Vanderbilt family

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This article is about the family of Cornelius Vanderbilt. For other uses, see Vanderbilt (disambiguation).
Vanderbilt family
Vanderbilt Mausoleum (edit).jpg
Ethnicity Dutch American
Current region United States East Coast
Earlier spellings Van der Bilt, van Derbilt
Place of origin De Bilt, Netherlands
Members Cornelius Vanderbilt
William Henry Vanderbilt
Anderson Cooper
John Hammond
Traditions Moravian Church, Episcopalians
Estate Vanderbilt houses
Name origin and meaning Van der Bilt ("from de Bilt")

The Vanderbilt family is an American family of Dutch origin that was prominent during the Gilded Age. Their success began with the shipping and railroad empires of Cornelius Vanderbilt, and the family expanded into various other areas of industry and philanthropy. Cornelius Vanderbilt's descendants went on to build grand mansions on Fifth Avenue in New York City, luxurious "summer cottages" in Newport, Rhode Island, the palatial Biltmore House in Asheville, North Carolina, and various other opulent homes.

The Vanderbilts were once the wealthiest family in America. Cornelius Vanderbilt was the richest American in history until his death in 1877. After that, his son William aquired his father's fortune, and was the richest American until his death in 1885. The Vanderbilts' prominence lasted until the mid-20th century, when the family's 10 great Fifth Avenue mansions were torn down, and most other Vanderbilt houses were sold or turned into museums in what has been referred to as the "Fall of the House of Vanderbilt".[1][2]

Branches of the family are found on the United States East Coast. Contemporary descendants include fashion designer Gloria Vanderbilt, her youngest son, journalist Anderson Cooper, musician John P. Hammond, screenwriter James Vanderbilt and actor Timothy Olyphant.[3]

History[edit]

The Breakers, built in 1892–1895 for Cornelius Vanderbilt II.

Jan Janszoon and his son Anthony Janszoon van Salee were among the ancestors of the Vanderbilts. They were among the earliest arrivals to 17th century New Amsterdam. In a number of documents dating back to this period, Jan's son is described as "mulatto", as his mother was a Moorish woman from Cartagena, Spain.[4]

The prominence of the Vanderbilt family began with Cornelius Vanderbilt (1794–1877), the fourth of nine children born to a Staten Island family of modest means. His great-great-great-grandfather, Jan Aertszoon or Aertson (1620–1705), was a Dutch farmer from the village of De Bilt in Utrecht, Netherlands, who emigrated to the Dutch colony of New Netherland as an indentured servant in 1650. Jan's village name was added to the Dutch "Van" (from) to create "Van der Bilt", which evolved into Vanderbilt when the English took control of New Amsterdam (now Manhattan). The family is associated with the Dutch patrician Van der Bilt. Van Der Bilt means in Dutch "from the low hill"[5]

Cornelius Vanderbilt left school at age 11 and went on to build a shipping and railroad empire that, during the 19th century, would make him one of the wealthiest men in the world. Starting with a single boat, he grew his fleet until he was competing with Robert Fulton for dominance of the New York waterways, his energy and eagerness earning him the nickname "Commodore", then the highest rank in the United States Navy. Fulton's company had established a monopoly on trade in and out of New York Harbor. Vanderbilt, based in New Jersey at the time, flouted the law, steaming in and out of the harbor under a flag that read, "New Jersey Must Be Free!" He also hired the attorney Daniel Webster to argue his case before the United States Supreme Court; Vanderbilt won, thereby establishing an early precedent for America's first laws of interstate commerce.

The Vanderbilt family lived on Staten Island until the mid 1800s, when the Commodore built a house on Washington Place (in what is now Greenwich Village). Although he always occupied a relatively modest home, members of his family would use their wealth to build magnificent mansions. Shortly before his death in 1877, Vanderbilt donated US$1 million for the establishment of Vanderbilt University in Nashville.

The Commodore left the majority of his enormous fortune to his eldest son, William Henry Vanderbilt. William Henry, who outlived his father by just eight years, increased the profitability of his father's holdings, increased the reach of the New York Central Railroad, and doubled the Vanderbilt wealth. He built the first of what would become many grand Vanderbilt mansions on Fifth Avenue, at 640 Fifth Avenue. William Henry appointed his first son, Cornelius Vanderbilt II, as the next "Head of House".

Cornelius II built the largest private home in New York, at 1 West 58th Street, containing approximately 154 rooms, designed by George B. Post. He also built The Breakers in Newport, Rhode Island.

Cornelius II's brother, William Kissam Vanderbilt, also featured prominently in the family's affairs. He also built a magnificent home on Fifth Avenue and would become one of the great architectural patrons of the Gilded Age, hiring the architects for (the third, and surviving) Grand Central Terminal. He also built Marble House at 596 Bellevue Avenue in Newport, Rhode Island.

George Washington Vanderbilt, William Henry Vanderbilt's youngest son, built Biltmore, in Asheville, North Carolina.

While some of Cornelius Vanderbilt's descendants gained fame in business, others achieved prominence in other ways, e.g.:

In 1855, Commodore Cornelius Vanderbilt donated 45 acres (34,000 m²) of property to the Moravian Church and cemetery at New Dorp on Staten Island, New York. Later, his son William Henry Vanderbilt donated a further four acres (16,000 m²). The Vanderbilt Mausoleum was designed in 1885 by architect Richard Morris Hunt and landscaped by Frederick Law Olmsted.

