16th Canadian Parliament

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The initial seat distribution of the 16th Canadian Parliament
William Lyon Mackenzie King was Prime Minister during the 16th Canadian Parliament.

The 16th Canadian Parliament was in session from December 9, 1926 until May 30, 1930. The membership was set by the 1926 federal election on September 14, 1926, and it changed only somewhat due to resignations and by-elections until it was dissolved prior to the 1930 election.

It was controlled by a Liberal Party minority under Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King and the 14th Canadian Ministry. The Official Opposition was the Conservative Party, led briefly by Hugh Guthrie, and then by Richard Bedford Bennett.

The Speaker was Rodolphe Lemieux. See also List of Canadian electoral districts 1924-1933 for a list of the ridings in this parliament.

There were four sessions of the 16th Parliament:

Session Start End
1st December 9, 1926 April 14, 1927
2nd January 26, 1928 June 11, 1928
3rd February 7, 1929 June 14, 1929
4th February 20, 1930 May 30, 1930

List of members[edit]

Following is a full list of members of the sixteenth Parliament listed first by province, then by electoral district.

Electoral districts denoted by an asterisk (*) indicates that district was represented by two members.

Alberta[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Acadia Robert Gardiner United Farmers of Alberta
Athabaska Donald Ferdinand Kellner United Farmers of Alberta
Battle River Henry Elvins Spencer United Farmers of Alberta
Bow River Edward Joseph Garland United Farmers of Alberta
Calgary East Herbert Bealey Adshead Labour
Calgary West Richard Bedford Bennett Conservative
Camrose William Thomas Lucas United Farmers of Alberta
Edmonton East Kenneth Alexander Blatchford Liberal
Edmonton West Charles Stewart Liberal
Charles Stewart (by-election of 2 November 1926) Liberal
Lethbridge Lincoln Henry Jelliff United Farmers of Alberta
Macleod George Gibson Coote United Farmers of Alberta
Medicine Hat Frederick William Gershaw Liberal
Peace River Donald MacBeth Kennedy United Farmers of Alberta
Red Deer Alfred Speakman United Farmers of Alberta
Vegreville Michael Luchkovich United Farmers of Alberta
Wetaskiwin William Irvine United Farmers of Alberta

British Columbia[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Cariboo John Anderson Fraser Conservative
Comox—Alberni Alan Webster Neill Independent
Fraser Valley Harry James Barber Conservative
Kootenay East James Horace King (until 11 October 1926 emoulment appointment) Liberal
James Horace King (by-election of 9 November 1926) Liberal
Kootenay West William Esling Conservative
Nanaimo Charles Dickie Conservative
New Westminster William Garland McQuarrie Conservative
Skeena James Charles Brady Conservative
Vancouver—Burrard John Arthur Clark Conservative
Vancouver Centre Henry Herbert Stevens Conservative
Vancouver North Alexander Duncan McRae Conservative
Vancouver South Leon Johnson Ladner Conservative
Victoria Simon Fraser Tolmie (resigned 5 June 1928) Conservative
D'Arcy Plunkett (by-election of 6 December 1928) Conservative
Yale Grote Stirling Conservative

Manitoba[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Brandon Robert Forke (until 5 October 1926 ministerial appointment) Liberal-Progressive
Robert Forke (by-election of 2 November 1926, until 30 December 1929 Senate appointment) Liberal-Progressive
Thomas Crerar (by-election of 5 February 1930) Liberal
Dauphin William John Ward Liberal-Progressive
Lisgar John Livingstone Brown Liberal-Progressive
Macdonald William James Lovie Progressive
Marquette James Allison Glen Liberal-Progressive
Neepawa Robert Milne Progressive
Nelson Thomas William Bird Progressive
Portage la Prairie Ewan McPherson Liberal
Provencher Arthur-Lucien Beaubien Liberal-Progressive
Selkirk Leland Payson Bancroft Liberal-Progressive
Souris James Steedsman Progressive
Springfield Edgar Douglas Richmond Bissett Liberal-Progressive
St. Boniface John Power Howden Liberal
Winnipeg North Abraham Albert Heaps Labour
Winnipeg North Centre James Shaver Woodsworth Labour
Winnipeg South John Stewart McDiarmid Liberal
Winnipeg South Centre Joseph Thorarinn Thorson Liberal

