Wood Islands Lighthouse

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Wood Islands Lighthouse
Phare et sifflet de brume à Wood Islands.jpg
Wood Islands Lighthouse and Range Lights
Wood Islands Lighthouse is located in Prince Edward Island
Wood Islands Lighthouse
Prince Edward Island
Location Wood Islands
Prince Edward Island
Canada
Coordinates 45°56′59.5″N 62°44′46.1″W / 45.949861°N 62.746139°W / 45.949861; -62.746139Coordinates: 45°56′59.5″N 62°44′46.1″W / 45.949861°N 62.746139°W / 45.949861; -62.746139
Year first constructed 1876
Automated electrification 1958
Deactivated destaffing 1990
Foundation stone basement
Construction Wooded Tower
Tower shape square prism tower with balcony and lantern
Markings / pattern white tower, red lantern and balcony
Height 16.5 metres (54 ft)
Focal height 21.8 metres (72 ft)
Range Nominal 12 nautical miles
Characteristic Iso W 10s.
Fog signal 1941 - 1998
Admiralty number H0962
CHS number CCG 976
NGA number 8164
ARLHS number CAN-535
Managing agent Wood Islands and Area Development Corporation

The Wood Islands Lighthouse is a historic lighthouse situated on the Island's southeastern shore, located in Wood Islands, Prince Edward Island. The lighthouse is a well-preserved three-storey tower with an adjoining 1 12-storey keeper's residence. The white shingled tower is topped by a red iron lantern, which is enclosed by a white railing on the observation deck. The red roof of the dwelling provides a striking contrast to the white shingled exterior of the dwelling.[1][2]

The lighthouse and residence are now open as a museum, with exhibits about the history of lighthouses, ferry service and fishing on the island, and includes a 1950s period kitchen and keeper's quarters.[3]

History[edit]

During its session of 1874, the Canadian Parliament appropriated $6,000 for the construction of a lighthouse at Wood Islands, as an aid of marine traffic in the Northumberland Strait, being finished in the autumn of 1876, it was put into operation on 1 November 1876. It is the second oldest lighthouse, on PEI, with an attached dwelling and tower of this style. [4][5]

Early light-keepers had a significant challenge in access, as it could only be approached through dense woods and along the beach from well west of the lighthouse. The light was initially accessed from a track running down now Pioneer Cemetery Road, to a land spit stretching south from ‘Wood Island’, over a sand bar, to its southeast corner location. With time, the track from Pioneer Cemetery Road was lost and a new access gained running south from now McLeod Road. The southeast island came to be attached to shore with changes in the harbour usage, and with the construction of the Wood Islands ferry terminal and ferry berthing docks. [6][7]

Keepers[edit]

Keeper [8] Period of Service Notes / Comments
James MacMillan 1876 – 1887 Assisted by Son Neil
William D. MacMillan 1887 – 1898 Dismissed for Political Activity
John Roderick W. McKay 1898 – 1912 Lived in Wood Islands
Levi Morrow 1912 – 1924 Lived in Iris, PE
Thomas Art Smith 1924 – 1949 From New Glasgow, NS
George Stewart 1949 – 1972 WW2 Medal of Bravery 1945
Manson E. Murchison 1972 – 1974 WW2 Veteran: Italy / France
Bernard Beaton 1975 – 1976 From Cape Breton, NS
Leon Patton 1977 – 1990 From Cape Breton, NS
Wood Islands Harbour Range Lights
Wood Island Lighthouses.JPG
Wood Islands Front Range Light
Location Wood Islands, PE
Year first constructed 1902
Deactivated 2007
Construction wooden tower
Tower shape square frustum tower with lantern and gallery
Markings / pattern white tower, red vertical stripe on the range line
Managing agent Wood Islands Lighthouse

Harbour Range Lights[edit]

The Wood Island Harbour Range Lights are a set of range lights at Wood Islands, Prince Edward Island, Canada, now located by the Lighthouse, it built in 1876. The Wood Islands Harbour Range Front and Wood Islands Harbour Range Rear were built in 1902, and no longer active.[9]

Designation Source Front Range Number Rear Range Number
Admiralty H0964 H0964.1
Canada F&O CCG 973 CCG 974
NGA 8168 8172
ARLHS CAN-536 CAN-537
Standing Height 6 m / 20 ft 10 m / 33 ft

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wood Islands Lighthouse, Provincial Designated Heritage Place: 2012-10-03, Historic Places of Prince Edward Island (File #: 4320-20/W2) See: http://www.gov.pe.ca/hpo/app.php?nav=details&p=7841 Accessed 30.04.2016
  2. ^ "Prince Edward Island Lighthouse Society". Retrieved 30 April 2016. 
  3. ^ "Home". Woods Island Lighthouse. Retrieved 7 December 2016. 
  4. ^ http://www.lighthousefriends.com/light.asp?ID=958
  5. ^ "Wood Island Lightkeepers - Lighthouses of Prince Edward Island". Retrieved 30 April 2016. 
  6. ^ "Collection". Retrieved 30 April 2016. 
  7. ^ "Collection". Retrieved 30 April 2016. 
  8. ^ Keepers See: http://www.lighthousefriends.com/light.asp?ID=958 Accessed 01.05.2016
  9. ^ Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Canada: Eastern Prince Edward Island". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved August 2, 2009. 

External links[edit]