List of minor political parties in Israel

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Israel has numerous minor political parties. Under the proportional representation electoral system used to elect members of the Knesset, parties required only 1% of the vote to win a seat in the legislature until the 1992 elections, when the electoral threshold was increased to 1.5%.[1] This article lists all parties to have contested a Knesset election, but failed to win seats.

Party Elections Notes
Abolish Income Tax 1981
Ahavat Yisrael (Love Israel) 2003
Ahrayut (Responsibility) 2009 Party advocating the creation of a constitution and the holding of regular referendums.[2]
Ale Yarok 1999, 2003, 2006, 2009, 2013, 2015
Aliyah and Youth Movement 1984
Am Shalem (Whole Nation) 2013 Formed by Haim Amsalem after he left Shas in 2010. The name was taken from his surname.[3]
Amkha (Ordinary People) 1981, 1984 Headed by Victor Tayar
Arab Brotherhood List 1981 Headed by Haneh Hadad
Arab Citizens' List 1981
Arab List – The Centre 1955
Arab National Party 2006, 2015 Formed in 1999 as a breakaway from the United Arab List and had two seats between 1999 and 2003.
Arab Reform Movement 1977
Socialist Union (Bund) 1959
Atid Ehad (One Future) 2006 Originally a predominantly Ethiopian Jewish party headed by Avraham Neguise.[4] Later taken over by Yitzakael Shtetzler and pulled out of the 2013 and 2015 elections before polling day.
Beit Yisrael (House of Israel) 1977
Black Panthers 1973 Headed by Shalom Cohen
Blue White Panthers 1973
Brit HaTzohar 1949 Headed by Aryeh Altman[5]
Brit Olam 2005, 2009, 2013, 2015
Brotherhood Movement 1973
Casino Party 1999
Citizen and State 2003 Party was taken over by Avraham Poraz prior to the 2006 elections and rebranded as Hetz
Council to Rescue the Homeland 1981
Da'am Workers Party 1996, 1999, 2003, 2006, 2009, 2013 Also known as the Organisastion for Democratic Action
Democratura 2015
Derekh Aretz 1988
Do Kiyum BeTzedek (Coexistence in Justice) 1977
Economy Party 2013 Headed by Yulia Shamalov-Berkovich
Eretz Hadasha (New Country) 2013 Anti-corruption party headed by Eldad Yaniv.[6]
Flower Party 2015
For Jerusalem 1949 Headed by Daniel Auster
For New Immigrants and Demobilized Soldiers 1951
Geulat Yisrael 1992 Formed in 1990 as a breakaway from Agudat Yisrael and held a single seat going into the 1992 elections.
Handicapped Organisation 1984
Has Mas 1984
Hatikva (The Hope) 1992 Headed by Charlie Biton
HaYisraelim (The Israelis) 2009, 2013 Founded by Gideon Doron, a professor of political science at Tel Aviv University and president of the Israeli Association of Political Science. In the 2009 elections it focussed on political reform, mainly introducing regional elections, the appointment of ministers who were experts in their area of responsibility, establishment of a constitution and equal representation of men and women. For the 2013 elections it was taken over by David Cone, a TV journalist with Channel 9 and focussed on the rights of new immigrants.
Hofesh (Freedom) 1977 Headed by Shalom Cohen
Holocaust Handicapped and Injured Faction 1959
Holocaust Survivors and Ale Yarok Alumni 2009 An alliance of some members of Ale Yarok and members of the "New Zionism" party, whose head was a Holocaust survivor and an activist for legalising cannabis, the main campaign issue for Ale Yarok.[7]
Hope for Change 2013, 2015
Independence 1981, 1984
Independent Faction for Israeli Arabs 1959 Headed by Masaad Kassis
Independents 1959
Initiative – Independents Movement 1981
Israeli Arab Labour Party 1959
Israeli Arab List 1973
Justice for All 2019 Animal rights Party
Koah HaKesef (Power of Money) 1996, 2006, 2009 Established as the Settlement Party in 1996 following economic crises in many kibbutzim. However, following a deal signed in the same year between the government, the Kibbutz Movement and the banks, the party's activity ceased. Contested the 2006 elections as HaLev and the 2009 elections as Koah HaKesef.
Koah LeHashpi'a (Power to Influence) 2009, 2013 Advocated greater rights for disabled citizens.[2]
Lahava (Flame) 2003
Lazuz (To Move) 2009 Anti-corruption party, which also campaigned against high wages of executives.[2]
Leader 2003, 2006, 2009, 2013 Party name was an acronym for "Progressive Liberal Democrat Party" (Hebrew: מפלגה מתקדמת ליברלית דמוקרטית‎, Miflaga Mitkademet Liberalit Demokratit)
Lehem{{Lehem (Bread) 2006, 2009 Party name was an acronym for "United Society Warriors" (Hebrew: לוחמי חברה מאוחדים‎, Lohamey Hevra Meuhadim)[8]
Lev LaOlim (Heart to the Immigrants) 1999, 2006, 2009 Party for immigrants from Central Asia. Also known as "Lev".
Likud – Popular Economic Movement 1955
List for Aliyah 1981
List for the Land of Israel 1969 Headed by Israel Eldad, composed of members of the Movement for Greater Israel
Living with Dignity 2013, 2015
Man's Rights in the Family Party 1996, 1999, 2003, 2006, 2009 Contested the 1999 and 2006 elections under the name "Justice for All"
