Band on the Run

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For the title song from the album, see Band on the Run (song).
Band on the Run
Studio album by Paul McCartney & Wings
Released 5 December 1973 (US)
7 December 1973 (UK)
Recorded August–September 1973, Lagos, Nigeria, Abbey Road Studios, London
Genre Rock
Length

44:17 (US version)

41:08 (UK Version)
Label Apple
Producer Paul McCartney
Paul McCartney & Wings chronology
Red Rose Speedway
(1973)
Band on the Run
(1973)
Venus and Mars
(1975)
Singles from Band on the Run
  1. "Helen Wheels (US only)"
    Released: 26 October 1973
  2. "Mrs Vandebilt"
    Released: January 1974 (Europe except UK; Australia)
  3. "Jet"
    Released: 15 February 1974
  4. "Band on the Run"
    Released: 28 June 1974

Band on the Run is an album by Paul McCartney & Wings, released in 1973. It was Wings' third album. It became Wings' most successful album and remains the most celebrated of McCartney's post-Beatles albums. It was 1974's top-selling studio album in the United Kingdom and Australia, and revitalised McCartney's critical standing.

In 2000 Q magazine placed it at number 75 in its list of the 100 Greatest British Albums Ever. In 2012, Band on the Run was voted 418th on Rolling Stone magazine's revised list of The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time.[1] A contemporary review by Jon Landau in Rolling Stone described the album as "with the possible exception of John Lennon's Plastic Ono Band, the finest record yet released by any of the four musicians who were once called The Beatles."[2]

It was the last McCartney album issued on the Apple label.

Background and recording[edit]

After the success of Red Rose Speedway and "Live and Let Die" – the featured song for the James Bond movie of the same name – Wings began contemplating its next album. Paul and Linda McCartney began writing new songs at their Scottish retreat soon after concluding their 1973 tour.

Bored with recording in the United Kingdom, they wanted to go to an exotic locale. After asking EMI to send him a listing of all their international recording studios, Paul happened upon Lagos in Nigeria and was instantly taken with the idea of recording in Africa.

Alongside the McCartneys, guitarist and pianist Denny Laine, lead guitarist Henry McCullough and drummer Denny Seiwell also were set to go. However, a few weeks before departing in August, McCullough quit Wings in Scotland; Seiwell followed suit the night before the 8 August 1973 departure for Nigeria. In the book Paul McCartney: Recording Sessions (1969–2013) departure's date is placed on 29 August, with recording sessions starting on 1 September.[3] This left just the core of the band – Paul, Linda and Denny Laine – to venture to Lagos, along with former Beatles engineer Geoff Emerick.

Upon arriving in Lagos, the band discovered a country in stark contrast from their visions of paradise. The country was run by a military government, with corruption and disease running rampant. The studio, located on Wharf Road in the suburb of Apapa, was ramshackle and underequipped. The control desk was faulty and there was only one tape machine, a Studer 8-track. The band rented houses near the airport in Ikeja, an hour away from the studio. Paul, Linda and their three children stayed in one while Denny Laine, Geoff Emerick and Wings' two roadies stayed in another.

The band established a routine of recording during the week and playing tourist on the weekends. Paul temporarily joined a country club where he would spend most mornings. The band would be driven to the studio in the early afternoon where recording would last into the late evening and sometimes early morning. To make up for the departed band members, Paul would play drums and lead guitar parts with Denny playing rhythm guitar and Linda adding keyboards.

More incidents would plague Wings' Lagos stay. While out walking one night against advice, Paul and Linda were robbed at knifepoint. The assailants made away with all of their valuables and even stole a bag containing a notebook full of handwritten lyrics and songs, and cassettes containing demos for songs to be recorded. On another occasion, Paul was laying down a vocal track when he began gasping for air. According to Geoff Emerick, Sound Engineer for the album: "Within seconds, [Paul] turned as white as a sheet, explaining to us in a croaking voice that he couldn't catch his breath. We decided to take him outside for some fresh air ... [but] once he was exposed to the blazing heat he felt even worse and began keeling over, finally fainting dead away at our feet. Linda began screaming hysterically; she was convinced that he was having a heart attack ... The official diagnosis was that he had suffered a bronchial spasm brought on by too much smoking."[4] Another incident was the confrontation with local Afrobeat star and political activist Fela Kuti who publicly accused the band of being in Africa to exploit and steal African music after their visit to his club. Kuti even went to the studio to confront McCartney who played their songs for him proving that they contained no local influence whatsoever. Later on drummer and former Cream member Ginger Baker invited the band to record their entire album at his place, ARC Studio in Ikeja. Though not wanting the invitation, Paul agreed to go there for one day. The song "Picasso's Last Words" was recorded at ARC with Baker contributing a percussive tin of gravel.

