Terence Blanchard performing in July 2008.
|Born||March 13, 1962|
|Origin||New Orleans, Louisiana, United States|
|Genres||Modern jazz, hard bop|
film score writer
|Years active||1980 – present|
|Labels||Blue Note (present)
|Associated acts||Art Blakey
Terence Blanchard Quintet featuring
|Oral History, Terence Blanchard reflects on the journey of playing jazz. Interview date March 21, 2015, NAMM (National Association of Music Merchants) Oral History Library|
Terence Oliver Blanchard (born March 13, 1962) is an American jazz trumpeter, bandleader, composer, arranger, and film score composer.
Since Blanchard emerged on the scene in 1980 with the Lionel Hampton Orchestra and then shortly thereafter with Art Blakey and the Jazz Messengers, he has been a leading artist in jazz. He was an integral figure in the 1980s jazz resurgence, having recorded several award-winning albums and having performed with the jazz elite.
He is known as a straight-ahead artist in the hard bop tradition but has recently developed an African-fusion style of playing that makes him unique from other trumpeters on the performance circuit. It is as a film composer that Blanchard reaches his widest audience. His trumpet can be heard on nearly fifty film scores; more than forty bear his compositional style.
Since 2000, Blanchard has served as artistic director at the Thelonious Monk Institute of Jazz. As of August 2011, he was named the artistic director of the Henry Mancini Institute at the University of Miami Frost School of Music. In the fall of 2015 he was named a visiting scholar in jazz composition at Berklee College of Music. He lives in the Garden District of New Orleans with his wife and four children.
Life and career
Blanchard was born in New Orleans, Louisiana, the only child to parents Wilhelmina and Joseph Oliver Blanchard, a part-time opera singer and insurance company manager. Blanchard began playing piano at the age of five and then the trumpet at age eight upon hearing Alvin Alcorn play. Blanchard played trumpet recreationally alongside childhood friend Wynton Marsalis in summer music camps but showed no real proficiency on the instrument.
Then, while in high school, he began studying at the New Orleans Center for Creative Arts (NOCCA) under Roger Dickerson and Ellis Marsalis, Jr.. From 1980 to 1982, Blanchard studied under jazz saxophonist Paul Jeffrey and trumpeter Bill Fielder at Rutgers University, while touring with the Lionel Hampton Orchestra. In 1982, Wynton Marsalis recommended Blanchard to replace him in Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers and until 1986, Blanchard was the band's trumpeter and musical director. With Blakey and as co-leader of a quintet with saxophonist Donald Harrison and pianist Mulgrew Miller, Blanchard rose to prominence as a key figure in the 1980s Jazz Resurgence. The Harrison/Blanchard group recorded five albums from 1984-1988 until Blanchard left to pursue a solo career in 1990.
In the 1990s, after a laborious but successful embouchure change, Blanchard was as busy as ever. He recorded his self-titled debut for Columbia Records which reached third on the Billboard Jazz Charts. After performing on soundtracks for Spike Lee movies, including Do the Right Thing and Mo' Better Blues, Lee wanted Blanchard to compose the scores for his films beginning with "Jungle Fever" (1991). Blanchard has written the score for every Spike Lee film since including, Malcolm X, Clockers, Summer of Sam, 25th Hour, Inside Man.
In 2006, he composed the score for Spike Lee's 4-hour Hurricane Katrina documentary for HBO entitled When the Levees Broke: A Requiem in Four Acts. Blanchard also appeared in front of the camera with his mother to share their emotional journey back to find her home completely destroyed. Blanchard had also created an album titled A Tale of God's Will (A Requiem for Katrina) in which he had recreated some pieces used in the documentary, as well as created more pieces, to provide audiences with the opportunity to sympathize with those who were affected by Hurricane Katrina.
Blanchard has also composed for other directors, including Leon Ichaso, Ron Shelton and Kasi Lemmons. With over forty scores to his credit, Blanchard is the most prolific jazz musician to ever compose for movies. Entertainment Weekly proclaimed Blanchard "central to a general resurgence of jazz composition for film." Yet in a 1994 interview for Down Beat, Blanchard was quoted as saying, "Writing for film is fun, but nothing can beat being a jazz musician, playing a club, playing a concert".
All the while, Blanchard has remained true to his jazz roots as a trumpeter and bandleader on the performance circuit. He has recorded several award-winning albums for Columbia, Sony Classical and Blue Note Records, including In My Solitude: The Billie Holiday Songbook (1994), Romantic Defiance (1995), The Heart Speaks (1996), Wandering Moon (2000), Let's Get Lost (2001) and Flow (2005), which was produced by pianist Herbie Hancock and received two Grammy Award nominations.
