Mount Ephraim, New Jersey

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Mount Ephraim, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Mount Ephraim
Motto: "The Village at the Crossroads"
Mount Ephraim highlighted in Camden County. Inset: Camden County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Mount Ephraim highlighted in Camden County. Inset: Camden County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Mount Ephraim, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Mount Ephraim, New Jersey
Coordinates: 39°52′47″N 75°05′27″W / 39.879666°N 75.090948°W / 39.879666; -75.090948Coordinates: 39°52′47″N 75°05′27″W / 39.879666°N 75.090948°W / 39.879666; -75.090948[1][2]
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Camden
Incorporated March 23, 1926
Government[5]
 • Type Walsh Act
 • Mayor Joseph E. Wolk (term ends April 30, 2015)[3]
 • Clerk Terry Shannon[4]
Area[1]
 • Total 0.900 sq mi (2.332 km2)
 • Land 0.881 sq mi (2.282 km2)
 • Water 0.019 sq mi (0.050 km2)  2.16%
Area rank 516th of 566 in state
29th of 37 in county[1]
Elevation[6] 30 ft (9 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total 4,676
 • Estimate (2013)[10] 4,663
 • Rank 387th of 566 in state
24th of 37 in county[11]
 • Density 5,307.9/sq mi (2,049.4/km2)
 • Density rank 102nd of 566 in state
9th of 37 in county[11]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08059[12][13]
Area code(s) 856 exchanges: 456, 742, 931, 933[14]
FIPS code 3400748750[1][15][16]
GNIS feature ID 0885313[1][17]
Website www.mountephraim-nj.com

Mount Ephraim is a borough in Camden County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 4,676,[7][8][9] reflecting an increase of 181 (+4.0%) from the 4,495 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 22 (-0.5%) from the 4,517 counted in the 1990 Census.[18]

Mount Ephraim was incorporated as a borough by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 23, 1926, from portions of the now-defunct Centre Township. The boroughs of Bellmawr, Runnemede and Lawnside were simultaneously created during the same two-day period.[19]

Geography[edit]

Mount Ephraim is located at 39°52′47″N 75°05′27″W / 39.879666°N 75.090948°W / 39.879666; -75.090948 (39.879666,-75.090948). According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 0.900 square miles (2.332 km2), of which, 0.881 square miles (2.282 km2) of it was land and 0.019 square miles (0.050 km2) of it (2.16%) was water.[1][2]

Mount Ephraim borders Audubon, Bellmawr, Brooklawn, Gloucester City, Haddon Heights and Haddon Township.[20]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930 2,319
1940 2,282 −1.6%
1950 4,449 95.0%
1960 5,447 22.4%
1970 5,625 3.3%
1980 4,863 −13.5%
1990 4,517 −7.1%
2000 4,495 −0.5%
2010 4,676 4.0%
Est. 2013 4,663 [10][21] −0.3%
Population sources:
1930-2000[22] 1930[23]
1930-1990[24] 2000[25][26] 2010[7][8][9]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 4,676 people, 1,909 households, and 1,193 families residing in the borough. The population density was 5,307.9 per square mile (2,049.4/km2). There were 2,010 housing units at an average density of 2,281.6 per square mile (880.9/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 93.56% (4,375) White, 2.14% (100) Black or African American, 0.09% (4) Native American, 0.68% (32) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 2.27% (106) from other races, and 1.26% (59) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 5.33% (249) of the population.[7]

There were 1,909 households, of which 26.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.6% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.5% were non-families. 31.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.11.[7]

In the borough, 20.6% of the population were under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 29.8% from 45 to 64, and 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.1 years. For every 100 females there were 93.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.4 males.[7]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $61,331 (with a margin of error of +/- $6,103) and the median family income was $73,955 (+/- $4,630). Males had a median income of $51,049 (+/- $3,914) versus $41,087 (+/- $3,242) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $29,885 (+/- $5,190). About 5.6% of families and 6.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.9% of those under age 18 and 10.4% of those age 65 or over.[27]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[15] there were 4,495 people, and 1,174 families residing in the borough. The population density was 5,100.1 people per square mile (1,972.2/km2). There were 1,881 housing units at an average density of 2,134.2 per square mile (825.3/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 97.51% White, 0.40% African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.62% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.65% from other races, and 0.73% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.98% of the population.[25][26]

