Zaanse Schans

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Zaanse Schans
Windmills at Zaanse Schans
Windmills at Zaanse Schans
Zaanse Schans is located in Netherlands
Zaanse Schans
Zaanse Schans
Location of Zaanse Schans in the Netherlands
Coordinates: 52°28′26″N 4°48′59″E / 52.47389°N 4.81639°E / 52.47389; 4.81639Coordinates: 52°28′26″N 4°48′59″E / 52.47389°N 4.81639°E / 52.47389; 4.81639
CountryNetherlands
Province North Holland
MunicipalityZaanstad
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)

Zaanse Schans (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈzaːnsə ˈsxɑns]) is a neighbourhood of Zaandam, near Zaandijk, Netherlands. It is best known for its collection of windmills and wooden houses that were relocated here from the wider region north of Amsterdam for preservation. From 1961 to 1974, old buildings from all over the region known as the Zaanstreek were relocated using lowboy trailers to the Zaanse Schans.[1] Two of the windmills in the Zaanse Schans are preserved in their original site where they were first constructed, and therefore don't make up part of the relocated structures. The Zaans Museum, established in 1994, near the first Zaanse Schans windmill, is located south of the neighbourhood. This architectural reserve for Zaanse timber construction is a protected village scene because of its architectural-historical and landscape value. It developed into an international tourist destination with several million visitors every year: in 2016, there were 1.8 million, in 2017 – 2.2 million.[2]

Etymology and history[edit]

Zaanse Schans derived its name from the river Zaan and its original function as sconce (schans in Dutch) against the Spanish troops during the Eighty Years' War of Dutch independence.

Aerial view of Zaanse Schans

Attractions[edit]

Zaanse Schans is a popular tourist attraction and an anchor point of the European Route of Industrial Heritage (ERIH). The neighbourhood attracted approximately 1.6 million visitors in 2014. It is served by Zaandijk Zaanse Schans railway station, 18 minutes away from Amsterdam Centraal station.[3]

The Zaanse Schans houses seven museums — the Weavers House, the Cooperage, the Jisper House, Zaan Time Museum, Albert Heijn Museum Shop and the Bakery Museum. The whole neighbourhood is a popular tourist attraction and there is a debate in local politics on how to reduce overcrowding.[4]

List of windmills[edit]

The windmills were built after 1574.

The windmills of Zaanse Schans.
Names of the mills from left to right: Het Jonge Schaap ("The Young Sheep"), De Zoeker ("The Seeker"), De Kat ("The Cat"), De Gekroonde Poelenburg ("The Crowned Poelenburg") and De Huisman ("The Houseman").

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "History: Zaanse Schans brings Dutch history to life". Zaanse Schans. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
  2. ^ "Recordaantal bezoekers voor Zaanse Schans". NU (in Dutch). 2018-01-05. Retrieved 2022-06-20.
  3. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-07-17. Retrieved 2015-07-17.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ Too many tourists spoil the fun: locals call for action on overcrowding

External links[edit]