Hyde Park, New York
|Hyde Park, New York|
Town hall of Hyde Park
Location within Dutchess County and New York
|• Type||Town council|
|• Town supervisor||Aileen Rohr (D)|
|• Town council|
|• Total||39.86 sq mi (103.23 km2)|
|• Land||36.66 sq mi (94.95 km2)|
|• Water||3.19 sq mi (8.28 km2)|
|Elevation||240 ft (73 m)|
|• Estimate (2016)||21,048|
|• Density||574.11/sq mi (221.66/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0979090|
Hyde Park is a town in Dutchess County, New York, bordering the Hudson River north of Poughkeepsie. Within the town are the hamlets of Hyde Park, East Park, Staatsburg, and Haviland. Hyde Park is known as the hometown of Franklin D. Roosevelt, the 32nd President of the United States. His house there, the Home of Franklin D. Roosevelt National Historic Site, is listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places, as are the homes of Eleanor Roosevelt, Isaac Roosevelt, and Frederick William Vanderbilt, along with Franklin D. Roosevelt High School.
Hyde Park is home to the main campus of the Culinary Institute of America, a four-year college for culinary and baking and pastry arts, and the Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum, the first presidential library in the United States.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Communities and locations in Hyde Park
- 5 Notable people
- 6 In popular culture
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Settlement of the region officially began around 1742, but may have begun as early as 1710.
The name of the area was changed to "Hyde Park" around 1810. Previously, it was part of the Fauconnier Patent and was named "Stoutenburgh", after the town's first settler, Jacobus Stoughtenburg. Part of the town was from the Great Nine Partners Patent of 1697.
Doctor John Bard had called his estate "Hyde Park" in honor of Edward Hyde, who was Lord Cornbury and Governor of New York from 1702-1708. In 1706, Hyde granted nine close friends of his, in the Little Nine Partners Patent, a large swatch of land "south of Albany" which would eventually make up much of Hyde park. In 1804 a tavern keeper named Miller, seeking new guests, renamed the tavern "the Hyde Park Inn", much to the annoyance of Doctor Bard. He then applied for a post office to be located at his inn, common among tavern keepers.
The request was granted as the "Hyde Park Post Office". The settlement gradually came to be known not as Stoutenburgh but as Hyde Park, which it officially became in 1812.
Hyde Park was a part of Clinton, New York until 1821, when it was incorporated as a separate town. The Hyde Park Railroad Station, located at the mouth of Crum Elbow Creek along the Hudson River, was used by the town's residents, including the Roosevelts.
The Roosevelt family
Hyde Park is the hometown of Franklin D. Roosevelt (1882–1945), 32nd President of the United States (1933–1945). His estate, Springwood, is the site of the Home of Franklin D. Roosevelt National Historic Site maintained by the National Park Service. Also on the site are his presidential library and museum. Roosevelt used this residence throughout his life. FDR's historical house is now a museum that can be visited.
Franklin D. Roosevelt and Eleanor Roosevelt are both buried in the rose garden at "Springwood".
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town of Hyde Park has a total area of 39.8 square miles (103.2 km2), of which 36.7 square miles (95.0 km2) is land and 3.2 square miles (8.3 km2), or 8.02%, is water.
The Hudson River defines the west town line, which is the border of Ulster County. Hyde Park is bordered by the town of Poughkeepsie to the south, Rhinebeck to the north, and Clinton and Pleasant Valley to the east.
As of the U.S. Census of 2000, there were 20,851 people, 7,395 households, and 5,220 families residing in the town. The population density was 564.2 people per square mile (217.8/km²). There were 7,704 housing units at an average density of 208.5 per square mile (80.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 91.02% White, 4.25% African American, 0.20% Native American, 1.39% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 1.19% from other races, and 1.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.23% of the population.
There were 7,395 households out of which 34.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.7% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.4% were non-families. 23.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.10.
In the town, the age distribution of the population shows 24.7% under the age of 18, 11.2% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 23.1% from 45 to 64, and 12.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.0 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $50,870, and the median income for a family was $58,047. Males had a median income of $42,251 versus $28,176 for females. The per capita income for the town was $21,260. About 4.4% of families and 5.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.3% of those under age 18 and 6.0% of those age 65 or over.
|Population growth since 1830|
Communities and locations in Hyde Park
- East Park—A hamlet east of Hyde Park village.
- Haviland—A community in the southern part of the town.
- Hyde Park—The hamlet of Hyde Park is on Route 9 near the Hudson River.
- Staatsburg—A hamlet by the Hudson River in the northwest part of the town.