There were 1,818 households out of which 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.1% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.4% were non-families. 30.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.13.[25][26]

In the borough the population was spread out with 22.3% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, and 17.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 93.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.3 males.[25][26]

The median income for a household in the borough was $44,824, and the median income for a family was $59,468. Males had a median income of $41,455 versus $30,359 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $21,150. About 2.0% of families and 4.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.7% of those under age 18 and 7.2% of those age 65 or over.[25][26]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Mount Ephraim has been governed under the Walsh Act by a three-member commission, since 1935. Three commissioners are elected at-large in nonpartisan elections held as part of the May municipal election to serve concurrent terms of office. Each commissioner is assigned a department to oversee as part of their elected service.[5][28]

As of 2015, Mount Ephraim's commissioners are Mayor Joseph Wolk (Commissioner of Revenue and Finance), Andrew Gilmore (Commissioner of Public Affairs and Public Safety) and Bruce Greenwald (Commissioner of Public Works, Parks and Public Property), all of whom are serving concurrent terms of office that end May 15, 2015.[29][30]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Mount Ephraim is located in the 1st Congressional District[31] and is part of New Jersey's 5th state legislative district.[8][32][33]

New Jersey's First Congressional District is represented by Donald Norcross (D, Camden).[34] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021)[35] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).[36][37]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 5th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Nilsa Cruz-Perez (D, Camden, serving the unexpired term of Donald Norcross until November 2015)[38] and in the General Assembly by Angel Fuentes (D, Camden) and Gilbert "Whip" Wilson (D, Camden).[39] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[40] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[41]

Camden County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, its seven members chosen at-large in partisan elections to three-year terms office on a staggered basis, with wither two or three seats coming up for election each year.[42] As of 2014, Camden County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Louis Cappelli, Jr. (Collingswood, term ends December 31, 2014)[43], Freeholder Deputy Director Edward McDonnell (Pennsauken Township, 2016)[44], Michelle Gentek (Gloucester Township, 2015)[45], Ian K. Leonard (Camden, 2015)[46], Scot N. McCray (Camden, 2014)[47], Jeffrey L. Nash (Cherry Hill, 2015)[48] and Carmen Rodriguez (Merchantville, 2016).[49][50][51] Constitutional officers elected countywide are County Clerk Joseph Ripa,[52] Sheriff Charles H. Billingham[53] and Surrogate Patricia Egan "Pat" Jones.[54]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 3,110 registered voters in Mount Ephraim, of which 1,402 (45.1%) were registered as Democrats, 403 (13.0%) were registered as Republicans and 1,305 (42.0%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were no voters registered to other parties.[55]

In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 60.7% of the vote (1,278 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 37.7% (793 votes), and other candidates with 1.7% (35 votes), among the 2,131 ballots cast by the borough's 3,320 registered voters (25 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 64.2%.[56][57] In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 58.6% of the vote (1,334 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain, who received around 37.6% (855 votes), with 2,275 ballots cast among the borough's 3,086 registered voters, for a turnout of 73.7%.[58] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 58.8% of the vote (1,309 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush, who received around 39.9% (888 votes), with 2,228 ballots cast among the borough's 2,982 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 74.7.[59]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 62.9% of the vote (753 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 35.9% (430 votes), and other candidates with 1.3% (15 votes), among the 1,222 ballots cast by the borough's 3,353 registered voters (24 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 36.4%.[60][61] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 47.3% of the vote (621 ballots cast), ahead of both Republican Chris Christie with 42.7% (560 votes) and Independent Chris Daggett with 6.2% (81 votes), with 1,312 ballots cast among the borough's 3,127 registered voters, yielding a 42.0% turnout.[62]

Education[edit]

