Toronto subway rolling stock

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H5 and T1 trains parked at the Davisville Subway Yard

The rolling stock of the Toronto subway system consists of 830 subway cars for Line 1 Yonge–University, Line 2 Bloor–Danforth, and Line 4 Sheppard and 28 intermediate-capacity rapid transit cars for Line 3 Scarborough. The rolling stock is owned and maintained by the Toronto Transit Commission (TTC).

Subway trains[edit]

Rolling Stock Numbers Quantity Year Built Builder (& Model) Class Year Retired Notes
5000-5099 100 1953–1954 GRC&W G-1 October 6, 1990 5080-5081 experimentally retrofitted with fluorescent lighting. 5068-5069 converted to service cars RT-36 & RT-37 (grinding train power units) in February 1991; 5066-5067 & 5074-5075 had been held for future conversion to service cars; 5098-5099 preserved by the Ontario Electric Railway Historical Association.
5100-5105 6 1954–1955 GRC&W G-2 October 6, 1990 experimental aluminum train
5200-5227 28 1956 GRC&W G-3 October 6, 1990 non-driving motor cars permanently coupled with mating G-1 cars (50xx-52yy-52xx-50yy)
5110-5115 6 1958–1959 GRC&W G-4 October 6, 1990 experimental cars built as an integral train (5110-5111-5112-5113-5114-5115); electro-dynamic braking equipment and motors removed April 1966 through March 1967 (for installation in service cars), and remarshalled as: 5110-5115, 5030-5111-5114-5031.
5300-5335 36 1962–1963 MLW M-1 May 1, 1999 5300-5301 preserved by the OERHA
5336-5499 164 1965–1966 HSC RTC-75 H-1 November 29, 1999 5374-5375 rebuilt to service cars RT-9 & RT-10; 5388-5391 scrapped due to Christie station fire in October 1976; 5391 rebuilt to service car RT-23 in March 1984.
5500-5575 76 1971 HSC RTC-75 H-2 September 28, 2001 5500-5505 equipped with experimental Hitachi chopper controls and regenerative braking and reclassed as H-3 in 1973; converted back to H-2 between September 1984 and April 1985.
5576-5663 88 1974–1975 HSC RTC-75 H-4 January 27, 2012 Last subway cars outfitted with vinyl orange upholstered seats, also the last of which not outfitted with air-conditioning systems. They also had similar interior design based from the H-2 subway cars, with reduced seating in a 2+2 configuration instead of 2+3 to allow for more standees. Some H-4 subway cars were retired from revenue service between 2000-2002 by the delivery of T-1 class cars. By January 27, 2012, all H-4 cars were retired from revenue service.[1]
5670-5807 138 1976–1979 HSC RTC-75 H-5 June 14, 2013 5755 retired in June 1984 and scrapped November 1985 due to accident in December 1981; 5754 modified in November 1985 for use as A or B unit to substitute for cars out of service for maintenance (can also operate as a single unit for testing); 5796 modified by UTDC in July–December 1990 to become T-1 prototype, which was retired and scrapped in September 2012; first subway cars outfitted with air-conditioning systems, all H-5 trains were retired from service by June 14, 2013, some of which were taken to Buffalo, New York for refurbishment, before being sold to the Lagos Rail Mass Transit, but scrapped by August 2015.
5810-5935 126 1986–1989 UTDC RTC-75 H-6 June 20, 2014 Accessible seating areas were added near the operator's cab and the first set of doors in each car during technological upgrades (like the T-1s) between 2005 and 2008. All H-6 trains were retired from service by June 20, 2014.
5000-5371 372 1995–2002 BT RTC-75 T-1 Active First cars with AC propulsion, cars 5344-5345 converted to Toronto Rocket T35A08 mock-up cars in June–July 2006.
5381-6176[2] 480[3] 2010–2016 BT T35A08 Toronto Rocket Active 80 six-car permanently coupled trains with open gangways being delivered. First train delivered on October 1, 2010. Sets are numbered 5xx1-5xx2-5xx3-5xx4-5xx5-5xx6. In February 2013, set 5461-5466 was retrofitted with additional plastic yellow handholds, and external door chimes, displacing the exterior blue lights on the car. Similarly, another set, 5851-5856 was also modified with the same features as with set 5461-5466 in May 2014. First subway cars to adopt numbering in the 6000s. Set 5471-5476 was temporarily converted to a four-car train for testing purposes on Line 4 Sheppard, which were converted to full Toronto Rocket operation. After the testing phase, six additional four-car trains were purchased for use on Line 4. Unlike the six-car trains, the four-car trains feature two pairs of A (cab) and B (non-cab) cars, numbered 6xx1-6xx2-6xx5-6xx6. Four of these trains entered service in 2016; the other two are presently on order.
Builders
BT Bombardier Transportation
GRC&W Gloucester Railway Carriage & Wagon Co.
HSC Hawker-Siddeley Canada
MLW Montreal Locomotive Works
UTDC Urban Transportation Development Corp.