New Brunswick[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Charlotte Robert Watson Grimmer Conservative
Gloucester Peter Veniot (until 5 October 1926 emoulment appointment) Liberal
Peter Veniot (by-election of 2 November 1926) Liberal
Kent Alfred Edmond Bourgeois Liberal
Northumberland Charles Joseph Morrissy Liberal
Restigouche—Madawaska Stanislas Blanchard Liberal
Royal George Burpee Jones Conservative
St. John—Albert* Thomas Bell Conservative
Murray MacLaren Conservative
Victoria—Carleton James Kidd Flemming Conservative
Albion Roudolph Foster (by-election of 16 June 1927) Liberal
Westmorland Otto Baird Price Conservative
York—Sunbury Richard Hanson Conservative

Nova Scotia[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Antigonish—Guysborough John Carey Douglas Conservative
William Duff (by-election of 18 January 1927) Liberal
Cape Breton North—Victoria Lewis Wilkieson Johnstone Conservative
Cape Breton South Finlay MacDonald Conservative
Colchester George Taylor MacNutt Conservative
Cumberland Robert Knowlton Smith Conservative
Digby—Annapolis Harry Short Conservative
Halifax* William Anderson Black Conservative
Felix Patrick Quinn Conservative
Hants—Kings James Lorimer Ilsley Liberal
Inverness Isaac Duncan MacDougall Conservative
Pictou Thomas Cantley Conservative
Queens—Lunenburg William Gordon Ernst Conservative
Richmond—West Cape Breton John Alexander MacDonald Conservative
Shelburne—Yarmouth Paul Hatfield (until 6 October 1926) Liberal
James Ralston (by-election of 2 November 1926) Liberal

Ontario[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Algoma East Beniah Bowman United Farmers of Ontario
Algoma West Thomas Edward Simpson Conservative
Brantford City Robert Edwy Ryerson Conservative
Brant Franklin Smoke Conservative
Bruce North James Malcolm (until 22 October 1926 emoulment appointment) Liberal
James Malcolm (by-election of 9 November 1926) Liberal
Bruce South Walter Allan Hall Liberal
Carleton William Foster Garland Conservative
Dufferin—Simcoe William Earl Rowe Conservative
Durham Fred Wellington Bowen Conservative
Elgin West Mitchell Hepburn Liberal
Essex East Edmond George Odette Liberal
Essex South Eccles James Gott Conservative
Essex West Sidney Cecil Robinson Conservative
Fort William Robert James Manion Conservative
Frontenac—Addington John Wesley Edwards (died 18 April 1929) Conservative
William Spankie (by-election of 22 July 1929) Conservative
Glengarry Archibald John Macdonald Liberal
Grenville—Dundas Arza Clair Casselman Conservative
Grey North William Pattison Telford Liberal
Grey Southeast Agnes Campbell Macphail Progressive
Haldimand Mark Cecil Senn Conservative
Halton Robert King Anderson Conservative
Hamilton East George Septimus Rennie Conservative
Hamilton West Charles William Bell Conservative
Hastings—Peterborough Alexander Thomas Embury Conservative
Hastings South William Ernest Tummon Conservative
Huron North John Warwick King (died 14 January 1927) Progressive
George Spotton (by-election of 12 September 1927) Conservative
Huron South Thomas McMillan Liberal
