Adaptations of The Wizard of Oz
The Wonderful Wizard of Oz is a 1900 novel by L. Frank Baum, which has been adapted into several different works, the most famous being the 1939 film The Wizard of Oz, starring Judy Garland. Many adaptations of the original novel The Wonderful Wizard of Oz have been adapted in turn for pantomime or amateur productions.
Film adaptations 
- The Fairylogue and Radio-Plays is a 1908 multimedia presentation made by L. Frank Baum which featured the young silent film actress Romola Remus.
- The Wonderful Wizard of Oz is a 15-minute 1910 film, based on the 1902 stage musical, directed by Otis Turner, and may have featured Bebe Daniels as Dorothy.
- His Majesty, the Scarecrow of Oz is a loose 1914 adaptation by Baum that became the basis for the book The Scarecrow of Oz.
- The Wizard of Oz is a 1921 film project, directed by Ray C. Smallwood, but never completed.
- Wizard of Oz is a 1925 film, directed by Larry Semon in collaboration with Frank Joslyn Baum and featuring a young Oliver Hardy.
- The Land of Oz, a sequel to the Wizard of Oz is a virtually unknown 1932 film featuring the Meglin Kiddies.
- The Wizard of Oz is a 1933 animated short directed by Ted Eshbaugh.
- The Wizard of Oz is the 1939 musical film by MGM, directed by Victor Fleming and starring Judy Garland, Frank Morgan, Ray Bolger, Bert Lahr, and Jack Haley. It is the story's best-known adaptation.
- Journey Back to Oz is a 1974 animated film, begun in 1963, the official sequel to the 1939 film.
- Fantasia...3 is a 1966 Spanish film directed by Eloy de la Iglesia. One segment is loosely based on The Wizard of Oz.
- The Wonderful Land of Oz is a 1969 low-budget children's-movie adaptation of The Marvelous Land of Oz, directed by Barry Mahon.
- Ayşecik ve Sihirli Cüceler Rüyalar Ülkesinde is a 1971 Turkish film, directed by Tunç Başaran known to bootleggers as "The Turkish Wizard of Oz".
- Once Upon a Time is a 1976 film in which Maria and Mary-Lou get sucked down a well into Holleland. It is loosely based upon, and also pays homage to, "The Wizard of Oz".
- Oz is a 1976 Australian rock musical film, also known as Oz – A Rock 'n' Roll Road Movie or 20th Century Oz.
- The Wiz is a 1978 movie directed by Sidney Lumet starring Diana Ross as Dorothy and Michael Jackson as the Scarecrow, based on the Broadway musical of the same name.
- Return to Oz is a 1985 film by Walt Disney Pictures, directed by Walter Murch and starring Fairuza Balk as Dorothy.
- The Muppets' Wizard of Oz (2005) Starring Ashanti, Queen Latifah and The Muppets. Miss Piggy plays all of the witches, Pepe plays Toto, Kermit plays the Scarecrow, Gonzo plays the Tin Man, and Fozzie plays the Lion.
- Apocalypse Oz (2006) is a short film parody of The Wizard of Oz and Apocalypse Now.
- Oz the Great and Powerful is a 2013 film by Walt Disney Pictures and prequel to the 1939 film, directed by Sam Raimi.
Announced adaptations 
- Legends of Oz: Dorothy's Return is an upcoming 2014 animated film, based on one of Roger S. Baum's books.
- Dreams of Oz is an adaptation of the Calibre Comics series, Oz, scheduled for 2012. An adult Dorothy is having dreams of the magical land of Oz again. When she returns, the Wizard has shown his true evil colors, and the two parts of Oz are at war. She has to choose between Hunk (the Scarecrow), Hickory (the Tin Man) and Zeke (the Cowardly Lion) and vanquish evil before it's too late. It is to be directed by Pearry Teo. The film is scheduled to be released in 2014.
- L. Frank Baum's Wonderful Wizard of Oz is an independent film project.
Television adaptations 
Many of the television programs cited in this list are not strict adaptions of The Wizard of Oz; rather, they have reinterpreted aspects of the book, such as characters and plot, to create sequels, prequels or side-plots, which are inspired by Baum's original text.
- Rainbow Road to Oz was a proposed Walt Disney live-action production. A preview segment aired in 1957 on the Disneyland TV show, featuring Darlene Gillespie as Dorothy and Annette Funicello as Ozma.
