Template:Infobox phosphorus

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Phosphorus,  15P
PhosphComby.jpg
waxy white (yellow cut), red (granules centre left, chunk centre right), and violet phosphorus
General properties
Name, symbol phosphorus, P
Pronunciation /ˈfɒsfərəs/
FOS-fər-əs
Appearance colourless, waxy white, yellow, scarlet, red, violet, black
Phosphorus in the periodic table
Hydrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (polyatomic nonmetal)
Nitrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Oxygen (diatomic nonmetal)
Fluorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (polyatomic nonmetal)
Sulfur (polyatomic nonmetal)
Chlorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (polyatomic nonmetal)
Bromine (diatomic nonmetal)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (diatomic nonmetal)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanide)
Cerium (lanthanide)
Praseodymium (lanthanide)
Neodymium (lanthanide)
Promethium (lanthanide)
Samarium (lanthanide)
Europium (lanthanide)
Gadolinium (lanthanide)
Terbium (lanthanide)
Dysprosium (lanthanide)
Holmium (lanthanide)
Erbium (lanthanide)
Thulium (lanthanide)
Ytterbium (lanthanide)
Lutetium (lanthanide)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (metalloid)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinide)
Thorium (actinide)
Protactinium (actinide)
Uranium (actinide)
Neptunium (actinide)
Plutonium (actinide)
Americium (actinide)
Curium (actinide)
Berkelium (actinide)
Californium (actinide)
Einsteinium (actinide)
Fermium (actinide)
Mendelevium (actinide)
Nobelium (actinide)
Lawrencium (actinide)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Ununtrium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (post-transition metal)
Ununpentium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unknown chemical properties)
N

P

As
siliconphosphorussulfur
Atomic number 15
Standard atomic weight (±) (Ar) 30.973761998(5)[1]
Element category   polyatomic nonmetal, sometimes considered a metalloid
Group, block group 15 (pnictogens), p-block
Period period 3
Electron configuration [Ne] 3s2 3p3
per shell 2, 8, 5
Physical properties
Phase solid
Density near r.t. white: 1.823 g·cm−3
red: ≈ 2.2–2.34 g·cm−3
violet: 2.36 g·cm−3
black: 2.69 g·cm−3
Heat of fusion white: 0.66 kJ·mol−1
Heat of vapourisation white: 51.9 kJ·mol−1
Molar heat capacity white: 23.824 J·mol−1·K−1
vapour pressure (white)
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 279 307 342 388 453 549
vapour pressure (red, b.p. 431 °C)
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 455 489 529 576 635 704
Atomic properties
Oxidation states 5, 4, 3, 2,[2] 1,[3] −1, −2, −3 ​(a mildly acidic oxide)
Electronegativity Pauling scale: 2.19
Ionisation energies 1st: 1011.8 kJ·mol−1
2nd: 1907 kJ·mol−1
3rd: 2914.1 kJ·mol−1
(more)
Covalent radius 107±3 pm
Van der Waals radius 180 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structure body-centered cubic (bcc)
Body-centered cubic crystal structure for phosphorus
Thermal conductivity white: 0.236 W·m−1·K−1
black: 12.1 W·m−1·K−1
Magnetic ordering white, red, violet, black: diamagnetic[4]
Bulk modulus white: 5 GPa
red: 11 GPa
CAS Registry Number white: 12185-10-3
red: 7723-14-0
History
Discovery Hennig Brand (1669)
Recognized as an element by Antoine Lavoisier[5] (1777)
Most stable isotopes
Main article: Isotopes of phosphorus
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
31P 100% 31P is stable with 16 neutrons
32P syn 14.28 d β 1.709 32S
33P syn 25.3 d β 0.249 33S
· references

References

These references will appear in the article, but this list appears only on this page.
  1. ^ Standard Atomic Weights 2013. Commission on Isotopic Abundances and Atomic Weights
  2. ^ webelements
  3. ^ Ellis, Bobby D.; MacDonald, Charles L. B. (2006). "Phosphorus(I) Iodide: A Versatile Metathesis Reagent for the Synthesis of Low Oxidation State Phosphorus Compounds". Inorganic Chemistry 45 (17): 6864–74. doi:10.1021/ic060186o. PMID 16903744. 
  4. ^ Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds, in Lide, D. R., ed. (2005). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (86th ed.). Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press. ISBN 0-8493-0486-5. 
  5. ^ cf. "Memoir on Combustion in General" Mémoires de l'Académie Royale des Sciences 1777, 592–600. from Henry Marshall Leicester and Herbert S. Klickstein, A Source Book in Chemistry 1400–1900 (New York: McGraw Hill, 1952)
Documentation icon Template documentation[view] [edit] [history] [purge]

Infoboxes for the chemical elements use the core template {{Infobox element}}.

