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|President of Brazil|
23 November 1891 – 14 November 1894
|Preceded by||Deodoro da Fonseca|
|Succeeded by||Prudente de Morais|
|Vice President of Brazil|
26 February 1891 – 23 November 1891
|President||Deodoro da Fonseca|
|Preceded by||Office established|
|Succeeded by||Manuel Vitorino|
|Justice of the Superior Military Court|
26 February 1891 – 29 June 1895
|Nominated by||Deodoro da Fonseca|
|Preceded by||Hermes Ernesto da Fonseca|
|Succeeded by||Carlos Machado Bittencourt|
|Minister of War|
19 April 1890 – 22 January 1891
|President||Deodoro da Fonseca|
|Preceded by||Eduardo Wandenkolk|
|Succeeded by||Antônio Falcão da Frota|
|President of the Mato Grosso Province|
13 September 1884 – 5 October 1885
|Preceded by||Baron of Batovi|
|Succeeded by||José Joaquim Ramos Ferreira|
|Born||30 April 1839|
Maceió, Alagoas, Empire of Brazil
|Died||29 July 1895 (aged 56)|
Barra Mansa, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
|Alma mater||Praia Vermelha Military School|
|Nickname(s)||The Iron Marshal|
|Allegiance|| Empire of Brazil|
United States of Brazil
|Years of service||1861–1895|
Brazilian Naval Revolt
Floriano Vieira Peixoto (Portuguese pronunciation: [floɾiˈɐ̃nu viˈe(j)ɾɐ pe(j)ˈʃotu] 30 April 1839 – 29 June 1895), born in Ipioca (today a district of the city of Maceió in the State of Alagoas), nicknamed the "Iron Marshal", was a Brazilian soldier and politician, a veteran of the Paraguayan War, and the second president of Brazil. He was the first vice president of Brazil to have succeeded the president mid-term.
Peixoto was an army marshal when elected vice-president in February 1891. In November 1891, he rose to the presidency after the resignation of Marshal Deodoro da Fonseca, the first president of Brazil. Peixoto came to the presidency in a difficult period of the new Brazilian Republic, which was in the midst of a general political and economic crisis made worse by the effects of the bursting of the Encilhamento economic bubble. As Vice President, he had also served as the President of the Senate.
His government was marked by several revolutions. Peixoto defeated a naval officers' rebellion against him in 1893–1894 and the Federalist Revolution in the States of Rio Grande do Sul and Santa Catarina, with the use of strength during the same year - to maintain territorial integrity.
 His government was marked by an increased centralization of power and nationalism, with the florianista cult of personality being the first phenomenon of a favorable political expression towards a republican politician in Brazil.
He is often referred to as "the Consolidator of the Republic" or "The Iron Marshal." He left the presidency on 15 November 1894. In spite of his unpopularity, he was responsible for the consolidation of the First Brazilian Republic.
- "A República de Ferro". folha online (in Portuguese). Retrieved 12 July 2015.
- Floriano Vieira Peixoto (in Portuguese)
- "República Velha (1889 - 1930)". Senado Federal (in Portuguese).
- https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/37705125.pdf Archived 2021-11-02 at the Wayback Machine[bare URL PDF]
- "Florianismo | Atlas Histórico do Brasil - FGV". atlas.fgv.br (in Brazilian Portuguese). Retrieved 19 May 2018.
Media related to Floriano Peixoto at Wikimedia Commons