Recording of the album was completed by the third week of September and the McCartneys hosted a beach barbecue to celebrate the end of recording. They flew back to England on 23 September 1973 where they were met by fans and journalists. In October, two weeks after the band's return to London, final overdubs and orchestral tracks were added and the album was finished at George Martin's AIR Studios (George Martin was not present).

"Helen Wheels" was released as a non-album single at the end of the month, becoming a worldwide Top 10 by the end of the year. As Band on the Run was being prepared for release, Capitol Records, US distributor for Apple Records, slotted "Helen Wheels" into the album although it was never McCartney's intention to do so. While "Helen Wheels" is not included on UK versions of the Band on the Run CD (except as a bonus cut on the 1993 "The Paul McCartney Collection" edition of the CD) it has always been included on US editions of the CD starting with the initial Columbia Records release in 1984. Early versions of the Capitol release fail to mention "Helen Wheels" on the label or the CD insert, making the song a "hidden track".

Release and reception[edit]

Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
AllMusic 4.5/5 stars[5]
Robert Christgau C+[6]
Mojo 4/5 stars[7]
MusicHound 4/5 stars[8]
Record Collector 4/5 stars[7]
Rolling Stone (favourable)[2]
Rolling Stone 5/5 stars[9]
The Rolling Stone Album Guide 4/5 stars[10]
Uncut 5/5 stars[7]

Band on the Run was issued to mostly positive reviews. The commercial reaction was slow, with the album gradually inching its way up the charts, but by the spring of 1974, bolstered by the hits "Jet" and the title track "Band on the Run", Band on the Run was a major success. It reached No. 1 in the US on three separate occasions, and eventually went triple platinum. In the UK, it spent seven weeks at the summit that summer, becoming the top selling British album of 1974. Its lingering success was also beneficial in allowing Wings the time to find a new guitarist and drummer, and to integrate them into the band before beginning new recordings.

In early 1975, Paul McCartney & Wings won the Grammy award for "Best Pop Vocal Performance By a Duo, Group or Chorus" for Band on the Run. In 1993, Band on the Run was remastered and reissued on CD as part of "The Paul McCartney Collection" series with "Helen Wheels" and its b-side "Country Dreamer" as bonus tracks. In 1999, a special 25th Anniversary Edition was released. On this version, "Helen Wheels" was track 8, between "No Words" and "Picasso's Last Words (Drink to Me)" (as it was positioned in the original US release). In May 2007, the album was made available through the iTunes Store.

The 8-track tape version of this album has the distinction of being one of the few 8-tracks that is arranged just like the record album. The song "Bluebird" is divided in two parts, but the rest of the songs are complete. It was also released in quadrophonic. In 1996, it was released on 5.1 Music Disc.

The album continues to be regarded positively. The AllMusic review cites some of the songs as being excellent and the album overall as "enjoyable" while concluding that it is a "triumph of showmanship."[5] And the Rolling Stone review of the 30th Anniversary Deluxe Edition notes that "the real action still lies in the original LP's revved-up pleasures".[9]

Accolades[edit]

Grammy Awards
Year Recipient Award Result
1975 Band on the Run Album of the Year[11] Nominated
Band on the Run (engineered by Geoff Emerick) Best Engineered Non-Classical Album Won
"Band on the Run" Best Pop Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocals[12] Won

Cover[edit]

The cover photo was taken on 28 October 1973 by photographer Clive Arrowsmith against the gable end wall of the stable block in Gunnersbury Park. It depicts the now iconic view of Paul, Linda and Denny plus six other well-known people dressed as convicts caught in the spotlight of a prison searchlight. They are:

References to the cover were to be made later by McCartney himself (in the video for "Spies Like Us", along with Chevy Chase and Dan Aykroyd) as well as others.

