London Borough of Haringey

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This article is about the London borough. For the neighbourhood in the south of the borough, see Harringay.
London Borough of Haringey
London borough
Coat of arms of London Borough of Haringey
Coat of arms
Official logo of London Borough of Haringey
Council logo
Haringey shown within Greater London
Haringey shown within Greater London
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region London
Ceremonial county Greater London
Status London borough
Admin HQ Wood Green
Created 1 April 1965
Government
 • Type London borough council
 • Body Haringey London Borough Council
 • Leadership Leader (Cllr Claire Kober) & Cabinet (Labour)
 • Mayor Cllr Eddie Griffith
 • MPs Lynne Featherstone
David Lammy
 • London Assembly Joanne McCartney AM for Enfield and Haringey
 • EU Parliament London
Area
 • Total 11.42 sq mi (29.59 km2)
Area rank 311th (of 326)
Population (2011 est.)
 • Total 255,500
 • Rank 55th (of 326)
 • Density 22,000/sq mi (8,600/km2)
 • Ethnicity[1]

34.7% White British
2.7% White Irish
0.1% White Gypsy or Irish Traveller
23% Other White
1.9% White & Black Caribbean
1% White & Black African
1.5% White & Asian
2.1% Other Mixed
2.3% Indian
0.8% Pakistani
1.7% Bangladeshi
1.5% Chinese
3.2% Other Asian
9% Black African
7.1% Black Caribbean
2.6% Other Black
0.9% Arab

3.9% Other
 • ONS code 00AP
Time zone GMT (UTC0)
 • Summer (DST) BST (UTC+1)
Police force Metropolitan Police
Website www.haringey.gov.uk

The London Borough of Haringey Listeni/ˈhærɪŋɡ/[2] is a London borough, in North London, classified by some definitions as part of Inner London, and by others as part of Outer London. It was created in 1965 by the amalgamation of three former boroughs. It shares borders with six other London boroughs. Clockwise from the north, they are: Enfield, Waltham Forest, Hackney, Islington, Camden, and Barnet.

Haringey covers an area of more than 11 square miles (28.5 km2).[3] Some of the more familiar local landmarks include Alexandra Palace, Bruce Castle, Jacksons Lane, Highpoint I and II, and Tottenham Hotspur Football Club. The borough has extreme contrasts:[4] areas in the west, such as Highgate, Muswell Hill and Crouch End are among the most prosperous in the country; in the east of the borough, some wards are classified as being among the most deprived 10% in the country.[5] Haringey is also a borough of contrasts geographically. From the wooded high ground around Highgate and Muswell Hill, at 426.5 feet (130.0 m), the land falls sharply away to the flat, open low lying land beside the River Lea in the east. The borough includes large areas of green space, which make up more than 25% of its total area.[5]

The local authority is Haringey London Borough Council. In recent years, Haringey Council has become the subject of nationwide criticism over its handling of the welfare of young children in connection with the murder of Victoria Climbié and the death of Baby P.[4] In March 2009, Haringey Council's performance was placed by the Audit Commission in the bottom four of the country and the worst in London.[6] In December 2009, Haringey's performance was placed by Ofsted in the bottom nine in the country for children's services.[7] The Council's Children's Services has significantly improved over the last two years. A series of positive Ofsted inspections culminated in the service being taken out of 'special measures' by the government in February 2013.[8]

History[edit]

South-west Haringey with the City in the background, from Alexandra Palace, one of the highest points in London.

In the Ice Age, Haringey was at the edge of a huge glacial mass that reached as far south as Muswell Hill.[9] There is evidence of both Stone Age and Bronze Age activity.[10]

Prior to the Romans' arrival, Haringey was part of a large area covering Essex and Middlesex which was home to a Celtic tribe called Trinobantes.

The Romans' presence is evidenced chiefly by the roads they built through the area. Tottenham High Road was part of the main Roman thoroughfare of Ermine Street. There have also been Roman finds in the borough which suggests possible Roman settlement.

In the 5th and 6th centuries the Saxon invasions brought Haering, the chieftain whose name still lives on today in local placenames.

