Zürich Oerlikon railway station

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Zürich Oerlikon
Pass-through railway station
Zürich - Oerlikon - Bahnhof IMG 3941 ShiftN.jpg
The mai, south front of the 1914 Zürich Oerlikon station building (in 2009)
Location Hofwiesenstrasse 369
Zürich, ZH
Switzerland
Coordinates 47°24′46″N 8°32′42″E / 47.41278°N 8.54500°E / 47.41278; 8.54500
Elevation 441 m (1,447 ft)
Owned by SBB CFF FFS (Swiss Federal Railways)
Operated by SBB CFF FFS
Line(s) Zürich–Winterthur
Furttal
Platforms 5
Tracks 8 (German: Gleis)
Connections ZVV: Bahnhof Oerlikon, Bahnhof Oerlikon Nord, Bahnhof Oerlikon Ost
Train
S-Bahn
Tram
VBZ trams 10 11 14 17
Bus
VBZ trolley buses 62 80 94, VBZ buses 61 64 75 and suburban buses 768 781
Airport
8 direct trains per hour to/from Zürich Flughafen in 5 min., VBZ tram 10 in 0:23h, and bus 768 in 0:25h
Construction
Structure type at-grade
Depth 0
Platform levels 1 (2 passenger levels)
Parking none
Bicycle facilities covered and secured (Velostation Quartierverbindung:400, Velostation Ausgang Andreasstr.:400)
Architect
  • 1855: A. Beckh
  • 1865: Jakob Friedrich Wanner
  • 2016: 10:8 architects
Other information
Fare zone ZVV: 110
Website Bahnhof Zürich Oerlikon
History
Opened 1855 (wooden goods shed)
1865 (first building)
Rebuilt
  • 1912–1914 (reconstruction of station building)
  • 2004–2016 (total reconstruction of underpasses, tracks and platforms)
Traffic
Passengers (2014) 84,500 per working day
Rank 7 of 1735
Services
Preceding station   Swiss rail network   Following station
Zürich Hauptbahnhof   InterRegio
Basel to Zürich Airport
  Zürich Airport
Zürich Hauptbahnhof   InterRegio
Lucerne to Zürich Airport
  Zürich Airport
Zürich Hauptbahnhof   RegioExpress
Zürich Hauptbahnhof to Schaffhausen
  Bülach
Zürich Hauptbahnhof   Zurich S-Bahn
S2 line
  Zürich Airport
Zürich Hardbrücke   Zürich S-Bahn
S6 line
  Zürich Seebach
Zürich Hardbrücke   Zürich S-Bahn
S7 line
  Opfikon
Zürich Hauptbahnhof   Zürich S-Bahn
S8 line
  Wallisellen
Zürich Hardbrücke   Zurich S-Bahn
S9 line
  Glattbrugg
Zürich Hauptbahnhof   Zürich S-Bahn
S14 line
  Wallisellen
Zürich Hardbrücke   Zurich S-Bahn
S15 line
  Glattbrugg
Zürich Hardbrücke   Zürich S-Bahn
S16 line
  Zürich Airport
Zürich Hauptbahnhof   Zürich S-Bahn
S19 line
  Wallisellen
Zürich Hardbrücke   Zürich S-Bahn
S21 line
  Zürich Affoltern
Zürich Wipkingen   Zürich S-Bahn
S24 line
  Zürich Airport
Location
Zürich Oerlikon railway station is located in Switzerland
Zürich Oerlikon railway station
Zürich Oerlikon railway station (Switzerland)

Zürich Oerlikon railway station (German: Bahnhof Zürich Oerlikon) is a railway station located at Oerlikon in the city of Zurich, Switzerland. It is a major nodal point and junction for both the Zurich S-Bahn network and the Swiss railway network as a whole. Trains on 11 lines of the S-Bahn serve the station, as do frequent inter-regional trains. Inter-city passenger and freight traffic also passes through the station without stopping. Serving approximately 85,000 daily passengers, Zurich Oerlikon is the seventh busiest railway station in Switzerland.[1]

Oerlikon station lies close nearby Hallenstadion and Messe Zürich in the centre of Oerlikon, a suburb of Zürich that was once an independent town, and still remains an important business and retail centre. The Swissôtel Zürich lies immediately opposite the front of the station.

