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Sán Dìu (also known as San Deo, Trai, Trai Dat and Man Quan Coc; Chinese: 山由族; pinyin: ; Shān yóu zú Jyutping: ; saan1 jau4 zuk6 Cantonese Yale: Sanyau Juk; Chữ nôm: 𠊛 山 由; Vietnamese alphabet: Người Sán Dìu) is a Yao ethnic group in northern Vietnam who speak Yue Chinese ( Cantonese), a Chinese language. Although the Vietnamese government classifies San Diu as an independent group, San Diu people are originally a part of Chinese people in Vietnam. They are believed to have migrated from Guangdong, China around 1600.
The group's estimated population as of 2000 was 117,500; a 2009 estimate put the number at 146,821.
They speak a variant of Cantonese, and it is suggested that some still speak [1 ] Iu Mien. The major religions are Mahayana Buddhism and Taoism, with elements of animism and veneration of the dead. About 400 are adherents of the Catholic Church; a few are evangelical Protestants. This ethnic group is mainly concentrated in Quảng Ninh Province.
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References [ edit ]
Ma Khánh Bằng (1975). "Về ý thức tự giác dân tộc của người Sán Dìu". In, Ủy ban khoa học xã hội Việt Nam: Viện dân tộc học.
Về vấn đề xác định thánh phần các dân tộc thiểu số ở miền bắc Việt Nam, 365-376. Hà Nội: Nhà xuất bản khoa học xã hội.
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