Haringey remained a rural area until the 18th century when large country houses close to London became increasingly common. The coming of the railways from the mid-nineteenth century onwards led to rapid urbanisation; by the turn of the century much of Haringey had been transformed from a rural to an urbanised environment.

The borough in its modern form was founded in 1965, from the former Municipal Borough of Hornsey, the Municipal Borough of Wood Green and the Municipal Borough of Tottenham which had all previously been part of Middlesex. The new borough became part of the new Greater London Council. However, some legacy of the historic municipal divisions survives to the present day, with the relative prosperity of the different parts of the borough still split broadly along the old boundary lines.

Etymology[edit]

The names Haringey, Harringay[11] and Hornsey in use today are all different variations of the same Old English: Haeringes-hege. Haering was a Saxon chief who lived probably in the area around Hornsey. Haering's Hege meant Haering's enclosure and evolved into Haringey, Harringay and Hornsey.

[edit]

Haringey coat of arms

The official heraldic arms were granted on 10 May 1965,[citation needed] after the mergers of the former Municipal Borough of Hornsey, the Municipal Borough of Wood Green and the Municipal Borough of Tottenham. Unlike most other London boroughs, it was decided not to create arms based on the charges in the coats of arms of the former boroughs.[12] The coat of arms contains black and gold, representing stability, a cogwheel for industry and a rising sun for the new borough.[13]

The borough has a simple badge described as "Eight Rays" [as in the arms].[12] A flag is used which looks like a banner of arms but with the tinctures reversed, so that it has eight black rays on a yellow field.[14]

The arms is used in the mayoral regalia of the borough. The mayoral chain has the heraldic achievement hanging in a badge made out of 18 k gold and enamel, with the text "The London Borough of Haringey MCMLXV". The chain has stylized H's and hares sitting within laurel wreaths. The hares represent the name of the borough, since Haringey is believed to mean "a meadow of Hares".[15]

Geography[edit]

Haringey is a borough of contrasts geographically. From the wooded high ground around Highgate and Muswell Hill, at 426.5 feet (130.0 m), the land falls sharply away to the flat, open low lying land beside the River Lea in the east. 60 hectares within the borough are designated as part of the Metropolitan Green Belt.

Haringey shares borders with six other London boroughs. Clockwise from the north, they are: Enfield, Waltham Forest, Hackney, Islington, Camden, and Barnet. It covers an area of more than 11 square miles (28.5 km2).[3] Some of the more familiar local landmarks include Alexandra Palace, Bruce Castle and Tottenham Hotspur Football Club.

Haringey has 600 acres (2.4 km2) of parks, recreation grounds and open spaces[16] which make up more than 25% of its total area.[5] They include both smaller local areas and large green areas which provide an amenity for Londoners beyond the borough's boundaries. Local Nature Reserves and a number of conservation areas can also be found in the borough. The borough is also home to five distinct ancient woods. These are Highgate Woods, Queen's Wood, Coldfall Wood, Bluebell Wood and North Wood.[17]

The borough has achieved Green Flag status for eight of its parks which is the highest awarded to any London borough.[16] Highgate Wood in Haringey is one of only eight Green Heritage sites in London.[18]

Amongst the larger open spaces are: Finsbury Park, Alexandra Park, Highgate Wood, Coldfall Wood and the Lee Valley Park.

There are three rivers of note still flowing above ground in the borough. These are:

Districts[edit]

There are a large number of districts within the borough. For a complete list see List of districts in Haringey.

Demographics[edit]

Population
Year Pop. ±%
1801 2,448 —    
1811 4,481 +83.0%
1821 5,373 +19.9%
1831 6,201 +15.4%
1841 7,571 +22.1%
1851 8,762 +15.7%
1861 34,651 +295.5%
1871 60,541 +74.7%
1881 86,431 +42.8%
1891 159,596 +84.7%
1901 204,226 +28.0%
1911 263,009 +28.8%
1921 279,928 +6.4%
1931 297,936 +6.4%
1941 283,737 −4.8%
1951 270,214 −4.8%
1961 254,541 −5.8%
1971 239,833 −5.8%
1981 202,641 −15.5%
1991 211,633 +4.4%
2001 216,510 +2.3%
Source: A Vision of Britain through time

The borough has extreme contrasts:[4] areas in the west, such as Highgate, Muswell Hill and Crouch End are among the most prosperous in the country; in the east of the borough, some wards are classified as being among the most deprived 10% in the country.[5]

The population grew by 8.6% between 1991 and 2006 and is projected to grow by a further 5.4% by 2016 to 233,125. The male to female ratio is 50:50 and the age structure is similar to that of London as a whole although younger than the national average.