Terence Blanchard's 2001 CD Let's Get Lost was his most commercially successful album to date. It features new arrangements of classic songs written by Jimmy McHugh and performed by his own quintet along with the leading ladies of jazz vocals: Diana Krall, Jane Monheit, Dianne Reeves, and Cassandra Wilson.
In 2005, Blanchard was part of the ensemble that won a Grammy Award for Best Jazz Instrumental Album for his participation on McCoy Tyner’s Illuminations, an award he shared with Tyner, Gary Bartz, Christian McBride and Lewis Nash.
Blanchard was a judge for the 5th annual Independent Music Awards to support independent artists' careers. In 2009 in the Disney movie, The Princess and the Frog, Blanchard played all of the alligator Louis’ trumpet parts. He also voiced the role of Earl the bandleader in the riverboat band.
In December 2002, Scarecrow Press published Contemporary Cat: Terence Blanchard with Special Guests, an authorized biography of Blanchard written by Anthony Magro.
The book is the 42nd title in the publisher's well-regarded "Series In Jazz" headed by editors Dan Morgenstern and Edward Berger.
"Written in an intimate, conversational style, Contemporary Cat: Terence Blanchard with Special Guests begins in the birthplace of jazz, Blanchard's hometown, New Orleans. His family and famous musician teachers speak of a disciplined youngster who matured alongside the Marsalis brothers and saxophonist Donald Harrison to become a leader in the important 1980s jazz resurgence."
Thelonious Monk Institute of Jazz
In the fall of 2000, Terence Blanchard was named artistic director of the Thelonious Monk Institute of Jazz at the University of Southern California. Herbie Hancock serves as chairman; Wayne Shorter, Clark Terry and Jimmy Heath sit on the board of trustees. The conservatory offers an intensive, tuition-free, two-year master's program to a limited number of students (only up to eight per every two years).
In his role as artistic director, Blanchard works with the students in the areas of artistic development, arranging, composition, and career counseling. He also participates in master classes and community outreach activities associated with the program. "Out of my desire to give something back to the jazz community, I wanted to get involved. In fact, I've always said that if I wasn't a musician, that I would like to be a teacher. So I was glad to get involved and to be a part of this unique program that fosters such an open and accessible environment."
In April 2007, the Institute announced its "Commitment to New Orleans" initiative which includes the relocation of the program to the campus of Loyola University New Orleans from Los Angeles. Blanchard had passionately lobbied the Institute to relocate saying, "After Hurricane Katrina, New Orleans was shaken and its musical roots were threatened. I grew up in this city and learned about jazz here at Loyola with other young jazz musicians like Wynton and Branford Marsalis and I know that the Institute will have a great impact on jazz and in our communities. We are going to work hard to help jazz and New Orleans flourish once again."
In 2007, the Monterey Jazz Festival named Blanchard Artist-In-Residence, citing him as "one his generation’s most artistically mature and innovative artists and a committed supporter of jazz education." The Monterey Jazz Festival 50th Anniversary Band featuring Blanchard on trumpet will make a 54-date, 10-week tour of the United States from January 8, 2008 to March 16, 2008. Rounding out the band will be saxophonist James Moody, pianist Benny Green, bassist Derrick Hodge and drummer Kendrick Scott. The special ensemble will also feature jazz singer Nnenna Freelon.
In December 2007, the Terence Blanchard Quintet performed the movie music of Spike Lee and Terence Blanchard with an orchestra and singers Dee Dee Bridgewater, Kurt Elling, and Raul Midón at the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts in Washington, D.C.
On February 10, 2008, Blanchard won his first Grammy Award as a bandleader for A Tale of God's Will (A Requiem for Katrina) in the category of Best Large Jazz Ensemble Album. His two other Grammy Awards were as a sideman for Art Blakey (1984) and McCoy Tyner (2004).
Blanchard composed original music for Stephen Adly Guirgis's Broadway play The Motherfucker With the Hat, which premiered at the Gerald Schoenfeld Theatre on April 11, 2011. The show is described as "a high-octane verbal cage match about love, fidelity and misplaced haberdashery."
On January 20, 2012, the film Red Tails was released nationwide in the United States. Blanchard served as the composer of the original score, marking the first time he has worked with executive producer George Lucas.