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ionization energy ref

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ionization energy comment

Numbered values make a list (except |atomic mass 2= used for uncertainty bracket notation):

ionization energy
ionization energy 2
ionization energy 3
Parameter list
This parameter list: view · edit
{{Infobox element
<!-- top -->
|image name=
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|phase ref=
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|boiling point F=
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|sublimation point K=
|sublimation point C=
|sublimation point F=
|sublimation point ref=
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|density gplstp=
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|density gpcm3nrt=
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|molar volume=
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|triple point K=
|triple point kPa=
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|critical point K=
|critical point MPa=
|critical point ref=
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|heat fusion=
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|heat fusion 2=
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|heat vaporization=
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|heat capacity=
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|heat capacity 2=
|heat capacity 2 ref=
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|vapor pressure 1=
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|vapor pressure 100 k=
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|vapor pressure 1 2=
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|vapor pressure 1 k 2=
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|vapor pressure 2 ref=
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<!-- Atomic properties -->
|atomic properties comment=
|oxidation states=
|oxidation states ref=
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|electronegativity=
|electronegativity ref=
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|ionization energy 1=
|ionization energy 1 ref=
|ionization energy 1 comment=
|ionization energy 2=
|ionization energy 2 ref=
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|ionization energy 3 ref=
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|number of ionization energies=
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|atomic radius=
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|covalent radius=
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|Van der Waals radius=
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<!-- Miscellanea -->
|crystal structure=
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|crystal structure 2=
|crystal structure 2 prefix=
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|speed of sound=
|speed of sound ref=
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|speed of sound rod at 20=
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|speed of sound rod at r.t.=
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|thermal expansion=
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|thermal expansion at 25=
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|electrical resistivity at 0=
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|band gap=
|band gap ref=
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|Curie point K=
|Curie point ref=
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|magnetic ordering=
|magnetic ordering ref=
|magnetic ordering comment=
|tensile strength=
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|Young's modulus=
|Young's modulus ref=
|Young's modulus comment=
|Shear modulus=
|Shear modulus ref=
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|Bulk modulus=
|Bulk modulus ref=
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|Poisson ratio=
|Poisson ratio ref=
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|Mohs hardness=
|Mohs hardness ref=
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|Mohs hardness 2=
|Mohs hardness 2 ref=
|Mohs hardness 2 comment=
|Vickers hardness=
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|Brinell hardness=
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|CAS number=
|CAS number ref=
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<!-- History -->
|naming=
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<!-- Isotopes -->
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 }}
{{Infobox element}}; labels & notes:
 
(Image)
 
 
 
(Image 2)
 
 
 
GENERAL PROPERTIES
Name
Symbol
Pronunciation
 
 
 
Alternative name(s)
 
Allotropes
Appearance
<element> IN THE PERIODIC TABLE
Periodic table
 
 
 
Atomic number
Standard atomic weight
uncertainty to use in (bracket notation)
 
 
Element category (also header bg color)
 
 
(sets header bg color, over 'series='-color)
Group
 
 
Period
 
 
Block
 
 
Electron configuration
 
 
Electrons per shell
 
 
PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
(general note)
Color
Phase
 
 
Melting point
 
 
 
 
Boiling point
 
 
 
 
Sublimation point
 
 
 
 
Density [g/L at s.t.p.]
 
 
Density [g/cm3 near room temperature]
 
 
 [g/cm3 near r.t.], #2
 
 
 [g/cm3 near r.t.], #3
 
 
Density (liquid, melting point) [g/cm3]
 
 
Density (liquid, boiling point) [g/cm3]
 
 
Molar volume
Unit defaults to cm3/mol; otherwise set unit prefix=d for dm3/mol (gases)
 
 
Triple point
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Critical point
 
 
 
Heat of fusion
 
 
 
 
 
Heat of vaporization
 
 
Molar heat capacity
 
 
 
 
 
Vapor pressure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Vapor pressure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ATOMIC PROPERTIES

Oxidation states
 
 
Electronegativity
 
 
Ionization energy
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Atomic radius
 
 
 
 
 
