Bay, Laguna

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Bay
Municipality
Bay Municipal Hall on the banks of the Bay River
Bay Municipal Hall on the banks of the Bay River
Official seal of Bay
Seal
Nickname(s): Flower Garden of Laguna; The First Capital of Laguna
Map of Laguna showing the location of Bay
Map of Laguna showing the location of Bay
Bay is located in Philippines
Bay
Bay
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°11′N 121°17′E / 14.183°N 121.283°E / 14.183; 121.283Coordinates: 14°11′N 121°17′E / 14.183°N 121.283°E / 14.183; 121.283
Country Philippines
Region CALABARZON (Region IV-A)
Province Laguna
District 2nd district of Laguna
Founded 1500's
Barangays 15
Government[1]
 • Mayor Bruno Tolentino Ramos (Ind.)
Area[2]
 • Total 42.66 km2 (16.47 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 55,698
 • Density 1,300/km2 (3,400/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 4033
Dialing code 49
Income class 2nd

Bay (pronounced as Ba-eh) is a second class municipality in the province of Laguna, Philippines.[4] According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 55,698 inhabitants.[3] The Patron of Bay is Saint Augustine of Hippo celebrating his Feast Day during August 28.

History and legend[edit]

Bay is one of the oldest towns in Laguna province, and was the province's first capital. Its original territory covered the areas that are now known as Los Baños and Calauan (in addition to its current territory). The Spaniards pronounced the name of the town “Bah-ee” while the natives called it “Bah-eh.”[5] Either way, the similarity in spelling has led to the misconception that the town was named after Laguna de Bay.[6] Instead, the Spaniards named the lake after this ancient Tagalog community.[5]

In the old Tagalog language the name Bay derives from the same phonetic roots as "baybay" (shore) and as "babae" (woman) and "babaylan" (priestess). The name can thus be thought of either as a reference to the shore of the lake, or to a great lady. In the case of the latter, it has been suggested that the great lady might be the same as Maria Makiling, as her mountain was within the scope of Bay's original territory.[7]

A more recent legend of Bay's origin says that the name Bay was derived from Datu Pangil's three daughters. After they were baptized, they were named Maria Basilisa, Maria Angela, and Maria Elena. The first letters of Basilisa, Angela, Elena were taken together and read Bae. Over a period of time, Bae became Bay.[8]

The powerful Gat Pangil was Datu of this already thriving community in 1571 when 18 year-old Spanish Capitan Juan de Salcedo landed with Augustinian missionaries Alfonso de Alvarado and Diego Espinar came to claim the territories for Spain. It was salcedo who took the name of the town and named the lake after it – Laguna de Bay (the Lake of [the town of] Bay). Eventually, the Spanish came to call the whole province “La Provincia de la Laguna de Bay.”

In 1581, Bay became the capital of the Province of Laguna de Bay and remained so until 1688 when the capital was moved to Pagsanjan.[9]

Barangays[edit]

Bay is politically subdivided into 15 barangays.[4]

  • Bitin
  • Calo
  • Dila
  • Maitim
  • Masaya
  • Paciano Rizal
  • Puypuy
  • San Antonio
  • San Isidro
  • Santa Cruz
  • Santo Domingo
  • San Agustin (Pob.)
  • San Nicolas (Pob.)
  • Tagumpay
  • Tranca

Bitin[edit]

This barangay is in the boundary of Batangas Province and Laguna Province. The word "bitin" is the Tagalog translation of the English word "short." Bitin is also known for its contribution on Philippines Geothermal Power resources.

Calo[edit]

History of Barangay Calo in the Spanish era were native Filipino people leave in the jungle, Barangay Calo is known in there bird Kalaw barangay Calo is a place where people were they often see this Kalaw bird and it is pronounce by the Spanish authorities as Calo.

Dila[edit]

Its name came from Tagalog word dila means tongue because it is look like in the map of bay as tongue and it is the end eastern part of Bay.

Maitim[edit]

History of barangay Maitim was from Spanish era. The land and soil of this barangay is colored black, hence people called it "maitim" (Tagalog word for black).

Masaya[edit]

The Barangay name Masaya means happy. Masaya was part of Tranca and Puypuy during the early times; the upper part from the railway was part of Tranca, while the lower part toward the town was part of Puypuy. When the railroad was built in the early half of the twentieth century, a train station was built in Masaya making it the center of commerce in the upland of Bay, catering five barangays. Grocery stores, dress shops, hardwares and sari-sari stores sprouted surrounding the train station where people shopped their primary needs, making it a festive place. When somebody was leaving home to go to the place and another person asked "Where are you going?", he/she answered "to masaya" and barangay Masaya was born.

Paciano Rizal[edit]

Name after the eldest brother of Dr. José Rizal, the national hero of the Philppines. It is told that Paciano Rizal lived here and had a farm in this barangay.

Puypuy[edit]

History of Barangay Puypuy it was told that a big meteor fall in this Barangay and native people here told to the Spanish authorities that there is a fire falling (meteors) but in a native Tagalog word "apoy" means fire. The Spanish authorities pronounced as Puypuy that is why people in the Spanish colony times called it Puypuy and became a barangay of Bay.

In 2010, jars estimated by experts to date as far back as 800 B.C were found in Puypuy. University of the Philippines anthropologist Dr. Bonifacio Comandante, who headed the team who helped unearth the finds, suggested that the find indicates that “there was a community here and they used the pots and jars for jar-burial”, essentially confirming a human presence in Barangay Puypuy as early as 800 B.C.[10]

Market area

San Antonio[edit]

Named after St. Anthony.

Santa Cruz[edit]

Named after the Holy Cross.

Santo Domingo[edit]

Name after St. Dominic.

Named after Don Domingo Ordoveza, who once owned a large part of what is then sitio Tabon. The name was given by Donato Ople who served as a long time school principal in the town of Bay.

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Bay
Year Pop.   ±% p.a.  
1990 32,535 —    
1995 37,563 +2.73%
2000 43,762 +3.33%
2007 50,756 +2.07%
2010 55,698 +3.44%
Source: National Statistics Office[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 20 November 2013. 
  2. ^ "Province: LAGUNA". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 20 November 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 20 November 2013. 
  4. ^ a b "Municipality/City: BAY". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 20 November 2013. 
  5. ^ a b laguna.gov.ph
  6. ^ Sheniak, David & Anita Feleo, "Rizal and Laguna: Lakeside Sister Provinces (Coastal Towns of Rizal and Metro Manila)", in Alejandro, Reyndaldo Gamboa, Laguna de Bay: The Living Lake, Uniliever Philippines, 2002, ISBN 971-92272-1-4.
  7. ^ Odal-Devora, Grace P., ""Bae" or "Bai": The Lady of the Lake", in Alejandro, Reyndaldo Gamboa, Laguna de Bay: The Living Lake, Uniliever Philippines, 2002, ISBN 971-92272-1-4.
  8. ^ Eugenio, Damiana (2002). Philippine Folk Literature: The Legends. Quezon City: University of the Philippines Press, 490. ISBN 971-542-357-4.
  9. ^ Jocano, F. Landa (1973). Folk Medicine in a Philippine Community. Quezon City: Punlad Research House, Inc.. ISBN 971-622-015-4.
  10. ^ http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/435837/shards-of-ancient-jars-found-in-laguna-town

External links[edit]

Preceded by
First
Capital of Laguna
1581–1688
Succeeded by
Pagsanjan