Track listing[edit]

All songs written by Paul and Linda McCartney, except "No Words" by Paul McCartney and Denny Laine.[13]

Side one
  1. "Band on the Run" – 5:10
  2. "Jet" – 4:06
  3. "Bluebird" – 3:22
  4. "Mrs Vandebilt" – 4:38
  5. "Let Me Roll It" – 4:47
Side two
  1. "Mamunia" – 4:50
  2. "No Words" – 2:33
  3. "Picasso's Last Words (Drink to Me)" – 5:50
  4. "Nineteen Hundred and Eighty Five" – 5:27
Additional tracks
"Helen Wheels" (3:34, track 8) was included exclusively on the original American release.

Reissues[edit]

Band on the Run:
25th Anniversary Edition
Studio album by Paul McCartney & Wings
Released 15 March 1999
Recorded CD 1:
September–October 1973
CD 2: sporadically between 1975 and 1998
Genre Rock
Length CD 1: 44:46
CD 2: 51:07
Label Parlophone
Producer CD 1: Paul McCartney
CD 2: Paul McCartney and Eddy Pumer
Paul McCartney & Wings chronology
Paul McCartney's Standing Stone
(1997)
Band on the Run: 25th Anniversary Edition
(1999)
Run Devil Run
(1999)

25th Anniversary Edition (1999 re-release)[edit]

Band on the Run: 25th Anniversary Edition is a special extended edition of the album, which was released in 1999.

Released to coincide exactly twenty-five years after the album began to take off in March 1974 after a slow start, the package includes an extra disc of live renditions of songs throughout the years, as well as brief new renditions by McCartney. Spoken testimonials are also included from such luminaries as McCartney himself, late wife Linda (to whom this retrospective release is dedicated), Denny Laine, Dustin Hoffman (the inspiration behind "Picasso's Last Words (Drink To Me)"), and some of the celebrity faces on the cover, namely Christopher Lee and James Coburn who was in Britain at the time filming The Internecine Project.

For this one occasion, McCartney released the package according to the original US release, with "Helen Wheels" in the line-up. It was left out of most editions of Band on the Run.

Track listing[edit]

Disc 1

The first disc features the original US version of the album.

Disc 2: Bonus Materials

  1. "Paul McCartney (Dialogue Intro)/Band on the Run (Nicely Toasted Mix)" – 1:12
  2. "Band on the Run (Original)/Paul McCartney (Dialogue link 1) – 2:17
  3. "Band on the Run (Barn Rehearsal – 21 July 1989)" – 4:59
  4. "Paul McCartney (Dialogue link 2)/Mamunia (Original)/Denny Laine (Dialogue)/Mamunia (Original)/Linda McCartney (Dialogue)/Paul McCartney (Dialogue link 3)" – 4:23
  5. "Bluebird (Live version – Australia 1975)" – 0:55
  6. "Bluebird (Original)/Paul McCartney (Dialogue link 4)" – 0:23
  7. "Paul McCartney (Dialogue link 5) /No Words (Original)/Geoff Emerick (Dialogue)" (Paul McCartney/Denny Laine) – 1:24
  8. "No Words (Original)/Paul McCartney (Dialogue link 6)/Tony Visconti (Dialogue)/Band on the Run (original)/Tony Visconti (Dialogue)" (Paul McCartney/Denny Laine)/(Paul and Linda McCartney) – 1:47
  9. "Jet (Original from Picasso's Last Words)/Paul McCartney (Dialogue Link 7)/Jet (Original from Picasso's Last Words)/Al Coury (Dialogue)" – 2:55
  10. "Jet (Berlin Soundcheck – 3 September 1993)" – 3:52
  11. "Paul McCartney (Dialogue link 8)/Clive Arrowsmith (Dialogue)" – 1:44
  12. "Nineteen Hundred And Eighty Five (Original)/Paul McCartney (Dialogue link 9)/James Coburn (Dialogue)/Paul McCartney (Dialogue link 10)/John Conteh (Dialogue)" – 3:24
  13. "Mrs. Vandebilt (original) / Paul McCartney (Dialogue link 11) / Kenny Lynch (Dialogue)" – 2:10
  14. "Let Me Roll It (Cardington Rehearsal – 5 February 1993)"/Paul McCartney (Dialogue link 12)" – 3:52
  15. "Paul McCartney (Dialogue link 13) /Mrs. Vandebilt (Background)/Michael Parkinson (Dialogue)/Linda McCartney (Band on the Run Photo Shoot) (Dialogue)/Michael Parkinson (Dialogue)" – 2:25
  16. "Helen Wheels (Crazed)/Paul McCartney (Dialogue link 14)/Christopher Lee (Dialogue)" – 5:32
  17. "Band on the Run (Strum Bit)/Paul McCartney (Dialogue link 15)/Clement Freud (Dialogue)" – 1:01
  18. "Picasso's Last Words (Original)/Paul McCartney (Dialogue link 16)/Dustin Hoffman (Dialogue)" – 4:22
  19. "Picasso's Last Words (Drink To Me) (Acoustic version)" – 1:11
  20. "Band on the Run (Nicely Toasted Mix)/Paul McCartney (Dialogue Link 17)" – 0:42
  21. "Band on the Run (Northern Comic Version)" – 0:37