- The Land of Oz is the 1960 premiere episode of The Shirley Temple Show, known in previous seasons as Shirley Temple's Storybook, and no relation to the Shirley Temple Theatre which showcased old Temple films. This adaptation of The Marvelous Land of Oz was written by Frank Gabrielson and directed by William Corrigan. William Asher produced. The cast included Shirley Temple, Ben Blue, Agnes Moorehead, Sterling Holloway, Jonathan Winters, and Arthur Treacher.
- Tales of the Wizard of Oz is a 1961 animated series of short episodes based on the Oz characters from the book.
- Off to See the Wizard is a 1967 television anthology series which showcased then-recent MGM family films. The Oz characters appeared in animated segments.
- Return to Oz is a 1964 animated television special sequel-cum-remake of the 1939 film, based on the artistic renderings of the characters in the 1961 animated series.
- Thanksgiving in the Land of Oz aka Dorothy in the Land of Oz (1980), animated television special starring Sid Caesar that aired during the Thanksgiving holiday.
- A feature-length anime adaptation of the story was made by Toho in 1982 and was directed by Fumihiko Takayama, with music by Joe Hisaishi. The English version of the movie stars Aileen Quinn as the voice of Dorothy and Lorne Greene as the Wizard. Like the 1939 film, this anime take on The Wizard of Oz ends the story with Dorothy's trip home to Kansas after visiting the Wizard. Original songs are sung by Aileen Quinn in the English version, with lyrics by Sammy Cahn and Allen Byrnes. It was released in the United States before it premiered in Japan. In the U.S., it was released on video and syndicated to local television stations.
- An anime adaptation of four of Baum's Oz books known as The Wonderful Wizard of Oz was created in 1986. It consists of 52 episodes and follows the story of Dorothy and her adventures in Oz with the Tin Woodsman, Cowardly Lion, and Scarecrow. It continues on to the story of Ozma and Mombi, and follows the events in other Oz books. In 1987, HBO purchased the rights to the series and dubbed/edited together key episodes of the series into a series of movies. Production for the English version was done by the Canadian studio Cinar. Margot Kidder was hired as narrator for the series, which aired as a mini-series.
- The Wizard of Oz, an animated series based on the 1939 film, was broadcast on ABC during the 1990–1991 TV season. The cartoon featured Dorothy returning to Oz, reuniting with her four friends, and journeying through the magical realm in an attempt to rescue the Wizard from a resurrected Witch of the West.
- The Wonderful Galaxy of Oz (Supêsu Oz no Bôken) is a 1990 anime series, involving Dorothy and the gang traveling the "Galaxy of Oz". It was truncated to 76 minutes and dubbed for American release as The Wonderful Galaxy of Oz
- Sugar & Spice: The Wizard of Oz is a 1991 animated adaptation, part of the Funky Fables series by Saban Entertainment.
- The Wizard of Oz is a little known 1995 adaptation made for British television set in the present day, starring Denise Van Outen as Dorothy, a spoiled socialite sent to Oz against her will, and featured an early appearance by Zöe Salmon. It was described as a more adult version of the story, with characters using profanity and sexual innuendo. It featured several thematic elements from the 1985 semi-sequel Return to Oz. Its low budget and mostly non-professional cast, along with low ratings and critical indifference, caused it to sink quickly from view, but it occasionally appears on TV in the UK.
- The Oz Kids is a 1996 animated series by Hyperion Pictures and Nelvana featuring the children of the original characters.
- Adventures in the Emerald City (Приключения в Изумрудном городе) is a 1999-2000 animated series directed by Alexander Makarov, Ilya Maximov and Denis Chernov.
- Tim Burton's Lost In Oz is a 2000 television pilot script, written by Trey Callaway with Tim Burton as executive producer. Key scenes were filmed by Michael Katleman.
- Lost in Oz is a 2002 television pilot, never broadcast. It is a sequel to the 1939 film
- In the Futurama episode "Anthology of Interest II", a retelling of the story is shown as a dream of Leela's with the cast of the show.
