|– Density||69,297 per km²|
|– Cong. Districts||1st to 2nd Districts|
Tondo is a district of Manila, Philippines. The locale has existed prior to the arrival of the Spanish, referred to as "Tundun" in the Laguna Copperplate Inscription. One of the most densely populated areas of land in the world, Tondo is located in the northwest portion of the city and is primarily residential-industrial in nature. Tondo is known for being one of the poorest and most underdeveloped districts of the country. Many of the city's slums are found in this area. It is the birthplace of former president Joseph Estrada, King Of Comedy Dolphy, Actress and Comedian Angelica Panganiban, Businessman and Politician Manuel Villar, Manila Mayor and Gatpuno Antonio Villegas, and Andres Bonifacio, the instigator of the Philippine Revolution and leader of the Katipuneros.
Kingdom of Tondo
The former region of Tondo is over eleven hundred years old. Historically, Tondo already existed in the year 900 AD according to the Laguna Copperplate Inscription, a legal document written in Kawi now housed in the National Museum of the Philippines. According to this document, Tondo was ruled by person called Jayadeva who holds the Sanskrit title Senapati or "admiral".
Tondo was ruled by a line of Lakan until the Spanish conquest.
After the Spaniards conquered the City in 1571 AD, Tondo was initially included in the creation of the Province of Pampanga, the first colonial province carved out of the former ancient state. In census conducted by Miguel de Loarca in 1583 AD, Tondo was reported to have spoken the same language as the natives of the province of Pampanga. Institute of National Language commissioner Jose Villa Panganiban once wrote that the dividing line between Kapampangan and Tagalog was the Pasig River, and that Tondo therefore originally spoke Kapampangan. Tondo eventually became a separate province in the later half of the Spanish colonial era.
Tondo was one of the first provinces to declare rebellion against Spain in year 1896. In 1911, under the American colonial regime, there was a major reorganization of political divisions, and the province of Tondo was dissolved, and its towns given to the provinces of Rizal and Bulacan. Today, Tondo just exists as a district in the City of Manila.
- A densely populated district
- It has a land area of 5.64 km². with a population of 407,330 (2007); 72,222 persons per km².
- East Tondo, commonly known as Gagalangin, has a land area of 3.46 km². with a population of 223,274 (2007); 64,530 persons per km².
- average residential population density: 69,297 persons per km².
- The 6th administrative district which covers the 4 districts of Sta. Ana, Sta. Mesa, Pandacan, San Miguel has a total land area of 5.48 km². with a total population of 259,157 (2007); 47,291 persons per km².
- It is the location of a notorious and now closed landfill called Smokey Mountain.
- The Divisoria area, also located in Tondo, is a major business center and shopping area where dry goods, kitchen utensils, vegetables and fruits, shoes, clothing, coffee, candles, candies, fishing equipment etc., can be brought—wholesale or retail. Shoe Mart once had a small store here, as well as being the home of Yangco Market, which sells dry goods; the Divisoria Public Market, now rebuilt; and the new 168 Shopping Mall. Ambulant vendors frequent its major and minor streets.
- It once was the location of the major Procter and Gamble plant in the Philippines at Vitas Street—now closed and dismantled.
- The main terminal of the Philippine National Railways is located at the Tutuban district, which is close to the birthplace of Andres Bonifacio. This is now converted to a mall (Tutuban Center).
- West of the district lies the major inter-island port of Manila, North Harbor, and the Manila Container Port.
- The slaughterhouse (matadero) of the Manila City Government is located also at Vitas Street.
- Every third Sunday of January, the Feast of the Sto. Niño of Manila (the Infant Jesus) is celebrated by a procession early in the morning from Tondo Church and winding down its narrow streets punctuated by fireworks.
- The Light Rail Transit (LRT) has 5 stations in the Tondo area, namely: Abad Santos, Tayuman, Blumentritt, Bambang and R. Papa.
- It is the Location of Largest Common Locale of Iglesia ni Cristo which is the 6000 seater INC Tondo Locale Chapel at Juan Luna st. cor. Moriones Road.
On the third Sunday of January, the Sto. Niño festivals began in various parts of the country, particularly in Tondo, Manila. Its parish priest Fr. Enrique Santos, of the Sto. Niño Parish, said the celebrations of 2008 started "with the traditional procession of devotees dancing on the street while carrying images of the Child Jesus; a pagoda carrying an old image of Sto. Niño from Spain will lead the parade with 20 smaller boats accompanying it; the parish in Tondo houses the image of Sto. Niño made of ivory that was brought to the country by Augustinian priests from Acapulco, Mexico in the late 1570’s."