2010 remaster[edit]

The album was re-released by Hear Music/Concord Music Group on 2 November 2010 as the first release in the Paul McCartney Archive Collection.[14] It was released in multiple formats:[15]

  • A single CD featuring the original UK version of the album
  • A 2-CD/1-DVD Special Edition which includes a CD and a DVD of bonus material in addition to the original album
  • A 2-CD/2-DVD Special Edition sold only at Best Buy which includes a CD and two DVDs of bonus material in addition to the original album
  • A 3-CD/1-DVD Deluxe Edition which has the aforementioned material as well as an audio documentary originally produced for the album's 25th Anniversary release. It comes with a 120-page hardbound containing photos by Linda McCartney and Clive Arrowsmith, a history of the album and additional material
  • A 2-Disc Vinyl Edition containing the same audio material as the Special Edition
  • A (Record Store Day 2010 exclusive) vinyl single of "Band On The Run" and "Nineteen Hundred And Eighty-Five" [16]
  • High Resolution 24bit 96 kHz with no dynamic range compression[17] limited and unlimited audio versions of all 18 songs on the remastered album and bonus audio disc

Track listing[edit]

Disc 1

The first disc features the original UK version of the album.

Disc 2: Bonus Tracks (Special, Vinyl and Deluxe Editions)

  1. "Helen Wheels" – 3:46
    • "Helen Wheels" was included on only the US edition of Band on the Run in 1973
  2. "Country Dreamer" – 3:08
  3. "Bluebird" (from One Hand Clapping) – 3:27
  4. "Jet" (from One Hand Clapping) – 3:56
    • This is a different take of "Jet" than appears in the One Hand Clapping film
  5. "Let Me Roll It" (from One Hand Clapping) – 4:23
  6. "Band on the Run" (from One Hand Clapping) – 5:13
    • This is a seemingly different take than appears in the One Hand Clapping film, featuring an alternate guitar solo.
  7. "Nineteen Hundred and Eighty Five" (from One Hand Clapping) – 5:58
    • "Recorded on 15 August 1974 at "Abbey Road Studios" with first Paul singing and playing the piano, solo, then Paul singing to a partial backing track of the original recording from 1973.
  8. "Country Dreamer" (from One Hand Clapping) – 2:14
    • "Does not appear in the "One Hand Clapping" film on the DVDs included in the "Paul McCartney Archive Collection" "Special" and "Deluxe" Editions of the album.
  9. "Zoo Gang" – 2:01

Disc 3 (Deluxe Edition) This disc contains an audio documentary of the album originally produced for its 25th Anniversary reissue in 1999. See "Disc 2: Bonus Materials" in "Re-release" section of this page for track listing.

DVD (Special and Deluxe Editions)

  1. "Band on the Run" (music video)
  2. "Mamunia" (music video)
  3. Album promo
    • Featuring "Band on the Run," "Mrs. Vandebilt," "Nineteen Hundred and Eighty Five," and "Bluebird"
  4. "Helen Wheels" (music video)
  5. Wings in Lagos
    • Edit of mute black-and-white footage of a day out in Lagos during the recording sessions with a soundbed based on an alternative version of "Band on the Run"
  6. Osterley Park
    • Edit of behind the scenes footage at the album cover photoshoot featuring all participants
  7. One Hand Clapping
    • Documentary programme originally made for TV featuring studio performances filmed and recorded at Abbey Road Studios, London, August 1974
    • Track listing:
    1. One Hand Clapping Theme
    2. "Jet"
    3. "Soily"
    4. "C Moon"
    5. "Little Woman Love"
    6. "Maybe I'm Amazed"
    7. "My Love"
    8. "Bluebird"
    9. "Let's Love" (previously unreleased)
    10. "All of You" (previously unreleased)
    11. "I'll Give You a Ring"
    12. "Band on the Run"
    13. "Live and Let Die"
    14. "Nineteen Hundred and Eighty Five"
    15. "Baby Face"

Bonus DVD (Special Edition sold only at Best Buy) Best Buy's version of the new "Band on the Run" reissue adds a fourth disc with a bonus DVD to the 2 CD/1 DVD version package.