Kenora—Rainy River Peter Heenan (until 11 October 1926 emoulment appointment) Liberal
Peter Heenan (by-election of 2 November 1926) Liberal
Kent James Warren Rutherford Liberal
Kingston City Arthur Edward Ross Conservative
Lambton East Burt Wendell Fansher Progressive
Lambton West William Thomas Goodison (died 3 December 1928) Liberal
Ross Wilfred Gray (by-election of 14 January 1929) Liberal
Lanark Richard Franklin Preston (died 8 February 1929) Conservative
William Samuel Murphy (by-election of 29 July 1929) Independent Conservative
Leeds Hugh Alexander Stewart Conservative
Lincoln James Dew Chaplin Conservative
London John Franklin White Conservative
Middlesex East Adam King Hodgins Conservative
Middlesex West John Campbell Elliott (until 25 October 1926 ministerial appointment) Liberal
John Campbell Elliott (by-election of 2 November 1926) Liberal
Muskoka—Ontario Peter McGibbon Conservative
Nipissing Edmond Lapierre Liberal
Norfolk—Elgin William Horace Taylor Liberal
Northumberland Milton Edgar Maybee Conservative
Ontario Thomas Erlin Kaiser Conservative
Ottawa (City of)* Edgar-Rodolphe-Eugène Chevrier Liberal
Gordon Cameron Edwards Liberal
Oxford North Hugh Allan Liberal
Oxford South Thomas Merritt Cayley Liberal
Parkdale David Spence Conservative
Parry Sound James Arthurs Conservative
Peel Samuel Charters Conservative
Perth North Francis Wellington Hay Liberal
Perth South Frederick George Sanderson Liberal
Peterborough West Edward Armour Peck Conservative
Port Arthur—Thunder Bay Donald James Cowan Conservative
Prescott Louis Mathias Auger (until resignation) Liberal
Elie-Oscar Bertrand (by-election of 29 July 1929) Liberal
Prince Edward—Lennox John Hubbs Conservative
Renfrew North Ira Delbert Cotnam Conservative
Renfrew South Martin James Maloney Conservative
Russell Alfred Goulet Liberal
Simcoe East Alfred Burke Thompson Conservative
Simcoe North William Alves Boys Conservative
Stormont Arnold Neilson Smith Liberal
Timiskaming North Joseph-Arthur Bradette Liberal
Timiskaming South Malcolm Lang Labour
Toronto East Edmond Baird Ryckman Conservative
Toronto East Centre Robert Charles Matthews Conservative
Toronto—High Park Alexander James Anderson Conservative
Toronto Northeast Newton Manly Young Conservative
Toronto Northwest Thomas Langton Church Conservative
Toronto—Scarborough Joseph Henry Harris Conservative
Toronto South George Reginald Geary Conservative
Toronto West Centre Horatio Clarence Hocken Conservative
Victoria Thomas Hubert Stinson Conservative
Waterloo North William Daum Euler (until ministerial appointment) Liberal
William Daum Euler (by-election of 2 November 1926) Liberal
Waterloo South Alexander McKay Edwards Conservative
Welland George Hamilton Pettit Conservative
Wellington North Duncan Sinclair Conservative
Wellington South Hugh Guthrie Conservative
Wentworth Gordon Crooks Wilson Conservative
York North Thomas Herbert Lennox Conservative
York South Robert Henry McGregor Conservative
York West Henry Lumley Drayton Conservative
James Earl Lawson (by-election of 29 October 1928) Conservative

