Ksingmul people

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Xinh Mun
Regions with significant populations
 Vietnam 23,278 (2009)[1]
Ksingmul (Puoc), Vietnamese, Lao
Animism, Buddhism[2]

The Ksingmul (Vietnamese: Xinh Mul), also known as Con Pua, Puộc, and Pụa, are an ethnic group in Vietnam and Laos. In Vietnam, they live primarily in the northwest, in the provinces of Sơn La and Lai Châu. The group numbers approximately 18,018 people and its language is in the Khmuic languages group of the Mon–Khmer language family.

The Xinh Mun celebrate several festivals such as Muong A Ma, Ksaisatip, and Mạ Ma.


The Ksingmul are divided linguistically into three subgroups:

  • The Kháng of Vietnam
  • The Phong-Kniang of Laos
  • The Puoc of Vietnam and Laos.


The Ksingmul speak the Ksingmul language, which is a Khmuic language.[3] The Khmuic languages are Austro-Asiatic.[3]

Geographic Distribution[edit]

  • Population in Vietnam: 21,939
  • Population in Laos: 3,164[3]


  1. ^ "The 2009 Vietnam Population and Housing Census: Completed Results". General Statistics Office of Vietnam: Central Population and Housing Census Steering Committee. June 2010. p. 135. Archived from the original on October 18, 2013. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  2. ^ Puoc : A language of Viet Nam
  3. ^ a b c Ethnologue report for Laos

External links[edit]