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Marshal Floriano in 1891
|2nd President of Brazil|
23 November 1891 – 15 November 1894
|Preceded by||Deodoro da Fonseca|
|Succeeded by||Prudente de Morais|
|1st Vice President of Brazil|
26 February 1891 – 23 November 1891
|President||Deodoro da Fonseca|
|Preceded by||Inaugural holder|
|Succeeded by||Manuel Vitorino|
30 April 1839|
Maceió, Alagoas, Empire of Brazil
|Died||29 July 1895
Barra Mansa, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
(m. 1872–1895; his death)
|Nickname(s)||The Iron Marshal|
|Allegiance|| Empire of Brazil
|Years of service||1861–1889|
Floriano Vieira Peixoto (Portuguese pronunciation: [floriˈɐ̃nu viˈejrɐ dʒi araˈuʒu pejˈʃotu] 30 April 1839 – 29 July 1895), born in Ipioca (today a district of the city of Maceió in the State of Alagoas), nicknamed "Iron Marshal", was a Brazilian soldier and politician, a veteran of the Paraguayan War, and the second President of Brazil. He is the first Vice President of Brazil to have succeeded a former President mid-term.
Election and Succession as President
Floriano Peixoto was an army Marshal when elected vice-president in February 1891. Later, in November 1891, he rose to the presidency following the resignation of Marshal Deodoro da Fonseca, the first president of Brazil. Floriano Peixoto came to the presidency in a difficult period of the new Brazilian Republic, which was in the midst of a general political and economic crisis made worse by the effects of the bursting of the Encilhamento economic bubble.
As a hard dictator, Floriano Peixoto defeated a naval officers' rebellion against him in 1893–1894 and a seditious military movement in the States of Rio Grande do Sul and Santa Catarina during the same years. His government was marked by increased centralization of power and nationalism.
He is often referred to as "the Consolidator of the Republic" or "The Iron Marshal". He left the presidency on 15 November 1894. In spite of his unpopularity, he was responsible for the consolidation of the new Republican Government.
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Deodoro da Fonseca
|President of Brazil
Prudente de Morais
|Vice-President of Brazil
Manuel Vitorino Pereira
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