Tourism in Nigeria

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The temple of Yoruba goddess Oshun at Osun-Osogbo, an attraction for pilgrims and tourists alike
African bush elephants in Yankari National Park, Bauchi State
Multidisciplinary technologist Ade Olufeko inside Sungbo's Eredo in 2017
Students of the African Church on an excursion to the Olumo Rock
Mini waterfall at the grotto in Becheve Nature Reserve

Tourism in Nigeria centers largely on events, due to the country's ample amount of ethnic groups, but also includes rain forests, savannah, waterfalls, and other natural attractions.[1] Tourists spent US$2.6 billion in Nigeria in 2015. This dropped to US$1.5 billion in 2017.[2]


Abuja is home to several parks and green areas with the largest one being Millennium Park. Millennium Park was designed by architect Manfredi Nicoletti and was officially opened by the United Kingdom's Elizabeth II in December 2003. Another open area park is located in Lifecamp Gwarimpa; near the residence of the Minister of the Federal Capital Territory. The park is located on a slightly raised hilltop which contains sport facilities like Basketball and Badminton courts another park is the city park, it is located in wuse 2 and is home to numerous outdoor and indoor attractions such as a 4D cinema, astro-turf, lawn tennis court, paintball arena and a variety of restaurants.

Lagos, subsequent to the re-modernization project achieved by the previous administration of Governor Raji Babatunde Fashola, is gradually becoming a major tourist destination, being one of the largest cities in Africa and in the world. Lagos is currently taking steps to become a global city. The 2009 Eyo carnival (a yearly festival originated from Iperu Remo, Ogun State), which took place on 25 April, was a step toward world city status. Currently, Lagos is primarily known as a business-oriented and a fast-paced community.[3]

Urban tourism[edit]

Lagos has become an important location for African and "black" cultural identity.[4] Many festivals are held in Lagos; festivals vary in offerings each year and may be held in different months. Some of the festivals are Festac Food Fair held in Festac Town Annually by Festaconline, Eyo Festival, Lagos Black Heritage Carnival, Lagos Carnival, Eko International Film Festival, Lagos Seafood Festac Festival, LAGOS PHOTO Festival and the Lagos Jazz Series, which is a unique franchise for high-quality live music in all genres with a focus on jazz. Established in 2010, the popular event takes place over a 3–5 day period at selected high quality outdoor venues. The music is as varied as the audience itself and features a diverse mix of musical genres from rhythm and blues to soul, Afrobeat, hip hop, bebop, and traditional jazz. The festivals provide entertainment of dance and song to add excitement to travelers during a stay in Lagos.

Lagos has a number of sandy beaches by the Atlantic Ocean, including Elegushi Beach and Alpha Beach. Lagos also has a number of private beach resorts including Inagbe Grand Beach Resort and several others in the outskirts.[5]

Lagos has a variety of hotels ranging from three star to five star hotels, with a mixture of local hotels such as Eko Hotels and Suites, Federal Palace Hotel and franchises of multinational chains such as Intercontinental Hotel, Sheraton and Four Points by Hilton. Other places of interest include the Tafawa Balewa Square, Festac town, The Nike Art Gallery, Freedom Park, Lagos and the Cathedral Church of Christ, Lagos.

Resorts and regional tourism[edit]

Obudu Mountain Resort is a ranch and resort on the Obudu Plateau in Cross River State. It was developed in 1951 by M. McCaughley, a Scot who first explored the mountain ranges in 1949. He camped on the mountaintop of the Oshie Ridge on the Sankwala Mountains for a month before returning with Mr. Hugh Jones a fellow rancher in 1951. Together with Dr Crawfeild, they developed the Obudu Cattle Ranch.[6] Although the ranch has been through troubles since, it has been rehabilitated to its former glory.

