Bhil languages

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Bhil
Ethnicity: Bhil people
Geographic
distribution:
India
Linguistic classification: Indo-European
Subdivisions:
  • Northern
  • Central
  • Bareli
Glottolog: bhil1254[2]

The Bhil languages are a group of Western Indo-Aryan languages spoken in 2011 by some 21 million (8.7 million in 2001)[3] Bhils in western, central, and by small numbers, even in far eastern, India. They constitute the primary languages of the southern Aravalli Range in Rajasthan and the western Satpura Range in Madhya Pradesh, north western Maharashtra and south Gujarat.

Relationship[edit]

The Bhil languages form a link midway between the Gujarati language and the Rajasthani–Marwari languages.

The group comprises the following languages:

Kalto, AKA Nahali, is another Bhil language.

The Vasavi language is spoken by ethnic Bhils, but is closer to Gujarati.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ernst Kausen, 2006. Die Klassifikation der indogermanischen Sprachen (Microsoft Word, 133 KB)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Bhil". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ http://www.livemint.com/Opinion/vIbx7ZUHxvTQMbwboNYHPI/India-is-becoming-a-graveyard-of-languages.html

Further reading[edit]

  • Khare, Randhir. "Dangs: Journeys Into The Heartland". New Delhi: Harper Collins Publishers India.
  • Khare, Randhir. "Flight Of Arrows". Selected Song Poems Of The Bhils.Pune:Grasswork Books
  • Khare, Randhir. The Singing Bow: Song-Poems of the Bhil. New Delhi: HarperCollins Publishers India, 2001. ISBN 81-7223-425-2
  • Varma, Siddheshwar. Bhil Dialects and Khandesi: A Linguistic Analysis. Panjab University Indological series, 23. Hoshiarpur: Vishveshvaranand Vishva Bandhu Institute of Sanskrit and Indological Studies, Panjab University, 1978.