Venceslau Brás

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This article is about the Brazilian president. For the Brazilian city in Minas Gerais State, see Wenceslau Braz, Minas Gerais. For the Brazilian city in Paraná State, see Wenceslau Braz, Paraná.
His Excellency
Venceslau Brás
Venceslau Brás.jpg
9th President of Brazil
In office
15 November 1914 – 15 November 1918
Vice President Urbano Santos
Preceded by Hermes da Fonseca
Succeeded by Delfim Moreira
6th Vice President of Brazil
In office
15 November 1910 – 15 November 1914
President Hermes da Fonseca
Preceded by Nilo Peçanha
Succeeded by Urbano Santos
11th Governor of Minas Gerais
In office
3 April 1909 – 7 September 1910
Preceded by Bueno Brandão
Succeeded by Bueno Brandão
3rd Mayor of Belo Horizonte
In office
27 October 1898 – 31 January 1899
Preceded by Américo Werneck
Succeeded by Francisco de Sales
Personal details
Born (1868-02-26)26 February 1868
Brasópolis, Minas Gerais, Empire of Brazil
Died 15 May 1966(1966-05-15) (aged 98)
Itajubá, Minas Gerais, Brazil
Nationality Brazilian
Political party Minas Gerais Republican

Venceslau Brás Pereira Gomes (Portuguese pronunciation: [vẽȷ̃sɪzˈlaʊ̯ ˈbɾas peˈɾejɾɐ ˈɡõmɪs]; 26 February 1868 – 15 May 1966) was a Brazilian politician who served as 9th President of Brazil between 1914 and 1918, during the First Brazilian Republic. Brás was born in Brasópolis (formerly São Caetano da Vargem Grande), Minas Gerais State. He became governor of that state in 1909, and in 1910 he was elected vice-president under Hermes Rodrigues da Fonseca. He was elected president in 1914 and served until 1918. His government declared war on the Central Powers in October 1917 during World War I. He was the longest-lived Brazilian president, reaching 98 years of age.

President Venceslau Brás and his cabinet in 1915: Marshal José Caetano de Faria (War), Augusto Tavares de Lima (Transportation), Lauro Müller (Foreign Affairs) and Admiral Alexandrino de Faria Alencar (Navy). Around him, senators, congressmen and journalists.
President Brás signs a declaration of war against the Central Powers in October 1917. At his side, the former president and then Minister of Foreign Affairs, Nilo Peçanha, and the governor of Minas Gerais and future president of the Republic, Delfim Moreira.


See also[edit]

Brazil during World War I

Political offices
Preceded by
Hermes da Fonseca
President of Brazil
Succeeded by
Delfim Moreira
Preceded by
None, eventually Nilo Peçanha
Vice-President of Brazil
Succeeded by
Urbano Santos da Costa Araújo
Government offices
Preceded by
Júlio Bueno Brandão
Governor of Minas Gerais
Succeeded by
Júlio Bueno Brandão