Since 2005, a cable car climbing 870 metres (2,850 ft) from the base to the top of the plateau gives visitors a scenic view while bypassing the extremely winding road to the top.[7] The resort is found on the Obudu Plateau, close to the Cameroon border in the northeastern part of Cross River State, approximately 110 kilometres (68 mi) east of the town of Ogoja and 65 kilometres (40 mi) from the town of Obudu in Obanliku Local Government Area of Cross River State.[8] It is about 30 minutes drive from Obudu town and is about a 332 kilometres (206 mi) drive from Calabar, the Cross River State capital.[9] Charter air service is available to the Bebi Airport which lies between the village of Obudu and the resort. The ranch has in recent times seen an influx of both Nigerian and international tourists because of the development of tourist facilities by Cross-River State Government, which has turned the ranch into a well known holiday and tourist resort center in Nigeria.[10]

Also, Ibeno Beach is one of the most beautiful beaches in the country and the longest coastline sand beach in Nigeria and West Africa.[11] It is situated in Jamestown in Akwa Ibom. The city is said to be named after the local government where it is located. According to historians, the beach is one of the oldest beaches in Nigeria.

The peak of Obudu Mountain
Kajuru Castle, Kaduna built in 1978. This breathtaking architectural master-piece is a tourist wonder of sorts.

Regulation, awareness and promotion[edit]

The tourism industry is regulated by the Federal Ministry of Information and National Orientation (Nigeria).[12] In an attempt to raise the profile of the country's tourism sector, a beauty pageant, the Miss Tourism Nigeria Pageant, was created in 2004.[13] The winners in 2004, 2005, and 2006 have been, respectively, Shirley Aghotse,[14] Abigail Longe,[13] and Gloria Zirigbe.[15]

A challenge to the tourism industry in Nigeria is the dearth of accurate data that are cardinal in government decision-making. The federal Office of Statistics (FOS) has not been able to collate travel data to develop and standardize travel research.[16]

In 2017, Olufeko's research in design and its intersections with anthropology, led to a journey inside Sungbo's Eredo, bringing the rampart's narrative back into social dialogue.[17]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Archibong, Maurice (18 March 2004). "Nigeria: Gold mine waiting to be tapped". The Sun Online. The Sun Publishing Ltd. Archived from the original on 26 April 2007. Retrieved 21 June 2007.
  2. ^ "Nigeria Tourism Statistics 1995-2022". Retrieved 31 January 2022.
  3. ^ "Managing Metropolitan Lagos" (PDF). R.Rasaki. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 May 2012. Retrieved 4 April 2012.
  4. ^ Anthony Appiah; Henry Louis Gates (2010). Encyclopedia of Africa, Volume 2. Oxford University Press. p. 53. ISBN 978-0-195-3377-09.
  5. ^ "Experience tourism in Nigeria". 22 September 2020. Retrieved 2 October 2020.
  6. ^ "Nigeria: Tracing the Origin of Obudu Mountain Resort". Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  7. ^ Building the Obudu Mountain cable car - YouTube
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 14 January 2011. Retrieved 16 September 2010.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ "Obudu Cattle Ranch .Info An independent review of the Obudu Cattle Ranch".
  10. ^ "Sights at Obudu".
  11. ^ "Ibeno Beach Tourist Center in Nigeria". 27 September 2020. Retrieved 2 October 2020.
  12. ^ "Honourable Minister of Culture, Tourism and National Orientation and promoted by the Nigerian Tourism Development Corporation". UNESCO. Retrieved 21 June 2007.
  13. ^ a b Ekunkunbor, Jemi (22 October 2006). "Beauty queens have duties to perform- Barrister Nike Agunbiade". Vanguard online. Vanguard Media Limited. Retrieved 21 June 2007.[dead link]
  14. ^ "Abuja beckons new Miss Tourism Nigeria". The Sun Online. The Sun Publishing Ltd. 5 October 2001. Archived from the original on 26 September 2007. Retrieved 21 June 2007.
  15. ^ Ekunkunbor, Jemi (24 December 2006). "Winning Miss Tourism is more than an Xmas gift — Gloria Zirigbe". Vanguard online. Vanguard Media Limited. Archived from the original on 15 January 2007. Retrieved 21 June 2007.
  16. ^ Ovat, O. O. (2003). "Tourism and economic development in Nigeria: an empirical investigation". Global Journal of Social Sciences. 2 (1): 33–44. doi:10.4314/gjss.v2i1.22765. ISSN 2992-4472.  This article incorporates text from this source, which is available under the CC BY 4.0 license.
  17. ^ "Sungbo Eredo Back Into Awareness And A Path Forward With This Xennial". 19 June 2019. Archived from the original on 19 June 2019. Retrieved 16 July 2019.

External links[edit]