Warragul

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Warragul
Victoria
Warragul.jpg
Warragul is located in Baw Baw Shire
Warragul
Warragul
Coordinates38°9′0″S 145°56′0″E / 38.15000°S 145.93333°E / -38.15000; 145.93333Coordinates: 38°9′0″S 145°56′0″E / 38.15000°S 145.93333°E / -38.15000; 145.93333
Population
Postcode(s)3820
Elevation143 m (469 ft)
Location
LGA(s)Shire of Baw Baw
CountyBuln Buln
State electorate(s)Narracan
Federal Division(s)Monash
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
19.2 °C
67 °F
8.4 °C
47 °F
1,022.6 mm
40.3 in
Localities around Warragul:
Drouin East Lillico Nilma North
Drouin Warragul Nilma
Drouin South Lardner Bull Swamp

Warragul is a town in Victoria, Australia, 102 kilometres (63 miles) south-east of Melbourne. Warragul lies between the Strzelecki Ranges to the south and the Mount Baw Baw Plateau of the Great Dividing Range to the north. As at the 2016 census, the town had a population of 14,276 people.[1] Warragul forms part of a larger urban area that includes nearby Drouin that had an estimated total population of 37,928[2] at June 2018.

Warragul is the main population and service centre of the West Gippsland region and the Shire of Baw Baw. The surrounding area is noted for dairy farming and other niche agriculture and has long been producing gourmet foods.

Naming[edit]

Warragul (or warrigal, worrigle, warragal) is a New South Wales Indigenous word from the Darug language meaning wild dog or dingo.[3] The town name is accepted to mean wild dog[4] and various businesses in the town use the words 'Wild Dog' in their name.

However, the word was recorded as being used by settlers of Gippsland in the 1840s and 1850s to mean wild Aboriginal or a Gunai/Kurnai person.[5][6][7] The traditional land of the Gunai/Kurnai people includes the town of Warragul, then intersects with Kulin territory to the west of the town.[8]

In a local history book, Graeme Butler wrote that the name of Warragul station was derived from an Indigenous word just meaning wild.[9] British botanist Daniel Bunce recorded warrigal as belonging to a Kulin language and meaning wild, ferocious and enemy,[10][11] but P D Gardner suggests Bunce was correct in translation, but incorrect in origin, since the word comes from Darug.[7]

The word is also used for the naming of Warrigal Creek in South Gippsland to refer to the inhabitants of the area.

History[edit]

The town of Warragul began as a construction camp on McLeod's Track, now Brandy Creek Road, at the point where the surveyed railway line linked to the coach road.[12] John Lardner surveyed the townships along the line in 1877 and noted that the early arrivals in the area were squatters, who had erected their shops and dwellings on Crown land. The squatters' blocks were not offered for the first sale of town land on 2 March 1878, but were available to purchase on the second sale later that month.[12]

In November 1873, The Victorian Parliament passed an Act approving the construction of a railway linking Oakleigh to Sale. The construction of Traralgon railway line began simultaneously from both directions. The Warragul railway station opened on 1 March 1878 and the first train ran through in the same month.[12] In May 1890 Warragul railway station became a junction station when a branch line was opened to Rokeby (later extended to Neerim South and Noojee).[13]

The first Warragul post office opened on 16 March 1877 at the general store operated by James Biram, who became the first postmaster. A contract to build an official post office was made on 4 April 1887 and a foundation stone was laid on 4 June 1887. The building was completed and occupied the following year. Warragul's modern post office was opened on 3 April 1967, after the old post office closed on 18 September 1965 and was demolished in 1966.[14]

Existing roads were renamed Princes Highway after the visit to Australia in 1920 of the then Prince of Wales (the future King Edward VIII). The highway was officially opened on 10 August 1920 at a ceremony in Warragul.[15][16]

Warragul's Petersville Milk Products Factory in Queen Street supplied the famous Peters Ice Cream brand's factory in Mulgrave with all the dairy raw material (fresh cream and concentrated skim milk) for 35 years. The plant also manufactured skim milk powder under the famous Dutch Jug brand and butter under the Iceberg brand. It exported butter, butter oil and milk powders to Southeast Asia and the Middle East.[citation needed]

Warragul was voted Premier Town in Victoria, 1970–1973.