Handicapped/disabled access All TTC subway cars (except Line 3 Scarborough cars) are equipped with flip-up seats located in each car (near the operator's cab), which can accommodate mobility devices such as wheelchairs, strollers, scooters, and bicycles, the new Toronto Rocket trains have two designated areas in each car with automatic flip-up seats, although level boarding platforms allow a degree of access to all trains.

Toronto Rocket[edit]

The front of the Toronto Rocket, Toronto's newest subway train, viewed from the side

The "Toronto Rocket" "(TR)" is the newest version of TTC subway trains, which is operated on Lines 1 and 4.[4] Its design deviates from its predecessors, which were formed by building trains from married pairs of identical cars. The trains consist of six cars for Line 1 and four cars for Line 4 both of which are connected with open gangways, similar to Bombardier's Movia family of metro trains. They only have two full-width operator cabs per trainset (as opposed to one on the right-hand corner of every subway car on the older versions), greater accessibility options and the skin of the train is welded rather than the previously used riveting method. The TRs exterior destination and train run number signs are outfitted with digital orange LED boards, while all previous TTC train models use back-lit roller signs.

The first of the new TR trains was scheduled to be delivered in late 2009, but in early 2010, TTC officials stated that the new trains would not enter service until late 2010.[5][6] The first train arrived on TTC property in October 2010 and entered revenue service on July 21, 2011.[7]

Gallery[edit]

Line 3 Scarborough trains[edit]

Rolling Stock Numbers Quantity Year Built Builder (& Model) Notes
3000-3023
3024-3027
28 1982–1983
1986
UTDC ICTS Mark I All will be retired once line closes after Line 2's Scarborough subway extension completed. 3014 was displayed at the 1983 Canadian National Exhibition
ST-1 1 Niigata Transys centre-cab diesel locomotive
ST-2 1 likely Arva Industries non-motored crane and rail maintenance car
ST-3 1 Niigata Transys non-powered rail grinding truck
ST-4 1 Schmidt snow blower installed on a non-powered PCC truck
ST-5 1 non-powered power rail cleaner and de-icer
ST-7 1 2002 Arva Industries snowblower attached to Mercedes-Benz Unimog U 5000 short cab (with crane)
E291 1 New Holland TC 18 tractor tractor used to push Line 3 cars where there is no power to operate cars

Gallery[edit]

Work vehicles[edit]

Most subway work cars are painted yellow with the fleet number as RTXX. The exception are converted subway cars, which are not repainted (strips added) and have the RT fleet number replacing their former fleet number.

Current subway work vehicles[edit]

