200 Vesey Street

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200 Vesey Street
3 World Financial Center.jpg
3 World Financial Center
General information
Status Complete
Type Office
Location 200 Vesey Street, New York, NY 10281, United States
Coordinates 40°42′49″N 74°00′53″W / 40.71361°N 74.01472°W / 40.71361; -74.01472Coordinates: 40°42′49″N 74°00′53″W / 40.71361°N 74.01472°W / 40.71361; -74.01472
Construction started 1983
Completed 1985
Cost $800 million (USD)
Owner American Express (lower half)
Brookfield Office Properties (upper half)
Antenna spire 739 ft (225 m)
Technical details
Floor count 51
Design and construction
Architect Haines Lundberg Waehler, Cesar Pelli & Associates
Structural engineer Thornton-Tomasetti Engineers

200 Vesey Street, formerly known as Three World Financial Center also known as American Express Tower, is one of the forty tallest skyscrapers in New York City. Located on West Street between Liberty Street and Vesey Street in Lower Manhattan the building is the tallest, 739 feet (225 m), of the Brookfield Place ( formerly known as World Financial Center ) complex that stands in southwest Manhattan. It is similar in design to Two World Financial Center, except that it is capped by a solid pyramid where 2 WFC is capped by a dome.


The building is an example of postmodern architecture, as designed by Cesar Pelli & Associates, and contains over 2.1 million square feet (195,000 m²) of rentable office area. It connects to the rest of the World Financial Center complex through a courtyard leading to the Winter Garden, a dramatic glass-and-steel public space with a 120 ft (37 m) vaulted ceiling under which there is an assortment of trees and plants, including sixteen 40 ft (12 m) palm trees from the Mojave Desert. It is notably similar in design to One Canada Square in London's Canary Wharf development. Canary Wharf was, like the World Financial Center, a project by Canadian developers Olympia & York, and One Canada Square was designed by the same principal architect.

Two rescue workers entering the American Express Tower following September 11, 2001 attack on the World Trade Center.

Three World Financial Center was severely damaged by the falling debris when the World Trade Center towers collapsed on September 11, 2001. The building's southeast corner took heavy structural damage, though the effects were not enough to create a threat of collapse. The building had to be closed for repairs from September 11, 2001 until May 2002 as a result of damage sustained in the terrorist attacks.

3 World Financial Center is today the world headquarters of American Express, and was once World Headquarters of Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc. It was renamed 200 Vesey Street when the rest of the complex became Brookfield Place in 2014.[2]

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