Bataan

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This article is about the Philippine province. For other uses, see Bataan (disambiguation).
Bataan
Province
Bataan Capitol
Flag of Bataan
Flag
Official seal of Bataan
Seal
Map of the Philippines with Bataan highlighted
Map of the Philippines with Bataan highlighted
Coordinates: 14°40′N 120°25′E / 14.667°N 120.417°E / 14.667; 120.417Coordinates: 14°40′N 120°25′E / 14.667°N 120.417°E / 14.667; 120.417
Country  Philippines
Region Central Luzon (Region III)
Founded 1754
Capital Balanga City
Government
 • Type Province of the Philippines
 • Governor Albert S. Garcia (NUP)
 • Vice Governor Efren Dominic E. Pascual, Jr. (LP)
Area[1]
 • Total 1,372.98 km2 (530.11 sq mi)
Area rank 72nd out of 80
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 687,482
 • Rank 40th out of 80
 • Density 500/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
 • Density rank 8th out of 80
Divisions
 • Independent cities 0
 • Component cities 1
 • Municipalities 11
 • Barangays 237
 • Districts 1st and 2nd districts of Bataan
Demographics
 • Ethnic groups Tagalog (88%), Kapampangan (4%), Ilocano (2%), Others (3%)
 • Languages Tagalog, Kapampangan, English
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
ZIP Code 2100 - 2114
Dialing code 47
ISO 3166 code PH-BAN
Website bataan.gov.ph

Bataan (/bɑːtɑːˈɑːn/) is a province of the Philippines occupying the whole portion of the Bataan Peninsula on Luzon. The province is part of the Central Luzon region. The capital of Bataan is Balanga City and it is bordered by the provinces of Zambales and Pampanga to the north. The peninsula faces the South China Sea to the west and Subic Bay to the north-west, and encloses Manila Bay to the east.

The Battle of Bataan is famous in history as one of the last stands of American and Filipino soldiers before they were overwhelmed by the Japanese forces in World War II. The Bataan Death March was named for this province, where the infamous march started. This is also the location of the Bataan Nuclear Power Plant located in the Municipality of Morong.

Geography[edit]

Physical[edit]

The Bataan Peninsula is a rocky extension of the Zambales Mountains, on Luzon in the Philippines. It separates the Manila Bay from the South China Sea. The peninsula features Mount Natib (elevation 1,253 metres (4,111 ft)) in the north and the Mariveles Mountains in the south, which includes Mount Samat, the location of the historical marker for the Bataan Death March.

Mariveles, at the southern tip, can be reached via jet ferry plying the Mariveles-to-Manila route that has an approximate travel time of 40 minutes.

Subdivisions[edit]

Bataan is politically subdivided into 11 municipalities and 1 component city.

City:

Municipalities:

History[edit]

In 1647, Dutch naval forces landed in country in an attempt to seize the islands from Spain. The Dutch massacred the people of Abucay in Bataan.

Historian Cornelio Bascara documents that the province of Bataan was established in January 11, 1757 by Governor-General Pedro Manuel Arandia out of territories belonging to Pampanga and the corregimiento of Mariveles which, at the time, included Maragondon, Cavite across the Manila Bay.[3]

World War II[edit]

Main article: Battle of Bataan
March 1942: burning houses after a Japanese bombing raid in Bataan

Bataan featured prominently during World War II. Prior to the 1941 Japanese invasion, the US Army stored nearly 1,000,000 US gallons (3,800 m3) of gasoline there.

Shortly after the Japanese Army invaded the country in December 1941, the combined US and Filipino forces were being gradually overrun and General Douglas MacArthur moved his troops to the Bataan Peninsula in an attempt to hold out until a relief force could be sent from the US. Japanese forces started a siege of the peninsula on January 7, 1942, and launched an all-out assault on April 3, a few months after the Battle of the Points. The majority of the American and Filipino forces surrendered on April 9 and were forced to march more than a 100 kilometres (62 mi) from Bataan to Tarlac, which became known as the Bataan Death March.

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Bataan
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 425,803 —    
1995 491,459 +2.72%
2000 557,659 +2.75%
2007 662,153 +2.40%
2010 687,482 +1.38%
Source: National Statistics Office[2]

Education[edit]