Haringey has a high proportion of young adults in the 20-39 age range and a low proportion of residents aged 45 and over. The borough has a high proportion of lone parent households.[19]

According to the 2011 census,[20] 35.75% of the borough's population were white British, 23% were "other White", 9% were of Black African heritage, and 7.1% were of Black Caribbean heritage. Haringey is also home to several smaller Asian communities.

Housing[edit]

There are about 97,101 dwellings in Haringey. Of those: 46% are owner occupied; 17.4% are council rented; 10.8% are rented from a registered social landlord; and 24% are rented from a private landlord. Just over 55% of residents in Haringey live in flats, apartments or maisonettes.

The local council and housing associations provide about 27,463 affordable homes and in 2006 over 19,000 households were waiting to be housed by the borough. There are almost 5,500 households living in temporary accommodation. In 2002/03 over 1,300 households were accepted as homeless by the council.[19]

Wards[edit]

There are 19 wards in Haringey. Although they bear the names of long-established local areas, many have boundaries which do not exactly match the locally-understood boundaries of those areas.

The wards are:[21]

Politics[edit]

The borough has been Labour-run since 1971. No Conservative candidate has won a local government election in Haringey since 1998. In May 2006 Labour retained control of the Council with a majority of just three seats over the Liberal Democrats.

Late in 2007 Liberal Democrat councillors Catherine Harris and Ali Demirci crossed the floor to join the Labour Party, the first such occasion in the history of the borough. The Labour majority thus increased to 7 (32 Labour, 25 Liberal Democrat). In July 2009, councillor and former mayor Alan Dobbie left the Labour Party to join the Conservatives, becoming the first Conservative in the council for 11 years.[22] In January 2010, Brian Hayley became the first ever Haringey Labour councillor to defect to the Liberal Democrats.

Labour increased their majority to 11 at the May 2010 local elections, winning 34 seats to the Liberal Democrats' 23.

Seats on Haringey Council, by party:

Year Conservative Labour Liberal Democrats
1994 2 57 0
1998 2 54 3
2002 0 42 15
2006 0 30 27
2007 0 32 25
2009 1 31 25
2010 1 30 26
2010* 0 34 23

(Boundary changes in 2002 reduced the number of councillors by 2)

  • *after local elections in May

In recent years, Haringey Council has become the subject of nationwide criticism over its handling of the welfare of young children, in connection with the murder of Victoria Climbié and the death of Baby P.[4] George Meehan, Council leader at the time of both the Victoria Climbie inquiry and the death of Baby P, resigned after a "damning" examination of Social Services caused by the Baby P case. He and Liz Santry, cabinet member for Children's Services, initially refused to resign at a Full Council meeting. All Labour Councillors voted for them to remain in their posts. Sharon Shoesmith, who was sacked on 8 December 2008 without any compensation package over the Baby P affair, is suing for lack of notice.

In March 2009, the council's overall performance was assessed in an Audit Commission review as among the fourth worst in the whole country, and the worst in London.[6] Its previous three stars were reduced to one.

Economy[edit]

In 2006, there were 8,200 businesses in Haringey employing a total of 64,700 people. This accounted for 1.6% of all employment in London.

Haringey's economy is dominated by small businesses with 94.2% of businesses employing less than 24 people. These small businesses account for 39.3% of total employment in the borough.

The main sectors of employment in Haringey are:

Source[23]

The principal shopping areas in the borough are Wood Green and Turnpike Lane, Muswell Hill, Crouch End, Harringay and Tottenham Hale.

