Zaanse Schans

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Windmills of Zaanse Schans

Zaanse Schans (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈzaːnsə ˈsxɑns]) is a neighbourhood of Zaandam, near Zaandijk in the municipality of Zaanstad in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. It has a collection of well-preserved historic windmills and houses; the ca. 35 houses from all over the Zaanstreek were moved to the area starting in 1961.[1] The Zaans Museum, established in 1994, is located in the Zaanse Schans.

The Zaanse Schans is one of the popular tourist attractions of the Netherlands and an anchor point of ERIH, the European Route of Industrial Heritage. The neighbourhood attracted approximately 1,6 million visitors in 2014.[2]

Etymology[edit]

The Zaanse Schans derived its name of the river Zaan and its original function as sconce (schans in Dutch) against the Spanish troops during the 80 years' war of Dutch independence.

List of windmills[edit]

The windmills were built after 1574.

The windmills of Zaanse Schans.
Names of the mills from left to right: Het Jonge Schaap ("the young sheep"), De Zoeker ("the seeker"), De Kat ("the cat"), De Gekroonde Poelenburg ("the crowned poelenburg") and De Huisman ("the houseman"). Photograph: Niels Kim.

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Coordinates: 52°28′26″N 4°48′59″E / 52.47389°N 4.81639°E / 52.47389; 4.81639