- Tin Man was released in December 2007 on the Sci-fi Channel by RHI Entertainment and Sci Fi. This three-part miniseries, directed by Nick Willing and starring Zooey Deschanel, Richard Dreyfuss, Alan Cumming, Raoul Trujillo, Neal McDonough, Kathleen Robertson, was advertised as a re-imagined version of The Wizard of Oz, with a heavy science fiction/fantasy emphasis and, at first glance, giving only allusive references to most of the original story and the 1939 film. However, the revelation in the third part of Tin Man (that the heroine D.G. is a descendant of Dorothy Gale and that other humans, called "Slippers" by the people of Oz, have visited Oz since Gale's fateful adventure) indicates that the series portrays a future version of Oz, thereby making the mini-series both a sequel and a re-imagining.
- W krainie czarnoksiężnika Oza - Polish Television adaptation of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz and The Marvelous Land of Oz. It was broadcast only in Poland.
- Ozenders - A Children In Need episode of EastEnders in which June Brown starred as "Dorothy Cotton", John Culshaw as Ozzy Osbourne and Adam Woodyatt as "Ian Beale", and employed the rest of the cast of Eastenders, Merseybeat and Casualty.
- In the 2006 episode of the Disney Channel Original Series That's So Raven titled "Soup to Nuts", Raven sees herself in a parody of The Wizard of Oz. Dr. Stuckerman (Steve Hytner) was the Wicked Witch of the West, Raven (Raven-Symoné) was Dorothy, Chelsea (Anneliese van der Pol) was the Scarecrow, Eddie (Orlando Brown) was the Cowardly Lion, Cory (Kyle Massey) was The Tin Man and Victor (Rondell Sheridan) was the Wizard.
- My Way Home; the 100th episode of the comedy-drama Scrubs, makes numerous cultural references to the Wizard of Oz.
- The Witches of Oz is a 2011 television mini-series directed by Leigh Scott, based on the novels The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, Ozma of Oz, The Road to Oz, and The Magic of Oz by Baum.
- In The Suite Life on Deck episode titled "Twister: Part 2", Bailey has a dream based on The Wizard of Oz, where she sees herself as Dorothy, Mr. Moseby as the munchkin, London as the Good Witch of the North, Moose as the Scarecrow, Cody as the Tin Man, Zack as the Flying Monkey, and Woody as the Cowardly Lion.
- In the Cartoon Network series, Mad, there is a sketch where Buzz Lightyear wakes up from a dream similar to Dorothy waking up from her dream.
- An episode of SpongeBob SquarePants shows SpongeBob and Patrick going to see Mr. Magic. As in The Wizard of Oz, Mr. Magic, who was thought to be a giant, magical head, is revealed to be a powerless, little man.
- Tom and Jerry and the Wizard of Oz is a Tom and Jerry direct-to-video film, the first to be made for Blu-ray. It first appeared on Cartoon Network on August 13, 2011.
- In the Raising Hope episode "Bro-gurt", broadcast November 29, 2011, a con man using motion capture technology behind a curtain to deceive an audience into thinking they were seeing Andrew Dice Clay through videoconferencing is uncovered by baby Hope, tells the people to ignore the man behind the curtain, and explains to certain characters that one has a brain, one a heart, and one courage.
- Victorious: in a parody of The Wizard of Oz, Cat, as Dorothy, comes into the ladies' restroom, with the video in sepia. She puts her fish, Tofu, down, before opening a window to which a fan is attached. She accidentally hits herself against a stall, and is knocked out. With the video now in color, Cat, aka Dorothy, wakes up. Tori, as the Good Witch of the North, comes out of a stall. She sees that Cat has a ruby-colored PearPhone XT. With that, Jade, as the Wicked Witch, comes out of a stall which bursts open with red smoke. She tries to grab the PearPhone, but it shocks her electrically. Then Jade leaves, speaking her stage directions. With Tori happily following, Tori suggests Cat should "take a wazz." When Cat is confused, Robbie the Scarecrow, André the Lion, and Beck, playing Tin Man, say that they can help her find her way.
- On the animated sitcom Family Guy, many jokes make fun of the Wizard of Oz.
- An episode of Rugrats entitled No Place Like Home Susie dreams of a land like Oz after having her tonsils removed.
- On a 1976 episode of Sesame Street, the Wicked Witch, once again played by Hamilton herself, drops her broom and falls onto the street. In order to get the broom back, she must prove that she can be nice. Everyone is scared of her, except for Big Bird and Oscar. After she proves that she is nice, Big Bird is upset when the time comes for her to leave. She reassures him that one day she'll return. The episode was poorly received by parents of frightened young children, and was never aired again. The fate of the footage is unknown.