Covalent radius
 
 
Van der Waals radius
 
 
MISCELLANEA
Crystal structure
 
 
 
Crystal structure
 
 
 
Speed of sound
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Thermal expansion
 
 
 
 
 
Thermal conductivity
 
 
 
 
 
Thermal diffusivity
 
 
Electrical resistivity
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Band gap
 
 
Curie point
 
 
Magnetic ordering
 
 
Tensile strength
 
 
Young's modulus
 
 
Shear modulus
 
 
Bulk modulus
 
 
Poisson ratio
 
 
Mohs hardness
 
 
 
 
 
Vickers hardness
 
 
Brinell hardness
 
 
CAS Number
 
 
HISTORY
Naming
Prediction
 
()
Discovery
 
()
First isolation
 
()
Discovery and first isolation (1 or 2 dates)
Named by
 
()
 
(History comment)
ISOTOPES OF <element>
Isotopes of <element>
 
(wp:engvar)
 

Subtemplates[edit]

Isotopes[edit]

Other[edit]

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{{Periodic table (32 columns, micro)}}
When atomic number ≥ 119, the miniature periodic table shows an extended version (period 8 and up). See, for example, {{Infobox ununennium}}.

References

These references will appear in the article, but this list appears only on this page.
  1. ^ Endt, P. M. "Energy levels of A = 21–44 nuclei (VII)". Nuclear Physics A. 
  2. ^ Chisté 2006.

See also[edit]

Index to chemical element infoboxes
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
1 1H
ibox E
2He
ibox E
2 3Li
ibox E
4Be
ibox E
5B
ibox E
6C
ibox E
7N
ibox E
8O
ibox E
9F
ibox E
10Ne
ibox E
3 11Na
ibox E
12Mg
ibox E
13Al
ibox E
14Si
ibox E
15P
ibox E
16S
ibox E
17Cl
ibox E
18Ar
ibox E
4 19K
ibox E
20Ca
ibox E
21Sc
ibox E
22Ti
ibox E
23V
ibox E
24Cr
ibox E
25Mn
ibox E
26Fe
ibox E
27Co
ibox E
28Ni
ibox E
29Cu
ibox E
30Zn
ibox E
31Ga
ibox E
32Ge
ibox E
33As
ibox E
34Se
ibox E
35Br
ibox E
36Kr
ibox E
5 37Rb
ibox E
38Sr
ibox E
39Y
ibox E
40Zr
ibox E
41Nb
ibox E
42Mo
ibox E
43Tc
ibox E
44Ru
ibox E
45Rh
ibox E
46Pd
ibox E
47Ag
ibox E
48Cd
ibox E
49In
ibox E
50Sn
ibox E
51Sb
ibox E
52Te
ibox E
53 I 
ibox E
54Xe
ibox E
6 55Cs
ibox E
56Ba
ibox E
1 asterisk 72Hf
ibox E
73Ta
ibox E
74W
ibox E
75Re
ibox E
76Os
ibox E
77Ir
ibox E
78Pt
ibox E
79Au
ibox E
80Hg
ibox E
81Tl
ibox E
82Pb
ibox E
83Bi
ibox E
84Po
ibox E
85At
ibox E
86Rn
ibox E
7 87Fr
ibox E
88Ra
ibox E
2 asterisks 104Rf
ibox E
105Db
ibox E
106Sg
ibox E
107Bh
ibox E
108Hs
ibox E
109Mt
ibox E
110Ds
ibox E
111Rg
ibox E
112Cn
ibox E
113Uut
ibox E
114Fl
ibox E
115Uup
ibox E
116Lv
ibox E
117Uus
ibox E
118Uuo
ibox E
8 119Uue
ibox E
120Ubn
ibox E
1 asterisk 57La
ibox E
58Ce
ibox E
59Pr
ibox E
60Nd
ibox E
61Pm
ibox E
62Sm
ibox E
63Eu
ibox E
64Gd
ibox E
65Tb
ibox E
66Dy
ibox E
67Ho
ibox E
68Er
ibox E
69Tm
ibox E
70Yb
ibox E
71Lu
ibox E
 
2 asterisks 89Ac
ibox E
90Th
ibox E
91Pa
ibox E
92U
ibox E
93Np
ibox E
94Pu
ibox E
95Am
ibox E
96Cm
ibox E
97Bk
ibox E
98Cf
ibox E
99Es
ibox E
100Fm
ibox E
101Md
ibox E
102No
ibox E
103Lr
ibox E
 
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