Rolling Stock Numbers Description Year acquired Year retired
RT-1 Rail maintenance car 1909 by Toronto Railway Company and rebuilt five times
RT-2 Flat car 1997 by Arva Industries
RT-3 Overhead maintenance car 1922 by Toronto Transportation Commission
RT-5 Tunnel leak repair (grout) car 1997 by Arva Industries
RT-6 Vacuum cleaning car 1922 by Toronto Transportation Commission
RT-7 Diesel locomotive 1998 by Plasser American
RT-8 13 rail delivery articulated bogies 1997 by Plasser American
RT-10 Works Services Car (ex-garbage car unit), ex-H1 RTC-75 subway car 5374 1965-66 Hawker Siddeley Canada and converted 2000 by TTC Replaced old RT-10, 1968 Tokyo Rose (Nippon Sharyo)
RT-11 Non motored car 2000 by Arva Industries
RT-12 (2nd) Electric locomotive 2009 by Arva Industries
RT-13 Centre cab crane car 1968 by Nippon Sharyo
RT-14 (2nd) Mk III snow clearing unit Arva Industries
RT-15 (2nd) Mk III snow clearing unit Arva Industries
RT-16 Tunnel washer - "The Clean Machine" 1996  Arva Industries – used with RT-17
RT-17 Tunnel washer - "Krystal Klean" 1996  Arva Industries – used with RT-16
RT-18 Diesel locomotive 1977 by Anabel Corporation of Houston, Texas
RT-19 Flat car 1980 Niigata Transys Company
RT-20 Crane car 1980 Niigata Transys Company (crane by Arva Industries)
RT-21 Flatcar 1980 by Niigata Transys Company
RT-22 Flat car 1973 by Nippon Sharyo
RT-23 Non motored asbestos abatement car, ex-H1 RTC-75 subway car 5391 1965-66 Hawker Siddeley Canada and converted by TTC 1984
RT-26 Gauge car 1980 by TTC
RT-27 Beam transporter and crane 1950s Gloucester Railway Carriage and Wagon Company bogies and reused 1986 by TTC
RT-28 Flat car with crane 2000 by Arva Industries
RT-29 Flat car 2001 by Arva Industries
RT-38 Ex-garbage car unit, ex-H1 RTC-75 subway car 5422 1965-66 Hawker Siddeley Canada and converted 1997 by TTC
RT-39 (3rd) Flat car 2011 by Arva Industries
RT-40 Ballast car 1989 by Dynex
RT-41 Tie tamper car 1993 by Plasser American
RT-42 Scaffold car 1999 Arva Industries
RT-43 Asbestos abatement crew car, ex-H1 RTC-75 subway car 5459 1965-66 Hawker Siddeley Canada and converted 2000 by TTC
RT-44 Asbestos abatement crew car, ex-H1 RTC-75 subway car 5458 1965-66 Hawker Siddeley Canada and converted 2000 by TTC
RT-45 Asbestos abatement garbage car, ex-H1 RTC-75 subway car 5337 1965-66 Hawker Siddeley Canada and converted 2000 by TTC
RT-46 Asbestos abatement garbage car, ex-H1 RTC-75 subway car 5336 1965-66 Hawker Siddeley Canada and converted 2000 by TTC
RT-47 Flat car 1999 by Arva Industries
RT-48 Motored snow blower 2001 by Arva Industries
RT-49 Motored snow blower 2001 by Arva Industries
RT-50 Non motored push snow thrower 1999 by Arva Industries
RT-51 Non motored push snow thrower 1999 by Arva Industries
RT-52 Non motored push snow thrower 1999 by Arva Industries
RT-53 Non motored push snow thrower 1999 by Arva Industries
RT-54 Flat car 1973 by Nippon Sharyo Replaced ex RT-16 or ex RT-17
RT-55 Flat car with crane 2000 by Arva Industries
RT-56 Vacuum rodder car 2004-2005 by Arva Industries
RT-57 (2nd) General Purpose Rail Flat Car 1999-2000 Arva Industries
RT-58 Works Service Car, ex H4 RTC-75 subway car 5635 1974-75 Hawker Siddeley Canada and converted by TTC
RT-60 Works Service Car, ex-H4 RTC-75 subway car 5594 1974-75 Hawker Siddeley Canada and converted by TTC
RT-61 Works Service Car, ex-H4 RTC-75 subway car 5595 1974-75 Hawker Siddeley Canada and converted by TTC
RT-62 Works Service Car, ex-H4 RTC-75 subway car 5616 1974-75 Hawker Siddeley Canada and converted by TTC
RT-63 Works Service Car, ex-H4 RTC-75 subway car 5617 1974-75 Hawker Siddeley Canada and converted by TTC
RT-64 Works Service Car, ex-H4 RTC-75 subway car 5594 1974-75 Hawker Siddeley Canada and converted by TTC
RT-65 Works Service Car, ex-H4 RTC-75 subway car 5595 1974-75 Hawker Siddeley Canada and converted by TTC
RT-66 Works Service Car, ex-H1 RTC-75 subway car 5386 1964-65 Hawker Siddeley Canada and converted by TTC
RT-67 Works service car, ex-H1 RTC-75 subway car 5387 1964-65 Hawker Siddeley Canada and converted by TTC
RT-68 Fibre Optics testing car, ex-H1 RTC-75 subway car 5408 1964-65 Hawker Siddeley Canada and converted by TTC
RT-69 Fibre Optics testing car, ex-H1 RTC-75 subway car 5409 1964-65 Hawker Siddeley Canada and converted by TTC
RT-70 Flat car 2005 by Arva Industries
RT-71[8] Tri-Mode Work Locomotive, self-propelled 2006 Arva Industries
LPC-5 Rail grinding train 3 car set 2000s LORAM Maintenance of Way, Inc.-owned L-series grinder on lease/contract

Retired[edit]