- On the sketch comedy show MADtv, there are at least three parodies. The first takes place just after the Wizard floats away in the balloon. When Glinda tells Dorothy that she could have gone home at anytime, Dorothy gets extremely angry and starts beating up Glinda, before the Tin Man wakes up and is revealed to be gay. The second sketch takes place when Dorothy wakes up, and finds everyone replaced by M&M's. In the third one, Dorothy and Toto move to Florida, hoping to get away from the tornadoes of Kansas, but increasingly bizzarre weather constantly takes them back to Oz, where their house crushes Glinda, the Scarecrow, the Lion, the Wizard, and the Tin Man. The Tin Man briefly speaks, and states he does have a heart, and it's hemorraging.
- An episode of Phineas and Ferb entitled Wizard of Odd In order to wash their house quickly, Phineas and Ferb build a contraption that spins it around, causing Candace to become so dizzy, she collapses. She soon finds herself in the magical land of Odd where Isabella, Dr. Doofenshmirtz, Jeremy, Buford, and Baljeet are remarkably like the characters from The Wizard of Oz.
Stage adaptations 
- The first musical version of the book was produced by Baum and Denslow (with music by composer Paul Tietjens) in Chicago in 1902 and moved to New York in 1903. It used many of the same characters, and was aimed more at adult audiences. It had a long, successful run on Broadway. Baum added numerous political references to the script, mentioning President Theodore Roosevelt, Senator Mark Hanna, and John D. Rockefeller by name. Many existing songs that had nothing to do with the story were interpolated. Baum followed with two additional Oz musicals, The Woggle-Bug (1905) and The Tik-Tok Man of Oz (1913). Both were panned as rehashes rather than sequels; although Tik-Tok did better than The Woggle-Bug, neither made it to Broadway.
- The Wizard of Oz is a 1942 musical using songs from the 1939 film. It was adapted by Frank Gabrielson for the St. Louis Municipal Opera. The piece continues to receive frequent revivals.
- In 1959, the popular ice skating show Holiday on Ice included a condensed version of The Wizard of Oz.
- The Wiz is a 1975 musical with music and lyrics by Charlie Smalls, exclusively featuring African American actors. Stephanie Mills starred as Dorothy in the original Broadway cast. The production won the 1975 Tony Award for Best Musical. Geoffrey Holder directed a 1984 Broadway revival, which also featured Mills as Dorothy.
- The Marvelous Land of Oz is a 1981 musical by Thomas W. Olson, Gary Briggle, and Richard Dworsky. The original production, which included Briggle as the Scarecrow, was taped and shown on television.
- The Wizard of Oz (1987–1989) is an adaptation by John Kane for the Royal Shakespeare Company, based on the novel and 1939 film, which hews more closely to the film's screenplay than the 1942 version did; this adaptation continues to be frequently revived and toured.
- The Wizard of A.I.D.S. is a 1987 adaptation of the Oz story which serves as an AIDS education tool.
- The Wizard of Oz Live (1989–1990) is an arena touring production in celebration of the film's 50th anniversary. The production featured a pre-recorded soundtrack.
- The Wizard of Oz in Concert: Dreams Come True was a 1995 concert performance of the Royal Shakespeare Company's adaptation at Lincoln Center, featuring celebrity actors such as Jewel as Dorothy, Roger Daltrey as the Tin Man, Joel Grey as the Wizard (a role he later reprised in Wicked), Nathan Lane as the Lion, Debra Winger, Natalie Cole, Jackson Browne as the Scarecrow, and Lucie Arnaz.
- The Wizard of Oz on Ice (1995–1999) was a production produced by Kenneth Feld, that toured nationally and internationally around the world.
- The Wizard of Oz on Tour was a 1998 touring production of the 1987 RSC version that originally played in the Madison Square Garden theatre in May 1997. Roseanne Barr was the Wicked Witch, replaced by Eartha Kitt in 1998 and JoAnne Worley and Liliane Montevecchi in 1999. Mickey Rooney was the Wizard. The production played at Madison Square Garden from May 1997 to May 1999. The touring production ran from May 1998 to late 1999.
- Wicked (2003–Present) is a 2003 Broadway and West End musical based on the book Wicked: The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West by Gregory Maguire. It features music and lyrics by Stephen Schwartz.