Prince Edward Island[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
King's John Alexander Macdonald Conservative
Prince Alfred Edgar MacLean Liberal
Queen's* Robert Harold Jenkins Liberal
John Ewen Sinclair Liberal

Quebec[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Argenteuil George Halsey Perley Conservative
Bagot Georges Dorèze Morin (died in office) Liberal
Cyrille Dumaine (by-election of 27 January 1930) Liberal
Beauce Édouard Lacroix Liberal
Beauharnois Maxime Raymond Liberal
Bellechasse Joseph Oscar Lefebre Boulanger Liberal
Berthier—Maskinongé Joseph-Charles-Théodore Gervais Liberal
Bonaventure Charles Marcil Liberal
Brome—Missisquoi William Frederic Kay Liberal
Cartier Samuel William Jacobs Liberal
Chambly—Verchères Aimé Langlois Liberal
Champlain Arthur Lesieur Desaulniers Liberal
Charlevoix—Saguenay Pierre-François Casgrain Liberal
Chicoutimi Julien-Édouard-Alfred Dubuc Independent Liberal
Châteauguay—Huntingdon James Alexander Robb (until 5 October 1926 emoulment appointment) Liberal
James Alexander Robb (by-election of 2 November 1926, died 11 November 1929) Liberal
Dennis James O'Connor (by-election of 27 January 1930) Liberal
Compton Joseph Étienne Letellier de Saint-Just Liberal
Dorchester Lucien Cannon (until 5 October 1926 emoulment appointment) Liberal
Lucien Cannon (by-election of 2 November 1926) Liberal
Drummond—Arthabaska Wilfrid Girouard Liberal
Gaspé Rodolphe Lemieux Liberal
Hochelaga Édouard-Charles St-Père Liberal
Hull Joseph-Éloi Fontaine Liberal
Jacques Cartier Joseph-Théodule Rhéaume Liberal
Joliette Jean-Joseph Denis (until 3 November 1928 emoulment appointment) Liberal
Charles-Édouard Ferland (by-election of 17 December 1928) Liberal
Kamouraska Joseph Georges Bouchard Liberal
Labelle Joseph Henri Napoléon Bourassa Independent
Lake St. John Armand Sylvestre Liberal
Laprairie—Napierville Roch Lanctôt (died 30 May 1929) Liberal
Vincent Dupuis (by-election of 22 July 1929) Liberal
L'Assomption—Montcalm Paul-Arthur Séguin Liberal
Laurier—Outremont Joseph-Alexandre Mercier Liberal
Laval—Two Mountains Liguori Lacombe Liberal
Lévis Joseph-Étienne Dussault Liberal
L'Islet Joseph-Fernand Fafard Liberal
Lotbinière Joseph-Achille Verville Liberal
Maisonneuve Clément Robitaille Liberal
Matane Georges-Léonidas Dionne Liberal
Mégantic Eusèbe Roberge Liberal
Montmagny Leo Kemner Laflamme Liberal
Mount Royal Robert Smeaton White Conservative
Nicolet Joseph-Félix Descoteaux Liberal
Pontiac Frank S. Cahill Liberal
Portneuf Michel-Siméon Delisle Liberal
Québec—Montmorency Henri-Edgar Lavigueur Liberal
Quebec East Ernest Lapointe (until 5 October 1926 emoulment appointment) Liberal
Ernest Lapointe (by-election of 2 November 1926) Liberal
Quebec South Charles Gavan Power Liberal
Quebec West Georges Parent Liberal
Richelieu Pierre-Joseph-Arthur Cardin (until 5 October 1926 emoulment appointment) Liberal
Pierre-Joseph-Arthur Cardin (by-election of 2 November 1926) Liberal
Richmond—Wolfe Edmund William Tobin Liberal
Rimouski Eugène Fiset Liberal
St. Ann James John Edmund Guérin Liberal
St. Antoine Leslie Gordon Bell Conservative
St. Denis Joseph-Arthur Denis Liberal
St. Henri Paul Mercier Liberal
St. Hyacinthe—Rouville René Morin Liberal
St. James Fernand Rinfret (until 5 October 1926 Secretary of State appointment) Liberal
Fernand Rinfret (by-election of 2 November 1926) Liberal
St. Johns—Iberville Aldéric-Joseph Benoit Liberal
St. Lawrence—St. George Charles Cahan Conservative
St. Mary Hermas Deslauriers Liberal
Shefford Pierre-Ernest Boivin Liberal
Sherbrooke Charles Benjamin Howard Liberal
Stanstead Willis Keith Baldwin Liberal
Témiscouata Jean-François Pouliot Liberal
Terrebonne Jules-Édouard Prévost Liberal
Three Rivers—St. Maurice Arthur Bettez Liberal
Vaudreuil—Soulanges Lawrence Alexander Wilson (resigned 1 February 1929) Liberal
Lawrence Alexander Wilson (by-election of 29 July 1929) Liberal
Wright Fizalam-William Perras Liberal
Yamaska Aimé Boucher Liberal

Saskatchewan[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Assiniboia Robert McKenzie Liberal
Humboldt Albert Frederick Totzke Liberal
Kindersley Archibald M. Carmichael Progressive
Last Mountain William Russell Fansher Progressive
Long Lake John Frederick Johnston Liberal
Mackenzie Milton Neil Campbell Progressive
Maple Creek George Spence (resigned 14 October 1927) Liberal
William George Bock (by-election of 25 November 1927) Liberal
Melfort Malcolm McLean Liberal
Melville William Richard Motherwell (until 11 October 1926 emoulment appointment) Liberal
William Richard Motherwell (by-election of 2 November 1926) Liberal
Moose Jaw John Gordon Ross Liberal
North Battleford Cameron Ross McIntosh Liberal
Prince Albert William Lyon Mackenzie King (until 11 October 1926 emoulment appointment) Liberal
William Lyon Mackenzie King (by-election of 2 November 1926) Liberal
Qu'Appelle John Millar Liberal-Progressive
Regina Charles Avery Dunning (until 5 October 1926 emoulment appointment) Liberal
Charles Avery Dunning (by-election of 2 November 1926) Liberal
Rosetown John Evans Progressive
Saskatoon Alexander MacGillivray Young Liberal
South Battleford John Vallance Liberal
Swift Current Charles Edward Bothwell Liberal
Weyburn Edward James Young Liberal
Willow Bunch Thomas F. Donnelly Liberal
Yorkton George Washington McPhee Liberal

Yukon[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Yukon George Black Conservative

