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Tmesipteris elongata.jpg
Tmesipteris elongata
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Polypodiopsida
Order: Psilotales
Family: Psilotaceae
Genus: Tmesipteris

See text

Tmesipteris the "hanging fork fern", is a genus of fern-like vascular plants, one of two genera in the family Psilotaceae, order Psilotales (the other being Psilotum). Tmesipteris is restricted to certain lands in the Southern Pacific, notably Australia, New Zealand and New Caledonia. In New Zealand this hanging epiphyte is common in the warm temperate rain forests of both main islands, where it can normally be found as short spiky dark-green fronds (10–15 cm long), often with lighter bag-like sporangia at the bases of some of its "leaves". The plant possesses no true leaves; what appear to be leaves are flattened stems. The fronds emerge directly from the fibrous root-mats which clad the trunks of mature tree ferns such as Dicksonia and Cyathea. Tmesipteris is from the Greek language, meaning a "cut fern", referring to the truncated leaf tips.[1]


Species include:


  1. ^ Les Robinson - Field Guide to the Native Plants of Sydney, ISBN 978-0-7318-1211-0 page 303
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Tmesipteris". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government, Canberra. Retrieved 6 April 2011.
  3. ^ "Tmesipteris elongata". Hebe Society. Retrieved 6 April 2011.
  4. ^ a b "Tmesipteris Bernh. (1801)". Retrieved 6 April 2011.
  5. ^ a b c "Tmesipteris (Genre)". - Faune & Flore de Nouvelle-Calédonie. Retrieved 6 April 2011.
  6. ^ Gruèzo, W.Sm. 2012: Tmesipteris zamorae: a new species of Tmesipteris Bernh. (Psilotaceae) from the Philippines. Asia life sciences, 21(2): 653-670. abstract
  • Bierhorst, D W (1977) The Systematic Position of Psilotum and Tmesipteris, Brittonia (New York Botanical Garden Press)
  • Qiu, Y-L and Palmer, J (1999) Phylogeny of early land plants: insights from genes and genomes. Trends in Plant Science 4 (1), 26-30