Pirate Party is a label adopted by political parties in different countries. Pirate parties support civil rights, direct democracy and participation in government, reform of copyright and patent law, free sharing of knowledge (open content), information privacy, transparency, freedom of information, anti-corruption and network neutrality.
- 1 History
- 2 Common policies
- 3 International organizations
- 4 European Union elections
- 5 National elections
- 6 National parties
- 7 References
- 8 External links
The Swedish Piratpartiet, founded on 1 January 2006 under the leadership of Rickard Falkvinge, was the first pirate party. The party's name was derived from Piratbyrån an organization opposed to intellectual property. Members of Piratbyrån had previously founded the BitTorrent tracker The Pirate Bay. Piratbyrån was an organization founded to oppose the lobbyism of the anti-piracy group Antipiratbyrån. The "pirate" label, which had been used by the media and film industries in campaigns against copyright infringement, is therefore a reappropriation of the word.
Parties in other countries, such as the Pirate Party of Austria (founded in July 2006) and the Pirate Party Germany (September 2006), were inspired by the Swedish example. In October 2006, Pirate Parties International was founded as an umbrella organization. In the European Parliament election of 2009 the Swedish Pirate Party received 7.1 percent of the votes, winning two seats and achieving the first major success of a Pirate Party in an election. The German Pirate Party managed to win 8.9 percent of the votes in the Berlin state election, 2011. The Czech Pirate Party won the international race to get a pirate politician to national parliament when a joint pirate candidate, Libor Michálek, was elected in the 2012 senate election.
The biggest election victory in national parliamentary elections of any pirate party was in Iceland where they received 5.1% of the electorate on the 27th of April 2013, gaining 3 seats out of 63 in the Althing.
While parties vary insofar as specific policies go, common themes of the Pirate movement include:
- Defend the freedom of expression, communication, education; respect the privacy of citizens and civil rights in general.
- Defend the free flow of ideas, knowledge and culture.
- Support politically the reform of copyright and patent laws.
- Have a commitment to work collaboratively, and participate with maximum transparency.
- Do not accept or espouse discrimination of race, origin, beliefs and gender.
- Do not support actions that involve violence.
- Use free software, free hardware, DIY and open protocols whenever possible.
- Politically defend an open, participative and collaborative construction of any public policy.
- Direct democracy
- Open access
- Open data
- Solidarity economy, Economy for the Common Good and promote solidarity with other pirates.
Copyright and censorship
Some campaigns have included demands for the reform of copyright and patent laws via policies opposing internet censorship and surveillance. In 2010, Swedish MEP Christian Engström called for supporters of amendments to the Data Retention Directive to withdraw their signatures, citing a misleading campaign.
Pirate Parties International
Pirate Parties International (PPI) is the umbrella organization of the national Pirate Parties. Since 2006, the organization has existed as a loose union of the national parties. Since October 2009, Pirate Parties International has had the status of a non-governmental organization (Feitelijke vereniging) based in Belgium. The organization was officially founded at a conference from 16 to 18 April 2010 in Brussels, when the organization's statutes were adopted by the 22 national pirate parties represented at the event.
European Pirate Party
Pirates without Borders
Pirates Without Borders is an international association of pirates. Unlike Pirate Parties International (which accepts only parties as voting members and organizations as observing members), Pirates Without Borders accept individuals as members. The PWB see themselves as a basis for international projects. Through global cooperation, they strive to reveal the impact of multinational trade agreements on all people on Earth, and foster freedom and democracy. PWB originates from an independent committee for the coordination of Pirate parties in German-speaking countries, known as DACHLuke (DACHL = Germany-Austria-Switzerland-Luxembourg).
Since the Pirate Parties International Conference 2011 on 12 and 13 March 2011, PWB is an "observing member" of Pirate Parties International. The previously independent project "pirate streaming" has become a part of Pirates without Borders since 3 May 2011.
Parti Pirate Francophone
In Parti Pirate Francophone, the French-speaking Pirate Parties are organized. Current members are the pirates parties in Belgium, Côte d'Ivoire, France, Canada, and Switzerland.