- Der Zauberer von Oz is a 2005 stage play with music by Ralf Linke, performed by the Festspiele Balver Höhle.
- - The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (musical) is a 2000 musical that premiered in Toronto.
- Dothy et Le Magicien d'Oz was a 2009 musical spectacular that played in France. A cast album was generated.
- The Wizard of Oz (2011 musical) is a 2011 West End version building on the 1939 film songs and script with new material by Tim Rice and Andrew Lloyd Webber. It began previews on February 7, 2011 and officially opened on March 1. Danielle Hope was chosen to play the role of "Dorothy" through the BBC UK TV Series Over the Rainbow. Michael Crawford plays the role of the WIzard.
- Oz – The Wonderful Wizard is a ballet by the Italian choreographer Giorgio Madia, who created an entirely danced version for the company of Staatsballett Berlin on compositions by Dmitri Shostakovich. The production premiered in March 2011. The role of the Wizard was interpreted by Vladimir Malakhov, the role of Dorothy by Polina Semionova.
- We're off to find the Wizard (2012) is a small sequel to the original 1939 film. A Winscombe Youth Theatre Production, written and directed by John Butler with Rosie Kirkpatrick and Loren Tate as Dorthy and Jake Mason as the Wizard of Oz.
- The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (2012) is a small stage adaptation written by Rory Kelly for Edinburgh University Relief Theatre Society. It features characters from the original book and its sequels."Relief Theatre: The Wonderful Wizard of Oz".
There are over 40 canonical Oz books, including 14 by Baum, all of which are considered "official" sequels or prequels to The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. In addition, the following books use the Oz milieu as settings for their tales:
- Oz Reimagined: New Tales from the Emerald City and Beyond anthology edited by Douglas Cohen & John Joseph Adams published by Amazon Publishing's 47North imprint.
- Home from Oz (Thomas Nelson, 1994) and The Oz Syndrome (Hillcrest Publishers, 2001) are two books penned by psychologist and professor, Dr.Michael A. O'Donnell which deal with the Oz characters and MGM musical version from a psychological point of view.
- Was is a 1992 parallel novel by Geoff Ryman focusing on the lives of disparate individuals linked to one another by the original novel and the 1939 film.
- Wicked: The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West is a 1995 novel by Gregory Maguire, which provides a backstory regarding Elphaba, the future Wicked Witch of the West. Wicked has three sequels: Son of a Witch (2005), A Lion Among Men (2008) and Out Of Oz (2011). Wicked is the most famous and popular parallel novel to Baum's original, although it bears a great deal of resemblance to the 1939 film. Wicked is also a Tony award winning stage musical 2003. The musical has been performed on Broadway (U.S), the West End (U.K) and in many other parts of the world. Some critics have stated that the musical version is a "watered down" interpretation of the novel.
- Dare is a 2007 novel by BET host Abiola Abrams, with several references to the tale of Oz. The main character's middle name is Gayle, which was Dorothy's last name, and she is on a journey to find love, courage and home. A record producer referred to as "the wizard" is named Ozzie Marvelous, and there is a "wicked witch" stylist and her "good" sister. The hotel Heretix is on a yellow bricked road and they leave Ohio in a tornado and land in beautiful sunshine the author refers to as Technicolor. There is also a frequent refrain that "no place was home."
- A Barnstormer in Oz is a 1982 novel by Philip José Farmer in which a pilot named Hank Stover, who is Dorothy's son, is transported to Oz when his plane becomes lost in a green cloud over Kansas.
- The Wizard of the Emerald City, a 1939 children's novel by Russian writer Alexander Melentyevich Volkov, is a loose translation of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. It was adapted into animated series (1976) and a live action film (1994). It has 5 sequels by the same author.
- The Number of the Beast by Robert A. Heinlein uses Oz as one of many alternate universe settings in which events take place, alongside alternate versions of the setting's Earth, Barsoom, and Lensmen settings, as well as other of Heinlein's own works' settings.
- Dorothy: The darker side of Oz, is a 2010 novel by Scott Stanford, offering a modern re-imagining of the classic tale. In this original story, keeping the essence of Baum's original, young Dorothy's enchanting journey takes her through a strange new land, as we see a sometimes beautiful, though often deadly, Oz.
- MGM's Marvelous Wizard of Oz was the first joint publishing venture between DC Comics and Marvel Comics.