Notable Personalities/Celebrities/Politicians born and raised in Tondo
- Lakan Dula, Last Lakan of Tondo
- Magat Salamat, Prince of Tondo, Son of Lakan Dula
- Andrés Bonifacio, Revolutionary leader, Supremo of the Katipunan
- Emilio Jacinto, The Brain of the Katipunan
- Macario Sakay, Revolutionary and Katipunero
- Rolando Tinio, Poet, Director, and Actor, Born in Gagalangin
- Antonio Villegas, Mayor of Manila
- Fernando Poe Jr, Action King
- Joseph Estrada, former President of the Philippines / Mayor-Elect of Manila
- Manuel Villar, Businessman, Senator of the Philippines
- Alfredo Lim, former Manila Mayor
- Dolphy, Actor-Comedian, King of Philippine Comedy
- Ethel Booba, TV host/comedienne
- Vice Ganda, TV host/comedian
- Angelica Panganiban, Actress/comedienne
- Valerie Concepcion, Wowowee co-host
- Arnold Clavio, Broadcaster, GMA-7
- Jose Manalo, TV host/comedian
- Isko Moreno, Manila Vice-Mayor
- Aiza Seguerra, singer, former child star
- Regine Velasquez, singer
- Nicasio "Asiong" Salonga,Manila Kingpin
- Elmdcar Entino Visaya, film maker
- Tondo General Hospital
- Mary Johnston Hospital
- Gat. Andres Bonifacio Hospital
- Metropolitan Hospital
- Ospital ng Tondo
- Amisola Maternity Hospital (Hermosa Street, Manuguit, Tondo)
- Santa Rita College Hospital (T.Earnshaw Street, Gagalangin Tondo)
- Jose Hospital
Malls, Supermarkets and Public Markets
- Tutuban Cluster Bldg.
- Robinson's Tutuban
- Tutuban Centermall
- SM Hypermarket Road 10, Tondo
- PureGold Tayuman
- Pritil Public Market
- Puregold Divisoria
- Obrero Market (Blumetritt)
- Abucay Market (Hermosa Street, Manuguit Tondo)
- Gagalangin Public Market (Pampanga Street, Gagagalangin)
- 168 Shopping Center (Divisoria)
- Divisoria Mall
- North Bay Shopping Center (Honorio Lopez Blvd. Gagalangin, Tondo Manila)
- Bambang Market
- Katipunan Foundation Site
- Plaza Andres Bonifacio
- Plaza Moriones
- Plaza A. Hernandez
- Plaza Morga
- Smokey Mountain
- Plaza Leon
- Plaza Vicente Del Fierro (Gagalangin)
- St. Joseph School – Gagalangin
In popular culture
Tondo is the backdrop for the independent movie Tribu, which shows street life and gang life from an impoverished boy's point of view.
- Paul Morrow's The Laguna Copperplate Inscription
- Miguel de Loarca's Census of 1583
- www.abs-cbnnews.com, Sto. Niño festivals start Saturday
- Gaspar de San Agustin, Conquistas de las Islas Filipinas 1565-1615, Translated by Luis Antonio Mañeru, 1st bilingual ed [Spanish and English], published by Pedro Galende, OSA: Intramuros, Manila, 1998
- Henson, Mariano A. 1965. The Province of Pampanga and Its Towns: A.D. 1300-1965. 4th ed. revised. Angeles City: By the author.
- Loarca, Miguel de. 1582. Relacion de las Yslas Filipinas. Blair and Robertson vol. 5 page 87:
- Panganiban, J.V. 1972. Diksyunaryo-Tesauro Pilipino-Ingles. Quezon City: Manlapaz Publishing Co.
- Mallat, Jean, Les Philippines: Histoire, Geographie, Moeurs, Agriculture, Idustrie, Commerce des colonies Espagnoles dans l'Océanie, Paris: Arthus Bertrand, Libraire de la Société de Géographie, 1846
- Santiago, Luciano P.R., The Houses of Lakandula, Matanda, and Soliman [1571-1898]: Genealogy and Group Identity, Philippine Quarterly of Culture and Society 18 
- Scott, William Henry, Barangay: Sixteenth-Century Philippine Culture and Society, Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press, 1994
- Scott, William Henry, Prehispanic Source Materials for the Study of Philippine History, Quezon City: New Day Publishers, 1984
- The Many Faces of Tondo
- Paul Morrow's THE LAGUNA COPPERPLATE INSCRIPTION
- GMA NEWS.TV, video, Sto. Niño parish in Tondo prepares for feast - 18 January 2008
- gmanews.tv, video, Feast of Sto. Nino starts - 19 January 2008