Family connection (listed by ancestry/generation)[edit]

  • Cornelius Vanderbilt (1794–1877), ∞ 1813 : Sophia Johnson (1795-1868) and they had a total of 13 children together; ∞ 1869 : Frank Armstrong Crawford (1839-1885) who survived him in death.
    • Phebe Jane Vanderbilt (1814–1878), ∞ 1841 : James Madison Cross (1809–1889)
      • Cornelius Vanderbilt Cross (1834–1902), ∞ 1868 : Emma Mathilda Elderd (1844-1930). No children born of this marriage.
      • William Harrison Cross (1836–1843)
      • Edward Babcock Cross (1838-1839)
      • Sophia Vanderbilt Cross (1839–1903), ∞ 1864 : Jerome Bonaparte Morse (1830-1886)
      • Norman Franklin Cross (1842–1907)
      • James Madison Cross (1845–1845)
      • Ethelinda Cross (1847–1924), ∞ 1872 : Burton Wilson Horton (1824-1908)
    • Ethelinda Vanderbilt (1817–1889), ∞ 1834 : Daniel Bicknell Allen (1815–1902)
      • William Barton Allen (1835–1910), ∞ 1859 : Mary Sutton ( -1890)
      • Jacob Hand Allen (1836–1838)
      • Franklin Allen (1838–1909)
      • Vanderbilt Allen (1840-1898)
      • Harry Allen (1842–1899), ∞ (div 1894) : Annie O'Dell
      • Ethelinda Allen (b 1848)
      • Daniel Dexter Allen (b 1850)
      • Annie Allen (1853-1890), ∞ 1888 : John Wallace ( -1896)
    • Eliza Vanderbilt (1819–1890), ∞ 1846 : George Archer Osgood (1820–1882). No children born of this marriage.
    • William Henry Vanderbilt (1821–1885), ∞ 1841 : Maria Louisa Kissam (1821–1896)
      • Cornelius Vanderbilt II (1843–1899), ∞ 1867 : Alice Claypoole Gwynne (1845–1934)
        • Alice Gwynne Vanderbilt (1869–1874)
        • William Henry Vanderbilt II (1870–1892)
        • Cornelius Vanderbilt III (1873–1942), ∞ 1896 : Grace Graham Wilson (1870–1953)
          • Cornelius Vanderbilt IV (1898–1974), ∞ 1920 (div 1927) : Rachel Littleton (b 1901); ∞ 1928 (div 1931) : Mary Weir ( -1984); ∞ 1935 (div 1940) : Helen Virginia Varner (1908-1979); ∞ 1946 (div 1948) : Maria Feliza Loraine Pablos (b 1912); ∞ 1948 (div 1953) : Patricia Murphy (b 1920); ∞ 1957 (div 1960) : Ann Bernadette Needham (b 1933); ∞ 1967 : Mary Lou Bristol who survived him.
          • Grace Vanderbilt (1899–1964), ∞ 1927 (div 1936) : Henry Gassaway Davis III (1902–1984); ∞ 1938 : Robert Livingston Stevens (1907–1972)
            • Cornelia Vanderbilt Davis (1929–2003), ∞ 1949 (div 1965) : Charles S. McCain, Jr.; ∞ 1965 (div 1976) : Kimber J. Heddens
            • Grace Bayard Stevens (b 1939), ∞ 1968 : Edmund H. Sutton
        • Gertrude Vanderbilt (1875–1942), ∞ 1896 : Harry Payne Whitney (1872–1930)
          • Flora Payne Whitney (1897–1986), ∞ 1920 (div 1925) : Roderick Tower (1892–1961); ∞ 1927 George Macculloch Miller III
            • Pamela Tower (1921–2013), ∞ 1941 (div 1950) : Jay Ketchum Secor (1912–1960); ∞ : Thomas LeBoutillier (1913–1979)
              • Timothy Jay Secor (b 1942)
              • Mimi Secor (b 1944)
              • Nicholas Tower Secor (b 1948)
              • Susan Secor (b 1950)
              • John LeBoutillier (b 1953)
              • Pamela LeBoutillier (1958–2014), ∞ Richard Miles
            • Whitney Tower (1923–1999), ∞ 1947 (div) : Frances Cheston (b 1927); ∞ 1968 (div) : Joan Baker Spear (1927-2000); ∞ 1981 : Lucy Niblack Lyle
            • Flora Miller (b 1928), ∞ 1947 : Michael Henry Irving (1924–2003); ∞ 1981 : Sydney Francis Biddle (1918–2004)
            • Leverett Saltonstall Miller (b 1931), ∞ 1954 (div) : Ava Norring (b 1929); ∞ 1969 (div 1971) : Virginia Gennett (b 1940); ∞ : Linda Pulitzer Bartlett (b 1950)
          • Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney (1899–1992), ∞ 1923 (div 1929) : Marie Norton (1903–1970); ∞ 1931 (div 1941) : Gladys Crosby "Gee" Hopkins (1905–1997); ∞ 1941 (div 1958) : Eleanor Searle (1908–2002); ∞ 1958 : Marie Louise "Marylou" Schroeder (b 1925) who survived him.
            • Harry Payne Whitney II (1924–1985), ∞ (div 1966) : Alexandra Ewing; ∞ : Andrea R. Whitney
            • Nancy Marie Whitney (1926–2006), ∞ 1949 (div) : Edwin Denison Morgan, Jr (1921-2001); ∞ 1958 (div 1959) : Edward Augustus Hurd, Jr. (1918-2001); ∞ 1959 : Pierre Lutz (1923-1991)
            • Gail Vanderbilt Whitney (1939–1963), ∞ 1958 (div 1959) : Richard Cox Cowell (b 1927); ∞ 1961 : Louis S. Stur (1924-1989) No children born of either marriage.
            • Cornelius Searle Whitney (1944–2015), ∞ (div) : Sarah Cross
            • Cornelia Vanderbilt Whitney (b 1959)
          • Barbara Vanderbilt Whitney (1903–1982), ∞ 1924 (div) : Barklie McKee Henry (1902–1966); ∞ 1947 : Samuel Anderson Peck (1904–1960); ∞ 1960 (div 1982) : George W. Headley (1908-1985)
        • Alfred Gwynne Vanderbilt (1877–1915), ∞ 1901 (div 1908) : Ellen French (1879-1948); ∞ 1911 : Margaret Emerson (1884–1960)
          • William Henry Vanderbilt III, 59th Governor of Rhode Island (1901–1981), ∞ 1923 (div 1928) : Emily O'Neill Davies (1903-1935); ∞ 1929 (div 1969) : Anne Gordon Colby (1909-1974); ∞ 1970 : Helen Cummings Cooke (1918-1997)
            • Emily Vanderbilt (b 1925), ∞ 1945 : Jeptha Homer Wade III (1924–2008)
              • William Garretson Wade (b 1952), ∞ 1976 : Alison Mary Blizard
              • Emily Love Wade (b 1954)
              • Randall Hand Wade (b 1958), ∞ 1985 : Susan Marie Wiedenhoeft
              • Rebecca French Wade (b 1964), ∞ 1990 (div) : Nyr Indictor
            • Anne Colby Vanderbilt (1931–2014), ∞ 1955 : Samuel Adams Hartwell, Jr (b 1930)[6]
              • Ellen French Hartwell (b 1956), ∞ 1983 : William Lee Blais