He composed incidental music for the 2012 Broadway revival of A Streetcar Named Desire.
He released Magnetic May 28, 2013 on Blue Note Records.
On June 15, 2013, Blanchard premiered his first opera, Champion, with the Opera Theatre of Saint Louis. It is about the life of prize fighting boxer Emile Griffith from St. Thomas, with a libretto by Pulitzer Prize-winning Michael Cristofer. It stars Denyce Graves, Aubrey Allicock, Robert Orth, and Arthur Woodley.
Blanchard's album, "Breathless", with his new band, The E-Collective, was released by Blue Note Records on May 26, 2015. Featuring Maroon 5's PJ Morton on three cuts, and JRei Oliver, Terence's son, on spoken word, the core band consists of Fabian Almazan on keyboards, Charles Altura on guitar, Donald Ramsey on bass, and Oscar Seaton on drums. Cuepoint, on the web publishing site, Medium, published Blanchard's essay, "Using Music to Underscore Three Words: I Can't Breathe" which details Blanchard's revulsion by the death of Eric Garner and how the subsequent "I Can't Breathe" campaign inspired the series of songs the E-Collective created for the album.
- Career Wins: 5
- Career Nominations: 13
|Terence Blanchard Grammy History|
|1984||Best Jazz Instrumental Performance - Group||New York Scene||Jazz||Concord||Winner||with the Art Blakey and the Jazz Messengers.|
|1990||Best Jazz Instrumental Performance - Group||Mo' Better Blues (Soundtrack)||Jazz||CBS||Nominated||with the Branford Marsalis Quartet.|
|1996||Best Latin Jazz Album||The Heart Speaks||Latin Jazz||Columbia||Nominated||features the compositions of Ivan Lins.|
|2000||Best Jazz Instrumental Solo||Wandering Moon||Jazz||Sony Classical||Nominated||for the track "I Thought About You"|
|2001||Best Jazz Instrumental Solo||Let's Get Lost||Jazz||Sony Classical||Nominated||for the track "Lost In a Fog"|
|2004||Best Jazz Instrumental Album||McCoy Tyner's Illuminations||Jazz||Telarc||Winner||featured as the band's trumpeter and composer of one song.|
|2005||Best Jazz Instrumental Album||Flow||Jazz||Blue Note||Nominated||Herbie Hancock, album producer.|
|2006||Best Long Form Music Video||Flow: Living in the Stream of Music (DVD)||Jazz||Blue Note||Nominated||Jim Gabour, video director/producer; Robin Burgess video producer.|
|2007||Best Jazz Instrumental Solo||A Tale of God's Will (A Requiem for Katrina)||Jazz||Blue Note||Nominated||for the track "Levees"|
|2007||Best Large Jazz Ensemble Album||A Tale of God's Will (A Requiem for Katrina)||Jazz||Blue Note||Winner||features Blanchard's quintet with a 40-piece string orchestra.|
|2008||Best Jazz Instrumental Solo||Live at the 2007 Monterey Jazz Festival||Jazz||Blue Note||Winner||for the track "Be-Bop"|
|2009||Best Jazz Instrumental Solo||Watts||Jazz||Dark Key Music||Winner||for the track "Dancin' 4 Chicken"|
|2013||Best Improvised Jazz Solo||"Don't Run"||Jazz||Blue Note||Nominated||Lost to Wayne Shorter|
Selected film-related awards for Terence Blanchard.
|1994||Soul Train Music Award||Best Jazz Album||The Malcolm X Jazz Suite||Nominated|
|1995||Emmy Award||Best Original Score for a TV Mini-Series||The Promised Land||Nominated|
|2003||World Soundtrack Award||Soundtrack Composer of the Year||"25th Hour"||Nominated|
|2003||Sierra Award||Best Score||"25th Hour"||Nominated|
|2003||Golden Globe||Best Original Score - Motion Picture||"25th Hour"||Nominated|
|2003||Central Ohio Film Critics Association (COFCA)||Best Score||"25th Hour"||Winner|
|2005||Black Reel||Best Original Score||"She Hate Me"||Nominated|
|2007||Black Reel||Best Original Score||Inside Man||Nominated|
A complete discography of Blanchard's jazz recordings as a bandleader.
