Yousuf Shah Chak

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Yousuf Shah Chak
یُوسف شاہ چک
Sultan of Kashmir
Reign1579 – 1586
PredecessorAli Shah Chak
SuccessorYakub Shah Chak
Died1592
Bihar
Burial
WifeHabba Khatoon
Regnal name
Shahmir Dynasty
HouseChak Dynasty
FatherAli Shah Chak
ReligionIslam

Yousuf Shah Chak (Urdu; یُوسف شاہ چک) was a ruler of Kashmir. He was successor of his father Ali Shah Chak and ruled Kashmir from 1579 to 1586 AD. The Chaks were religious divided between Sunni, and some Nurbakhshiya Sufis, that some have described as an offshoot of Shiism. They were formidable fighters of huge structure (Dards) and soundly defeated the great Mughal Emperor Akbar twice and that too with a much smaller army. Most Chaks during that period had converted to Shia form of Islam and these recent converts retained their Hindu names such as Shankar, Lankar, Pandu Chak, etc. Yusuf was a Shia. Some disgruntled Kashmiri nobles were often pushing Akbar to annex Kashmir.

Yousuf Shah Chak sought refuge in Sialkot,[1] before he was brought to Delhi for talks with Akbar. Akbar's forces betrayed Yousuf, and imprisoned him for the rest of his life. It is narrated that Habba Khatoon, Yousuf's love interest and a well known poetess of Kashmir, had opposed Yousuf's travel to Delhi, for she sensed Akbar's offer as a bait. She later made mentions of this in her writings. Chaks successfully resisted the attempts of Babur and Himayun to annex Kashmir.[2]

Yusuf was succeeded by his son Yakub Shah Chak (a great warrior as well) who ruled Kashmir for three years until 1589 AD, when it was annexed to Mughal Empire by Akbar.

Yousuf was jailed in Bengal and later shifted to Bihar where he died. His grave remains in Bihar.[3][4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Khan, Refaqat Ali (1976). The Kachhwahas under Akbar and Jahangir. Kitab Pub. House.
  2. ^ Tareekh Kashmir Page No. 103 Book Published by Mosvi Publishers
  3. ^ Epilogue, Vol 4, Issue 1. Epilogue -Jammu Kashmir. p. 25,26.
  4. ^ "From Bihar to Tihar". greaterkashmir.com. Retrieved 13 February 2015.