Archway's central area, with Archway Tower in the distance
Archway shown within Greater London
|OS grid reference|
|Ceremonial county||Greater London|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|UK Parliament||Islington North|
|London Assembly||North East|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Archway, London.|
The name derives from the Archway bridge built between Highgate and Hornsey in 1896, which was later replaced by Hornsey Lane Bridge. A tunnel was originally planned for the Highgate bypass (to join the Great North Road by avoiding the steep Highgate Hill road and narrow roads of Highgate village) but this failed due to repeated collapses. Instead, a large cutting was recommended by John Rennie and a high, multi-arched road bridge constructed across this. The first bridge, constructed in the early nineteenth century, was designed by John Nash. The original 1813 bridge was demolished in 1901; the current bridge, known locally as "Suicide bridge", dates from 1897. The road over the bridge is Hornsey Lane, which connects Highgate and Crouch End.
Until quite recently, Archway did not designate a specific area. Most people referred either to Highgate, Islington or Upper Holloway, a name that is now used for little besides the nearby railway station and the post office. The term Archway became popularised as a result of Londoners' tendency to indicate their local area by reference to the nearest Underground Station, even though the latter was called Highgate station until 1939 (and subsequently Highgate (Archway) and Archway (Highgate)).
The Archway Road is part of the A1 or Great North Road, one of the original toll roads. From 1813 – 1864, Archway was the site of a toll gate, where travellers had to pay for the next stage of their journey. A plaque on the block of flats at 1 Pauntley Street commemorates the gate.
Highgate Hill, the road from Archway to Highgate village, was the route of the first cable car to be built in Europe. It operated between 1884 and 1909.
Sites of interest
Prominent buildings in the area include the Whittington hospital, at Highgate Hill, named after Richard Whittington; the Archway Tavern, a notable music venue, where the photograph for the cover of The Kinks' 1971 album Muswell Hillbillies was taken; and the Archway Tower, which forms the most visible landmark in the area. There is a small statue of Whittington's Cat outside the Whittington Stone pub.
The Winchester, a pub at 206 Archway Road, is on the Campaign for Real Ale's National Inventory of Historic Pub Interiors. It was built in 1881 as the Winchester Tavern, and it later became the Winchester Hall Hotel. The name derives from Winchester Hall, a nearby late 17th-century mansion.
Although considered a built-up urban area, Archway has a number of parks and green spaces, no fewer than nine within a mile of the tube station: Archway Park, Hillrise Park, Dartmouth Park, Elthorne Park, Sunnyside Gardens, Crouch Hill Park, Waterlow Park, Whittington Park, Foxham Gardens, and Tufnell Park Playing Fields. The Parkland Walk is on the Northern Border of the Archway area. Various green spaces are also afforded by the Girdlestone, Miranda, Cardinals Way and Elthorne Estates.
Notable current and former residents
- James Harrington
- Andrew Marvell
- E.H. Carr
- Arabella Weir
- Alan Plater
- James Heartfield
- Rachel Whiteread
- Bill Bailey
- Geoffrey Howse
- Imelda Staunton
- Reggie Yates
- Dartmouth Park
- Kentish Town
- Muswell Hill
- Tufnell Park
- Archway Road
- Junction Road
- Crouch End
|Hampstead Heath||Upper Holloway|
|Tufnell Park||Tufnell Park||Holloway|
- T F T Baker, C R Elrington (Editors) (1980). Hornsey, including Highgate - Communications | A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 6. Victoria County History. pp. 103–107). Retrieved 2 December 2012.
- Plaques of London http://www.plaquesoflondon.co.uk/page61.html
- Daily Mail: Road to riches http://www.dailymail.co.uk/travel/article-2076060/Dick-Whittingtons-road-riches-Following-footsteps-Gloucestershire-London.html
- Brandwood, Geoff (2013). Britain's best real heritage pubs. St. Albans: CAMRA. p. 89. ISBN 9781852493042.