              • Charlotte Meldrum Hartwell (b 1959), ∞ 1991 : Samuel Jerrold Gesten (b 1962)
              • Anne Colby Hartwell (b 1962), ∞ 1984 : A. Robert Hirschfeld; ∞ : John Alan MacNair
              • Samuel Adams Hartwell III (b 1964)
            • Ellen French Vanderbilt (b 1931), ∞ 1953 : Andre Newburg
              • Michael William Newburg (b 1955)
              • Anne Colby Newburg (b 1957)
              • Daniel French Newburg (b 1959)
              • Thomas Henry Newburg (b 1968)
            • William Henry Vanderbilt IV (b 1945), ∞ 1967 : Ann Elizabeth Swanson
          • Alfred Gwynne Vanderbilt II (1912–1999), ∞ 1938 (div 1944) : Manuela Hudson (1920-1978); ∞ 1945 (div 1956) : Jeanne Murray (1919-2013); ∞ 1957 (div 1975) : Jean Harvey (b 1937)
            • Wendy Vanderbilt (b 1944-2016), ∞ 1970 (div 1995) : Orin Lehman (1920–2008)[7]
              • Brooke Lehman (b 1972)
              • Sage Lehman (b 1975), ∞ 2009 : Christopher Jack Ronis (b 1974)[8]
            • Heidi Murray Vanderbilt (b 1948), ∞ 1972 (div) : Jones Harris (b 1929); ∞ : Bernard Fierro (b 1938)
              • Jack Gwynne Emmett Harris (b 1972), ∞ 1999 : Rebekah Hale Sturges (b 1973)
            • Alfred Gwynne Vanderbilt III (b 1943), ∞ 1971 : Alison Campbell Platten
              • James Platten Vanderbilt (b 1975), ∞ 2005 : Amber Freeman (b 1978)
              • Travis Murray Vanderbilt (b 1980), ∞ 2014 : Meghan Knutson (b 1984)
            • Nicholas Harvey Vanderbilt (1958–1984)
            • Victoria Emerson Vanderbilt (b 1959), ∞ : James Weiss
              • Caitlin Ginn Weiss (b 1983)
              • Sasha Virginia Weiss (b 1985)
            • Michael Daggett Vanderbilt (b 1967)
          • George Washington Vanderbilt III (1914–1961), ∞ 1935 (div 1950) : Lucille Merriam Parsons (1912-2013); ∞ 1950 (div 1958) : Anita Consuelo Zabala (1904-1973); ∞ 1958 (div 1961) : Joyce Branning (b 1916); ∞ 1961 : Louise Mitchell (1912-1995)
            • Lucille Margaret Vanderbilt (b 1938), ∞ 1958 (div 1962) : Philip Brady, Jr; ∞ 1962 (div) : Robert Mathews Balding; ∞ 1970 : Wallace Fennel Pate (1933-1993)
              • Philip Vanderbilt Brady (b 1958)
              • Kenneth Parsons Brady (1961–1978)
              • Dawn Balcom Balding (b 1964), ∞ 1984 : Wallace Fennel Pate II (b 1956)
              • Robert Mathews Balding, Jr. (b 1968)
        • Reginald Claypoole Vanderbilt (1880–1925), ∞ 1903 (div 1920) : Cathleen Gebhard Neilson (1885-1927); ∞ 1923 : Maria Mercedes "Gloria" Morgan (1904–1965)
          • Mary Cathleen Vanderbilt (1904–1944), ∞ 1923 (div 1932) : Henry Cooke Cushing III (1895-1960); ∞ 1932 (div 1932) : Lawrence Wise Lowman (1900-1980); ∞ 1940 : Martin Arostegui
            • Henry Cooke Cushing IV (1923–2000), ∞ 1947 (div 1949) : Georgia Walters "Georgette Windsor" (b 1924); ∞ 1961 (div) : Ruth Swift Dunbar (1932-2010); ∞ 1972 (div 1972) : Rosalba Neri (b 1939); ∞ 1976 (div) : Laura Alvarez
          • Gloria Laura Vanderbilt (b 1924), ∞ 1941 (div 1945) : Pasquale DiCicco (1909–1978) in 1941; ∞ 1945 (div 1955) : Leopold Anthony Stokowski (1882–1977); ∞ 1956 (div 1963) : Sidney Arthur Lumet (1924–2011); ∞ 1963 : Wyatt Emory Cooper (1927–1978)
            • Leopold Stanislaus Stokowski (b 1950), ∞ 1981 (div) : Ivy Strick; ∞ 1996 : Emily Goldstein (b 1964)
            • Christopher Stokowski (b 1952)
            • Carter Vanderbilt Cooper (1965–1988)
            • Anderson Hays Cooper (b 1967)
        • Gladys Moore Vanderbilt (1886–1965), ∞ 1908 : Count László Jenő Mária Henrik Simon Széchenyi (1879-1938)
          • Countess Cornelia Széchényi (1908–1958), ∞ 1933 : Eugene Bowie Roberts (1898–1983)
          • Countess Alice Széchényi (1911–1974), ∞ 1931 : Count Béla Hadik de Futak (1905–1971)
            • Count László Géza Kornel Maria Hadik de Futak (1932-1973), ∞ 1956 : Countess Vita Johanna Friederike Annemarie Irmgard Edith Strachwitz von Gross-Zauche und Camminetz (b 1931)
            • Count János Béla Hadik de Futak (b 1933), ∞ 1962 : Edith Gaillet (b 1938)
          • Countess Gladys Széchényi (1913–1978), ∞ 1935 (div 1946) : Christopher Finch-Hatton, 15th Earl of Winchilsea (1911–1950); ∞ 1954 : Arthur Talbot Peterson (1905–1962)
          • Countess Sylvia Széchényi (1918–1998), ∞ 1949 : Count Antal Szapáry (1905–1972)
            • Count Pál László Szapáry (b 1950)
            • Countess Gladys Vanderbilt Szapáry (b 1952)
          • Ferdinandine Széchényi (b 1923), ∞ 1946 : Count Alexander von und zu Eltz (1911–1977)
      • Margaret Louisa Vanderbilt (1845–1924), ∞ 1868 : Elliott Fitch Shepard (1833–1893)
        • Florence Vanderbilt Shepard (1869–1869)
        • Maria Louisa Shepard (1870–1948), ∞ 1891 : William Jay Schieffelin (1866–1955)
          • William Jay Schieffelin, Jr. (1891–1985), ∞ 1918 : Annette Markoe (1897–1997)
          • Margaret Louisa Schieffelin (1894–1982), ∞ 1914 : Frederick Henry Osborn (1889–1981)
          • Mary Jay Schieffelin (1896–1975), ∞ 1924 : Charles Stelle Brown Jr. (1885–1977)
          • John Jay Schieffelin (1897–1987), ∞ 1923 (div 1930) : Eleanor Curtiss Beggs (b 1899); ∞ 1932 : Lois Smith Lindon (1911-2007)
          • Louise Vanderbilt Schieffelin (1901–1926), ∞ 1924 : Abram Stevens Hewitt (1902–1987)
          • Bayard Schieffelin (1903–1989), ∞ 1934 : Virginia Langdon Loomis (1908–1994)
          • Elliott Fitch Schieffelin (1905–1988), ∞ 1931 (div 1940) : Anne Elizabeth Wellborn (1905-2011); ∞ : Ellen Dorsett (1898–1987)