The Warragul Magistrates' Court closed on 1 January 1990.[17]

Geography[edit]

Warragul is located on hills that extend north from the Strzelecki Ranges near Ellinbank, joining to the Baw Baws in the Neerim District. This range is historically referred to as the Warragul Hills. The range effectively separates the flatlands of the Koo-Wee-Rup swamp (starting near Longwarry) in the west and the Moe Swamp on the eastern side (starting near Darnum).

Warragul contains the Linear Park Arts Discovery Trail, a trail covering several adjacent parks in the town. It features painted bollards, mosaics and murals.[18] The trail joins up with the Drouin to Warragul Two Towns Trail.

Events[edit]

Warragul is the major township closest to Lardner, the home of the Gippsland Field Days. Three major events are held at Lardner Park each year—the Farm World agricultural show, Trucks in Action, and Harvest of Gippsland. The Farm World agricultural show is a major drawcard for the Warragul area. Every year in late March, Warragul plays host to these Field Days at Lardner Park. The Field Days are Australia's premier mixed farming Field Days and they include one of Australia's most diverse ranges of beef cattle, dairying and horticulture exhibits.[citation needed]

Warragul is also home to the annual Warragul Show, which is held on the first Friday of March each year. It is traditionally a farming and livestock show, but includes rides, stalls, games, fireworks and showbags. It is held at the Warragul showgrounds.[citation needed]

Education[edit]

For a town of its size, Warragul has a large education industry with four primary schools, three secondary schools and two tertiary institutions.

Primary schools[edit]

Both Warragul Primary[19] (opened in 1879) and Warragul North Primary[20] (opened c.1965) are state primary schools, St. Joseph's Catholic Primary is a Catholic school, and St. Paul's Anglican Grammar School is an Anglican Church of Australia (formerly Church of England) primary school.

Warragul & District Specialist School[21] is a junior school that focuses on educating children aged 5 to 10 years of age. The school uses a series of teaching tools such as PECS (Picture Exchange Communication System) and AUSLAN.

Secondary schools[edit]

There are three secondary schools in Warragul, these include Warragul Regional College, Marist-Sion College and St Paul's Anglican Grammar School. Warragul Regional College was formed in 1994 from the merger of Warragul High School and Warragul Secondary College. Marist-Sion College was formed in 1975 as a result of the merger between the Marist Brothers Boys College and the Our Lady of Sion Girls College.[22] St. Paul's Anglican Grammar School was formed in 1982 with just nineteen year 7 students and has grown quite significantly in recent years.

Tertiary institutions[edit]

The Central Gippsland Institute of TAFE has a campus located to the south of the CBD adjacent to the railway station. The Education Centre Gippsland has recently taken over the courses previously provided by the McMillan Institute of Land and Food Resources, a former campus of the University of Melbourne.[23][24] The courses offered encompass the areas of agriculture, equine management, harness racing, horticulture and conservation and land management.

Transport[edit]

Warragul railway station is a staffed V/Line station located to the south of the Warragul CBD. The railway station is situated on the Bairnsdale V/Line rail service, which services the towns between Bairnsdale and Southern Cross station in Melbourne.

Warragul has a modest bus network consisting of four routes within the town's boundaries. Each route has a frequency of three services a day. There are also bus services to neighbouring towns. The Warragul bus network was recently upgraded with the Myki technology, fitted to all town buses. This ticketing system has been implemented on the V/Line Train services during 2014–15.

Sport[edit]

Warragul United Soccer Club[25] was founded in 1963 and represent the town in Association Football, playing in the Victorian State League Division 1 South East.

The Warragul Warriors[26] are the representative teams of the Warragul and District Amateur Basketball Association. They have a long history of success, most recently winning the Gippsland and State titles in the Country Basketball League.[27]

The town has an Australian Rules football team competing in the major Gippsland Football League, the Warragul Football Club and another, the Warragul Industrials, competing in the Ellinbank & District Football League.[28]

The Warragul & District Junior Football League caters for younger Australian Rules footballers, with three teams based in Warragul, the Colts, Warranor (at Eastern Park) & the Blues (at Marist-Sion College ). The WDJFL has three competitions, consisting of the under-10s, under-12s and the Under-14½s.