European Union elections
|Sweden||7 June 2009||7.13||2|
|Germany||7 June 2009||0.9||0|
|Croatia*||14 April 2013||1.13||0|
*Held in 2013 due to Croatia's entry into EU
|United Kingdom*||22 May 2014||0.49||0|
|Netherlands||22 May 2014||0.85||0|
|Austria**||25 May 2014||2.1||0|
|Croatia||25 May 2014||0.39||0|
|Czech Republic||25 May 2014||4.78||0|
|Finland||25 May 2014||0.7||0|
|France||25 May 2014||0.32||0|
|Germany||25 May 2014||1.45||1|
|Greece***||25 May 2014||0.90||0|
|Estonia****||25 May 2014||1.8||0|
|Luxembourg||25 May 2014||4.23||0|
|Poland||25 May 2014||0.02||0|
|Slovenia||25 May 2014||2.58||0|
|Spain||25 May 2014||0.24||0|
|Sweden||25 May 2014||2.23||0|
*Party only participated in North West England constituency
**PPAT is in alliance with two other parties: The Austrian Communist Party and Der Wandel. The alliance is called “Europa Anders” and also includes some independents in their lists
***with Ecological Greens
****PPEE are campaigning for an independent candidate (Silver Meikar) who supports the pirate program
|Sweden||17 September 2006||0.63||0|
|Germany||27 September 2009||1.95||0|
|Sweden||19 September 2010||0.65||0|
|United Kingdom||6 May 2010||0.00||0|
|Czech Republic||28–29 May 2010||0.81||0|
|Netherlands||9 June 2010||0.11||0|
|Finland||17 April 2011||0.51||0|
|Canada||2 May 2011||0.02||0|
|Switzerland||23 October 2011||0.48||0|
|Spain||20 November 2011||0.14||0|
|Greece||6 May 2012||0.51||0|
|Greece||17 June 2012||0.23||0|
|Netherlands||12 September 2012||0.32||0|
|Israel||22 January 2013||0.05||0|
|Iceland||27 April 2013||5.10||3|
|Australia||7 September 2013||0.31||0|
|Norway||8–9 September 2013||0.34||0|
|Germany||22 September 2013||2.19||0|
|Austria||29 September 2013||0.77||0|
|Luxembourg||20 October 2013||2.94||0|
|Czech Republic||25–26 October 2013||2.66||0|
|Slovenia||13 July 2014||1.34||0|
|Israel||17 March 2015||0.02||0|
Outside Sweden, pirate parties have been started in over 40 countries, inspired by the Swedish initiative.
- Why The Name "Pirate Party"?
- Slyck Interviews The Pirate Bay, retrieved 2011-01-21
- "What's in a name?". Pirate Party UK. 2010-05-04. Retrieved 2012-04-10.
- "FAQ". Pirate Party Australia. Retrieved 2012-04-10.
- "Zweitstimmenanteile ausgewählter Parteien". Wahl zum Abgeordnetenhaus von Berlin 2011 (in German). Die Landeswahlleiterin für Berlin. 2011-09-18. Retrieved 2012-03-31.
- Rick Falkvinge (21 October 2012). "Pirate Parties Win First Senator's Seat Czech Win International Race". Retrieved 28 November 2012.
- "Outcome of the Elections", Icelandic National Radio, Reykjavik, 28 April 2013. Retrieved on 28 April 2013.
- Copley, Caroline (20 September 2009). "Germany’s ‘Pirate Party’ hopes for election surprise". Reuters blog (Reuters). Retrieved 5 March 2014.
- Engström, Christian (2 June 2010). "Urging MEPs to withdraw their Written Declaration 29 signatures". Christian Engström blog. WordPress.com. Retrieved 5 March 2014.
- Pirate Parties International in the wiki of Pirate Parties International, retrieved 2011-01-21
- "22 Pirate Parties from all over the world officially founded the Pirate Parties International". Pirate Parties International. 2010-04-21. Retrieved 2012-04-05.
- here comes the European Pirate Party
- "Pirates without Borders Wiki". Pirates without Borders. Retrieved 2012-04-05.
- "Piratenpartij presenteert verkiezingsprogramma" (in Dutch). 3VOOR12 NL. 2010-05-20. Retrieved 2011-04-09.
Media related to Pirate parties at Wikimedia Commons