          • Barbara Schieffelin (1906–1987), ∞ 1931 : Charles Ion Carr Bosanquet (1903–1986)
          • Henry Schieffelin (1909–1984)
        • Edith Shepard (1872–1954), ∞ 1896 (div 1923) : Ernesto Giuseppe Fabbri, Jr. (1874–1943)
        • Margaret Shepard (1873–1895)
        • Alice Louise Vanderbilt Shepard (1874–1950), ∞ 1895 : Dave Hennen Morris (1872–1944)
        • Elliott Fitch Shepard, Jr. (1876–1927), ∞ 1897 (div 1905) : Esther Potter; ∞ 1912 : Eleanor Terradell
      • William Kissam Vanderbilt (1849–1920), ∞ 1875 (div 1895) : Alva Erskine Smith (1853–1933); ∞ 1903 : Anne Harriman (1861-1940)
        • Consuelo Vanderbilt (1877–1964), ∞ 1895 (div 1921) : Charles Richard John Spencer-Churchill, 9th Duke of Marlborough (1871–1934); ∞ 1921 : Louis Jacques Balsan (1868–1956)
          • John Spencer-Churchill, 10th Duke of Marlborough (1897–1972), ∞ 1920 : Hon. Alexandra Mary Cadogan (1900-1961); ∞ 1972 : Frances Laura Charteris (1915-1990)
            • Lady Sarah Consuelo Spencer-Churchill (1921–2000), ∞ 1943 (div 1966) : Edwin Fariman Russell (1914–2001); ∞ 1966 (div 1967) : Guy Burgos (b 1938); ∞ 1967 (div 1981) : Theodorous Roubanis (b 1940)
              • Serena Mary Churchill Russell (b 1944), ∞ 1966 (div 1967) : Robert Stephen Salant Jr. (b 1941); ∞ 1968 (div) : Neil Anderson McConnell (1929-1994); ∞ 1978 : Neil Roxburgh Balfour (b 1944)
              • Consuelo Sarah Churchill Vanderbilt Russell (b 1946), ∞ 1968 (div 1969) : James Lee Toback (b 1944); ∞ 1970 (div) : Mark Schulman; ∞ (div) : E. William Judson
              • Alexandra Brenda Russell (b 1949), ∞ 1970 : Timothy Birch
              • Jacqueline Dorothy Russell (b 1958), ∞ 1981 : Eugene Flewellyn Williams III
            • Lady Caroline Spencer-Churchill (1923–1992), ∞ 1946 : Charles Huguenot Waterhouse (1918–2007)
              • Michael Thomas Waterhouse (b 1949), ∞ 1983 : Lucinda Ileene Hastings (b 1955)
              • Elizabeth Ann Waterhouse (b 1951)
              • David Charles Waterhouse (b 1956)
            • John George Vanderbilt Henry Spencer-Churchill, 11th Duke of Marlborough (1926–2014), ∞ 1951 (div 1961) : Susan Mary Hornby (1929-2005); ∞ 1961 (div 1971) : Athina Mary "Tina" Livanos (1929-1974); ∞ 1972 (div 2008) : Countess Dagmar "Rosita" Astrid Libertas Douglas (b 1943); ∞ 2008 : Lily Sahni (b 1957)
            • Lady Rosemary Mildred Spencer-Churchill (b 1929), ∞ 1953 : Charles Robert Muir (1922-1972)
              • Alexander Pepys Muir (b 1954), ∞ 1999 : Ann Griffith
              • Simon Huntly Muir (b 1959), ∞ 1990 : Sarah-Jane Jenkinson
              • Mary Arabella Muir (b 1962), ∞ 1991 : J. Timothy Haynes
            • Lord Charles George William Colin Spencer-Churchill (b 1940), ∞ 1965 (div 1968) : Gillian Spreckles Fuller; ∞ 1970 (div) : Elizabeth Jane Wyndham (b 1948); ∞ 2014 : Sarah Goodbody
              • Rupert John Harold Mark Spencer-Churchill (b 1971)
              • Dominic Albert Charles Spencer-Churchill (b 1979), ∞ 2011 : Claire Gillian Troughton (b 1980)
              • Alexander David Spencer-Churchill (b 1983)
          • Lord Ivor Spencer-Churchill (1898–1956), ∞ 1947 : Elizabeth "Betty" Cunningham (1914-2010)
            • Robert William Charles Spencer-Churchill (b 1954), ∞ 1979 : Jeanne Maze
              • John Robert I. Spencer-Churchill (b 1984)
              • Ivor Charles E. Spencer-Churchill (b 1986)
        • William Kissam Vanderbilt II (1878–1944), ∞ 1899 (div 1927) : Virginia Graham Fair (1875–1935); ∞ 1927 : Rosamund Lancaster (1897–1947)
          • Muriel Vanderbilt (1900–1972), ∞ 1925 (div 1929) : Frederic Cameron Church, Jr.; ∞ 1931 (div 1936) : Henry Delafield Phelps (1902-1976); ∞ 1944 (div 1961) : John Payson Adams (1906-1985)
          • Consuelo Vanderbilt (1903–2011), ∞ 1926 (div 1935) : Earl Edward Tailer Smith (1903–1991); ∞ 1936 (div 1940) : Henry Gassaway Davis III (1902–1984); ∞ 1941 (div 1946) : William John Warburton; ∞ 1951 : Noble Clarkson Earl, Jr. (1900–1969)
            • Iris Vanderbilt Smith (1927–2006), ∞ 1949 (div 1964) : Herbert Pratt Van Ingen (1926-1993); ∞ 1954 (div) : Augustus Gibson Paine II (1919–1993); ∞ 1966 (div) : Edwin Fariman Russell (1914–2001); ∞ 1977 : Donald Christ
              • Herbert Pratt Van Ingen Jr. (b 1950), ∞ 1973 (div) : Janet Ainsworth Simmons; ∞ : Julie Gordon
              • Serena Vanderbilt Van Ingen (1952–2008), ∞ 1972 (div) : Brackenridge Costin; ∞ : Richard McCallum
                • Consuelo Gilmore Costin (b 1980), ∞ 2007 : Rafael Feldman (b 1978)
                • Serena Alexandra McCallum (b 1986)
                • Olivia Morgan McCallum (b 1987)
              • Helen Ellis Paine (b 1955), ∞ 1976 (div) : Jonathan Chilton Keith; ∞ : Philip Engelhardt
            • Virginia Consuelo Smith (b 1930), ∞ 1949 (div) : William Langdon Hutton; ∞ : Edwin Marston Burke (1917–2007)
          • William Kissam Vanderbilt III (1907–1933). Unmarried with no children at time of death.
        • Harold Stirling Vanderbilt (1884–1970), ∞ 1933 : Gertrude Lewis Conaway (1901–1978) No children born of this union.
      • Emily Thorn Vanderbilt (1850–1946), ∞ 1872 : William Douglas Sloane (1844–1915); ∞ 1920 : Henry White (1850–1927)
        • Florence Adele Sloane (1873–1960), ∞ 1895 : James Abercrombie Burden, Jr. (1871–1932); ∞ 1936 : Richard Montgomery Tobin
          • James Abercrombie Burden III (1897–1979), ∞ 1951 : Elizabeth Leake Walker (1914-2007)