  • TESDA Provincial and Regional Training Center (Orion and Mariveles)
  • Acuña Welding School (TESDA Accredited)
  • Bataan Maritime Institute-Balanga
  • Jose Rizal Institute - Orion and Orani
  • DSOB - Holy Rosary Parochial Institute - Orani
  • DSOB - St. John Academy - Dinaluphihan
  • DSOB - St.Peter Of Verona Academy - Hermosa
  • DSOB - St. Catherine of Siena Academy - Samal
  • DSOB - St. Michael the Archangel Academy - Orion
  • DSOB - St. Nicholas Catholic School - Mariveles
  • DSOB - St. James Catholic School of Morong - Morong
  • DSOB - Blessed Regina Protmann Catholic School - Mariveles
  • AMA Computer Learning Center – Balanga
  • Asia Pacific College of Advanced Studies
  • Bataan Heroes Memorial College - Balanga
  • TWI, Bethel Bible College Extension - DFS, Balanga
  • Thy Word International Bible College Extension - Camaya, Mariveles
  • Bataan Peninsula State University
  • Colegio de San Juan de Letran - Abucay
  • EastWoods Professional College of Science and Technology (formerly SOFTNET College of Science and Technology)
  • Microcity Computer College
  • Philippine Women's University - CDCEC Bataan
  • Polytechnic University of the Philippines - Mariveles
  • St. Joseph College's of Balanga
  • Tomas del Rosario College - Balanga
  • Bataan Montessori School, Incorporated - Balanga
  • The Peninsula School, Incorporated - Limay
  • Maritime Academy of Asia and the Pacific - Mariveles
  • Bataan Christian School - Pilar
  • Limay Polytechnic College- Limay
  • Northridge Montessori School - Pilar
  • Llamas Memorial Institute - Mariveles
  • BEPZ Multinational School (formerly Jose Abad Santos Memorial School(JASMS)) - Mariveles
  • Bataan National High School (formerly Arellano Memorial (Bataan) High School) - Balanga
  • Mountain View Village School
  • Mariveles National High School-Poblacion-Mariveles
  • Mariveles National High School - Cabcaben - Mariveles
  • Cabcaben Elementary School - Mariveles
  • Eastwoods College of Science and Technology- Dinalupihan
  • College of Subic Montessori - Dinalupihan

Tourist attractions[edit]

Bataan as seen from Manila Bay.

Historical places

  • First Abucay Catholic Church (The 411-year old Church, 3rd oldest church in the Philippines)
  • Mount Samat - Shrine of Valor (Pilar, Bataan)
  • Zero Kilometre Death March Marker (Mariveles)
  • Bataan First Line of Defense (Layac, Dinalupihan)
  • Bataan Death March Marker (Orani)
  • Virgen Milagrosa Del Rosario del Pueblo de Orani Shrine (Formerly Holy Rosary Parish Church) (Orani)

Natural places of interest

Schools, Colleges and Universities

  • Colegio de San Juan de Letran(Abucay, Bataan)
  • Bataan Peninsula State University(Balanga, Dinalupihan, Bnas, Orani)
  • Tomas del Rosario College(Balanga, Bataan)
  • Eastwoods Professional College of Science and Technology (Balanga, Dinalupihan, Mariveles)

Notable people from Bataan[edit]

  • Gary David (Dinalupihan) - PBA multi-awarded player
  • Pedro Tuazon (Balanga) - Solicitor General of the Philippines- 1921
  • Kerby Raymundo (Orion) - PBA multi-awarded player, power forward, member of the Purefoods Tender Juicy Giants and the Philippines national basketball team.
  • Romi Garduce (Balanga) - mountain climber who reached Mount Everest.
  • Mel Tiangco (Pilar) - popular television newscaster and television host; head of GMA Kapuso foundation.
  • Manuel C. Herrera (Pilar) - a deputy tanod bayan (Ombudsman at present) during the Marcos regime and later, head of the prosecution panel in the Benigno Aquino, Jr. murder case that led to the EDSA Revolution of 1986. And then became one of the justices of the Court of Appeals from 1987 to 1997, and chair of the National Unification Commission
  • Tomas del Rosario (Orani)- a Filipino judge and statesman who served as the first governor of the province of Bataan from 1903 to 1905. He is remembered for advocating the separation of church and state
  • Cayetano Arellano (Orion) - The first Supreme Court Chief Justice of the Republic of the Philippines.
  • Chad Peralta from Pinoy Dream Academy
  • Jackie Rice (Dinalupihan) - Filipina actress who won the title of Ultimate Female Survivor on the third season of Startstruck.
  • Tomas Pinpin (Abucay) - A printer, writer and publisher, was also the first Filipino printer and is sometimes referred as the "Patriarch of Filipino Printing."
  • Luz Banson (Balanga) - Was the wife of Philippine President Ramon Magsaysay and was the seventh First Lady of the Philippines, she was also remembered as one of the most admired First Ladies and distinguished herself for her warmth and simplicity
  • Felicito Payumo (Dinalupihan) - Chairman of the Subic Bay Metropolitan Authority from 1998-2004.
  • Janine Marie Tugonon (Orion) - Binibining Pilipinas 2011 1st Runner-Up and Binibining Pilipinas 2012 Universe
  • Evangeline Pascual (Orani) - Actress and First Runner-Up Miss World 1973.
  • Merceditas Gutierrez (Samal) - assumed the Office of the Ombudsman on December 1, 2005 as the first female to head the post
  • Manuel Bamba Villar Jr. (Orion) - Senator, Republic of the Philippines

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 12 February 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities". 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 31 January 2013. 
  3. ^ Cornelio R. Bascara. 2010. A History of Bataan (1587-1900). UST Publishing

External links[edit]