1965 in the Vietnam War
|1965 in the Vietnam War|
Special Forces camp at Plei Me in 1965
|Anti-Communist forces:||Communist forces:|
|US: 180, 000 |
|Casualties and losses|
|US: 1,863 killed
South Vietnam: killed
|North Vietnam: casualties|
- February 6
The Viet Cong attack on Pleiku airbase (aka Camp Holloway Airfield) occurred on the night of February 6, 1965. The attack left eight Americans dead and 128 wounded, and it prompted the United States to launch Operation Flaming Dart against North Vietnam in retaliation.
- February 16
The Vung Ro Bay Incident refers to the discovery of a 100-ton North Vietnamese naval trawler unloading munitions on a beach in South Vietnam's Vung Ro Bay on 16 February 1965. The incident spurred further U.S. Navy involvement in the Vietnam War.
- March 2, 1965 - November 2, 1968
Operation Rolling Thunder, the largest U.S bombing raid against North Vietnam, commences as 100 U.S. fighter-bombers bomb all across targets in North Vietnam. The operation is meant to last eight weeks, but instead lasts three years.
American units also bomb the Ho Chi Minh Trail, a valuable supply route that ran throughout North and South Vietnam and supported communist forces. The trail is routinely bombed throughout the war with little success as it is consistently rebuilt by North Vietnamese forces.
- March 5
The first American combat troops arrive in Vietnam as 3500 U.S. Marines land at China Beach to defend the American airbase at Da Nang. They join the already 23,000 American advisors and this starts principal U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War.
- March 30
Viet Cong troops storm into the U.S. Embassy in Saigon and bomb the area, wounding several Americans.
- April 1
President Johnson authorizes sending two more U.S. Marine battalions and 20,000 logistics personnel to Vietnam.
- May 3
- May 10-May 15
The Battle of Song Be was a major action between the National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam (Viet Cong) and Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) in May 1965.
- May 28 - June 1
The Battle of Ba Gia or Bãi Xoan was a battle of the Vietnam War, that began after an ARVN battalion was ambushed by Viet Cong (VC) forces on May 28, 1965. The battle highlighted the vulnerability of the ARVN as a military force against the flexible VC.
- June 10–11
The Battle of Đồng Xoài was waged by the National Liberation Front, otherwise known as the Viet Cong, during the Communist winter-spring offensive of 1965. It was the largest battle during that stage of the Vietnam War.
Communist China begins to send troops to help defend the northern reaches of North Vietnam.
The USSR also starts to send men to Vietnam.
- July 21
- August 17 - August 24
Operation Starlite was the first offensive military action conducted by a purely U.S. military unit during the Vietnam War. The operation was launched based on intelligence provided by Major General Nguyen Chanh Thi, the commander of the South Vietnamese forces in northern I Corps area. Lieutenant General Lewis W. Walt devised a plan to launch a pre-emptive strike against the Viet Cong regiment to nullify the threat on the Chu Lai base.
- October 19 - October 25
- November 5 - November 8
Operation Hump was a search and destroy operation by the 173rd Airborne Brigade, in an area about 17.5 miles north of Bien Hoa. The 1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment, deployed south of the Dong Nai River while the 1st Battalion, 503rd Infantry, conducted a helicopter assault on an LZ northwest of the Dong Nai and Song Be Rivers.
- November 8
The Battle of Gang Toi was fought on 8 November 1965 between Australian troops and the Viet Cong, during the Vietnam War. The battle was one of the first engagements between the two forces during the war and occurred when the 1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment (1RAR) struck a Viet Cong bunker system in the Gang Toi Hills, in northern Bien Hoa Province.
- November 14–18
The Battle of Ia Drang was one of the first major battles between the United States Army and the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN) referred to by US fighting units as the North Vietnamese Army (NVA) during the Vietnam War.
- December 18
Year in numbers
|Armed Force||Strength||KIA||Reference||Military costs - 1965||Military costs - 2014||Reference|
|South Vietnam ARVN||643,000|||
|United States US Forces||180, 000 ||1,863||||US$ 20 billion||US$ 149,672,650,000|||
- Heinemann 2006, p. 65
- Australia 2010, p. 5
- Li 2007, p. 217
- (Russian): "Soviet rocketeer: After our arrival in Vietnam, American pilots refused to fly". rus.ruvr.ru. January 29, 2010. Retrieved May 26, 2010.
- Jessup 1998, p. 523
- Military strengths are provided via the War Remnants Museum in Ho Chi Minh City as seen in Dec 2010.
- United States 2010
- Australia, Australian Defence Force (2010). "Australia in Vietnam" (PDF). Australian Defence Force. Retrieved March 29, 2010.
- Heinemann, Larry (2006). Black Virgin Mountain: A Return to Vietnam (2006 ed.). Vintage Books. ISBN 1-4000-7689-7. - Total pages: 243
- Jessup, John E. (1998). An encyclopedic dictionary of conflict and conflict resolution, 1945-1996 (1998 ed.). Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 0-313-28112-2. - Total pages: 887
- Li, Xiaobing (2007). A history of the modern Chinese Army (2007 ed.). University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0-8131-2438-7. - Total pages: 413
- Stanton, Shelby L. (2003). Vietnam order of battle (2003 ed.). Stackpole Books. ISBN 0-8117-0071-2. - Total pages: 396
- United States, Government (2010). "Statistical information about casualties of the Vietnam War". National Archives and Records Administration. Archived from the original on 26 January 2010. Retrieved March 6, 2010.
|Vietnam War timeline|