          • William Douglas Burden (1899–1978), ∞ 1924 (div 1939) : Katharine Curtin White (1903–1976); ∞ 1940 (div 1971) : Elizabeth Chace (b 1911); ∞ 1971 : Jeanne Wright Booth
            • Katharine Sage Burden (b 1927), ∞ 1949 (div 1960) : Walter Denegre Soheir (1924–2008); ∞ 1960 (div) : Edward Paddock Morgan (1910–1993)
            • William Douglas Burden Jr. (1931–2008)
            • Andrew White Burden (b 1935), ∞ : Meta Craig Paumgarten (1940–1972)
            • Christopher Burden (b 1940)
          • Florence Irvin Burden (1902–1990), ∞ : Blake Leigh Lawrence (1898–1986)
            • Adele Burden Lawrence (1931–1991), ∞ 1957 : Louis Stanton Auchincloss (1917–2010)
            • Susan Leay Lawrence (b 1935), ∞ 1959 : John Fisk Winchester
        • Emily Vanderbilt Sloane (1874–1970), ∞ 1899 : John Henry Hammond (1871–1949)
          • Emily Sloane Hammond (1901–1983), ∞ 1922 : John Merryman Franklin (1895–1975)
          • Adele Sloane Hammond (1902–1998), ∞ 1927 : John Kensett Olyphant, Jr. (1895–1973); ∞ 1975 : John Emery
            • Adele Olyphant (b 1930), ∞ 1950 : Paul Lukens Miller (1919–1997)
            • David Olyphant (b 1938), ∞ 1962 (div) : Pamela Moore (1938-2015)
            • John Vernon Bevan Olyphant (b 1941), ∞ 1964 (div 1983) : Katherine Gideon (b 1940)
              • Andrew Olyphant (b 1966)
              • Timothy David Olyphant (b 1968), ∞ 1991 : Alexis Knief
              • Matthew Olyphant (b 1972)
          • Alice Frances Hammond (1905–1978), ∞ 1927 (div 1941) : George Arthur Victor Duckworth (1901–1986); ∞ 1941 : Benjamin David Goodman (1909–1986)
            • Peter Duckworth (1928–1931)
            • Gillian Alison Duckworth (b 1929), ∞ 1950 : Duncan George Hunt
            • Shirley Serena Duckworth (b 1933), ∞ 1955 : Jack Norton Deeter
            • Sophia Duckworth (b 1936), ∞ 1967 : Stanley Schachter (1922–1997)
            • Rachel Goodman (b 1943), ∞ 1970 : Robert Weisman; ∞ : Allan Edelson
            • Benjie Alice Goodman (b 1946)
          • Rachel Hammond (1908–2007), ∞ 1929 (div) : Richard Lee McClenahan (1903–1986); ∞ (div) : John Speiden (1900–1970); ∞ : Manley du Pont Breck (1906–1972)
          • John Henry Hammond Jr. (1910–1987), ∞ 1941 (div 1948) : Jemison McBride; ∞ 1949 : Esme O'Brien (1920-1986)
            • John Paul Hammond (b 1942),[9] ∞ 1967 (div) : Dana McDevitt
            • Douglas Hammond (1944–1944)
            • Jason Hammond (b 1946)
        • Lila Vanderbilt Sloane (1878–1934), ∞ 1902 : William Bradhurst Osgood Field (1870–1949)[10]
          • William Bradhurst Osgood Field Jr. (1904–1994), ∞ 1929 : Alice Withrow (1910–1960); ∞ 1963 : Mary Losey (1911–1995)
          • Frederick Vanderbilt Field (1905–2000), ∞ : Nieves Orozco
          • Marjorie Lila Field (1910–1997), ∞ 1932 : Helm George Wilde (1907-1998)
          • Mary Augusta Field (1911–2000), ∞ 1931 : Henry Bigelow Jackson
        • William Douglas Sloane III (1884–1886)
        • Malcolm Douglas Vanderbilt Sloane (1885–1924), ∞ 1915 : Elinor Lee (1890–1964)
      • Florence Adele Vanderbilt (1854–1952), ∞ 1877 : Hamilton McKown Twombly (1849–1910)
        • Alice Twombly (1879–1896) Died young and unmarried with no children
        • Florence Adele Twombly (1881–1969), ∞ 1904 : William Armistead Moale Burden (1877–1909)
          • William Armistead Moale Burden Jr. (1906–1984), ∞ 1931 : Margaret Livingston Partridge (1909–1996)[11]
            • William Armistead Moale Burden III (1931–1962), ∞ 1951 : Leslie Lepington Hamilton (1932-1998)
              • William Armistead Moale Burden IV (b 1954)
              • Wendy Lee Burden (b 1955),[11] ∞ : William "Tiger" Warren (1951-2012)
              • Edward Pierce Hamilton Burden (b 1962), ∞ 1990 : Norah Penfold Martin
            • Robert Livingston Burden (1934–1974) Unmarried with no children at time of death.
            • Hamilton Twombly Burden (1937-2015)
            • Ordway Partridge Burden (b 1944), ∞ 1991 : Jean Elizabeth Poor
          • Shirley Carter Burden (1908–1989),[12] ∞ 1934 : Flobelle Fairbanks (1908–1969); ∞ 1971 : Julietta ValVerda
            • Margaret Florence Burden (b 1936), ∞ 1955 : Daniel Robbins Childs (1935–2007)
              • Frederick Carter Childs (b 1956), ∞ 1987 : Beatrice Mary Ives
              • Nicholas Fairbanks Childs (b 1957)
              • Florence Twombly Childs (b 1958), ∞ : Donald A. Macdonald
              • Constance Crimmins Childs (b 1959), ∞ 1983 : David Rosengarten (b 1950)
              • Shirley Burden Childs (b 1962), ∞ 1984 : Christopher Joseph Kelly
              • Hilary Thomas Childs (b 1968), ∞ 1993 : Katherine Lesley Jones Beyer
              • Alexandra McKenzie Childs (b 1970), ∞ 2000 : Malachy McKee
            • Shirley Carter Burden Jr. (1941–1996), ∞ 1964 (div 1972) : Amanda Jay Mortimer (b 1944); ∞ 1977 : Susan Lombaer
              • Shirley Carter Burden III (b 1967)
              • Flobelle Fairbanks Burden (b 1969), ∞ 1999 : Henry Patterson Davis
        • Ruth Vanderbilt Twombly (1885–1954) Never married or had children
        • Hamilton McKown Twombly, Jr. (1887–1906) Never married or had children
      • Frederick William Vanderbilt (1856–1938), ∞ 1878 : Louise Holmes Anthony Torrance (1844–1926) No children born of this union
      • Eliza "Lila" Osgood Vanderbilt (1860–1936), ∞ 1883 : William Seward Webb (1851–1926)
        • Frederica Vanderbilt Webb (1882–1949), ∞ 1905 (div 1924) : Ralph Pulitzer (1879–1939); ∞ 1924 : Cyril Hamlen Jones (1893–1972)