The Warragul Little Athletics Centre meets on Saturdays throughout the summer season at the Geoff Watt Memorial Track, Burke Street, Warragul. It caters for young athletes in age groups ranging from Under 6 through to Under 17. As well as competing locally, athletes are able to contest Regional and State Championships in Track & Field as well as Relay Championships and Multi-Events.

Warragul's Wild Dog Triathlon Club also meets on Saturdays throughout the summer season for a swim/cycle/run event. The club caters for all ages and abilities with Junior, Under 14, Fun Tri, Super-Sprint, A Grade and B Grade categories. Weekly competition commences at the clubrooms opposite the indoor pool in Burke Street, Warragul.

Warragul Harness Racing Club conducts regular meetings at its racetrack in the town.[29]

The Warragul Greyhound Racing Club holds regular greyhound racing meetings at the Logan Park Showgrounds. The track opened on 14 September 1956.[30][31]

Golfers play at the course of the Warragul Country Club on Sutton Street.[32]

Warragul possesses one of the best[citation needed] outdoor velodromes in the state and is serviced by the Warragul Cycling Club (WCC), which runs road races most Saturdays on the outskirts of the town.

The club hosts the Baw Baw Classic road race, held early each April. This race features one of the hardest[citation needed] climbs in the country and has been won by riders such as 2000 Cyclist of the year, Dave McKenzie, Tour de France Stage Winner, Simon Gerrans and 2009 Australian Road Champion, Peter McDonald.

Local media[edit]

Newspapers[edit]

Warragul has two weekly local newspapers, The Warragul and Drouin Gazette and a free publication, The West Gippsland Trader. According to the Warragul Regional Newspapers website,[33] The Gazette and The Trader are distributed to locations from as far as Pakenham to Moe and from Poowong to Noojee, covering over 40,000 readers.

Warragul also has a free twice-monthly print and online newspaper, the Warragul & Baw Baw Citizen. The Warragul Citizen was established in 2011 as a quarterly print paper before becoming bi-monthly in 2012, covering Warragul, Drouin and Yarragon. The paper's online news offering started in late 2011 and covers all of Baw Baw. The paper moved to being online-only in 2013, printing the last physical edition of its original run in February.[34] In 2014 the paper announced it would return to print with monthly editions from 11 July, changing the name to Warragul & Baw Baw Citizen in the process.[35]

The West Gippsland Gazette was published from 1898 to 1930 in Warragul; it has been digitised and is available on Trove.[36]

Radio[edit]

Warragul has two commercial radio stations, 3GG and Triple M Gippsland 94.3 (initially known as Sea, then later Star FM & Hit until mid 2020). 3GG commenced in 1937, then known as 3UL. It changed its name to 3GG in 1989. Triple M Gippsland commenced broadcasting in 2002

Warragul also receives the Drouin-based West Gippsland Community Radio, 103.1 3BBR FM.

The radio reception available in Warragul includes many of the Melbourne commercial stations (such as 105.1 Triple M, Smooth 91.5, 3AW 693, Nova 100), ABC Broadcasters (774 ABC Melbourne, 96.7 Triple J and 100.7 ABC Gippsland) and Gippsland commercial stations 99.5 TR FM and GOLD 1242.

Military history[edit]