  1. Band on the Run 2010 EPK
  2. Jet – taken from "Good Evening, New York City."
  3. Mrs. Vandebilt – taken from "Good Evening, New York City."
  4. Band on the Run – taken from "Good Evening, New York City."

Personnel[edit]

  • Paul McCartney: vocals; acoustic, electric and bass guitars; piano and keyboards; drums and percussion
  • Linda McCartney: keyboards and vocals
  • Denny Laine: vocals; acoustic, electric and bass guitars; keyboards; percussion

Additional personnel[edit]

Charts[edit]

Chart positions[edit]

References[edit]

Footnotes
Citations
  1. ^ "500 Greatest Albums of All Time: Paul McCartney and Wings, 'Band On The Run'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2012-08-10. 
  2. ^ a b Landau, Jon (31 January 1974). "Band on the Run". Rolling Stone (153). Archived from the original on 2 June 2007. Retrieved 13 June 2006.  Posted on 21 January 1997.
  3. ^ Perasi 2013, p. 101
  4. ^ Emerick 2006
  5. ^ a b Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. Band on the Run at AllMusic. Retrieved 4 November 2004.
  6. ^ Christgau, Robert. "Paul McCartney: Band on the Run > Consumer Guide Album". Robert Christgau. Retrieved 2 February 2009. 
  7. ^ a b c "Paul McCartney / Wings Band on the Run CD Album". CD Universe/Muze. Retrieved 2 August 2014. 
  8. ^ Graff; Durcholz 1999, p. 730
  9. ^ a b Sheffield, Rob (25 November 2010). "Paul's Hard Rocking Solo Peak". Rolling Stone (1118). p. 80. 
  10. ^ "Paul McCartney | Bio, Pictures, Videos". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2012-08-10. 
  11. ^ "GRAMMYs' Best Albums 1970–1979". grammy.org. Retrieved 1 May 2014. 
  12. ^ "Past Winners Search". National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 1 May 2012. 
  13. ^ Band on the Run: 25th Anniversary Edition (Booklet). Paul McCartney & Wings. Parlophone/MPL Communications. 1999. p. 2. 4 99176 2/7243 4 99176 2 0. 
  14. ^ "Paul McCartney & Wings: 'Band on the Run' to be Reissued November 2 – Indie Music Reviews – Indie Music News". Gravy and Biscuits. 16 September 2010. Archived from the original on 11 July 2011. Retrieved 7 August 2011. 
  15. ^ "Paul McCartney and Wings – Band on the Run". Paulmccartney.com. 5 May 2011. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 17 August 2011. 
  16. ^ "Paul McCartney – Band On The Run (Vinyl)". BeatlesBlogger.com. 26 October 2010. Retrieved 26 October 2010. 
  17. ^ "Paul McCartney Band on the Run / Hi-Res Digital Download [Uncompressed] Pop HDtracks high resolution audiophile music downloads". HDtracks.com. 4 December 1999. Retrieved 2012-08-10. 
  18. ^ a b c Kent 1993
  19. ^ Billboard – 14 June 1975. Retrieved 12 January 2014. 
  20. ^ "Top Albums/CDs - Volume 21, No. 17" (PHP). RPM. 15 June 1974. Retrieved 18 December 2013. 
  21. ^ a b "dutchcharts.nl Paul McCartney & Wings – Band on the Run" (ASP). dutchcharts.nl (in Dutch). MegaCharts. Retrieved 9 May 2012. 
  22. ^ a b "Hit Parade Italia – Gli album più venduti del 1974" (in Italian). hitparadeitalia.it. Retrieved 1 May 2014. 
  23. ^ Oricon Entertainment 2006
  24. ^ Billboard – 10 August 1974. Retrieved 12 January 2014. 
  25. ^ "norwegiancharts.com Paul McCartney & Wings – Band on the Run" (ASP). VG-lista. Retrieved 1 May 2014. 
  26. ^ Billboard – 9 March 1974. Retrieved 12 January 2014. 
  27. ^ "Swedish Charts 1972–1975 (in PDF-files)" (in Swedish). Hitsallertijden. Retrieved 1 May 2014. 