        • James Watson Webb II (1884–1960), ∞ 1910 : Electra Havemeyer (1888–1960)[13]
          • Electra Webb (1910–1981), ∞ 1932 : Dunbar Wright Bostwick (1908–2006)[14]
          • Samuel Blatchley Webb (1912–1988), ∞ 1935 (div 1960) : Elizabeth Johnson; ∞ 1961 : Martha Trinkle
          • Lila Vanderbilt Webb (1913–1961), ∞ 1935 : John Currie Wilmerding (1911–1965)[15]
            • John Currie Wilmerding (b 1938)[15]
            • Lila Wilmerding (b 1940), ∞ 1960 : David Stoddard Kirkland (b 1939)
            • James Watson Webb Wilmerding, ∞ 1968 : Marsha Ann Mullikin
          • James Watson Webb III (1916–2000)
          • Harry Havemeyer Webb (1922–1975), ∞ 1947 : Kate deForest Jennings (b 1927)
        • William Seward Webb, Jr. (1887–1956), ∞ 1911 : Gertrude Emily Gaynor (1888–1972)
        • Vanderbilt Webb (1891–1956), ∞ 1912 : Aileen Clinton Hoadley Osborn (1892–1979)
      • George Washington Vanderbilt II (1862–1914), ∞ 1898 : Edith Stuyvesant Dresser (1873–1958)
    • Emily Almira Vanderbilt (1823–1896), ∞ 1839 : William Knapp Thorn (1807–1887)
      • Emma Dorothea Thorn (1845–1887), ∞ : Daniel King (1829–1873); ∞ : James Cresson Parrish (b 1840)
      • William Knapp Thorn (1851–1911)
      • Caroline Roberts Thorn (1858–1949), ∞ 1881 : Gustav Edward Kissel (1854–1911)
        • William Thorn Kissel (1885–1960), ∞ 1915 : Frances Abbey Dallett (1896–1960)
        • Dorothy Kissel (1887–1974), ∞ 1920 (div) : Paul Lawrence Kiernan (1880-1934); ∞ 1924 : Edwin Sherwood Stowell Sunderland (1887–1964)
          • Gustav Kissel Kiernan (1921–1985)
          • Edwin Sherwood Stowell Sunderland, Jr. (b 1926), ∞ 1956 : Cynthia Heath (b 1932)
          • Jeanette "Joan" Kissel Sunderland (1927–2012), ∞ 1949 : Charles Scribner IV (1921–1995)
        • Jeannette Thorn Kissel (1889–1957), ∞ 1917 : Sir Richard Arthur Pease, 2nd Baronet Pease of Hammersknott (1890–1969)
          • Arthur Peter Pease (1918–1940)
          • Aline Thorn Pease (b 1919), ∞ 1940 : Patrick Claude Hannay (1913–1940); ∞ 1941 (div 1954) : Kenneth James William Mackay, 3rd Earl of Inchcape (1917–1994); ∞ 1955 (div 1968) : Thomas Chambers Windsor Roe (1917-1988)
            • Kenneth Peter Lyle Mackay, 4th Earl of Inchcape (b 1943), ∞ 1966 : Georgina Nisbet
              • Lady Elspeth Pease Mackay (b 1972), ∞ 2001 : James Peter Hordern (b 1967)
              • Lady Ailsa Fiona Mackay (b 1977), ∞ 2004 : The Hon. Ralph William Robert Thomas Stonor (b 1974)
              • Fergus James Kenneth Mackay, Viscount Glenapp (b 1979), ∞ 2010 : Rebecca Jackson (b 1983)
            • Lord James Jonathan Thorn Mackay (b 1947), ∞ 1970 : Mary Caroline Joyce
            • Oriel Melanie Thorn Roe (b 1956)
            • Patrick Rupert Windsor Roe (b 1960)
          • Richard Thorn Pease, 3rd Baronet Pease of Hammersknott (b 1922), ∞ 1956 : Anne Heyworth
          • Derrick Alix Pease (1927–1998), ∞ 1951 : Rosemary Portman (b 1931)
            • Jonathan Edward Pease (b 1952), ∞ 1979 : Mary Dutton (b 1955)
            • Rosalind Jeannette Pease (b 1954), ∞ 1974 (div) : Evan Robert Hanbury (b 1951); ∞ 1997 : Rodney John Berkeley Portman (b 1947)
            • Christopher Berkeley Pease (b 1958), ∞ 1989 : Mariana Steuart Fothringham (b 1966)
            • Arthur David Pease (b 1961), ∞ 1994 : Lucilla Regis
        • Louise Baring Kissel (1892–1968)
    • Sophia Johnson Vanderbilt (1825–1912), ∞ 1849 : Daniel Torrance (1814-1884)
      • Adelaide Torrance (1846-1932), ∞ : Meredith Howland (1833-1912)
      • Alfred Torrance (1850–1885), ∞ 1872 (div 1877) : Louise Holmes Anthony (1844–1926)
      • Marie Torrance (1852–1923), ∞ 1873 : John Aspinwall Hadden, Jr. (1857-1931)
    • Maria Louisa Vanderbilt (1827–1896), ∞ 1844 (div 1854) : Horace Francis Clark (1815–1873); ∞ 1860 : Robert Johnston Niven (1812–1885)
      • Marie Louise Clark (1853–1895), ∞ 1874 (div) : Clarence Lyman Collins (1848–1922); ∞ : Barry Mitford
      • Charlotte Niven (1861–1929), ∞ 1888 : Marquis Marie Paul Auguste de Sers (1837–1910)
    • Frances Lavinia Vanderbilt (1828–1868). Invalid daughter who never married or had children.
    • Cornelius Jeremiah Vanderbilt (1830–1882), ∞ 1855 : Ellen Williams (1820–1872) No children born of this union.
    • George Washington Vanderbilt (1832–1836)
    • Mary Alicia Vanderbilt (1834–1902), ∞ 1852 : Nicholas Bergasse La Bau (1823–1873); ∞ 1878 : Charles Francois Berger (1826-1908)
      • Edith La Bau (1854–1919), ∞ : Edward Tiffany Dyer (1848–1913)
      • Lillian La Bau (1856–1923), ∞ 1880 : Eugene Schieffelin Blois ( -1893); ∞ 1897 : José Benjamin Augustus Aymar (b 1853)
      • Walter Alan La Bau (1858–1928)
      • Maria La Bau (1860–1860)
      • Bertha Vanderbilt La Bau (1867–1948), ∞ 1893 : George Morgan Browne, Jr. (1866–1926)
    • Catherine Juliette Vanderbilt (1836–1881), ∞ 1850 (div 1861) : Smith Barker, Jr. (1834–1869); ∞ 1861 : Pierre Gustave Lafitte (1839-1925)
      • Virginia Purdy Barker (1852–1919), ∞ : Walter Rathbone Bacon (1845-1917)
      • Oakley Smith Barker (1855–1905), ∞ : Henrietta Emily Mead (1859-1934)
      • Catherine Barker (b 1857)
      • Adele Elmira Barker (1860–1920)
      • Clarence Johnson Barker (1864–1896)
      • Morris Lafitte (b 1869)
    • George Washington Vanderbilt (1839–1864). A West Point graduate and captain in the United States Army. Died of tuberculosis during the Civil War. Unmarried with no children at time of death.