During World War II, Warragul was the location of RAAF No.2 Inland Aircraft Fuel Depot (IAFD), completed in 1942 and closed on 14 June 1944. Usually consisting of four tanks, 31 fuel depots were built across Australia for the storage and supply of aircraft fuel for the RAAF and the US Army Air Forces at a total cost of £900,000 ($1,800,000).[37]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Warragul". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2 November 2017. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ a b "3218.0 – Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2017-18: Population Estimates by Significant Urban Area, 2008 to 2018". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Australian Bureau of Statistics. 27 March 2019. Retrieved 25 October 2019. Estimated resident population, 30 June 2018.
  3. ^ "Loan words from Australian languages: Tales of myth and misunderstanding". Macquarie Dictionary Blog. 15 August 2019. Retrieved 26 July 2020.
  4. ^ "How Shires were Named". The Argus. 25 June 1938. Retrieved 26 July 2020.
  5. ^ "The Explorer". The Australasian. 5 September 1874. p. 6. Retrieved 26 July 2020.
  6. ^ "Angus McMillan". Gippsland Times. 24 May 1865. p. 1. Retrieved 26 July 2020.
  7. ^ a b Gardener, P D (1992). Names of the Latrobe Valley and West Gippsland. Ensay: Ngarak Press. p. 8. ISBN 1875254099.
  8. ^ Howitt, A W (1904). The Native Tribes of South-east Australia. McMillan.
  9. ^ Butler, Graeme (1979). Buln Buln: A History of the Buln Buln Shire. Drouin: Shire of Buln Buln. ISBN 0959523103.
  10. ^ Bunce, Daniel (1859). Language of the Aborigines of the Colony of Victoria (PDF). Geelong: Thomas Brown. Retrieved 26 July 2020.
  11. ^ Ancient Australia (PDF). OUP. Retrieved 26 July 2020.
  12. ^ a b c Warragul: Progress Through a Century. Warragul and District Historical Society. 1982. ISBN 095934800X.
  13. ^ Warragul Railway Station. Victorian Heritage Database Report. Retrieved 26 July 2020.
  14. ^ "Ornate Gothic Style Post Office". The Warragul and Drouin Gazette. 4 April 2017. Retrieved 26 July 2020.
  15. ^ "The Prince's Highway". The West Gippsland Gazette. 14 September 1920. Retrieved 26 July 2020.
  16. ^ "The Prince's Highway". The West Gippsland Gazette. 3 August 1920. Retrieved 26 July 2020.
  17. ^ "Review of Legal Services in Rural and Regional Victoria" (PDF). Parliament of Victoria Law Reform Committee. May 2001. pp. 291–292. Retrieved 12 April 2020.
  18. ^ http://www.bawbawshire.vic.gov.au/files/0818929c-adef-4634-a83e-9fcf0100b5a8/Warragul_Linear_Park_Arts_Discovery_Trail.pdf
  19. ^ http://www.warragulps.vic.edu.au/
  20. ^ "Warragul North Primary School :: Home". warragulnorthps.vic.edu.au.
  21. ^ http://www.wgldss.vic.edu.au/
  22. ^ Marist-Sion College (2007), History of the College, viewed 4 May 2007.
  23. ^ University of Melbourne (2007), McMillan Campus, viewed 21 May 2007.
  24. ^ Education Centre Gippsland (2007), McMillan Information, viewed 21 May 2007.
  25. ^ http://warragulsoccerclub.com.au
  26. ^ http://www.sportingpulse.com/assoc_page.cgi?assoc=800#
  27. ^ "Fixture for CBL Gippsland Men". SportsTG.
  28. ^ Full_Points Footy, Warragul_Industrials, archived from the original on 21 August 2008, retrieved 25 July 2008
  29. ^ Australian Harness Racing, Warragul, retrieved 11 May 2009
  30. ^ "History of the Warragul GRC". History of Greyhound Racing. Retrieved 15 March 2021.
  31. ^ Greyhound Racing Victoria, Warragul, archived from the original on 29 March 2009, retrieved 15 April 2009
  32. ^ Golf Select, Warragul, retrieved 11 May 2009
  33. ^ Warragul Regional Newspapers (2007), Warragul and Drouin Gazette Circulation, viewed 4 May 2007.
  34. ^ "Announcement: Print edition hiatus - The Warragul Citizen". Retrieved 3 April 2013.
  35. ^ "Baw Baw's best free paper returning to print - The Warragul Citizen". Retrieved 12 June 2014.
  36. ^ "West Gippsland Gazette (Warragul, Vic. : 1898 - 1930)". Trove. Retrieved 19 May 2017.
  37. ^ Australia. Royal Australian Air Force. Historical Section (1995), Logistics units, AGPS Press, ISBN 978-0-644-42798-2
  38. ^ Jason Bargwanna (2009), Jason Bargwanna v8supercars.com.au, viewed 16 August 2009.
  39. ^ http://quoll.uwaterloo.ca/me/life.html
  40. ^ Baw Baw Shire Council (2007), Baw Baw Shire Sporting Walk of Fame Inductees, viewed 26 May 2007.
  41. ^ Australian Olympic Committee (2007) Kathy Watt, viewed 4 May 2007.

External links[edit]

Media related to Warragul at Wikimedia Commons