By-elections[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Brandon February 5, 1930 Robert Forke      Liberal-Progressive Thomas Alexander Crerar      Liberal Called to the Senate No
Bagot January 27, 1930 Georges Dorèze Morin      Liberal Cyrille Dumaine      Liberal Death Yes
Châteauguay—Huntingdon January 27, 1930 James Alexander Robb      Liberal Dennis James O'Connor      Liberal Death Yes
Prescott July 29, 1929 Louis-Mathias Auger      Independent Liberal Élie-Oscar Bertrand      Liberal Resignation following criminal charge No
Lanark July 29, 1929 Richard Franklin Preston      Conservative William Samuel Murphy      Independent Conservative Death No
Vaudreuil-Soulanges July 29, 1929 Lawrence Alexander Wilson      Liberal Lawrence Alexander Wilson      Liberal Resigned, intending to retire, but persuaded to run again Yes
Laprairie—Napierville July 22, 1929 Roch Lanctôt      Liberal Vincent Dupuis      Liberal Death Yes
Frontenac—Addington July 22, 1929 John Wesley Edwards      Conservative William Spankie      Conservative Death Yes
Lambton West January 14, 1929 William Goodison      Liberal Ross Gray      Liberal Death Yes
Joliette December 17, 1928 Jean-Joseph Denis      Liberal Charles-Édouard Ferland      Liberal Appointed a judge of the Superior Court of Quebec. Yes
Victoria December 6, 1928 Simon Fraser Tolmie      Conservative D'Arcy Plunkett      Conservative Resignation to become Premier of British Columbia. Yes
York West October 29, 1928 Henry Lumley Drayton      Conservative Earl Lawson      Conservative Appointed Chairman of the Liquor Control Board of Ontario. Yes
Maple Creek November 25, 1927 George Spence      Liberal William George Bock      Liberal Resignation to enter provincial politics in Saskatchewan Yes
Huron North September 12, 1927 John Warwick King      Progressive George Spotton      Liberal Death No
Victoria—Carleton June 16, 1927 James Kidd Flemming      Conservative Albion Roudolph Foster      Liberal Death No
Antigonish—Guysborough January 18, 1927 John Carey Douglas      Conservative William Duff      Liberal Death No
Kootenay East November 9, 1926 James Horace King      Liberal James Horace King      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Soldiers' Civil Re-establishment Yes
Bruce North November 9, 1926 James Malcolm      Liberal James Malcolm      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Trade and Commerce Yes
Dorchester November 2, 1926 Lucien Cannon      Liberal Lucien Cannon      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Solicitor General Yes
Richelieu November 2, 1926 Pierre-Joseph-Arthur Cardin      Liberal Pierre-Joseph-Arthur Cardin      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Marine and Fisheries Yes
Regina November 2, 1926 Charles Avery Dunning      Liberal Charles Avery Dunning      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Railways and Canals. Yes
Middlesex West November 2, 1926 John Campbell Elliott      Liberal John Campbell Elliott      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Public Works. Yes
Waterloo North November 2, 1926 William Daum Euler      Liberal William Daum Euler      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Customs and Excise. Yes
Brandon November 2, 1926 Robert Forke      Liberal-Progressive Robert Forke      Liberal-Progressive Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Immigration and Colonization Yes
Kenora—Rainy River November 2, 1926 Peter Heenan      Liberal Peter Heenan      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Labour Yes
Prince Albert November 2, 1926 William Lyon Mackenzie King      Liberal William Lyon Mackenzie King      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Prime Minister. Yes
Quebec East November 2, 1926 Ernest Lapointe      Liberal Ernest Lapointe      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Justice. Yes
Melville November 2, 1926 William Richard Motherwell      Liberal William Richard Motherwell      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Agriculture. Yes
Shelburne—Yarmouth November 2, 1926 Paul Lacombe Hatfield      Liberal James Ralston      Liberal Called to the Senate to provide a seat for Ralston Yes
St. James November 2, 1926 Fernand Rinfret      Liberal Fernand Rinfret      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Secretary of State of Canada. Yes
Châteauguay—Huntingdon November 2, 1926 James Robb      Liberal James Robb      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Finance. Yes
Edmonton West November 2, 1926 Charles Stewart      Liberal Charles Stewart      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of the Interior and Mines. Yes
Gloucester November 2, 1926 Peter Veniot      Liberal Peter Veniot      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Postmaster General. Yes


References[edit]

Succession[edit]