The Mount Ephraim Public Schools serve students in pre-Kindergarten through eighth grade. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's two schools had an enrollment of 443 students and 30.7 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 14.43:1.[63] Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[64]) are Mary Bray Elementary School[65] (grades PreK-4; 246 students) and Raymond W. Kershaw School[66] (grades 5-8; 197 students).[67]

For ninth through twelfth grades, public school students attend Audubon High School, in Audubon, as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the Audubon School District.[68][69]

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

As of May 2010, the borough had a total of 16.67 miles (26.83 km) of roadways, of which 13.25 miles (21.32 km) were maintained by the municipality, 2.35 miles (3.78 km) by Camden County and 1.07 miles (1.72 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[70]

Interstate 76 (providing access to Philadelphia and to Interstate 295) and U.S. Route 130 are both accessible across borough lines in Gloucester City.

Public transportation[edit]

Mount Ephraim is served by two New Jersey Transit bus lines. Service between the borough and Philadelphia is available on the 400 route, with local service on the 457 route between the Mooretown Mall and Camden.[71][72]

Notable events[edit]

On September 4, 2012, at 6:31 p.m., a tornado touched down in Mount Ephraim, causing damage to trees and homes in the immediate vicinity. It was categorized as F-0 by the National Weather Service, with winds topping out at 70 mph, making it the first tornado recorded in the state in more than a year.[73]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 14, 2013.
  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ 2014 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs, as of December 15, 2014. Accessed January 12, 2015.
  4. ^ Contacts, Borough of Mount Ephraim. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  5. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 38.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Mount Ephraim, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 8, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Mount Ephraim borough, Camden County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  8. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 3. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Mount Ephraim borough, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  10. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - 2013 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2014.
  11. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  12. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Mount Ephraim, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  13. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed October 23, 2013.
  14. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Mount Ephraim, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed October 23, 2013.
  15. ^ a b American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  16. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed October 11, 2012.
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  18. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  19. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 107. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  20. ^ Areas touching Mount Ephraim, MapIt. Accessed March 3, 2015.
  21. ^ Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 23, 2014.
  22. ^ Barnett, Bob. Population Data for Camden County Municipalities, 1850 - 2000, WestJersey.org, January 6, 2011. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  23. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States: 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 715. Accessed October 11, 2012.
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  49. ^ Carmen Rodriguez, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
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  62. ^ 2009 Governor: Camden County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed October 15, 2012.
  63. ^ District information for Mount Ephraim School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed December 14, 2014.
  64. ^ School Data for the Mount Ephraim Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed December 14, 2014.
  65. ^ Mary Bray Elementary School, Mount Ephraim Public Schools. Accessed October 23, 2013.
  66. ^ Raymond W. Kershaw School, Mount Ephraim Public Schools. Accessed October 23, 2013.
  67. ^ New Jersey School Directory for the Mount Ephraim Public Schools, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed October 23, 2013.
  68. ^ Nicolosi, Peggy. "Report on Non-Operating School District: Audubon Park", Camden County Executive County Superintendent, June 30, 2009. Accessed December 13, 2014. "In addition to students from Audubon Park, Audubon also receives high school students from Mount Ephraim Public Schools."
  69. ^ Rothschild, Barbara S. 'Educators say consolidating school districts doesn't add up'.html/_top "Educators say consolidating school districts doesn't add up", copy of article from Courier-Post, January 10, 2010. Accessed December 13, 2014. "Oaklyn is also considering a merge with K-12 Audubon, which already accepts students from Mount Ephraim and the nonoperating Audubon Park district."
  70. ^ Camden County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
  71. ^ Camden County Bus/Rail Connections, New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 22, 2009. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  72. ^ South Jersey Transit Guide, Cross County Connection, as of April 1, 2010. Accessed December 13, 2014.
  73. ^ via Associated Press. "Tornado confirmed in Mount Ephraim, New Jersey", WABC-TV, September 5, 2012. Accessed June 5, 2013. "The National Weather Service says a tornado touched down in southern New Jersey, the first confirmed one in the state in more than a year. Meteorologist Mitchell Gaines says it was an F-0 twister - the lowest classification."

External links[edit]