The station building is listed in the Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance as a Class B object of regional importance.[2]

History[edit]

On 27 December 1855 the line from Oerlikon to Winterthur via Wallisellen station was established by the Schweizerische Nordostbahn (NOB), and a temporary wooden train station was built by A. Beckh and Jakob Friedrich Wanner. The following year the line was extendend to Zürich Hauptbahnhof through the Wipkingen Tunnel. Lines from Wallisellen to Uster (1856) and Oerlikon to Bülach via Glattbrugg station (1865) followed. The opening of these lines triggered the industrialization of Oerlikon, and a massive population growth. In particular the large works of Maschinenfabrik Oerlikon was established immediately to the west of the station.[3][4]

In 1865, the wooden train station was replaced by a stone building. In 1877, the Schweizerische Nationalbahn (SNB) opened the Furttal railway line from Wettingen to Effretikon, via Seebach and Opfikon stations. This line was conceived as a freight bypass for Zürich and whilst it passed close to Oerlikon station, it did not serve it. In 1878 the SNB became insolvent, and was taken over by the NOB. In 1881, a link between the Oerlikon to Bülach line and the Furttal line was constructed to allow trains to run from Oerlikon to Opfikon, and in 1909 a curve was added to also allow trains to run from Oerlikon to Seebach. In 1912, the current station building replaced that of 1865.[4]

In June 1969 the Käferberg Tunnel was opened, providing a second route to Hauptbahnhof. In October 1979 the line from Oerlikon under Zürich Airport and on to rejoin the main line to Winterthur at Bassersdorf (the Flughafenlinie) opened, including a new station directly under the airport terminal. In June 2014, the Weinberg Tunnel opened, providing a third route to Hauptbahnhof.[5]

To complement the opening of the Weinberg tunnel, the station's infrastructure was renewed, with the provision of two additional platform tracks and the rebuilding of the station's bus and tram stops. The additional platforms and tracks were constructed on the north-western side of the station, partially on land occupied by the former office building of Maschinenfabrik Oerlikon, dating from the late 19th century and now a restaurant complex known as Gleis 9. Because of its cultural importance to the region, plans to demolish the building were rejected, and instead the 6,200-tonne (6,800-ton) building was moved 60 metres (200 ft) to the west on specially laid tracks. The move took place in May 2012, and took 19 hours.[6][7][8]

Layout and facilities[edit]

The station is aligned on a south-west to north-east axis, and, following its expansion, has eight through platform tracks serving two side platforms and three island platforms. At the centre of the station the platforms are at or about street level, but the slope of the land means they are significantly above street level at the north-eastern end of the station, whilst the south-western approaches descend into a cutting and, eventually, tunnels. There are station entrances on both sides of the station, but the main station buildings are on the south-eastern side of the station, the same side as the centre of the suburb of Oerlikon. Pedestrian subways link both sides of the station and all platforms.[9]

To the south-west of Oerlikon station, the line through the station divides into three lines, with fly-overs and dive-unders providing non-conflicting access routes to and from the different lines. The three lines all link to Zürich Hauptbahnhof by different tunnels through the intermediate ridge, these being the Wipkingen Tunnel, the Käferberg Tunnel and the Weinberg Tunnel. The first two of these approach the Hauptbahnhof from the west, giving access to both its upper level terminal platforms and its low level through platforms, whilst the Weinberg Tunnel enters the low level through platforms from the east.[9][10]

To the north-east of Oerlikon station, the line divides into two within the station limits. The south-easternmost two platform tracks serve the line to Wallisellen station and beyond. The remaining platform tracks run together for further, but eventually divide to serve the routes to Seebach, Glattbrugg, Opfikon and Zürich Airport stations respectively.[9][10]

Trams of both the Zürich tramway system and the Glattalbahn operate from a number of stops adjacent to both sides of the station, as do buses of both the Verkehrsbetriebe Zürich and Glattalbus. A stop complex on the south-eastern side of the station and known as Bahnhof Oerlikon is served by tram route 11, and buses 61, 62, 94, 768 and 781. A second stop complex to the north-east of the station and known as Bahnhof Oerlikon Ost is served by tram routes 10 and 14, and buses 75, 768 and 781. A third stop complex to the north-west of the station and known as Bahnhof Oerlikon Nord is served by buses 64 and 80. Between them these connect the station to much of the city of Zürich and to the Glatt Valley between Oerlikon and Zürich Airport.[11]

The renovation of the station underpasses, completed in 2016, added more than 20 store fronts to the Bahnhof Oerlikon complex mostly below ground level.[12] Prior to 2016, only two food vendors and one store were located on the station grounds itself. In Switzerland, the law requires that most stores close on Sundays; however, stores located in airports and railways are exempt, allowing the stores in Bahnhof Oerlikon to remain open year-round.