- One of the issues of Classics Illustrated Junior was a condensed version of The Wizard of Oz.
- The comic book series Oz Squad features an adult Dorothy and her original companions from The Wonderful Wizard of Oz as a covert operations group protecting Oz from threats both within its borders and from the "real world".
- The Oz-Wonderland War is a comics story in which the people of Oz fight together with the characters of Lewis Carrol's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and Through the Looking-Glass against the villainous Nome King.
- Dorothy of Oz (Korean:Dorosi) is a manhwa (Korean comic) by Son Hee-joon about an ordinary girl named Mara Shin who winds up in a science-fantasy realm called "Oz". She meets up with this realm's version of the Scarecrow, the Tin Woodsman and the Cowardly Lion, and follows the Yellow Brick Road to find her way home.
- The comic book Dorothy was launched by Illusive Arts Entertainment in November 2005. Presented in semi-fumetti style using digitally altered photographs, this retelling of Baum's story has been updated to 2005 and features model Catie Fisher as 16-year-old Dorothy Gale, a disaffected youth with dyed hair and piercings who steals her uncle's car and runs away from home; until she encounters a tornado and is knocked unconscious. This version of the tale, created by Greg Mannino, written by Mark Masterson with artwork by Greg Mannino and Ray Boersig, is in part a retelling of Baum's tale and in part a retelling of the 1939 movie version of the story, as it incorporates elements of the Judy Garland film.
- The novel was adapted into a comic book in 2005, illustrated/painted by Enrique Fernandez and adapted by David Chauvel, with almost all dialogue and narration taken directly from Baum's original. The comic was originally published in 2005 in France, where it won the prestigious Grand Prix de La Ville De Lyon Award of Illustration. In 2006, it was adapted into English and published in America by Image Comics.
- An erotic re-telling of the story is featured in Lost Girls, a graphic novel by Alan Moore and Melinda Gebbie first published in its entirety in 2006. In this book, an adult Dorothy meets Alice from Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and Wendy Darling from Peter Pan and the trio recount the stories of their respective works as allegories for their sexual awakenings.
- The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, published by Marvel Comics.
- Marvel Fairy Tales features a retelling of The Wizard of Oz starring Marvel characters, such as She-Hulk as Dorothy and the Scarlet Witch as the Wicked Witch of the West.
- Two of MAD's movie parodies are both a satire of The Wizard of Oz.
- The Wizard of Oz is a 1985 illustrated text adventure game for Apple II, Commodore 64 and DOS systems which combined elements of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz and The Marvelous Land of Oz. It was published by Windham Classics, a subsidiary of Spinnaker Software.
- The Wizard of Oz, a 1993 video game for the Super NES, is based on the 1939 film.
- Wizard of Land Oz (Волшебник страны Оз) is a 1997 ZX Spectrum adventure game by Famous Faces Factory.
- RIZ-ZOAWD is a Japanese role-playing video game for the Nintendo DS, released in the US as The Wizard of Oz: Beyond the Yellow Brick Road.
- Wizard of Oz Slots game found in Casinos. The game is a five-reel video slot machine with bonus feature rounds, produced by WMS (WIlliams Gaming).
- Emerald City Confidential, a point-and-click adventure game developed by Wadjet Eye Games and published by casual game portal PlayFirst.
- Irozuki Tingle no Koi no Balloon Trip is a Japanese game which is a spin-off of the Legend of Zelda series. It features Tingle teaming up with a tin woman, a scarecrow and a cowardly lion to cross the land.
- The Wonderful Game of Oz (board game), a board game published in 1921 by Parker Brothers.
- Todd McFarlane created a sinister toy series called Twisted Land of Oz that portrays all of the characters as more sinister (such as the monster Toto) and adult oriented (BDSM Dorothy).
- The rock band Aerosmith put some original audios from the 1939 movie and Steven Tyler's voice repeating some quotes of the characters in the song The Farm in the album 'Nine Lives' from 1997.
- Walt Disney originally wanted to make an animated version of The Wizard Of Oz to serve as the follow-up to Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, but the film rights were bought by Samuel Goldwyn, who originally intended to make it as a standard musical comedy, with Eddie Cantor as his star. However, Goldwyn ended up selling the rights to MGM.
- The Felice Brothers wrote a song called "Don't Wake the Scarecrow" which features several references to The Wizard of Oz.
