Sun Devil Stadium
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2007)|
|Sun Devil Stadium, Frank Kush Field|
|The House of Heat|
Sun Devil Stadium during its final Fiesta Bowl game
|Location||500 East Veterans Way
Tempe, AZ 85281
|Broke ground||December 1957|
|Opened||October 4, 1958|
|Expanded||1966, 1970, 1976, 1977, 1989|
|Owner||Arizona State University|
|Operator||Arizona State University|
|Construction cost||$1 million
($8.17 million in 2014 dollars)
|Architect||Edward L. Varney Associates|
|General contractor||F. H. Antrim Construction Company|
(expandable to 76,000)
|Arizona State Sun Devils (NCAA) (1958–present)
Fiesta Bowl (NCAA) (1971–2006)
Valley of the Sun Bowl (NCAA) (2006–present)
Eastham Energy Game (NCAA) (2011)
Arizona Cardinals (NFL) (1988–2005)
Arizona Wranglers (USFL) (1983–1984)
Arizona Outlaws (USFL) (1985)
Super Bowl XXX (NFL) (1996)
Pac-12 Football Championship Game (NCAA) (2013)
Sun Devil Stadium is an outdoor football stadium, located on the campus of Arizona State University, in Tempe, Arizona, United States. The stadium's current seating capacity is 71,706 and the playing surface is natural grass. Although the stadium is called Sun Devil Stadium, in 1996 the gridiron within the stadium was named Frank Kush Field in honor of the former coach of the ASU football team.
It is home to the Arizona State Sun Devils, of the Pacific-12 Conference. It has previously been the home of the NFL's Arizona Cardinals, from 1988–2005 and was the annual site of the Fiesta Bowl, from 1971-2006 and the Buffalo Wild Wings Bowl (formerly the Insight Bowl) since then. It also served as the home for the San Diego Chargers, on October 27, 2003, when the NFL moved a game against the Miami Dolphins there, due to wildfires in Southern California (it was the first Monday Night Football game in the stadium in four years - the last MNF game there prior to 2003 was the game wherein legendary San Francisco 49ers quarterback Steve Young suffered his career-ending concussion).
On June 5, 2009, it held down the first championship for the Phoenix high school's Passing League tournament.
Construction and upgrades
Built in 1958, the stadium's original capacity was just 30,000. The first addition in 1976 substantially raised the capacity to 57,722. Seating was added to the south end of the stadium, along with press and sky boxes. A year later, in 1977, the upper tier was completed to bring seating to 70,311. In 1988, 1,700 more seats were added to bring the facility to its current capacity. During that time the Carson Student Athlete Center was added to the south end. The building is the home of the ASU Athletic Department.
In 2007, engineers realized that the concrete base of the stadium was buckling due to the rusting of structural steel supporting the foundation. Stadium designers had neglected to waterproof the structure when it was built, assuming that a stadium in the desert would not need waterproof concrete. However, cleaning/maintenance crews for the college and professional football teams hosed down the seats after every game, introducing substantially more water to the stadium than the designers had envisioned. Engineers now estimate that $45 million in repairs will be needed to maintain the stadium beyond 2010.
A new Arizona bill allows the Arizona Board of Regents to set up a district on ASU property to collect revenue from local businesses. Money from the fee will go toward the funding of renovation projects of ASU’s athletic facilities, including the stadium. It is estimated the fund will accumulate enough money to begin planning renovations within two to five years (2012–2015).
In April 2012, Sun Devil Athletics unveiled an estimated $300 million plan for renovated Sun Devil Stadium that entails reduced stadium capacity (55,000 to 60,000 seat range), field turf and fabric roof shading.  In October 2013, Sun Devil Athletics announced the removal of approximately 5,700 north endzone upper deck seats that will reduce the stadium capacity to 66,000 for the 2014 season. The seat removal is not part of ASU's greater Sun Devil Stadium renovation plans.
The first game played at the stadium was on October 4, 1958. Arizona State defeated West Texas State 16-13.
On September 21, 1996, the playing surface was named in honor of former ASU football coaching great Frank Kush, and the name of the stadium was changed from Sun Devil Stadium to Sun Devil Stadium, Frank Kush Field. That night ASU shut out #1 Nebraska 19-0. The largest crowd ever seated for a college football game at the stadium was 80,470 for the 1999 Fiesta Bowl, where the Tennessee Volunteers beat the Florida State Seminoles, 23-16 on January 4, 1999 to win the National Championship.
Sun Devil Stadium hosted college football's Fiesta Bowl from 1971 to 2006 including two national championship games after the 1998 and 2002 seasons. ASU continues to use Sun Devil Stadium, which now hosts the Buffalo Wild Wings Bowl. The Buffalo Wild Wings Bowl (formerly called the Insight and Copper Bowl) moved to Sun Devil Stadium when the Fiesta Bowl moved to the University of Phoenix Stadium in nearby Glendale.
Arizona State officials say they want to renovate the stadium in the next few years.
