Dey Street Passageway

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The Dey Street head house at the southwest corner of Dey Street and Broadway

The Dey Street Passageway or Dey Street Concourse is an underground passageway in Manhattan, New York City, as part of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority's Capital Construction Program and as part of the Fulton Center project to rehabilitate the Fulton Street complex and improve connectivity in Lower Manhattan.[1] The Dey Street Passageway lies under Dey Street in Lower Manhattan, between Broadway in the eastern end, and Church Street in its western end.[a]

Concept[edit]

Inside the passageway, facing Cortlandt Street. The section to the WTC Transportation Hub, which was opened on May 26, 2016, is at this end.[2]
At the end of the passageway is the "Oculus," the headhouse of the WTC Transportation Hub.

During the planning stage of the Fulton Center project, there were numerous alternatives for a passageway connecting Church Street and the Fulton Street complex. These alternatives included a pedestrian tunnel, with a paid transfer, under Fulton Street. Various configurations within the Fulton Center main building were also planned, including a diagonal link between a tunnel under Dey Street and the A and ​C trains mezzanine in the Fulton Center transit hub. The Fulton Center design changed very frequently during planning, but after much analysis, it was decided that a 40-foot (12 m) wide tunnel was to be built under Dey Street, without a paid transfer between the Fulton Street complex and the Cortlandt Street station.[3]

The MTA's decision to disallow a paid transfer was on the premise that Broadway and Church Streets are critical north-south streets. An unpaid passageway would allow non-passengers to move throughout Lower Manhattan, without having to cross those streets. Furthermore, the passageway is planned to directly connect the World Trade Center Transportation Hub, the connection to which opened in the World Trade Center site in May 2016.[2] It is also planned to connect to the other World Trade Center buildings, as well as a new passageway to the World Financial Center.[4]

However, due to budgetary concerns, the tunnel width had been rescaled from 40 feet (12 m) to 29 feet (8.8 m).[5]

Construction[edit]

The head house in February 2012

The contract for the construction of the passageway was given on July 29, 2005 to Slattery Skanska.[5] Construction began in 2005, with the closure of the Cortlandt Street station on the BMT Broadway line, which closed on August 20, 2005 and Dey Street proper. Cut and cover construction was used to construct the tunnel. A building at the corner of Dey Street and Broadway was demolished on January 29, 2007, to allow the creation for a head house or entrance for the new facility.[6]

The tunnel will be 29 feet (8.8 m) wide; it was intended to be 40 feet (12 m) wide, but due to financial costs it had to shrink in size. It will link the exit in the middle of the IRT Lexington Avenue Line platforms of the Fulton Street complex with the World Trade Center Transportation Hub.

With the conclusion of cut and cover construction, Dey Street reopened to traffic on November 24, 2008.[7] The uptown platform of the Cortlandt Street station reopened on November 25, 2009.[8] Fit-out work of much of the Dey Street Passageway, including the placement of floor and wall tiles, is underway as of August 5, 2012.[9]

A plaque in the passageway marks the opening date of a part of the underpass

On September 6, 2011, a portion of the Dey Street Passageway opened up as the underpass of the N, ​R, and ​W trains at Cortlandt Street.[10] This permitted the reopening of the southbound platform, which does not have street-level access on the western side of Church Street. A white false wall separated the opened underpass with the rest of the passageway. A progress presentation from the MTA on June 2012 had suggested that there will be fare control at the underpass/passageway level, along with elevator access.

The headhouse was originally expected to open on July 31, 2012, but opened on October 8, 2012. Currently, it serves as an entrance for the southbound 4 and ​5 trains, and as the main access point for the Dey Street Passageway, which opened on November 10, 2014, ahead of schedule.[11][12] The connection to the World Trade Center hub opened on May 26, 2016.[2]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The passageway connects the station at Fulton Street/Broadway to the station at Cortlandt Street/Church Street.

References[edit]

  1. ^ After an Earlier Delay, the Fulton Street Transit Center Finally Rises
  2. ^ a b c Altamirano, Angy (2016-05-26). "MTA to open passage connecting Fulton Center to WTC PATH station". Metro. Retrieved 2016-05-28. 
  3. ^ Multiple 2006 articles from The New York Times by Thomas J. Lueck in 2006:
  4. ^ Dey Street Passageway Walking West
  5. ^ a b Hollowing Out the Dey Street Concourse Archived 2007-03-17 at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ Deconstruction of 189 Broadway Begins
  7. ^ "A new day for Dey". downtownexpress.com. 
  8. ^ "After four years, a northbound platform opens at Cortlandt St". Second Ave. Sagas. 
  9. ^ Fulton Center Archived 2006-08-16 at the Wayback Machine.
  10. ^ "MTA News". mta.info. 
  11. ^ "Fulton Center subway hub to open in November". NY Daily News. Retrieved 28 October 2014. 
  12. ^ "Fulton Transit Hub Will Finally Open on Nov. 10, MTA Says". DNAinfo New York. Archived from the original on 30 October 2014. Retrieved 28 October 2014. 

External links[edit]