Haringey is situated within the growth corridor connecting London with Stansted, Cambridge and Peterborough.[24]

Culture[edit]

The borough has a number of facilities offering a wide range of cultural activity

Performing arts[edit]

Haringey's theatres include:

Visual arts[edit]

  • The Chocolate Factory[30]

Education[edit]

Haringey has 63 primary (including infant and junior) schools, 10 secondary schools, a City Academy, 4 special schools and a pupil support centre. In addition, there are off site provision and study support centres for children and young people with additional needs. Ten Children’s Centres[31] were opened in 2006 and a further eight were planned for 2008.

The number of pupils in Haringey Schools as at January 2006 was 34,990 (Including nursery age children). This total was made up as follows:

  • Primary Total 16,705 (pupils of compulsory school age).
  • Secondary Total 12,431 (including sixth form students).
  • Special School pupils and students 299 (including post 16 children).
  • Pupil support centre 77.[19]

In 2014 Haringey Council contacted OFSTED and the police after video footage emerged showing multiple incidents where primary age children at the Harris Primary Academy Coleraine Park, in Tottenham, were physically restrained or "dragged around", each by either two or three members of staff. An executive from the National Association of Head Teachers described it as "horrible" to see a "really distressed" child restrained in this way. The school's policy requires any use of restraint to be notified to the parents in writing, but this had not happened. The school issued a statement saying that physical restraint is only used when pupils present a risk to themselves or others, and that it can make it possible for them to continue in mainstream education rather than being permanently excluded.[32]

Sport[edit]

Tottenham Hotspur Football Club, currently in the FA Premier League, is located in the borough in Tottenham High Road. The borough also has two Non-League football clubs, Haringey Borough F.C. and Greenhouse London F.C., who both play at Coles Park.

London Skolars are a rugby league team that compete in National League 2. They play at New River Stadium in Wood Green, Haringey. The annual Middlesex 9s rugby league tournament also takes place at the New River Stadium.

The borough's ice hockey team, the Haringey Greyhounds, currently play at Alexandra Palace. Alexandra Palace has also hosted other events including the PDC World Darts Championship and a number of Boxing events.

Transport[edit]

London bus route 29, 41, 43, 67, 76, 91, 102, 121, 123, 134, 141, 143, 144, 149, 184, 192, 210, 214, 217, 221, 230, 231, 232, 234, 243, 259, 263, 271, 279, 299, 318, 329, 341, 349, 444, 476, W3, W4, W5, W7, night route N20, N29, N41, N73, N76 and N91.

The 16 National Rail, London Overground and London Underground stations in the borough are:

In March 2011, the main forms of transport that residents used to travel to work were: underground, metro, light rail, tram, 23.5% of all residents aged 16–74; driving a car or van, 11.3%; bus, minibus or coach, 11.3%; train, 4.7%; on foot, 4.1%; work mainly at or from home, 3.6%; bicycle, 3.2%.[33]

Twin towns[edit]

Haringey has been twinned with Koblenz, Germany since 1969.[34] It has also twinned with the towns of:

Notable current and former residents[edit]

There are many well-known people who have lived or are living in the borough, particularly in the areas of Highgate, Muswell Hill and Crouch End. The group includes Rowland Hill (postal reformer and founder of Bruce Castle School), Bill Nicholson, Ho Chi Minh, Seamus O'Shea, David Gray, Mike Leigh, Katy Withey, James McAvoy, Oliver Tambo, Simon Pegg, Clive Owen, Chipmunk (rapper) and David Tennant. The Kinks formed in Muswell Hill in 1964.