The first pro game played in the stadium was a pre-season game between the New York Jets and the Minnesota Vikings in 1975. The Green Bay Packers also played the Denver Broncos in a preseason game in 1987.
The facility became an NFL stadium in 1988, when the St. Louis Cardinals moved west to Arizona and became the Phoenix Cardinals (renamed the Arizona Cardinals in 1994). The Cardinals' first regular season game in the stadium was a 17-14 loss to the Dallas Cowboys in a Monday Night Football game on September 12, 1988. The Cardinals won their next home game, defeating the defending Super Bowl champion Washington Redskins 30-21.
The Cardinals intended to only play in Sun Devil Stadium temporarily until a new stadium could be built in Phoenix. However, the savings and loan crisis derailed plans for a permanent home, and the Cardinals played in Tempe for 18 years.
On October 27, 2003, the Monday Night Football game between the San Diego Chargers and Miami Dolphins was moved to Sun Devil Stadium because the Cedar Fire in the San Diego area forced the teams to vacate Qualcomm Stadium, which was being used as an evacuation site. Tickets for the game were free and the capacity crowd saw the Dolphins win 26-10.
The Cardinals ended their tenure on the ASU campus with a 27-21 victory over the Philadelphia Eagles on Christmas Eve 2005. In 18 seasons in Sun Devil Stadium, the Cardinals complied a 64-80 (.444) mark, with their best single-season mark being 5-3 in 1994, 1996, 1998, and 2004.
In 2006, the Cardinals moved from Sun Devil Stadium to University of Phoenix Stadium in another Phoenix suburb, Glendale, located on the opposite side of the metro area from Tempe. The new stadium also hosts the Fiesta Bowl, and hosted the first stand-alone Bowl Championship Series National Championship Game in January 2007.
Sun Devil Stadium has been the setting for several movies over the years. Some of them include Cameron Crowe's 1996 blockbuster film Jerry Maguire, U2's 1988 rockumentary Rattle and Hum, The Rolling Stones' 1983 concert film Let's Spend the Night Together, 1976's A Star is Born, with Barbra Streisand and Kris Kristofferson, the Coen Brothers 1987 film Raising Arizona, and the 1980 film Used Cars. In 2003, the stadium was also featured on the Finale episode of The Amazing Race 4.
Pope John Paul II visited Phoenix on September 14, 1987, as a part of his whirlwind tour of the United States. In Tempe, he held Mass for 75,000 at Sun Devil Stadium. All the Sun Devil logos and words with "devil" painted on the stadium's facade had to be covered up for the Pope to agree to enter the stadium.
- Sports-Venue.info - Sun Devil Stadium
- Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–2014. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved February 27, 2014.
- "Bids for New Sun Devil Stadium to Be Accepted". Prescott Courier. November 15, 1957. Retrieved September 26, 2011.
- Solliday, Scott (December 1, 2001). "Tempe Post-World War II Context Study". City of Tempe. Retrieved November 6, 2013.
- Arizona State Athletics - Sun Devil Stadium, Frank Kush Field
- "Sun Devil Stadium Repairs Planned". The Arizona Republic (Phoenix). June 24, 2007. Retrieved December 30, 2007.
- Ottens, Cale (September 26, 2010). "Business Fee to Fund Sun Devil Stadium Renovation". State Press (Arizona State University). Retrieved December 1, 2010.
- Boor, William (April 4, 2012). "ASU Unveils Plans for Renovated Sun Devil Stadium". State Press (Arizona State University). Retrieved November 8, 2013.
- Metcalfe, Jeff (October 3, 2013). "ASU to Demolish Upper-Deck Seating in North End Zone at Sun Devil Stadium in January". The Arizona Republic (Phoenix). Retrieved November 6, 2013.
- Metcalfe, Jeff (April 4, 2012). "ASU Unveils Renderings of Proposed Renovation of Sun Devil Stadium". The Arizona Republic. Retrieved November 6, 2013.
- Baum, Bob (October 28, 2003). "Dolphins 26, Chargers 10". Yahoo! Sports. Associated Press. Retrieved April 28, 2010.
- "Sun Devil Stadium, Tempe Arizona 1976". Barbra Streisand Archives. Retrieved October 3, 2013.
- "Raising Arizona Movie Filming Locations". The 80s Movies Rewind. Retrieved October 3, 2012.
- "Top 5 Sun Devil Stadium moments". Phoenix.Fanster.com. May 3, 2009. Retrieved October 3, 2012.
- Superville, Darlene (May 14, 2009). "Obama Shrugs Off Honorary Degree Snub at ASU". The Seattle Times. Associated Press. Retrieved May 14, 2009.
- TheSunDevils.com – official athletics site – Sun Devil Stadium, Frank Kush Field
- Ballparks.com: Sun Devil Stadium
- Stadiums of Pro Football: Sun Devil Stadium
|Events and tenants|
|Home of the
Tostitos Fiesta Bowl
1971 – 2005
University of Phoenix Stadium
|Home of the
2006 – present
|Home of the
1988 - 2005
University of Phoenix Stadium
Joe Robbie Stadium
|Host of the Super Bowl