|1984||New York Second Line (as Harrison/Blanchard)||Jazz||Concord|
|1986||Discernment (as Harrison/Blanchard)||Jazz||Concord|
|1986||Nascence (as Harrison/Blanchard)||Jazz||Columbia|
|1987||Crystal Stair (as Harrison/Blanchard)||Jazz||Columbia|
|1988||Black Pearl (as Harrison/Blanchard)||Jazz||Columbia|
|1993||The Malcolm X Jazz Suite||Jazz||Columbia|
|1994||In My Solitude: The Billie Holiday Songbook||Jazz||Columbia|
|1995||Romantic Defiance -||Jazz||Columbia|
|1996||The Heart Speaks||Latin Jazz||Columbia|
|1999||Jazz in Film||Jazz||Sony Classical|
|2000||Wandering Moon||Jazz||Sony Classical|
|2001||Let's Get Lost||Jazz||Sony Classical|
|2007||A Tale of God's Will (A Requiem for Katrina)||Jazz||Blue Note|
With Art Blakey
With Cedar Walton
- Roots (Astor Place, 1997)
- 1991 Jungle Fever
- 1992 Malcolm X*
- 1994 Sugar Hill*
- 1994 Trial By Jury
- 1994 The Inkwell
- 1994 Crooklyn
- 1995 Clockers*
- 1996 Get on the Bus
- 1996 Primal Fear*
- 1997 Eve's Bayou*
- 1997 'Til There Was You
- 1997 4 Little Girls
- 1998 Gia
- 1999 Summer of Sam
- 2000 Love & Basketball
- 2000 Next Friday
- 2000 Bamboozled
- 2001 The Caveman's Valentine*
- 2001 Original Sin*
- 2001 Glitter
- 2002 Barbershop
- 2002 Dark Blue
- 2002 25th Hour*
- 2002 People I Know*
- 2003 Unchained Memories*
- 2004 She Hate Me*
- 2006 Inside Man*
- 2006 When the Levees Broke: A Requiem in Four Acts
- 2007 Talk to Me
- 2008 Miracle at St. Anna*
- 2008 Cadillac Records
- 2010 Bunraku
- 2012 Red Tails
- 2014 Black or White
- 2015 Chi-Raq
For further reading, including TV scores, see
- "Terence Blanchard Biography (1962-)". Filmreference.com. Retrieved 2012-01-16.
- "Magro, Anthony. "Contemporary Cat: Terence Blanchard with Special Guests", Scarecrow Press (2002)"
- Maloney, Ann. "The pain of Katrina will spill forth when trumpeter Terence Blanchard performs with the LPO on Saturday". The Times-Picayune. Retrieved 15 October 2014.
- Terence Blanchard, ENotes
- Independent Music Awards - Past Judges
- "The Princess and the Frog: Fun Facts! - Features". Tribute.ca. Retrieved 2012-01-16.
- Scarecrow Press
- Jazz Police - The Thelonious Monk Institute of Jazz Moves to New Orleans
- Monterey Jazz Festival Presents Terence Blanchard Quintet Live in Concert
- Kennedy Center: The Movie Music of Spike Lee and Terence Blanchard
- BBC Radio 3
- "The Motherf**ker with the Hat", ibdb.com, accessed 12 April 2011.
- Ben Brantley (11 April 2011), A Love Not at a Loss for Words, New York Times, retrieved 2011-04-12
- Marilyn Stasio (11 April 2011), The Motherfucker With the Hat, Variety, retrieved 2011-04-12
- News Staff (December 9, 2010). "The Motherf**ker With the Hat, Starring Chris Rock, Moves Forward First Preview". Broadway.com. Retrieved 12 April 2011.
- Blanchard, Terence. "Using Three Words to Underscore Three Words: I Can't Breathe". Medium. Cuepoint. Retrieved 23 September 2015.
- Grammy Awards list
- List of awards for Terence Blanchard
- Jet - Google Boeken. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2012-01-16.
- "IMDB: Terence Blanchard".
- Magro, Anthony. Contemporary Cat: Terence Blanchard with Special Guests, Scarecrow Press (2002) - ISBN 0-8108-4323-4
- Yanow, Scott. Trumpet Kings: The Players Who Shaped the Sound of Jazz Trumpet, Backbeat Books (2002) - ISBN 0-87930-608-4
- Terence Blanchard's official website
- Terence Blanchard interview by Pete Lewis, 'Blues & Soul' November 2009
- Magro, Anthony. "Contemporary Cat: Terence Blanchard with Special Guests", Scarecrow Press (2002)
- Billboard Chart History for Terence Blanchard
- Interview with Terence Blanchard
- Terrence Blanchard Terrence Blanchard MusiCodex Page