Places of interest
- Bergh–Stoutenburgh House
- The Culinary Institute of America—the primary campus of the culinary school, in the southern part of the town, between Route 9 and the Hudson River.
- Eleanor Roosevelt National Historic Site
- Franklin Delano Roosevelt Junior-Senior High School—Depression-era Public Works Administration project, now called Haviland Middle School.
- Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum
- Hyde Park Elementary School
- Hyde Park Firehouse—Former early 1900s firehouse, now houses a local history museum for the Town of Hyde Park Historical Society.
- Hyde Park Post Office
- Hyde Park Railroad Station
- Main Street-Albertson Street-Park Place Historic District
- Norrie State Park—Located in the northern part of the town, adjoining Mills State Park, and including Norrie Point marina, environmental center, and hiking trails.
- Mills State Park—Located along the Hudson River in Staatsburg hamlet. Built by Morgan Lewis and his wife, Gertrude Livingston. It is open to the public and includes house tours and hiking trails.
- Poughkeepsie Yacht Club—Located along the Hudson River in Staatsburg hamlet.
- Quaker Lane Farms
- Hyde Park Reformed Dutch Church
- Roosevelt Point Cottage and Boathouse
- St. James Chapel
- Top Cottage
- Vanderbilt Lane Historic District
- Vanderbilt Mansion National Historic Site
- Wales House
- William Stoutenburgh House
- Angela Fraleigh, contemporary artist known for her oil and mixed media paintings.
- Aaron Kuffner, New York City based conceptual artist
- Alice Provensen, renowned artist and children's books illustrator
- Martin Provensen, children's books illustrator and designer of the Kellogg's mascot, Tony the Tiger
- Joe Quinones, comic book artist best known for his work on such titles as Spider-Man, Star Wars, and the Eisner award-winning, Wednesday Comics.
- Perry Collins, visionary behind the Russian American Telegraph
- André Balazs, celebrity hotelier and restaurateur
- Beatrice Forbes, Countess of Granard, daughter of Ogden Mills and wife to Bernard Forbes, 8th Earl of Granard
- Bob Guccione, publisher, film producer
- Kathy Keeton, magazine publisher and author
- Ogden Mills, financier, philanthropist, racehorse owner/breeder
- Gladys Mills Phipps, socialite and thoroughbred racehorse owner and breeder who began the Phipps family dynasty in American horse racing
- Isaac Roosevelt, businessman and paternal grandfather of Franklin D. Roosevelt
- James Roosevelt I, businessman and father of Franklin D. Roosevelt
- John Aspinwall Roosevelt, businessman, US Navy Officer, Bronze Star recipient and son of Franklin D. Roosevelt
- Frederick William Vanderbilt, businessman, philanthropist and railroad magnate
- Lorena Hickok, journalist
- Rudolf Firkušný, Czech-born classical pianist
- Ed Summerlin, American composer, jazz saxophonist, and music educator
- James Syler, American composer fluent in various musical genres including Wind Ensemble, Choral, Orchestral, and Chamber Music.
- Jeff Tyzik, conductor, arranger, and trumpeter with the Rochester Philharmonic Orchestra
- Marion Dickerman, suffragist, educator, vice-principal of the Todhunter School
- Ernest I. Hatfield, member of the New York State Senate from 1948 to 1964
- Morgan Lewis, American military commander during the Revolutionary War and 4th Governor of New York
- Henry Brockholst Livingston, early 19th Century Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
- Maturin Livingston, early 19th century political figure and Recorder of New York City from 1804 to 1806
- Gloanna W. MacCarthy, American Republican Party politician and former member of the New Jersey General Assembly
- Ogden L. Mills, lawyer, businessman and politician and former United States Secretary of the Treasury
- William Nelson, member of the United States House of Representatives from 1847 to 1851
- James Kirke Paulding, American writer and former United States Secretary of the Navy from 1838 to 1841
- Edmund H. Pendleton, member of the United States House of Representatives from 1831 to 1833
- Nathaniel Pendleton, 18th century lawyer and judge
- Greg Quinn, farmer and activist partly responsible for the overturning of the New York state ban on the commercial cultivation of black currants
- Eleanor Roosevelt, politician, diplomat, activist and longest-serving First Lady of the United States
- Elliott Roosevelt, former mayor of Miami Beach, Florida, U.S. Army Brigadier General during World War II, author and son of President F.D. Roosevelt
- Franklin D. Roosevelt, 32nd President of the United States from 1933–45
- Hall Roosevelt, youngest brother of Eleanor Roosevelt, former comptroller for the city of Detroit