- American McGee's Oz was a darkly, twisted series of figurines based on Baum's original Wizard of Oz characters. Interestingly, this series was released before McFarlane's. This series was supposed to help McGee launch a franchise around this interpretation, following up with a film, game, etc.
- Stargate SG-1 has several verbal references to The Wizard of Oz, including Colonel Jack O'Neill calling Samantha Carter "Dorothy" when she defeated one of the show's villains.
- The band Scissor Sisters released a song on their self-titled album called "Return to Oz", referencing the sequel.
- The John Boorman film Zardoz derives its title from the Wizard of Oz.
- Elton John's album Goodbye Yellow Brick Road is a clear reference to The Wizard of Oz.
- The Wiyos's album Twist is an original song cycle loosely based on The Wizard of Oz.
- The band Blues Traveler's video of the song "Run-Around" has a Wizard of Oz motif, with Blues Traveler playing behind a curtain in a nightclub while a young, "hip" and more "photogenic" group appears to be playing the song.
- The band The Good Life's video for the song "Heartbroke" has characters from The Wizard of Oz going to a pastry/ice cream shop. There are two versions to this video; a "nice" version and a "mean" version. In the "nice" version the characters pretend to rob the shop but then purchase treats. In the "mean" version they violently rob the store, but the Scarecrow (who was supposed to be the getaway car) does not make it on time due to a flat tire and the would-be robbers get arrested.
- The Black Eyed Peas music video "Imma Be Rocking That Body" has claimed to be the futuristic version of "The Wizard of Oz"
- "Exclusive - Dreams of Oz gets a director; Pearry Reginald Teo talks to Quiet Earth". Quietearth.us. Archived from the original on 19 March 2009. Retrieved 2009-03-09.
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- Swartz, Before the Rainbow, pp 34, 47, 56
- Raymond, Kurt. "We're Off To Stage The Wizard of Oz". Beyond the Rainbow to Oz website. Archived from the original on 14 July 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-15.
- "Wizard of Oz (R.S.C. 1988)". Tams–Witmark Music Library. 2005. Archived from the original on 1 July 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-15.
- "Vintage Holiday On Ice Show Programs". Ice Skating Accessories Galore Collectible Skating Programs. Lisa Ilona Hlavacek. Retrieved 23 June 2012.
- See, for example, tour; "Follow the yellow brick road: The Victoria Operatic Society delivers a wonderful Wizard of Oz", Times Colonist, November 21, 2010, accessed November 21, 2010
- Jane Anders, Charlie (22). "You’ve never seen the Wizard of Oz like this before)". io9. io9. Retrieved 22 October 2012.
- "Dare". Amazon.com. Amazon.com, Inc. Retrieved 23 June 2012.
- "Volshebnik izumrudnogo goroda (1974)". IMDb.com. IMDb.com, Inc. Retrieved 23 June 2012.
- "Volshebnik izumrudnogo goroda (1994)". IMDb.com. IMDb.com, Inc. Retrieved 23 June 2012.
- McAvennie, Michael; Dolan, Hannah, ed. (2010). "1970s". DC Comics Year By Year A Visual Chronicle. Dorling Kindersley. p. 165. ISBN 978-0-7566-6742-9. "The Yellow Brick Road from Munchkin Land to the Emerald City was also wide enough to accommodate DC and Marvel as they produced their first-ever joint publication...Roy Thomas scripted a faithful, seventy-two page adaptation of Dorothy Gale's adventure, while John Buscema's artwork depicted the landscape of Oz in lavish detail."
- AnimeOnDVD.com review of Dorothy of Oz
- Adaptations of The Wizard of Oz at MobyGames - The Wizard of Oz at the Museum of Computer Adventure Game History - Telarium Corporation at Adventureland
- "Wizard of Land Oz". World of Spectrum. Retrieved 2011-09-28.
- "Riz-Zoawd Hands-On Preview". 1UP Games.com. 1UP Games. Retrieved 23 June 2012.
- "The Twisted Land of OZ". Spawn. Spawn.com. Retrieved 23 June 2012.
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- "Cinema: Celtic Twilight". Time. 1974-02-18. Retrieved 2010-04-23.
- "Outsight Radio Hours interviews Michael Farkas of The Wiyos on the group's Oz-inspired album Twist". Retrieved 29 April 2012.