United States Naval Ship
United States Naval Ships are usually auxiliary support vessels owned by the U.S. Navy and operated by Military Sealift Command. They are crewed by civilian mariners rather than U.S. Navy personnel, although some ships include a small military complement to carry out communication and special mission functions, or for force protection. In comparison, U.S. Navy ships commissioned into service have the designation USS and are crewed by U.S. Navy personnel; commissioned and held in property by the United States Government. A few Navy ships have hybrid crews of both uniformed Navy personnel and Civil Service Mariners; these ships are usually designated USNS, but can also be designated USS as in the case with Submarine Tenders and Command Ships.
- "Joint Publication 1-02 Department of Defense Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms". Defense Technical Information Center. 8 November 2010. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
- "DOD Dictionary : United States Naval Ship". Defense Technical Information Center. 2012. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
- "Military Sealift Command: People". Military Sealift Command. 2014. Retrieved 6 November 2014.
- "USN Ship Naming". Naval History & Heritage Command. 29 September 1997. Retrieved 12 March 2009.
-  "USS Frank Cable: A Navy team effort for U.S. 7th Fleet"
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