 21 April 2016 (UTC)

You mean ISBN 9781330642085, The Twentieth Century Moliere: Bernard Shaw by Augustin Hamon? It looks like a reasonable source. What are the page number and the exact quote that support the material you would like to add? --John (talk) 20:32, 22 April 2016 (UTC)

What evidence is there that George Bernard Shaw should be considered an activist?[edit]

Why is it correect to talk of Shaw as an activist in particular? Is there anything asside from party membership and writing plays containing his views etc? (talk) 11:33, 7 August 2016 (UTC)

OED definition: "A person engaged in or advocating vigorous political activity; an active campaigner." If you care to read the article you will see numerous examples of Shaw's activism. (Nb, "Bernard", not "Bernhard") Tim riley talk 12:24, 7 August 2016 (UTC)
Would -in your opinion- this label also apply to Ayn Rand, considering that she; held political speeches, wrote books on politics, published political newsletters and campaigned for politicians? (talk) 14:26, 7 August 2016 (UTC)
No idea. The name is vaguely familiar, but I know nothing about her. Tim riley talk 14:29, 7 August 2016 (UTC)
She is very controversial and mostly known to the far left-right and overly politically+philosophically interested. (Similar to Shaw in a sense) But if you were to make a decission based merely on the fact that someone had; held political speeches, written books on the philosophy and practicalities of politics, advocated a political system in all her works, published political newsletters and campaigned for politicians, would this be enought to qualify as an activist? (talk) 15:41, 7 August 2016 (UTC)
It would seem so to me, but I suggest this would be better raised at Miss Rand's Wikipedia talk page. Tim riley talk 15:57, 7 August 2016 (UTC)
It has been by me, but I'm met with fierce resistance. Would you mind, if this is not too much to ask, that you point me to the source given for Shaws "activism"? Maybee I'll be able to use that as evidence in my little debate about Rand. (talk) 11:55, 13 August 2016 (UTC)
I can only suggest you read through the whole of the Shaw article, in which there are multiple instances of his activism, all of which are cited to reliable sources. I hope this helps you with your work on Miss Rand's article, Tim riley talk 13:41, 13 August 2016 (UTC)
The contrast with Rand isn't helpful. Her right-wing individualism is almost by definition opposed to forms of collective action. Shaw on the other hand was actively involved with political movements and known as a significant political campaigner. No question he should be described in those terms.  • DP •  {huh?} 13:44, 13 August 2016 (UTC)
Rand was not opposed to political movements and she campaigned for several politicians, she just thought they lacked base if they were not primarily philosophical in nature.
I read through most of the article. Was Shaw ever actually formally employed as an activist? In the Rand thread, there has been the argument made several times, that to have had occupation "x" Rand would have to have been employed by someone else as a "x". (talk) 12:14, 22 August 2016 (UTC)
You may like to re-read the OED definition of "activist", which is reproduced above. Employment by someone else is irrelevant. Tim riley talk 15:50, 22 August 2016 (UTC)