Family connection (chronological listing)[edit]

The following list includes etiquette guru Amy Vanderbilt although it is believed she descended from either an uncle or brother of Cornelius Vanderbilt and is therefore not an official descendant-member of this family. The list also includes Deryck Gray-Vanderbilt[who?], illegitimate grand child of Alfred Vanderbilt; Josiah Hornblower (1975) [3], a distant cousin of the Vanderbilt and Whitney family who was featured in the 2003 documentary Born Rich; and Alfred G. Vanderbilt's daughter Rita L. Vanderbilt Macdonald[who?].

Notable members By birth[edit]

  1. Cornelius Vanderbilt (1794–1877)
  2. William Henry Vanderbilt (1821–1885)
  3. Cornelius Vanderbilt II (1843–1899)
  4. Margaret Louisa Vanderbilt (1845–1924)
  5. William Kissam Vanderbilt (1849–1920)
  6. Emily Thorn Vanderbilt (1850–1946)
  7. William Knapp Thorn (1851–1911)
  8. Florence Adele Vanderbilt (1854–1952)
  9. Frederick William Vanderbilt (1856–1938)
  10. Eliza "Lila" Osgood Vanderbilt (1860–1936)
  11. George Washington Vanderbilt II (1862–1914)
  12. Cornelius Vanderbilt III (1873–1942)
  13. Alice Louise Vanderbilt Shepard (1874–1950)
  14. Gertrude Vanderbilt (1875–1942)
  15. Elliott Fitch Shepard, Jr. (1876–1927)
  16. Alfred Gwynne Vanderbilt (1877–1915)
  17. Consuelo Vanderbilt (1877–1964)
  18. William Kissam Vanderbilt II (1878–1944)
  19. Reginald Claypoole Vanderbilt (1880–1925)
  20. James Watson Webb II (1884–1960)
  21. Harold Stirling Vanderbilt (1884–1970)
  22. Gladys Moore Vanderbilt (1886–1965)
  23. Flora Payne Whitney (1897–1986)
  24. John Spencer-Churchill, 10th Duke of Marlborough (1897–1972)
  25. Cornelius Vanderbilt IV (1898–1974)
  26. Lord Ivor Spencer-Churchill (1898–1956)
  27. Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney (1899–1992)
  28. Muriel Vanderbilt (1900–1972)
  29. Cornelia Stuyvesant Vanderbilt (1900–1976)
  30. Governor William Henry Vanderbilt III (1901–1981)
  31. Frederick Vanderbilt Field (1905–2000)
  32. Amy Vanderbilt (1908–1974)
  33. John Henry Hammond Jr. (1910–1987)
  34. Alfred Gwynne Vanderbilt II (1912–1999)
  35. George Washington Vanderbilt III (1914–1961)
  36. James Watson Webb III (1916–2000)
  37. Whitney Tower (1923–1999)
  38. Gloria Laura Vanderbilt (1924– )
  39. George Henry Vanderbilt Cecil (1925– )
  40. John Spencer-Churchill, 11th Duke of Marlborough (1926–2014)
  41. William Amherst Vanderbilt Cecil (1928– )
  42. Serena Vanderbilt-Weeks (1926)
  43. Christopher Denys Stormont Finch-Hatton, 16th Earl of Winchilsea (1936–1999)
  44. John Wilmerding (1938– )
  45. John Paul Hammond (1942– )
  46. Kenneth Peter Lyle Mackay, 4th Earl of Inchcape (1943– )
  47. Jonathan Edward Pease (1952– )
  48. John LeBoutillier (1953– )
  49. Charles James Spencer-Churchill, 12th Duke of Marlborough (1955– )
  50. Lady Henrietta Mary Spencer-Churchill (1958– )
  51. William Douglas Burden III (1965– )
  52. Anderson Hays Cooper (1967– )
  53. Daniel Finch-Hatton, 17th Earl of Winchilsea (1967– )
  54. Timothy David Olyphant (1968– )
  55. Josiah Hornblower (1975–)
  56. James Platten Vanderbilt (1975– )
  57. George John Godolphin Spencer-Churchill, Marquess of Blandford (1992– )