- Sara Roosevelt, mother of Franklin D. Roosevelt
- Sue Serino, member of the New York State Senate
- John H. Selkreg, 19th-century American newspaper editor and former member of the New York State Senate from 1874 to 1877
- J. Griswold Webb, member of the New York State Senate from 1923 to 1834
- William W. Woodworth, former town supervisor and member of the United States House of Representatives from 1845 to 1847
- Rob Zerban, businessman, Culinary Institute of America graduate and Democratic Party congressional candidate†
- John Bard, Christian philanthropist; founder of Bard College
- Fr. James J. LeBar, Roman Catholic priest; chief exorcist of the Archdiocese of New York in the United States
- Bp. Donald Edmond Pelotte, third Roman Catholic bishop of the Diocese of Gallup, New Mexico†
Science and medicine
- Samuel Bard, personal physician to George Washington and founder of the first medical school located in New York State
- Maunsell Crosby, well regarded ornithologist, writer, and farmer
- David Hosack, noted physician, botanist, and educator
- Wes Bialosuknia, former professional basketball player in the American Basketball Association
- George Browne, professional baseball player from 1901–12; member of the 1905 World Series Champion New York Giants
- Craig Capano, former professional soccer player with the Chicago Fire of Major League Soccer
- Rube DeGroff, professional baseball player with the St. Louis Cardinals from 1905–06
- Ricky Horton, former professional baseball player with the St. Louis Cardinals (1984-1987). Pitcher. Played in the 1985, 1987, 1988 (with the Dogers) world series.
- Ellen Roosevelt, three time U.S. National Championship tennis player between 1890 and 1893 and member of the International Tennis Hall of Fame
- Grace Roosevelt, two time U.S. National Championship tennis player in doubles in 1891 and mixed doubles in 1889
- Amar'e Stoudemire, former NBA basketball player who played for the Phoenix Suns, New York Knicks, Dallas Mavericks, and the Miami Heat.
- Brett Wilkinson, former member of the U.S. National Rowing Team who competed at the 2004 Summer Olympics
- Kyle Winter, former professional rugby player and member of the Indonesian National Rugby Team
- Hilary Masters, 20th century novelist
- Joan Slonczewski, microbiologist and science fiction writer
- Justin Taylan, author and World War II historian and founder of Pacific Wrecks
In popular culture
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- In a scene from Alfred Hitchcock's 1959 film North by Northwest, the train comes to an unexpected stop at the Hyde Park Railroad Station.
- Portions of the 1994 movie Wolf starring Jack Nicholson were filmed at Hyde Park's Vanderbilt Mansion National Historic Site.
- Hyde Park was the setting for portions of James Mangold's 1995 film Heavy, including the Culinary Institute of America.
- The Hulk travels to Hyde Park in Marvel Comics 1997 issue of Avengers (vol. 2 #4).
- In 2007, Hyde Park's Eveready Diner was featured on Season 1 (Ep. 6) of Guy Fieri's television series Diners, Drive-Ins and Dives on the Food Network.
- Although primarily filmed in London, England, Hyde Park was the backdrop for Roger Michell's 2012 film Hyde Park on Hudson about President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
- The Culinary Institute of America in Hyde Park was featured on the Syfy show Ghost Hunters (Season 10, Ep. 2) which aired on September 2, 2015.
- The Hyde Park Drive-In was used in the filming of the 2018 film, Look Away starring Matthew Broderick and Chloë Sevigny.
- "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2017.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Hyde Park town, Dutchess County, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved November 12, 2015.
- Shelley., Ross,. Fall from grace : sex, scandal, and corruption in American politics from 1702 to the present (First ed.). New York. p. 6. ISBN 0345353811. OCLC 18264791.
- "Plan Your Visit – Home of Franklin D Roosevelt National Historic Site". Nps.gov. Retrieved September 22, 2012.
- "Nearby Attractions – Home of Franklin D Roosevelt National Historic Site". Nps.gov. Retrieved September 22, 2012.
- "Franklin D. Roosevelt and Eleanor Roosevelt". Findagrave.com. Retrieved September 22, 2012.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Food TV star noshes at Hyde Park diner". Poughkeepsie Journal. June 4, 2007. Archived from the original on December 8, 2015. Retrieved November 27, 2015.
- Barry, John W. (July 17, 2015). "Matthew Broderick, Chloe Sevigny film movie in Dutchess". Poughkeepsie Journal. Retrieved November 27, 2015.
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