YJ-82

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YJ-82
TypeAnti-ship cruise missile
Place of originPeople's Republic of China
Service history
In service1998
Used byPeople's Republic of China
Production history
ManufacturerChina Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation
Specifications
Warhead165 kg high-explosive fragmenting warhead

Operational
range
<42 km
SpeedMach 0.9
Guidance
system
Inertial navigation/active radar homing terminal guidance
Launch
platform
Submarine

The YJ-82 (Chinese: 鹰击-82; pinyin: yingji-82; literally: 'eagle strike 82') is a Chinese subsonic anti-ship cruise missile. It is manufactured by the China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation Third Academy.[1]

The YJ-82 is the submarine-launched version of the YJ-8 missile family.[1]

Description[edit]

The YJ-82 is a solid-fuelled rocket. It is launched from submarines from a buoyant launch canister. The YJ-82 lacks the solid-rocket booster of the surface-launched YJ-8/8A and likely has less range than the latter's 42 km. The terminal sea-skimming attack altitude is 5 to 7 meters.[1]

The launch capsule is a copy of the one used by submarine-launched Harpoons; China likely received the technology from Pakistan, which had such weapons.[2]

Development[edit]

In the fall of 1983, the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) test fired YJ-8 missiles from a modified Type 033 submarine; the submarine had to surface to fire, and six missiles could be fired in six to seven minutes. The missile's short range and surface launch left the submarine vulnerable. The YJ-82 was developed by placing the missile inside a buoyant launch capsule; the capsule technology was acquired from Pakistan.[2]

The YJ-82 was first test fired from a Type 039 submarine in 1997; initial tests did not go well. The first photographs of the missile appeared at the 2004 China International Aviation & Aerospace Exhibition.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Gromley et al.: page 101
  2. ^ a b c Carlson, Christopher P. (6 February 2013). "China's Eagle Strike-Eight Anti-Ship Cruise Missiles, Part 2". DefenseMediaNetwork. Retrieved 12 August 2018.
Bibliography