Operation[edit]

The station is an important and busy one. It is served by lines S2, S6, S7, S8, S9, S14, S15, S16, S19, S21, and S24 of the Zurich S-Bahn. It is also called at by trains on the InterRegio (IR) lines from Zürich Airport to Basel SBB and Zürich Airport to Luzern, and the RegioExpress (RE) line from Zürich to Schaffhausen.[13][14]

Train connections to Oerlikon from Zürich Hauptbahnhof are very frequent, and the ride takes only a few minutes. All trains stopping at Oerlikon also serve Hauptbahnhof providing, for most of the day, more than 20 trains per hour (tph) in each direction.[13][14]

Other stations served (with typical daytime frequencies) include Affoltern am Albis (S14; 2 tph), Baden (IR/S6; 3 tph), Basel (IR; 1 tph), Brugg (IR; 1 tph), Bülach (RE/S9; 3 tph), Effretikon (S7/S8/S19/S24; 8 tph), Enge (S2/S8/S24; 6 tph), Hardbrücke (S6/S7/S9/S15/S16; 10 tph), Herrliberg-Feldmeilen (S6/S16; 4 tph), Hinwil (S14; 2 tph), Kloten (S7; 2 tph), Lucerne (IR; 1 tph), Niederweningen (S15; 2 tph), Pfäffikon SZ (S2/S8; 4 tph), Rafz (S9; 2 tph), Rapperswil (S7/S15; 4 tph), Stadelhofen (S6/S7/S9/S15/S16; 10 tph), Schaffhausen (RE/S9/S24; 3 tph), Thalwil (IR/S2/S8/S24; 7 tph), Uetikon (S6/S7; 4 tph), Uster (S9/S14/S15; 6 tph), Wallisellen (S8/S14/S19; 6 tph), Wettingen (S6; 2 tph), Wetzikon (S14/S15; 4 tph), Winterthur (S7/S8/S24; 6 tph), Wipkingen (S24; 2 tph), Ziegelbrücke (S2; 2 tph), Zug (IR/S24; 3 tph), and Zürich Airport (IR/S2/S16/S24; 8 tph).[13][14]

Gallery[edit]

Oerlikon and its train station on an aerial photograph by Walter Mittelholzer (~1920) 
The platforms looking south-west, before two extra tracks were added (2010) 
View to the north-east of the station, with Wallisellen line diverging to right (2011) 
View to the north-east of the station, showing changes since previous image (2016) 
Gleis 9 moving to its new location alongside the station approach (2012) 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Expansion Station Zurich Oerlikon 2004-2016". 10:8 Architekten GmbH. 
  2. ^ "B-Objekte KGS-Inventar" (PDF) (in German). Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft, Amt für Bevölkerungsschutz. 2016-01-01. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2016-02-09. Retrieved 2016-04-01. 
  3. ^ "Oerlikon". Historical Dictionary of Switzerland (in German). 2013-10-12. Retrieved 2016-04-04. 
  4. ^ a b Stutz, Werner (1983). Bahnhöfe der Schweiz von den Anfängen bis zum Ersten Weltkrieg. Zürich: Orell Füssli. pp. 101, 164, 248–249. ISBN 3-280-01405-0. 
  5. ^ Haydock, David (August 2014). "Zürich's New S-Bahn Tunnel". Today's Railways Europe (224). Platform 5 Publishing Ltd. pp. 28–32. 
  6. ^ "Bahnhof Oerlikon Entwicklungskonzept und Ausbauvorhaben 2010 – 2015" (PDF) (in German). December 2008. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2016-03-07. Retrieved 2016-03-07. 
  7. ^ "Komplettumbau am Bahnhof Oerlikon" [Complete conversion to the Oerlikon station] (in German). Quartierverein Oerlikon. 2009-03-26. Archived from the original on 2009-04-04. Retrieved 2009-06-08. 
  8. ^ "Massive Zurich building completes 19-hour trip". swissinfo.ch. 2012-05-23. Archived from the original on 2015-09-30. Retrieved 2016-04-01. 
  9. ^ a b c map.geo.admin.ch (Map). Swiss Confederation. Retrieved 2016-03-31. 
  10. ^ a b Eisenbahnatlas Schweiz. Verlag Schweers + Wall GmbH. 2012. pp. 64–65. ISBN 978-3-89494-130-7. 
  11. ^ "Zurich City Map" (PDF). ZVV. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2015-07-23. Retrieved 2015-07-23. 
  12. ^ "Bahnhof Oerlikon wird zum Shopping-Tempel" [Oerlikon railway station becomes a shopping temple]. 20 minuten. 
  13. ^ a b c "S-Bahn trains, buses and boats" (PDF). ZVV. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2016-02-22. Retrieved 2016-02-22. 
  14. ^ a b c "Departure Bahnhof Zürich Oerlikon" (PDF). Swiss Federal Railways. 2015-12-13. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2016-04-04. Retrieved 2016-04-04. 

External links[edit]