References & notes[edit]

  1. ^ 2011 Census: Ethnic group, local authorities in England and Wales, Office for National Statistics (2012). See Classification of ethnicity in the United Kingdom for the full descriptions used in the 2011 Census.
  2. ^ It is interesting to note that pupils in local schools at the time the borough was created in 1965 were taught that the new borough's name should be pronounced with the ending sounded as in the endings of Finchley, Hackney or Hornsey - Valerie Crosby, Archivist, Bruce Castle Archives, London Borough of Haringey, 2007
  3. ^ a b London Borough of Haringey website, Facts & Figures
  4. ^ a b c d "The rotten borough of Haringey? | News". Thisislondon.co.uk. Retrieved 2010-09-15. 
  5. ^ a b c d Office for National Statistics
  6. ^ a b "Borough at centre of Baby P row ranked the worst in London | News". Thisislondon.co.uk. Retrieved 2010-09-15. 
  7. ^ London Evening Standard 9 December 2009
  8. ^ "Facts concerning Haringey Council's Children's Services": Haringey Council. Haringey.gov.uk (2012-05-03). Retrieved on 2013-08-13.
  9. ^ Madge, Stephen J. (1938). The Early Records of Harringay alias Hornsey. Public Libraries Committee Hornsey. 
  10. ^ T. F. T. Baker & C. R. Elrington (Editors) (1985). A History of the County of Middlesex, Volume 8: Islington and Stoke Newington Parishes. Accessed online at British History Online. 
  11. ^ Harringay is an area of London within the London Borough Haringey. The two differently spelt words describe different places and they are not interchangeable.
  12. ^ a b Civic Heraldry of England and Wales: Haringey lb
  13. ^ "Coat of Arms". London Borough of Haringey. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 
  14. ^ Jonathan Dixon (31 August 2006). "London (England): Haringey". Flags of the World. Flags of the World. Retrieved 22 December 2013. 
  15. ^ "The Mayoral Regalia". http://www.sheilapeacock.co.uk official homepage of former Mayor Sheila Peacock. Retrieved 22 December 2013. 
  16. ^ a b London Borough of Haringey Website - Open Spaces Page
  17. ^ "The Natural History of Haringey, David Bevan". Muswell-hill.com. 1992-03-31. Retrieved 2010-09-15. 
  18. ^ English Heritage - Green Heritage Microsite
  19. ^ a b c Knowing Our Children And Young People - Planning For Their Futures, Haringey Council, 2006
  20. ^ Facts and Figures: Haringey Council. Haringey.gov.uk (2013-02-19). Retrieved on 2013-08-13.
  21. ^ London Borough of Haringey Website Ward Profiles
  22. ^ Pears, Elizabeth (8 July 2009). "Tories reclaim Haringey Council seat following shock defection by Labour councillor Alan Dobbie". Haringey Independent (Newsquest Media Group). Retrieved 8 July 2009. 
  23. ^ Haringey's economic profile
  24. ^ Audit Commission's Corporate Assessment of Haringey Council, October 2006
  25. ^ "Haringey Shed". Haringey Shed. Retrieved 2010-09-15. 
  26. ^ http://www.mountview.ac.uk/general_information_level2.asp?level2_ID=65
  27. ^ "New London Performing Arts Centre - Home". Nlpac.co.uk. Retrieved 2010-09-15. 
  28. ^ "Bernie Grant Arts Centre | home". Berniegrantcentre.co.uk. Retrieved 2010-09-15. 
  29. ^ "downstairs at the king's head, comedy, music, performance". Downstairsatthekingshead.com. Retrieved 2010-09-15. 
  30. ^ JaiOnline.net. "About us". Chocolate Factory Artists. Retrieved 2010-09-15. 
  31. ^ Haringey Council Web page on Children's Centres
  32. ^ Ashdown, Mark (21 March 2014). "Concern over Tottenham primary school restraint footage". BBC News. Retrieved 22 March 2014. 
  33. ^ "2011 Census: QS701EW Method of travel to work, local authorities in England and Wales". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 November 2013.  Percentages are of all residents aged 16-74 including those not in employment. Respondents could only pick one mode, specified as the journey’s longest part by distance.
  34. ^ M/S-VisuCom GmbH. "Koblenz Tourism Website". Koblenz.de. Retrieved 2010-09-15. 
  35. ^ Twinning of London Borough of Haringey with Holetown: 10 December 2009 PDF (13 KB) – Barbados Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade
  36. ^ "Twinning Of London Borough Of Haringey With Holetown". Gisbarbados.gov.bb. 2009-12-10. Retrieved 2010-09-15. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°36′06″N 0°06′46″W / 51.601632°N 0.112915°W / 51.601632; -0.112915