Moreshet Avot (Heritage of the Fathers) 1999, 2013, 2015 Headed by Yosef Ba-Gad. Contested the 2015 elections under the name "Social Leadership".
Movement for Brotherhood 1965
Movement for Demobilised Soldiers 1988
Movement for Democracy and Aliyah 1992 Russian immigrant party, commonly known as "Da" (the party's abbreviation, and the Russian word for "Yes")
Movement for Mortgage Affected, Homeless and Demobilised Soldiers 1992
Movement for Moshavim 1988 Headed by Ra'anan Naim
Movement for Social Equality 1973 Headed by Avner Shaki
Movement for Social Justice 1988 Headed by Rafael Suissa
Movement for the Homeland 1984
Movement for the Renewal of Social Zionism 1977, 1984 Headed by Mordechai Ben-Porat; held a seat in the Knesset between 1983 and 1984 after Ben-Porat left Telem
National Organisation for the Defence of the Tenant 1984
National Union 1959 Headed by Shlomo Cohen-Tzidon
Natural Law Party 1992, 1999
Negev Party 1999
Nes (Miracle) 1965 Headed by Abie Nathan
New Arab Party 1999
New Generation 1977
New Immigrants Front 1959
New Immigrants' List 1955
New Liberal Party 1992 Formed in 1990 as a breakaway from Likud and held three seats going into the 1992 elections.
On Wheels 1992
One Israel 1981 Formed by Yitzhak Yitzhaky in 1980 after he left Likud and held a single seat going into the 1981 elections.
Or (Light) 2009, 2013, 2015 Headed by Yaron Yadan, focussed on the separation of religion and state.
Or Movement 1988
Original Religious List 1955
Organization for Democratic Action 1999
Otzma (Strength) 1981 Headed by Rafael Halperin
Otzma LeYisrael 2013 Formed in 2012 as a breakaway from the National Union and had two MKs going into the 2013 elections.
Oz LaAniyim (Strength to the Poor) 2006
Peace List 1965
Peace List 1969 Headed by Gadi Yatziv
Pensioners 1988
Pensioners' List 1981
Pensioners, Immigrants and Senior Citizens 1992
Pikanti 1992
Pirate Party 2013, 2015 Based on the international Pirate Party model, and headed by former Holocaust Survivors and Ale Yarok Alumni leader Ohad Shem-Tov.[9]
Popular Arab Bloc 1949 Mapam Arab satellite list
Popular Movement 1973 Headed by Asher Hassin
Power for Pensioners 1999 Headed by Gideon Ben-Yisrael
Progressive Center Party 1999
Progressive Confederation 1996
Progressive National Alliance 2003 Formed in 1999 as a breakaway from the United Arab List and held a single seat going into the 2003 elections.
Religious Sephardim List 1961
Sephardim-Ashkenazim Unity 1951 Headed by Eliyahu Kitov[10]
Sephardi National Party 1959 Headed by Avner Shaki
Shiluv 1984
Silent Power 1988
Social Justice 2013 Formed in February 2007 by Arcadi Gaydamak
Socialist Revolution List 1973
Supporters of Democracy 1961
Tafnit (Turnaround) 2006 Anti-corruption party established by Uzi Dayan. Merged into Likud in 2008.[11]
Tali 1992
Tarshish 1988 Headed by Moshe Dwek
Telem Emuna 1996 Headed by Yosef Azran
Tent Movement 1981
The Greens 1999, 2003, 2006, 2009, 2013, 2015
The New Zionism 2006
Third Power 1959
Tikva (Hope) 1999
Tnufa (Momentum) 1999 Headed by Pnina Rosenblum
Torah VeAretz (Torah and Country) 1992 Headed by Moshe Levinger
Traditional Judaism List 1949
Tzabar 2009 Headed by Boaz Toporovsky
Tzipor 1992
U'Bizchutan (And by Their Merit) 2015 Party for ultra-Orthodox Jewish women.
Ultra-Orthodox List 1949 Headed by Eliyahu Kitov[12]
Union of North African Immigrants 1959
United List of Religious Workers 1949 Headed by Yeshayahu Leibowitz
Unity – for Victor Tayar to the Knesset 1988 Headed by Victor Tayar
Unity for the Defence of New Immigrants 1996 Formed in 1990 as a breakaway from the Alignment and had one MK between 1990 and 1992.
Unity Party 1981 Formed in 1980 after the break-up of the Left Camp of Israel and held two seats going into the 1981 elections.
We are all Friends Na Nach 2013, 2015
We are Brothers 2013
Women's Party 1977, 1992 Founded by Marcia Freedman. Headed by Ruth Rasnic in the 1992 elections
Workers Bloc 1949 Arab party
Working and Religious Women 1949 Headed by Tova Sanhadray[13]
Ya'ad 1981 Formed in 1978 after the break-up of the Democratic Movement for Change and held a single seat going into the 1981 elections
Yachad 2015 Founded by former Shas leader Eli Yishai. Ran on a joint list with Otzma Yehudit in the 2015 elections.
Yamin Yisrael 1996 Formed in 1995 as a breakaway from Moledet and held one seat going into the 1996 elections
Yishai – Tribal Israel Together 1988 Headed by Shimon Ben-Shlomo
Yisrael Aheret (Another Israel) 2003
Yisrael HaMithadeshet 2009 Formed in 1999 as a breakaway from Yisrael BaAliyah and had two seats until the elections that year.
Yisrael Hazaka (Strong Israel) 2009 Breakaway from the Labor Party, headed by Efraim Sneh in 2008. Other members included Erela Golan and Michael Bar-Zohar.
Yitzhak Gruenbaum List 1949 Headed by Yitzhak Gruenbaum
Young Israel 1965, 1969
Youth Movement 1981
Za'am 2003
Zionist Panthers 1977

References[edit]