Rolling Stock Numbers Description Year acquired Year retired
Unnumbered (1st) and RT-11 (2nd) Duncan’s Dragon – test car for 75-foot subway cars (all subway cars since the M1) based on G-car specifications[9] Consists of three sections based on the profile of G-cars connected by long metal box and two bogies. 1964 built by TTC Duncan Shops Retired 1965? 1st car was built with wood, 2nd car used in 1977 along Spadina line has metallic frame and was located at Greenwood Yard c. 2007
RT-4 (1st) Garbage Car Unit – ex-Peter Witt 2528 1920s Canadian Car and Foundry and refurbished 1954 by TTC Retired 1970s
RT-4 (2nd) Track re-insulation car 1997 by Arva Industries Retired 2013
RT-9 Works Services Car, ex-H1 RTC-75 subway car 5350 1965–66 Hawker Siddeley Canada and converted by TTC Destroyed by fire on December 8, 2000
RT-10 - Tokyo Rose Garbage car unit 1968 by Nippon Sharyo Retired 2000 and replaced by current RT10; scrapped
RT-12 (1st) Electric locomotive 1968 by Nippon Sharyo Retired 2009
RT-34 grinding car ex-G2 5102 1954–55 Gloucester Railway Carriage and Wagon Company and converted 1988 by TTC 2003 damaged in accident and stored at Davisville Yard
RT-35 Grinding train, ex-G2 5103 1954–55 Gloucester Railway Carriage and Wagon Company and converted 1988 by TTC Retired and scrapped 2007
RT-14 and R-15 Rail grinder – former PCC A-7 4446 and 4410 MU cars 1949 Canadian Car and Foundry and converted 1970s by TTC Replaced 1991 by then RT-36 and RT-37 (next row below)
RT-30 Non motored grinding truck 1988 by Ecolaire Retired 2008
RT-31 Non motored grinding truck 1988 by Ecolaire Retired 2004
RT-32 Non motored grinding truck 1988 by Ecolaire Retired 2004
RT-33 Non motored grinding truck 1988 by Ecolaire Retired 2008
RT-36 Grinding train, ex-G1 5068 1953–54 Gloucester Railway Carriage and Wagon Company and converted 1991 by TTC Retired and scrapped 2007
RT-37 Grinding train, ex-G1 5069 1953–54 Gloucester Railway Carriage and Wagon Company and converted 1991 by TTC Retired and scrapped 2007
RT-38, ex-G2 5100 Garbage cars 1954–55 Gloucester Railway Carriage and Wagon Company and converted by TTC G-2 5100 and 5105 Retired and scrapped 1998
RT-39 (1st), ex-G2 5105 Garbage cars 1954–55 Gloucester Railway Carriage and Wagon Company and converted by TTC G-2 5100 and 5105 Retired and scrapped 1998
RT-39 (2nd) ex-Garbage car unit, ex-H1 RTC-75 subway car 5423 1965–66 Hawker Siddeley Canada and converted 1997 by TTC Retired 1997
RT-14 (ex RT-36) Tunnel washing cars 1954–55 Gloucester Railway Carriage and Wagon Company G-2 and converted 1988 by TTC Retired 1999
RT-15 (ex RT-37) Tunnel washing cars 1954–55 Gloucester Railway Carriage and Wagon Company G-2 and converted 1988 by TTC Retired 1999
RT-57 (1st) Works Service Car ex-H4 5634 1974–75 Hawker Siddeley Canada converted by TTC Retired and replaced by new RT-57
  • Note that RT35 and RT36 are mixed-matched (2004).

Track gauge[edit]

The TTC uses two different track gauges:

  • 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) – Line 3 Scarborough, which uses standard gauge
  • 4 ft 10 78 in (1,495 mm) – Subway

References[edit]

  1. ^ Long-running subway car takes final journey Toronto Star, published January 27, 2012.
  2. ^ Toronto Transit Commission (March 6, 2015). "TTC Service Summary - March 29,2015 to May 9, 2015" (PDF). Retrieved 2015-03-22. 
  3. ^ "Procurement Authorization Amendment to Purchase 10 Additional Toronto Rocket Train Sets - Purchase Order No. C31PD05761" (PDF). Toronto Transit Commission. 2015-03-26. Retrieved 2015-03-22. 
  4. ^ globeandmail.com: Technology
  5. ^ (as of December 2008) http://www3.ttc.ca/PDF/About_the_TTC/yonge_subway_extension_recommended_concept_project_issues_de.pdf
  6. ^ (media article on other topic suggests trains will not enter service until 2010, as of Dec. 18th there are no TR trains in TTC's possession) http://www.680news.com/news/local/article/9442--ttc-offers-free-rides-on-new-year-s-eve
  7. ^ So what happened to those TTC improvements? Toronto Star
  8. ^ http://www.arvaindustries.com/PDFs/RAIL.pdf
  9. ^ Coupler - March history - Remembering the fabled Duncan’s Dragon