November 1, 1962 |
|Residence||Tamalpais Valley, California|
|Alma mater||California Institute of the Arts|
|Notable work(s)||The Prince of Egypt, Brave|
|Children||Emma Rose Lima|
Brenda Chapman (born November 1, 1962) is an American writer, animation story artist and director. In 1998, she became the first woman to direct an animated feature from a major studio, DreamWorks Animation's The Prince of Egypt. She recently co-directed the Pixar film Brave, becoming the first woman to win the Academy Award for Best Animated Feature.
Life and career
Chapman was born in Beason, Illinois as the youngest of five. She studied animation at the California Institute of the Arts (CalArts). During her summer breaks, she began her professional career working in syndicated television animation. After graduating with a BFA in character animation, she was a story trainee on Disney's animated film The Little Mermaid. She was one of several key story artists on Disney's Beauty and the Beast, where she worked closely with future Disney director Roger Allers to define many of the key sequences and motifs used in the film. She later served as head of story, the first woman to do so in an animated feature film, for Disney's animated classic The Lion King.
Chapman also worked in story and development for other Disney animated films such as The Rescuers Down Under, The Hunchback of Notre Dame, and Fantasia 2000. She joined DreamWorks Animation at its inception in the fall of 1994.
Chapman was one of a team of three directors who worked on 1998's The Prince of Egypt, along with Steve Hickner and Simon Wells. She became the first woman to land a directing role in an animated feature by a major studio; three others had helmed independent efforts before her (Lotte Reiniger of The Adventures of Prince Achmed, Joy Batchelor of Animal Farm, and Arna Selznick of The Care Bears Movie).
She also worked on Chicken Run, and several projects in development while at DreamWorks.
Chapman moved to Pixar in 2003, where she had a brief stint on Cars before beginning development on and directing Brave. Chapman conceived the project and was announced as the director of the film, making her Pixar's first female director. In October 2010, however, she was replaced by Mark Andrews following creative disagreements. There were rumors that she subsequently left Pixar, but she remained on staff until shortly after the release of Brave, and started work as a consultant at Lucasfilm at the end of July 2012, where she helped solve story problems of a film, directed by Gary Rydstrom. When asked whether she will return to Pixar, Chapman responded: "That door is closed. I made the right decision to leave and firmly closed that door. I have no desire to go back there. The atmosphere and the leadership doesn’t fit well with me."
In 2013, she has returned to her old employer, DreamWorks Animation, where she is developing an adaptation of a children's book that has a strong female protagonist and is described as "funny with magic and heart."
Chapman is married to director Kevin Lima (A Goofy Movie, Tarzan, Enchanted), who she met at California Institute of the Arts. They have a daughter, Emma Rose Lima, who was the inspiration for Merida, the Brave's young princess.
Filmography (as director)
- Welte, Jim (March 12, 2013). "Tam Valley’s Brenda Chapman Basks in Post-Oscar Glory". Mill Valley Patch. Retrieved November 23, 2013.
- Chapman, Brenda (November 1, 2013). "This is amazing!RT @amightygirl: Remembering: Soviet "Night Witch" pilots flew cropduster planes vs. Nazi invaders". Twitter. Retrieved November 24, 2013.
- Chapman, Brenda (November 1, 2012). "Thanks for the kind birthday wishes!". Twitter. Retrieved November 23, 2013.
- Sperling, Nicole (May 25, 2011). "When the glass ceiling crashed on Brenda Chapman". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 11, 2013.
- Mallory, Michael (March 19, 2000). "Move Over, Old Men; Disney's fabled favorite artists weren't alone in the male-ruled animation world. Now women are in key jobs, and they aim to stay." (Registration required to read article). Los Angeles Times. p. CALENDAR 8. Retrieved May 14, 2010.
- Laura (October 20, 2011). "Brenda Chapman". Animation Insider. Retrieved November 24, 2013.
- Poluan, Illona (November 30, 2012). "Interview with Brenda Chapman: storyteller, animator and director". 99 Designs. Retrieved November 23, 2013.
- Beck, Jerry (2005). The Animated Movie Guide. Chicago Reader Press. p. 48. ISBN 1-55652-591-5.
- Powers, Lindsay (October 14, 2010). "Pixar announces first female director". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved March 29, 2011.
- Sperling, Nicole (May 25, 2011). "When the glass ceiling crashed on Brenda Chapman". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 19, 2011.
- Griffin, Andy. "Interview Part II: Brave". Pixar Portal. Retrieved December 21, 2011.
- Griffin, Andy. "Brenda Chapman Leaves Pixar for Lucasfilm". Pixar Portal. Retrieved August 6, 2012.
- Schavemaker, Peter (June 11, 2013). "An Interview From Abroad with Brenda Chapman". Animation Magazine. Retrieved November 23, 2013.
- McIver, Brian (December 9, 2012). "Director behind Brave reveals her agony at getting kicked off film". Daily Record. Retrieved December 10, 2012.
- Moody, Annemarie (April 9, 2008). "Disney Taps Deep Into DNA In Unveiling Animation Slate". Animation World Network. Retrieved November 23, 2013.