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Review of Fortune's Children: The Fall of the House of Vanderbilt". The New York Times. September 24, 1989. 
  2. ^ Vanderbilt, Arthur T., II (1989). Fortune's Children: The Fall of the House of Vanderbilt. New York: Morrow. ISBN 0-688-07279-8. 
  3. ^ http://www.bellepointranch.com/PDFs/Great-Ones/2004%20RACHEL%20BRECK/BPR%202005-rachel%20breck%202p%20spread.pdf
  4. ^ "The Van Salee Family". Frontline. PBS. Retrieved March 29, 2014. 
  5. ^ List of Dutch patrician families in the Nederland's Patriciaat 1910-2007/2008 (PDF). 
  6. ^ "Anne Hartwell" The New York Times Retrieved 11 Jan 2016.
  7. ^ "Orin Lehman" The New York Times Retrieved 18 Jan 2016.
  8. ^ "Sage Lehman" IMDb Retrieved 18 Jan 2016.
  9. ^ [1] Biography.com Retrieved 22 Feb 2016.
  10. ^ "Leaders of Society Expected at Lenox; Great Preparations Made for Field-Sloane Wedding — Social Functions of the Week," Special to The New York Times, July 6, 1902, Magazine Section, p. 28
  11. ^ a b "At Home With Wendy Burden: A Vanderbilt Descendant Laughs Off Dysfunction" by Joyce Wadler, The New York Times, March 24, 2010 (March 25, 2010 p. D1, NY ed.). Retrieved 27 Mar 2010.
  12. ^ "Vanderbilt’s In My Life" Blog entry at Vanderbilt Family Genealogy; [2], blogger; August 30, 2008. Retrieved 27 Mar 2010.
  13. ^ "Miss Havemeyer Bride of J.W. Webb" The New York Times, February 9, 1910. Retrieved 28 Mar 2010.
  14. ^ "Dunbar W. Bostwick, Harness Racing Innovator, Dies at 98" by Wolfgang Saxon, The New York Times, January 28, 2006. Retrieved 28 Mar 2010.
  15. ^ a b Wilmerding, John (Currie) Entry, Dictionary of Art Historians. Retrieved 27 Mar 2010.

Further reading[edit]