  28. ^ a b "Chart Stats Paul McCartney & Wings – Band on the Run" (PHP). The Official Charts Company. Retrieved 2011-08-31. 
  29. ^ "allmusic ((( Band on the Run > Charts & Awards > Billboard Albums )))". allmusic.com. Retrieved 1 May 2014. 
  30. ^ a b McGee 2003, p. 233
  31. ^ "Album Search: Wings: Band on the Run" (in German). Media Control. Retrieved 1 May 2014. 
  32. ^ ポール・マッカートニー-リリース-ORICON STYLE-ミュージック "Highest position and charting weeks of Band on the Run: Special Limited Box (1999 reissue) by Paul McCartney and Wings". Oricon Style (in Japanese). Retrieved 1 May 2014. 
  33. ^ "Paul McCartney – Chart trajectories on the UK Albums Chart". October 2006. Retrieved 30 January 2010. 
  34. ^ "TLC Delivers for a Third Week". Billboard. Retrieved 22 December 2010. 
  35. ^ "ultratop.be – Paul McCartney & Wings – Band on The Run". Retrieved 1 May 2014. 
  36. ^ "ultratop.be – Paul McCartney & Wings – Band on The Run". Retrieved 1 May 2014. 
  37. ^ http://www.billboard.com/#/charts/european-albums?tag=relcharts
  38. ^ ポール・マッカートニー-リリース-ORICON STYLE-ミュージック "Highest position and charting weeks of Band on the Run (2010 reissues) by Paul McCartney and Wings". Oricon Style (in Japanese). Retrieved 1 May 2014. 
  39. ^ "spanishcharts.com – Paul McCartney & Wings – Band on The Run". Retrieved 1 May 2014. 
  40. ^ "COUNTRY TIME ATOP CHART; MARGINS GET SMALLER". Billboard.biz. 20 November 2010. Archived from the original on 22 December 2010. Retrieved 1 December 2010. 
  41. ^ Keith Caulfield and Silvio Pietroluongo (ed.). "Chart Moves: Taylor Swift, Michael Jackson, Sugarland, Rihanna, Tim McGraw and more". Billboard.biz. Retrieved 22 December 2010. 
  42. ^ "RPM Top 100 Albums of 1974". RPM. Retrieved 2011-10-03. 
  43. ^ "The Official UK Charts Company : ALBUM CHART HISTORY". Archived from the original on 13 August 2010. Retrieved 17 December 2007. 
  44. ^ "Billboard.BIZ Top Pop Albums of 1974". billboard.biz. Archived from the original on 31 December 2012. Retrieved 29 April 2014. 
  45. ^ "French album certifications – Paul McCartney – Band on the Run" (in French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. 
  46. ^ "British album certifications – Wings – Band on the Run". British Phonographic Industry.  Enter Band on the Run in the field Search. Select Title in the field Search by. Select album in the field By Format. Click Go
  47. ^ "American album certifications – Wings – Band on the Run". Recording Industry Association of America.  If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH
Sources
  • Emerick, Geoff; Massey, Howard (2006). Here, There and Everywhere: My Life Recording the Music of the Beatles. Penguin Group US. ISBN 978-1-101-21824-2. 
  • Graff, Gary; Durcholz, Daniel (1999). MusicHound Rock: The Essential Album Guide. Farmington Hills, MI: Farmington Hills. 
  • Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992. St Ives, N.S.W.: Australian Chart Book. ISBN 0-646-11917-6. 
  • McGee, Garry (2003). Band on the Run: A History of Paul McCartney and Wings. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 978-0-87833-304-2. 
  • Oricon Album Chart Book: Complete Edition 1970–2005. Roppongi, Tokyo: Oricon Entertainment. 2006. ISBN 4-87131-077-9. 
  • Perasi, Luca (2013). Paul McCartney: Recording Sessions (1969–2013). [S.l.]: L.I.L.Y. Publishing. ISBN 978-88-909122-1-4.